Demographics of the United Arab Emirates

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This article contains demographic features of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), including population density, vital statistics, immigration and emigration data, ethnicity, education levels, religions practiced, and languages spoken within the UAE.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1963 95,000—    
1968 180,226+13.66%
1975 557,887+17.52%
1980 1,042,099+13.31%
1985 1,379,303+5.77%
1995 2,411,041+5.74%
1999 2,938,000+5.07%
2005 4,106,427+5.74%
2010 8,264,070+15.01%
2011 8,925,096+8.00%
2012 9,205,651+3.14%
2013 9,346,129[3]+1.53%
2016 9,269,610[3]−0.27%
2018 9,599,353[4]+1.76%
Sources:[1][2]

The United Arab Emirates witnessed significant population increase during the past few years because of major growth in the various economic sectors, which lead to influx of workers from diverse cultural and religious background. From 4.1 million in 2005 to roughly 9.5 million in 2018.[5] Out of this, the number of UAE citizens is around 11.5% and the remaining 88.5% made up of Expatriate workers. The largest group of non-UAE nationals are South Asian 59.4% (includes Indians 38.2%, Bangladeshi 9.5%, Pakistani 9.4%, others 2.3%), Egyptian 10.2%, Filipino 6.1%, other 12.8%.[6]

Female citizens and non-citizens account for 28% percent of the UAE'S population due to the high level of male foreign workers.[7] The majority of the UAE population falls in the age group of 25 to 54 year old. A large part of this can be attributed to the expatriate population of working men and women who fall in the age category.[8] Population is heavily concentrated to the northeast on the Musandam Peninsula, the three largest Emirates - Abu Dhabi (2.9 million), Dubai (2.7 million) and Sharjah (1.4 million), are home to nearly 75% of the population.[9][10][11]

Population pyramid 2017
Emirate Census 1975 Census 1985 Census 1995 Census 2005 Est. 2010
Abu Dhabi 211,812 566,036 942,463 1,399,484
Dubai 183,187 370,788 689,420 1,321,453
Sharjah 78,790 228,317 402,792 793,573
Ajman 16,690 54,546 121,491 206,997
Umm Al-Quwain 6,908 19,285 35,361 49,159
Ras Al-Khaimah 43,845 96,578 143,334 210,063
Fujairah 16,655 43,753 76,180 125,698
Total 557,887 1,379,303 2,411,041 4,106,427 7,512,000 (UN)[12]
8,190,000 (NBS)[13]

Population pyramid data[edit]

UAE Census (05/12/2005)
Age group Male Female Total %
Total 2 806 141 1 300 286 4 106 427 100
0-4 145 601 136 538 282 139 6.87
5-9 139 929 129 453 269 382 6.56
10-14 130 778 118 279 249 057 6.07
15-19 121 388 110 838 232 226 5.66
20-24 272 036 161 530 433 566 10.56
25-29 483 657 178 137 661 794 16.12
30-34 489 879 150 482 640 361 15.59
35-39 386 762 113 844 500 606 12.19
40-44 262 718 78 543 341 261 8.31
45-49 174 459 51 311 225 770 5.50
50-54 107 339 31 539 138 878 3.38
55-59 51 303 15 804 67 107 1.63
60-64 18 820 8 527 27 347 0.67
65-69 9 172 5 285 14 457 0.35
70-74 5 391 4 013 9 404 0.23
75-79 2 440 1 837 4 277 0.10
80-84 1 537 1 439 2 976 0.07
85+ 1 250 1 165 2 415 0.06
unknown 1 682 1 722 3 404 0.08
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 416 308 384 270 800 578 19.50
15-64 2 366 679 898 833 3 265 512 79.52
65+ 21 472 15 461 36 933 0.90
[14]

Education and Employment[edit]

The United Arab Emirates government have always focused on increasing the quality of education, allowing female access to higher education and value their achievements. Currently, there are more women in higher education than men, with total graduates of 58 percent. However, the unemployment rate for women is about more than five times higher than men. The program that is the most popular is business with the highest number of graduates, and the second popular program is Humanities and social science.[7] The UAE relies on migrant workers, and they make up a majority of the population and will continue to increase and will be about 88.2 percent of the population in 2030.[15]

Vital statistics[edit]

UN prospects[edit]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR CDR NC TFR IMR
1950–1955 4 000 2 000 2 000 49.4 20.8 28.6 6.97 175
1955–1960 4 000 2 000 3 000 49.3 18.0 31.3 6.97 156
1960–1965 5 000 2 000 4 000 46.3 13.2 33.2 6.87 120
1965–1970 8 000 2 000 6 000 41.2 8.7 32.5 6.77 77
1970–1975 12 000 2 000 10 000 32.6 6.4 26.2 6.36 51
1975–1980 23 000 4 000 19 000 29.1 4.6 24.5 5.66 36
1980–1985 36 000 4 000 32 000 30.5 3.7 26.8 5.23 25
1985–1990 45 000 5 000 40 000 28.4 3.1 25.4 4.83 17
1990–1995 48 000 5 000 42 000 23.0 2.5 20.4 3.88 12
1995–2000 49 000 6 000 43 000 18.1 2.1 16.0 2.97 10
2000–2005 57 000 6 000 51 000 16.2 1.7 14.4 2.38 8
2005–2010 81 000 8 000 73 000 14.0 1.4 12.6 1.86 7
CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Source: United National World Population Prospects[12]

Births and deaths[edit]

Year Population (x1000) Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
1976 646 900 21 394 33.1
1977 748 100 23 119 30.9
1978 852 200 27 645 32.4
1979 952 000 31 685 33.3
1980 1 042 000 34 774 33.4
1981 1 121 000 38 547 34.4
1982 1 190 000 41 961 35.3
1983 1 253 000 43 419 34.7
1984 1 318 000 43 704 33.2
1985 1 391 000 44 192 31.8
1986 1 472 000 45 460 3 222 42 238 30.9 2.2 28.7
1987 1 561 000 47 703 3 231 44 472 30.6 2.1 28.5
1988 1 656 000 50 836 3 447 47 389 30.7 2.1 28.6
1989 1 756 000 51 903 3 640 48 263 29.6 2.1 27.5
1990 1 860 000 52 264 3 938 48 326 28.1 2.1 26.0
1991 1 970 000 49 496 4 026 45 470 25.4 2.0 23.4
1992 2 087 000 50 604 4 271 46 333 24.2 2.0 22.2
1993 2 207 000 50 197 4 342 45 855 22.7 2.0 20.7
1994 2 329 000 52 440 4 584 47 856 22.5 2.0 20.5
1995 2 449 000 48 567 4 779 43 788 19.8 2.0 17.8
1996 2 571 000 47 050 4 785 42 265 18.3 1.9 16.4
1997 2 700 000 46 360 4 878 41 482 17.2 1.8 15.4
1998 2 838 000 48 136 5 033 43 103 17.0 1.8 15.2
1999 2 988 000 49 659 5 194 44 465 16.6 1.7 14.9
2000 3 155 000 53 686 5 396 48 290 17.0 1.7 15.3
2001 3 326 000 56 136 5 777 50 359 16.9 1.7 15.2
2002 3 507 000 58 070 5 994 52 075 16.6 1.7 14.9
2003 3 742 000 61 165 6 002 55 163 16.3 1.6 14.7
2004 4 088 000 63 113 6 123 56 990 15.4 1.5 13.9
2005 4 580 000 64 623 6 361 58 262 14.1 1.4 12.7
2006 5 242 000 62 960 6 483 56 477 12.0 1.2 10.8
2007 6 044 000 67 677 7 414 60 263 11.2 1.2 10.0
2008 6 894 000 68 779 7 755 61 024 9.9 1.1 8.8
2009 7 666 000 76 366 7 789 68 577 10.0 1.0 9.0
2010 8 271 000 79 625 7 414 72 211 9.6 0.9 8.7
2011 8 672 000 83 950 7 350 76 600 9.7 0.8 8.9
2012 8 900 000 89 578 7 702 81 876 10.1 0.9 9.2
2013 9 006 000 93 539 8 015 88 524 10.4 0.9 9.5
2014 9 071 000 95 860 8 265 87 595 10.6 0.9 9.7
2015 9 154 000 97 328 8 755 88 573 10.6 1.0 9.6
2016 9 121 200 98 299 8 988 89 311 10.8 1.0 9.8
2017 9 304 300 97 738 8 826 88 912 10.5 0.9 9.6

[16] [17]

Life expectancy[edit]

Period Life expectancy in
Years
Period Life expectancy in
Years
1950–1955 43.9 1985–1990 70.7
1955–1960 49.6 1990–1995 72.2
1960–1965 54.7 1995–2000 73.6
1965–1970 59.6 2000–2005 74.8
1970–1975 63.4 2005–2010 75.9
1975–1980 66.4 2010–2015 76.7
1980–1985 68.8 2019 78[18]

Source: UN World Population Prospects[19]

Ethnicity of UAE immigrants[edit]

The UAE National Bureau of Statistics does not publish demographic data in relation to any nationality. The figures listed in the table below are estimates provided by each country's embassy.[20]

Nationals of Population % of total population Year of data
India 2,600,000 27.15% 2019
Pakistan 1,200,000 12.53% 2014
UAE 1,084,764 11.32% 2015
Bangladesh 700,000 7.31% 2013
Philippines 525,530 5.49% 2014
Iran* 400,000 – 500,000 4.18% – 5.22% N/A
Egypt* 400,000 4.18% 2014
Nepal 300,000 3.13% 2014
Sri Lanka 300,000 3.13% 2015
Syria >250,000[21] ≈2.6% 2016
United Kingdom 250,000 1.25% 2015
China 200,000 2.09% 2015
Jordan 200,000 2.09% 2015
Afghanistan 150,000 1.57% <2011
Palestine 150,000 1.57% 2009
South Africa 100,000 1.04% 2014
Lebanon* 100,000 1.04% 2015
Ethiopia 90,000 0.94% 2014
Yemen 90,000 0.94% 2013
Indonesia 85,000 0.89% 2015
Sudan 75,000 0.78% 2013
Saudi Arabia 70,000 0.73% 2014
Somalia 70,000 0.73% 2015
Iraq 52,000 0.54% 2014
United States 50,000 0.52% 2015
Canada 40,000 0.42% 2014
Kenya 40,000 0.42% 2014
France 25,000 0.26% 2015
Australia 16,000 0.17% 2015
Germany 12,000 0.12% 2013
Spain 12,000 0.11% 2015
Algeria 10,000 0.10% 2014
Italy 10,000 0.10% 2014
South Korea 10,000 0.10% 2014
Thailand 10,000 0.10% 2014
Turkey 10,000 0.10% 2014
Azerbaijan 7,000 0.07% 2015
Ireland 7,000 0.07% 2015
Malaysia 6,000 – 7,000 0.06% – 0.07% 2015
Colombia 5,466 0.06% 2018[22]
Kazakhstan 5,000 – 6,000 0.05% – 0.06% 2015
Greece 5,000 0.05% 2015
Mauritania 5,000 0.05% 2015
Netherlands 5,000 0.05% 2015
Serbia 5,000 0.05% 2015
Ukraine 5,000 0.05% 2014
Sweden 4,000 0.04% 2015
Denmark 3,000 – 4,000 ≈0.03% 2015
Mexico 3,000 – 3,500 ≈0.03% 2014
Belgium 3,000 0.03% 2015
Eritrea 3,000 0.03% 2015
Japan 2,603 ≈0.03% 2015
Dominican Republic 2,000-3,000 0.02% – 0.03% 2015
Austria 2,500 ≈0.03% 2015
Belarus 2,500 ≈0.03% 2015
Hungary 2,500 ≈0.03% 2015
Switzerland 2,430 ≈0.03% 2013
Poland 2,348 ≈0.02% 2015
Singapore >2,000 ≈0.02% 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,000 – 2,000 0.01% – 0.02% 2015
Czech Republic 1,500 ≈0.02% 2015
Venezuela 1,200 ≈0.01% 2015
Norway 1,184 ≈0.01% 2015
Finland 1,180 ≈0.01% 2014
Cyprus 1,000 ≈0.01% 2014
Slovakia 1,000 ≈0.01% 2014
Senegal 700 – 800 < 0.01% 2015
Ghana 500 < 0.01% 2015
New Zealand 444 < 0.01% 2015
Taiwan 400 < 0.01% 2015
Latvia 300 < 0.01% 2014
Peru 300 < 0.01% 2015
Chile 270 < 0.01% 2014
Albania 200 – 300 < 0.01% 2015
Chad 200 < 0.01% 2015
Slovenia 100 – 150 < 0.01% 2015
Angola 100 < 0.01% 2015
Zimbabwe 1 < 0.001% 2018

*The figures for the countries marked with a "*" cannot be directly sourced to embassy statements.

Ethnic groups[edit]

Languages[edit]

A multilingual (Arabic, English, Urdu) signboard in the UAE

Arabic is the official and national language of the UAE. The Gulf dialect of Arabic is spoken by the Emirati people which differs in accents from other Arab/ Middle Eastern countries[24] The Larestani language (Persian dialect) is also spoken by a number of Emiratis.[25] Apart from Arabic, English is widely used. Other languages spoken in the UAE, due to immigration, include Malayalam, Urdu, Hindi, Persian, Cebuano, Pashto, Kannada, Bengali, Punjabi, Tamil, Baluchi (Southern Baluchi), Sinhala, Russian, Somali, Tagalog, Nepali, Mandarin, Telugu, Spanish, Italian and Greek.

Practiced religions[edit]

Religions are represented in the UAE as follows:[23]

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook unless otherwise indicated.[26]

Age structure[edit]

  • 0–14 years: 20.92% (male 500,928/female 678,388)
  • 15–24 years: 13.53% (male 476,813/female 324,982)
  • 25–54 years: 61.27% (male 2,767,886/female 863,816)
  • 55–64 years: 3.23% (male 142,661/female 48,715)
  • 65 years and over: 1.04% (male 38,444/female 23,184)
  • Note: 85% of the population consists of non-citizens (2005 est.).

Population growth rate[edit]

  • 2.37% (2017 est.)

Net migration rate[edit]

  • 11.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

  • At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 15–24 years: 1.47 male(s)/female
  • 25–54 years: 3.2 male(s)/female
  • 55–64 years: 2.93 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 1.69 male(s)/female
  • Total population: 2.18 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

  • Total population:
  • 77.5 years
  • Male: 74.8 years
  • Female: 80.2 years (2016 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

  • 1.75 children born/woman (2016 est.)

Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)[edit]

  • Male: 12 deaths/1,000 births
  • Female: 8.5 deaths/1,000 births
  • Total: 10.3 deaths/1,000 births (2016 est.)

Citizenship[edit]

  • Noun: Emirati(s)
  • Adjective: Emirati

Dependency ratio[edit]

  • Youth dependency ratio: 16.4%
  • Elderly dependency ratio: 1.3%
  • Total dependency ratio: 17.8%
  • Potential support ratio: 74.6% (2015 est.)

Literacy[edit]

  • Females: 95% (2016)[27]
  • Males: 95% (2016)[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UAE National Bureau of Statistics" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2013.
  2. ^ "United Arab Emirates". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 3 July 2009.
  3. ^ a b "Population (Total)". World Bank.
  4. ^ "United Arab Emirates Population (2018)". www.worldometers.info.
  5. ^ "UNDP in United Arab Emirates". UNDP. Retrieved 2018-05-15.
  6. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2018-05-15.
  7. ^ a b Kemp, Linzi J. (2013). "Progress in female education and employment in the United Arab Emirates towards Millennium Development Goal (3): gender equality". Foresight. 15 (4): 264–277. doi:10.1108/fs-02-2012-0007.
  8. ^ "UAE Population Statistics in 2018 (Infographics) | GMI". Official GMI Blog. Retrieved 2018-05-15.
  9. ^ SCAD. "SCAD". SCAD. Retrieved 2018-05-15.
  10. ^ "Publication Details". www.dsc.gov.ae. Retrieved 2018-05-15.
  11. ^ "Sharjah's population crosses 1.4m, with more than 175,000 Emiratis and 1.2 million expatriates". Gulf News. May 15, 2018.
  12. ^ a b "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
  13. ^ "Population leaps to 8.19 million". UAE Interact. May 30, 2010. Archived from the original on February 12, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  14. ^ "Demographic Yearbook". UN Data. United Nations. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  15. ^ "United Arab Emirates in 2030: The Future Demographic" is now available at Fast Market Research. (2013, June 16). UKPRwire. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/anonymous?id=GALE%7C[permanent dead link]A334781206
  16. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". unstats.un.org.
  17. ^ "Population". Federal Competitivness and Statistics Authority. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  18. ^ http://www.geoba.se/population.php?pc=world&type=15
  19. ^ "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations". Archived from the original on 2016-09-19. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  20. ^ Snoj, Jure (April 12, 2015). "UAE´s population - by nationality". bq Magazine. Archived from the original on March 21, 2017. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
  21. ^ "The UAE is going to start taking in Syrian refugees - What's On Dubai". 29 September 2016.
  22. ^ https://elecciones1.registraduria.gov.co/pre_pres_2018/resultados/html/resultados.html
  23. ^ a b "Middle East :: UNITED ARAB EMIRATES". CIA The World Factbook.
  24. ^ Christensen, Shane (2010). Frommer's Dubai. John Wiley & Sons. p. 174. ISBN 978-0470711781.
  25. ^ "Lari language".
  26. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  27. ^ a b "Education in the UAE | UAE Embassy in Washington, DC". www.uae-embassy.org. Retrieved 2017-04-05.