Electoral district of Marrickville
Marrickville was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. It was an urban electorate in Sydney's inner west, centred on the suburb of Marrickville from which it took its name. At the time of its abolition it also included the suburbs of Camperdown, Darlington, Enmore, Lewisham, Newtown, Petersham, Stanmore and parts of Dulwich Hill and Erskineville as well as the University of Sydney.
Multi-member constituencies were abolished in 1894 and the district was created, along with Newtown-Camperdown, Newtown-Erskine and Newtown-St Peters to replace the then four member electorate of Newtown.
Marrickville was one of the more left-leaning electorates in the Sydney area. It had traditionally been an ALP stronghold, but had become less so as the Greens support had been on the rise in recent years. The Liberal Party did not feature in the final two-candidate count after 1991, beaten in 1995 by the short lived single issue party No Aircraft Noise and after that by the Greens.
Labor first won the seat in 1910 in the person of Thomas Crawford. In 1916, he joined other pro-conscription Labor MPs in forming the Nationalist Party of Australia. Crawford was defeated in 1917 by Labor's Carlo Lazzarini, the first member of the NSW parliament with an Italian name. Lazzarini held it until the seat was abolished in 1920. He served for the next seven years in the multi-member electorate of Western Suburbs. Marrickville was recreated in 1927 with the reintroduction of single-member electorates. Lazzarini was reelected as the member for this seat, and held it until his death in 1952.
The seat was then held for twenty years by Norm Ryan, who for part of that time was Minister for Public Works and oversaw the building of the Sydney Opera House. After being elected 7 times, he stood aside for fellow ALP member Tom Cahill (the son of former premier Joseph Cahill), who held the seat until his death in 1983. The resulting by-election was won by Andrew Refshauge, who was the deputy premier from 4 April 1995 until his resignation on 10 August 2005. At the general election in 2003, Refshauge won with a 10.7% two party preferred majority over Greens candidate Colin Hesse.
Refshauge's retirement in 2005 sparked another by-election on 17 September, held simultaneously with by-elections in Macquarie Fields and Maroubra. While the Liberal Party did not field a candidate, the ALP faced a strong challenger in the Deputy Mayor of Marrickville, Sam Byrne, running as a Greens candidate. The ALP subsequently drafted Education Minister Carmel Tebbutt, who was then a member of the Legislative Council, as their candidate, as she was seen to be the best chance of holding the seat. Despite Tebbutt's profile, she faced significant challenges from Byrne, but ultimately won out - although the Green vote was the highest in Australian history. Tebbutt retained the seat in the 2007 and 2011 state elections, though her majority was successively reduced. Tebbutt was married to former Deputy Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, the member for the federal electorate of Grayndler; most of Marrickville is located in Grayndler.
|First incarnation (1894—1920)|
|Francis McLean||Free Trade||1894–1901|
|Richard McCoy||Liberal Reform||1901–1910|
|Second incarnation (1927—2015)|
|Socialist Alliance||Pip Hinman||860||1.9||+0.3|
|Christian Democrats||Kylie Laurence||531||1.2||-0.3|
|Family First||Jimmy Liem||395||0.9||+0.9|
|Total formal votes||45,697||97.1||+0.2|
- Green, Antony. "2013 New South Wales Redistribution". abc.net.au. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
- Green, Antony. "2011 New South Wales Election: Analysis of Results" (PDF). NSW Parliamentary Library. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2011.