Transport in the United Arab Emirates

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Roads[edit]

The United Arab Emirates have an extensive and very well developed road network, principally in the Northern Coastal area, where the main population centres are located. Many of these roads have been improved to become multilane dual-carriageway motorways, capable of coping with the high demand for road transportation in the country.

List of Motorways[edit]

Private vehicles[edit]

Private vehicles are commonly used in the country. Driving licenses are available to those who are 18 years of age and above. Unlike neighboring Saudi Arabia, women with valid driving licences are allowed to drive.[1] An extensive and modern road network connects the main coastal cities; the desert roads are less developed.[citation needed]

Transport payment systems[edit]

Fares in Abu Dhabi buses are paid by inserting two dhirams into a box next to the driver. The Ojra card is used by frequent travellers. The Nol card is a contactless smart card used for Public Transport in Dubai. It is also used for payment on buses between Dubai and other cities.

Buses[edit]

A Bus in Abu Dhabi

Bus Services were introduced in Abu Dhabi by the Emirate in 2008 with four routes which were zero fare until the end of the year.[2]

Bus services also run in Dubai under the name DubaiBus and are part of the RTA. Buses in Sharjah are operated by Mowasalat. Bus services also operate in between the different emirates due to the lack of rail connectivity, although in the near future, this will change.[3][4]

Rail[edit]

The only commercially operational railway network in the UAE is the Dubai Metro. Etihad Rail was set up in 2009 to manage a national level freight and passenger rail network within the country and later to other nations of Gulf Cooperation Council. The first phase of the system was undergoing testing and now limited freight service has been started.

In the November 2014, Dubai launched UAE's first tram network named Dubai Tram, it currently operates mainly in the Dubai Marina with many new routes still being constructed.

Taxi services[edit]

Taxis services are operated by both government agencies as well as private agencies.

Air[edit]

The largest airports in the country are Dubai and Abu Dhabi. The General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA) started applying an advanced program in 2010 that allows the assessment of aircraft registered in foreign countries in order to ensure their safety and airworthiness.[5] In 2011 it banned all aircraft registered in countries like Congo DR, Swaziland, Equatorial Guinea, Sierra Leone and São Tomé and Príncipe due to their poor safety standards.[6]

Airports[edit]

There are 42 airports spread across the UAE as of 2012.[7]

Heliports 5 are known as of 2012

Airlines[edit]

Emirates airline is the biggest national airline of the UAE and is owned by Dubai.[citation needed] Etihad Airways is the second largest National Airline and is owned by Abu Dhabi.[citation needed] Other airlines are flyDubai, Air Arabia and Royal Jet.

Pipelines[edit]

Crude oil 830 kilometres (516 mi); natural gas, including natural gas liquids, 870 kilometres (541 mi)[citation needed]

Ports and harbors[edit]

There are various ports spread across the 7 Emirates, they are Ajman Port, Fujairah Port, Das Island, Khalifa Port, Mina' Zayid and Mina Jabal Al Dhanna in Abu Dhabi, Khawr Fakkan, Mina Al Hemreya and, Mina' Khalid in Sharjah, Mina' Jabal 'Ali, Port Rashid in Dubai, Mina' Saqr in Ras Al Khaimah, Umm al-Qaiwain Port.[citation needed]

Merchant marine[edit]


total: 68 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,107,442 GRT/1,795,235 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 18, chemical tanker 3, container 8, liquified gas 1, livestock carrier 1, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 27, roll-on/roll-off 7, specialized tanker 1 (1999 est.)[citation needed]

Major Road Accidents[edit]

Six people were killed, at least 40 were injured and dozens of vehicles burned March 11, 2008 when hundreds of cars collided on a fog-shrouded Abu Dhabi - Dubai highway.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]