|AS355 Ecureuil 2/TwinStar|
|An AS355 departs Toulouse–Blagnac Airport|
|Role||Light utility helicopter|
|First flight||3 October 1979|
|Status||Active, In production|
|Produced||1975 - present|
|Developed from||Eurocopter AS350|
The Airbus Helicopters (formerly Eurocopter) AS355 Ecureuil 2 (Twin Squirrel) is a twin-engine light helicopter originally manufactured by Aérospatiale in France (later part of Eurocopter Group, now Airbus Helicopters). The AS355 is marketed in North America as the TwinStar.
Design and development
Development began in the early 1970s to replace the Alouette II, and the first flight took place on 27 June 1974. A twin-engined version, known as the Ecureuil 2, Twin Squirrel, or in North America as the TwinStar, first flew on 28 September 1979.
Despite the introduction of the Eurocopter EC130 in 2001, production of both the AS350 and AS355, and of their AS550 and AS555 Fennec militarized counterparts, was continued for some time. In 2007, the more capable AS355 NP variant with FADEC engines was introduced to service. In September 2015, Airbus Helicopters announced that it was to terminate the manufacture of the AS355 as part of an effort to focus on stronger-selling rotorcraft - production of the AS350 is to continue. Production of the AS355 is to continue through 2016 until the existing order backlog is fulfilled.
- Prototype of the twin-engined Ecureuil 2 or Twin Squirrel.
- AS355 E
- Initial production version, with single hydraulics, powered by two Allison 250-C20F turboshaft engines.
- AS355 F
- Improved version, with dual hydraulics and increased maximum weight of 2,300 kg (5,070 lb).
- AS355 F1
- Powered by two Allison 250-C20F engines, 2,400 kg (5,291 lb) Maximum weight.
- AS355 F2
- Powered by two Allison 250-C20F engines, 2,540 kg (5,600 lb) Maximum weight and a yaw compensation system.
- AS355 M
- Initial armed version of AS355 F1.
- AS355 M2
- Armed version of AS355 F2. Superseded by AS555 Fennec.
- AS355 N Ecureuil 2
- Version fitted with two Turbomeca Arrius 1A engines and a Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) system for better M.T.O.W (2,600 kg or 5,732 lb) and better single engine performance, tail rotor strake added along starboard side of tail boom for better yaw authority.
- AS355 NP Ecureuil 2
- Introduced in 2007, this version is fitted with two Turbomeca Arrius 1A1 turboshaft engines and a new AS350 B3-based main gearbox, increasing maximum take-off weight to 2,800 kg (6,173 lb).
- HB.355F Esquilo Bi
- Assembled in Brazil by Helibras (part of Eurocopter).
- HB.355N Esquilo Bi
- Assembled in Brazil by Helibras.
- Heli-Lynx 355FX1
- Powered by the Allison C20F engine. FAA, TC, and EASA approved.
- Heli-Lynx 355FX2
- Powered by the Allison C20F engine. FAA,TC and EASA approved.
- Heli-Lynx 355FX2R
- Powered by the Allison C20R engine. FAA and TC approved.
- Starflex AS355F1R
- AS355 F1 powered by the Allison C20R engine. FAA, TC and EASA approved.
- Starflex AS355F2R
- AS355 F2 Powered by the Allison C20R engine with optimised tail rotor blades. FAA, TC and EASA approved.
The AS355 is used by both private individuals and companies, helicopter charter and training organizations as well as law enforcement and government use.
Military and government operators
- Border Guard 
Accidents and incidents
- On 22 October 1996, Chelsea Football Club Vice Chairman Matthew Harding together with five companions were killed when their AS355 F1 Squirrel, registration G-CFLT, crashed near Middlewich, Cheshire.
- In July 1998, the Kent Air Ambulance, a AS355 F1 Squirrel, crashed in good weather after colliding with power cables near Burham whilst returning to Rochester Airport following an aborted call to attend a road accident. All three crew - the pilot, Graham Budden, and two paramedics, Tony Richardson and Mark Darby - were killed on impact.
- In May 2007, Chelsea Football Club Vice President Philip Carter, founder of training company Carter and Carter, crashed in his part-owned Twin Squirrel registration G-BYPA returning from Liverpool John Lennon Airport after watching Chelsea play Liverpool F.C..
- On 18 August 2011, a AS-355F-2 (reg No/ VH-NTV) crashed near Lake Eyre in South Australia resulting in three fatalities. The helicopter was owned by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. On board were, Gary Ticehurst (ABC chief helicopter pilot for 25 years), John Bean (cameraman) and Paul Lockyer (journalist). All three had 20 years or more experience working for the ABC.
- On 20 October 2011, a Belarus border patrol Eurocopter twin-engine helicopter crashed close to the village of Vileity near the Lithuanian border and burst into flames, killing all five people on board, including three members of a television crew.
Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1988-89
- Crew: 1
- Capacity: 6
- Length: 12.94 m (42 ft 5½ in)
- Rotor diameter: 10.69 m (35 ft 0¾ in)
- Height: 3.14 m (10 ft 3½ in)
- Disc area: 89.75 m² (966 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 1,305 kg (2,877 lbs)
- Max. takeoff weight: 2,540 kg (5,732 lbs)
- Powerplant: 2 × Allison 250-C20F turboshaft, 313 kW (420 shp) each
- Never exceed speed: 278 km/h (150 knots, 172 mph)
- Cruise speed: 224 km/h (121 knots, 139 mph)
- Range: 703 km (380 nm, 437 mi)
- Service ceiling: 3,400 m (11,150 ft)
- Rate of climb: 6.5 m/s (1,280 ft/min)
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- Taylor 1988, p.61.
- Perry, Dominic. "Airbus Helicopters ditches AS355 light twin." Flight International, 4 September 2015.
- Eurocopter Press Release - Eurocopter Upgrades Its Most Affordable Twin, The AS355 Ecureuil/TwinStar
- "World Air Forces 2013" (PDF). Flightglobal Insight. 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "Государственный пограничный комитет вооружается европейскими вертолетами". .tut.by. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "Ontario Provincial Police upgrade from AS355F2 to EC135P2+". helihub.com. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "Ontario Provincial Police AS-355F". Demand media. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "JDF AS-355". jdfmil.org. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "JDF Eurocopter AS-355". Demand media. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "Royal Malaysian Police wants more helicopters". helihub.com. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "NZ Civil Aircraft". nzcivair .com. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "Russian Military Plans to Buy Foreign Helicopters". rian.ru. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "Eurocopter AS-355N Ecureuil 2 Ministry of the Interior". Demand media. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "World's Air Forces 2004 Pg 83". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "Aviación Naval Uruguaya". Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "AS355 NP Overview". eurocopterusa.com. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "World's Air Forces 1987 pg. 28". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "About the Air Support Unit". garda.ie. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "Pilot disorientated on impact". BBC News. Retrieved 2007-09-17.
- "Bulletin No:2/2000 Aerospatiale AS355 F1 Ecureuil II G-MASK" (PDF). Air Accident Investigation Board.
- "UK Helicopter crash kills three". BBC News. 1998-07-27. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- "Millionaire Chelsea fan and his son die in helicopter crash". Daily Mail. May 2, 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2010.
- "Collision with terrain - Aérospatiale Industries helicopter, VH-NTV, near Lake Eyre, SA, 18 August 2011". Australian Transport Safety Bureau. 19 August 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
- "ABC chopper crash probe could take a year". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 19 August 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
- Helicopter crash in Belarus kills 5
- Taylor 1988, pp.60—62.
- Max slung load
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