Farmers Union Gin Company

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Farmers Union Gin Company
Farmers union cotton gin 2012.jpg
Farmers Union Gin Company is located in Texas
Farmers Union Gin Company
Farmers Union Gin Company is located in the US
Farmers Union Gin Company
Coordinates 29°52′23″N 97°56′39″W / 29.87306°N 97.94417°W / 29.87306; -97.94417Coordinates: 29°52′23″N 97°56′39″W / 29.87306°N 97.94417°W / 29.87306; -97.94417
Built 1911
NRHP Reference # 83004494
RTHL # 10264
Designated RTHL 1981

Farmers Union Gin Company was an American cotton processing company located in San Marcos, Texas.[1] Its main facility, located at 120 Grove Street, is now a registered historic site.[1]


In 1908, Henry Kellerman, J. H. Barbee, A. H. Fleming, I. B. Rylander, and J. H. Williams acquired the premises of 120 Grove Street.[2] They then established in 1909 the Farmers Union Gin Company under the leadership of Oscar Calvin Smith, Sr. (b. 1876 d. 1948, Texas Cotton Ginners Association organizer and director, San Marcos city commissioner 1924–1941 and mayor 1941–1942), an organization which would proceed to operate San Marcos' largest industrial facility at the time.[3][4]

The gin continued operations until 1966 and was later recognized by both the Texas Historical Commission and National Register of Historic Places.[1][2]


The present building was constructed in 1911 as a replacement for one that was destroyed by fire.[2]


  1. ^ a b c United States Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation, American Association for State and Local History, United States. National Park Service, National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States, National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers, Preservation Press (1989). The National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. p. 703. ISBN 978-0942063035. 
  2. ^ a b c Marker No. 10264, Texas Historic Sites Atlas
  3. ^ "In Memory of Oscar Calvin Smith". Journal of the House of Representatives of the Regular Session of the Fifty-First Legislature of the State of Texas. 3: 3289. 1949. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  4. ^ Henry, Shelly (2010-01-11). "Dr. Gwen Smith, SMHS Class '33, Gives Oral History". Hays County Historical Commission. SMCISD. Archived from the original on 2012-09-20. Retrieved 2012-09-20.