Eglwyswrw

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Eglwyswrw
Eglwyswrw is located in Pembrokeshire
Eglwyswrw
Eglwyswrw
 Eglwyswrw shown within Pembrokeshire
Population 724 (2011)[1]
Principal area Pembrokeshire
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Crymych
Postcode district SA41
Dialling code 01239
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Preseli Pembrokeshire
Welsh Assembly Preseli Pembrokeshire
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire

Coordinates: 52°00′50″N 4°42′36″W / 52.014°N 4.710°W / 52.014; -4.710

Eglwyswrw is a village, community and parish in the Cantref of Cemais, Pembrokeshire, Wales. The village lies between Newport and Cardigan at the junction of the A487 road and the B4332 at an altitude of 130 metres (430 ft).[2]

The parish is in the heart of the Welsh-speaking area of Pembrokeshire, and its history goes back at least to Norman times.

History[edit]

Remains of Norman motte-and-bailey

There is much of archaeological interest in and around Eglwyswrw community,[3] and the village is recorded from Norman times; on the west side of the village is a small Norman motte, designated Castell Eglwyswrw by Coflein.[4]

The sacred nature of the site where the church now stands (see also Worship, below) may date back to before the 8th century, but there was a later Norman church, the earliest record of which is in 1291.[5]

The village hosted several important fairs, including Meigan Fair[6] (Ffair Feigan) at least as early as 1794.[7] A report in 1915 listed animal prices and noted a decline in horse prices.[8]

In 1895, following the death of local landowner W. Mathias, property and land covering nearly the whole of the village was auctioned in 16 lots for a total sum of nearly £7,000; some of the property, which included two pubs, the Butchers Arms and The Plough, was bought by tenants.[9]

Villager Stephen Lewis celebrated his 102nd birthday in 1923. He had been a local schoolmaster at the age of 13, but spent most of his life as a farm worker.[10] He died aged 103, reportedly never having seen a doctor.[11]

Eglwyswrw War Memorial lists the names of 24 servicemen of the parish who lost their lives in World War 1, and one in World War 2.[12] In 2014 a new War Memorial was erected in the churchyard.[13]

Serjeants Inn

The Serjeants Inn, now a private residence, was a Grade II listed public house dating back to the 17th or 18th century, so named because the Cemais Assizes were held there. It closed in the 1990s. To the rear of the inn is a former meeting house which served as a chapel and a school in the 19th century.[14] The Butcher's Arms, the village's other pub, featured in a 2004 Canadian Visa campaign highlighting difficult-to-pronounce placenames around the world. There was irony in the fact that the pub did not accept Visa cards.[15] The village shop and Post Office closed in 2009. In 2015 the landlord of the Butchers Arms was sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment for historic offences in Suffolk;[16] the pub subsequently closed.[2]

In January 2016 Eglwyswrw was judged to be the wettest village in Britain for 92 years, having suffered rainfall on 85 consecutive days since 26 October 2015, five days short of the British record.[17]

Parish[edit]

Eglwyswrw as a civil parish[18] covers 3,664 acres (1,483 ha).[19]

Significant sites[edit]

The 2008 Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales listed 85 sites of importance within the community of Eglwyswrw.[20]

Demographics[edit]

The population has remained fairly constant in the mid-hundreds since the beginning of the 19th century (OPCS):

Date 1801 1831 1861 1891 1921 1951 1981 2001 2011
Population 434 563 490 419 335 366 369 732 724

Administration[edit]

View over Eglwyswrw

Eglwyswrw has its own elected community council and is part of the Crymych electoral ward for the purposes of elections to Pembrokeshire County Council. The community of Eglwyswrw includes the parish of Meline,[21] the north part of Llanfair-Nant-Gwyn[22] and the south-eastern part of Nevern, including Brynberian. Crymych ward was 60% Welsh-speaking in 2011, a small decrease from 63% in 2001.

Amenities[edit]

As well as self-catering accommodation, Eglwyswrw features a parish church, Norman remains, a community school and nearby attractions.[23] An agricultural stores, petrol station and shop is half a mile south of the village at the junction of the A487 and B4329 roads.

Worship[edit]

The Welsh placename of the village means "church of St Eirw",[24] and there once existed a chantry attached to the churchyard, in which this minor female saint was allegedly interred. A mediaeval church of unknown date succeeded the Norman church, and it was noted in 1504 that the chancel was "ruinous, and the windows not glazed", with the blame falling on the Vicar, Dom. Phillip Lloyd. Similar accusations were made in 1684. In 1708 the church (then called Eglwys Yrrow) was reported as in good repair.

Eglwyswrw Parish Church

The present parish church of Saint Cristiolus[25] is situated in the centre of the village and dates from before 1829 when it was restored. The vicar in 1855 was the Reverend Thomas Evans, replacing the Reverend D. Prothero who had died.[26] The church was restored again in 1883 by local contractor Evan Evans,[27] an event reported in depth by the Western Mail, which suggested that a church had existed in Eglwyswrw since 1150.[28] The vicar in 1888 was the Reverend T. M. Jones, who was summonsed for non-payment of poor rates due on tithes, but as a result of legal arguments the case was dismissed.[29]

Elim Baptist Mission Room opened in 1839 and closed about 1937.[18]

Education[edit]

Eglwyswrw Community Primary School is a Welsh-Medium school for 122 pupils (2015) aged 4 to 11 years with a large rural catchment area.[30]

Attractions[edit]

Dyfed Shire Horse Farm is half a mile to the south-west of the village on the A487 at its junction with the B4329 scenic route to Haverfordwest over the Preseli Mountains. A little further on the A487 is Castell Henllys, a reconstructed Iron Age Fort. Bro Meigan Gardens (6.5 acres) are a mile to the east of the village.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Village weathers 75 days’ rain with dampened spirits, rotting sheep and no pub". Mirror. 8 January 2016. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  3. ^ "Dyfed Archaeoligical Trust: Eglwyswrw". Retrieved 26 Apr 2014. 
  4. ^ "Castell Eglwyswrw". Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "The Church in Wales: History of St Cristiolus Church, Eglwyswrw". Retrieved 29 Apr 2014. 
  6. ^ Lewis, E.T. (1973). 'North of the hills; a history of the parishes of Eglwyswen, Eglwyswrw, Llanfair-Nant-Gwyn, Meline, Nevern. ISBN 978-0-902126-03-9. 
  7. ^ "Fairs". Hereford Journal (British Newspaper Archive). 28 May 1794. Retrieved 11 January 2016. (subscription required (help)). 
  8. ^ "Eglwyswrw Fair". Western Mail (British Newspaper Archive). 6 December 1915. Retrieved 11 January 2016. (subscription required (help)). 
  9. ^ "Property exchange". Western Mail (British Newspaper Archive). 2 July 1895. Retrieved 12 January 2016. (subscription required (help)). 
  10. ^ "Schoolmaster at the age of 13...". Aberdeen Journal (British Newspaper Archive). 21 May 1923. Retrieved 11 January 2016. (subscription required (help)). 
  11. ^ "Centenarian's death". Portsmouth Evening News (British Newspaper Archive). 2 May 1924. Retrieved 11 January 2016. (subscription required (help)). 
  12. ^ "Eglwyswrw War Memorial". Retrieved 17 Apr 2014. 
  13. ^ "Eglwyswrw War Memorial". 3 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  14. ^ "MEETING HOUSE, SERGEANTS ARMS, EGLWYSWRW". Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  15. ^ "Canadian ad campaign credits Eglwyswrw with a place on the fiscal map". Retrieved 17 Apr 2014. 
  16. ^ "Rapist pub landlord Alan Aylward jailed for 20 years". BBC. 21 May 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  17. ^ "Pembrokeshire village Eglwyswrw dry after 85 rain days". BBC. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  18. ^ a b "GENUKI: Eglwyswrw". Retrieved 12 Apr 2014. 
  19. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1849). A Topographical Dictionary of Wales. p. 320-328. 
  20. ^ "Royal Commission, 2008: Eglwyswrw". Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  21. ^ "History of Meline in Pembrokeshire". Retrieved 26 Apr 2014. 
  22. ^ "History of Llanfair Nant Gwyn in Pembrokeshire". Retrieved 29 Apr 2014. 
  23. ^ "Visit Pembrokeshire: Eglwyswrw". Retrieved 17 Apr 2014. 
  24. ^ Charles, B.G. (1992). The Placenames of Pembrokeshire, Volume I. National Library of Wales. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-907158-58-5. 
  25. ^ "St. Cristiolus, Eglwyswrw". Retrieved 29 Apr 2014. 
  26. ^ "Ecclesiastical Intelligence". Bell's Weekly Messenger (British Newspaper Archive). 29 December 1855. Retrieved 12 January 2016. (subscription required (help)). 
  27. ^ Royal Commission on Ancient Monuments in Wales and Monmouthshire. HMSO. 1925. p. 93. 
  28. ^ "Re-opening of a Pembrokeshire Church". Western Mail (British Newspaper Archive). 1 June 1883. Retrieved 25 April 2015. (subscription required (help)). 
  29. ^ "A vicar summoned for poor rates". Gloucester Journal (British Newspaper Archive). 27 October 1888. Retrieved 12 January 2016. (subscription required (help)). 
  30. ^ "Pembrokeshire County Council: Eglwyswrw Community Primary School". Retrieved 12 Apr 2014. 

External links[edit]