Demographics of the United Arab Emirates

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This article contains demographic features of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), including population density, vital statistics, immigration and emigration data, ethnicity, education levels, religions practiced, and languages spoken within the UAE.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1950 70,000 —    
1960 90,000 +28.6%
1970 232,000 +157.8%
1980 1,016,000 +337.9%
1990 1,809,000 +78.1%
2000 3,033,000 +67.7%
2010 7,512,000 +147.7%
Source: UN[1]:162

Population growth in the United Arab Emirates is among the highest in world at a current 2.47% for the year of 2016. [2] Immigration is the heaviest factor contributing to this growth. Expatriate workers in the UAE made up 90% of the country's workforce in 2013 and accounted for 7.8 million individuals out of a population of 9.2 million people .[3] UAE's census data noted a seven-fold increase in its population between 1975 and 2005.

Emirate census 1975 census 1985 census 1995 census 2005 est. 2010
Abu Dhabi 211,812 566,036 942,463 1,399,484
Dubai 183,187 370,788 689,420 1,321,453
Sharjah 78,790 228,317 402,792 793,573
Ajman 16,690 54,546 121,491 206,997
Umm Al-Quwain 6,908 19,285 35,361 49,159
Ras Al-Khaimah 43,845 96,578 143,334 210,063
Fujairah 16,655 43,753 76,180 125,698
Total 557,887 1,379,303 2,411,041 4,106,427 7,512,000 (UN)[1]
8,190,000 (NBS)[4]

Population Pyramid Data[5][edit]

Vital Statistics[edit]

UN Prospects[edit]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR CDR NC TFR IMR
1950-1955 4 000 2 000 2 000 49.4 20.8 28.6 6.97 175
1955-1960 4 000 2 000 3 000 49.3 18.0 31.3 6.97 156
1960-1965 5 000 2 000 4 000 46.3 13.2 33.2 6.87 120
1965-1970 8 000 2 000 6 000 41.2 8.7 32.5 6.77 77
1970-1975 12 000 2 000 10 000 32.6 6.4 26.2 6.36 51
1975-1980 23 000 4 000 19 000 29.1 4.6 24.5 5.66 36
1980-1985 36 000 4 000 32 000 30.5 3.7 26.8 5.23 25
1985-1990 45 000 5 000 40 000 28.4 3.1 25.4 4.83 17
1990-1995 48 000 5 000 42 000 23.0 2.5 20.4 3.88 12
1995-2000 49 000 6 000 43 000 18.1 2.1 16.0 2.97 10
2000-2005 57 000 6 000 51 000 16.2 1.7 14.4 2.38 8
2005-2010 81 000 8 000 73 000 14.0 1.4 12.6 1.86 7
CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Source: United National World Population Prospects[1]

Births and Deaths [6]

Year Population (x1000) Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
2009 76 366 7 789 68 577
2010 79 625 7 414 72 211
2011 83 950 7 350 76 600

Ethnicity of UAE Immigrants[edit]

The UAE National Bureau of Statistics does not publish demographic data in relation to any nationality. The following figures listed in the table below are estimates provided by each country's embassy. [7]

NATIONALS OF POPULATION  % OF TOTAL POPULATION YEAR OF DATA
India 2,600,000 27,15% 2014
Pakistan 1,200,000 12,53% 2014
UAE 1,084,764 11,32% 2015
Bangladesh 700,000 7,31% 2013
Philippines 525,530 5,49% 2014
Iran* 400,000 – 500,000 4,18% – 5,22% N/A
Egypt* 400,000 4,18% 2014
Nepal 300,000 3,13% 2014
Sri Lanka 300,000 3,13% 2015
Syria >250,000[8] ~2,6% 2016
China 200,000 2,09% 2015
Jordan 200,000 2,09% 2015
Afghanistan 150,000 1,57% <2011
Palestine 150,000 1,57% 2009
United Kingdom 120,000 1,25% 2015
South Africa 100,000 1,04% 2014
Lebanon* 100,000 1,04% 2015
Ethiopia 90,000 0,94% 2014
Yemen 90,000 0,94% 2013
Indonesia 85,000 0,89% 2015
Sudan 75,000 0,78% 2013
Saudi Arabia 70,000 0,73% 2014
Somalia 70,000 0,73% 2015
Iraq 52,000 0,54% 2014
United States 50,000 0,52% 2015
Canada 40,000 0,42% 2014
Kenya 40,000 0,42% 2014
France 25,000 0,26% 2015
Australia 16,000 0,17% 2015
Germany 12,000 0,12% 2013
Spain 12,000 0,11% 2015
Algeria 10,000 0,10% 2014
Italy 10,000 0,10% 2014
South Korea 10,000 0,10% 2014
Thailand 10,000 0,10% 2014
Turkey 10,000 0,10% 2014
Azerbaijan 7,000 0,07% 2015
Ireland 7,000 0,07% 2015
Malaysia 6,000 – 7,000 0,06% – 0,07% 2015
Kazakhstan 5,000 – 6,000 0,05% – 0,06% 2015
Greece 5,000 0,05% 2015
Mauritania 5,000 0,05% 2015
Netherlands 5,000 0,05% 2015
Serbia 5,000 0,05% 2015
Ukraine 5,000 0,05% 2014
Sweden 4,000 0,04% 2015
Denmark 3,000 – 4,000 ~0,03% 2015
Mexico 3,000 – 3,500 ~0,03% 2014
Belgium 3,000 0,03% 2015
Eritrea 3,000 0,03% 2015
Japan 2,603 ~0,03% 2015
Dominican Republic 2,000-3,000 0,02% – 0,03% 2015
Austria 2,500 ~0,03% 2015
Belarus 2,500 ~0,03% 2015
Hungary 2,500 ~0,03% 2015
Switzerland 2,430 ~0,03% 2013
Poland 2,348 ~0,02% 2015
Singapore >2,000 ~0,02% 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,000 – 2,000 0,01% – 0,02% 2015
Czech Republic 1,500 ~0,02% 2015
Venezuela 1,200 ~0,01% 2015
Norway 1,184 ~0,01% 2015
Finland 1,180 ~0,01% 2014
Cyprus 1,000 ~0,01% 2014
Slovakia 1,000 ~0,01% 2014
Senegal 700 – 800 < 0,01% 2015
Ghana 500 < 0,01% 2015
New Zealand 444 < 0,01% 2015
Taiwan 400 < 0,01% 2015
Latvia 300 < 0,01% 2014
Peru 300 < 0,01% 2015
Chile 270 < 0,01% 2014
Albania 200 – 300 < 0,01% 2015
Chad 200 < 0,01% 2015
Slovenia 100 – 150 < 0,01% 2015
Angola 100 < 0,01% 2015

*The figures for the countries marked with a “*” cannot be directly sourced to Embassy statements

Ethnic groups[9][edit]

Languages[edit]

A multilingual (Arabic, English, Urdu) signboard in the UAE.

Arabic is the official and national language of the UAE. The Gulf dialect of Arabic is spoken by the Emirati people which differs in accents from other Arab/ Middle Eastern countries[10] The Larestani language (Persian dialect) is also spoken by a number of Emiratis.[11] Apart from Arabic, English is widely used as a second language. Other languages spoken in the UAE, due to immigration, include Malayalam, Urdu, Hindi, Persian, Cebuano, Pashto, Kannada, Bengali, Punjabi, Tamil, Baluchi (Southern Baluchi), Russian, Somali, Tagalog, Nepali, Mandarin, Telugu and Spanish.

Practiced Religions[edit]

Religions are represented in UAE as follows:[9]

CIA World Factbook Demographic Statistics[edit]

Age structure[edit]

  • 0-14 years: 20.94% (male 500,928/female 678,388)
  • 15-24 years: 13.53% (male 476,813/female 324,982)
  • 25-54 years: 61.27% (male 2,767,886/female 863,816)
  • 55-64 years: 3.23% (male 142,661/female 48,715)
  • 65 years and over: 1.04% (male 38,444/female 23,184)
  • Note: 85% of the population consists of non-citizens (2005 est.)

Population Growth Rate[edit]

  • 2.47% (2016 est.)

Net Migration Rate[edit]

  • 11.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)

Sex Ratio[edit]

  • At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 15–24 years: 1.47 male(s)/female
  • 25-54 years: 3.2 male(s)/female
  • 55-64 years: 2.93 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 1.69 male(s)/female
  • Total population: 2.18 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth[edit]

  • Total population:
  • 77.5 years
  • Male: 74.8 years
  • Female: 80.2 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate (per woman)[edit]

  • 2.33 children born/woman (2016 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births[edit]

  • Male: 12 deaths/1,000 births
  • Female: 8.5 deaths/1,000 births
  • Total: 10.3 deaths/1,000 births (2016 est.)

Citizenship[edit]

  • noun: Emirati(s)
  • adjective: Emirati

Dependency Ratio[edit]

  • Youth dependency ratio: 16.4%
  • Elderly dependency ratio: 1.3%
  • Total dependency ratio: 17.8%
  • Potential support ratio: 74.6% (2015 est.)

Literacy[edit]

  • Females: 95% (2016) [13]
  • Males: 95% (2016) [14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
  2. ^ "United Arab Emirates Population growth rate - Demographics". www.indexmundi.com. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  3. ^ "Labor Migration in the United Arab Emirates: Challenges and Responses". migrationpolicy.org. 2013-09-18. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  4. ^ "Population leaps to 8.19 million". UAE Interact. May 30, 2010. Archived from the original on February 12, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Demographic Yearbook". UN Data. United Nations. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  6. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm
  7. ^ Snoj, Jure (April 12, 2015). "UAE´s population - by nationality". bq Magazine. Retrieved February 28, 2017. 
  8. ^ http://whatson.ae/dubai/2016/09/uae-syrian-refugees/
  9. ^ a b "Middle East :: UNITED ARAB EMIRATES". CIA The World Factbook. 
  10. ^ Christensen, Shane (2010). Frommer's Dubai. John Wiley & Sons. p. 174. ISBN 978-0470711781. 
  11. ^ "Lari language". 
  12. ^ The World Factbook - United Arab Emirates
  13. ^ "Education in the UAE | UAE Embassy in Washington, DC". www.uae-embassy.org. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  14. ^ "Education in the UAE | UAE Embassy in Washington, DC". www.uae-embassy.org. Retrieved 2017-04-05.