List of German supercentenarians
This is a list of German supercentenarians (people from Germany who have attained the age of at least 110 years). Until now there have been 52 verified supercentenarians from Germany. The oldest person ever from Germany is Augusta Holtz, who died in the USA in 1986 aged 115 years 79 days. The oldest person ever to be born and die in Germany was Maria Laqua who died aged 112 years and 362 days. As of 21 January 2018, there are eight living supercentenarians in Germany.
- 1 Living German supercentenarians
- 2 German supercentenarians
- 3 People
- 4 Notes
- 5 References
Living German supercentenarians
There are currently eight reported living German supercentenarians.
|Rank||Name||Sex||Birth date||Age as of 21 January 2018||State of birth||State of residence|
|Gustav Gerneth||M||15 October 1905||112 years, 98 days||Prussia (Pomerania)||Saxony-Anhalt|
|Edelgard Huber von Gersdorff||F||7 December 1905||112 years, 45 days||Reuss-Gera||Baden-Württemberg|
|Therese Fenners||F||8 March 1906||111 years, 319 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Elisabeth Tränkner||F||11 August 1906||111 years, 163 days||Prussia (Hesse-Nassau)||Baden-Württemberg|
|Lydia Smuda||F||6 November 1906||111 years, 76 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||Hamburg|
|Christine Hoscheid||F||16 February 1907||110 years, 339 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Elisabeth Roß||F||23 September 1907||110 years, 120 days||Prussia (Berlin)||Hesse|
|Felicitas Rau||F||11 December 1907||110 years, 41 days||Hamburg||North Rhine-Westphalia|
Living German emigrant supercentenarians
There is currently one living German emigrate supercentarian.
|Rank||Name||Sex||Birth date||Age as of 21 January 2018||State of birth||Country of residence|
|Louise Schaaf||F||16 October 1906||111 years, 97 days||Baden||United States (Chicago, Illinois)|
†^ denotes age at death, or, if living, age as of 21 January 2018
|Rank||Name||Sex||Birth date||Death date||Age||State or Country of birth||State of death or residence|
|1||Maria Laqua||F||12 February 1889||9 February 2002||112 years, 362 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||Rhineland-Palatinate|
|2||Frieda Szwillus||F||30 March 1902||21 September 2014||112 years, 175 days||Anhalt||Saxony|
|3||Gertrud Henze||F||8 December 1901||22 April 2014||112 years, 135 days||Prussia (Pomerania)||Lower Saxony|
|Gustav Gerneth||M||15 October 1905||Living||112 years, 98 days||Prussia (Pomerania)[a]||Living in Saxony-Anhalt|
|4||Meta Berndt||F||9 November 1889||28 December 2001||112 years, 49 days||Prussia (Pomerania)[b]||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Edelgard Huber von Gersdorff ||F||7 December 1905||Living||112 years, 45 days||Reuss-Gera||Living in Baden-Württemberg|
|5||Johanna Klink||F||17 January 1903||20 February 2015||112 years, 34 days||Prussia (Silesia)[c]||Saxony|
|6||Irmgard von Stephani||F||20 September 1895||5 October 2007||112 years, 15 days||Prussia (Hesse-Nassau)||Berlin|
|Therese Fenners||F||8 March 1906||Living||111 years, 319 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||Living in North Rhine-Westphalia|
|7||Lina Zimmer||F||20 November 1892||28 August 2004||111 years, 282 days||Württemberg||Baden-Württemberg|
|8||Hermann Dörnemann||M||27 May 1893||2 March 2005||111 years, 279 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|9||Charlotte Klamroth||F||18 August 1903||16 May 2015||111 years, 271 days||Prussia (Saxony)||Rhineland-Palatinate|
|10||Magdalene Regener||F||5 March 1891||19 November 2002||111 years, 259 days||Prussia (Hesse-Nassau)||Lower Saxony|
|11||Elisabeth Heck||F||11 July 1893||3 February 2005||111 years, 207 days||Baden||Hesse|
|12||Paula Baumgärtner||F||16 August 1881||24 February 1993||111 years, 192 days||Prussia (Westphalia)||Baden-Württemberg|
|13||Margarete Ottmann||F||23 February 1903||17 August 2014||111 years, 175 days||Prussia (Silesia)[d]||Bavaria|
|14||Elisabeth Schneider||F||19 August 1901||9 February 2013||111 years, 174 days||Prussia (Westphalia)||Lower Saxony|
|15||Frieda Borchert||F||5 January 1897||22 June 2008||111 years, 169 days||Prussia (Pomerania)[e]||Berlin|
|Elisabeth Tränkner||F||11 August 1906||Living||111 years, 163 days||Prussia (Hesse-Nassau)||Living in Baden-Württemberg|
|16||Rosa Rose||F||4 December 1903||25 April 2015||111 years, 142 days||Prussia (Hanover)||Lower Saxony|
|17||Karolina Krüger||F||17 February 1885||3 July 1996||111 years, 137 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|18||Katharina Braun||F||23 September 1867||5 February 1979||111 years, 135 days||Bavaria (Palatinate)||Rhineland-Palatinate|
|19||Anna Stephan||F||25 March 1892||3 August 2003||111 years, 131 days||Bohemia[f]||Bavaria|
|20||Elsa Tauser||F||10 July 1896||6 October 2007||111 years, 88 days||Hamburg||Schleswig-Holstein|
|21||Bertha Lindemann||F||11 March 1891||29 May 2002||111 years, 79 days||Brunswick||Lower Saxony|
|Lydia Smuda||F||6 November 1906||Living||111 years, 76 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||Living in Hamburg|
|22||Else Aßmann||F||18 February 1902||15 February 2013||110 years, 363 days||Prussia (Brandenburg)||Berlin|
|Christine Hoscheid||F||16 February 1907||Living||110 years, 339 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||Living in North Rhine-Westphalia|
|23||Aloysia Tilscher||F||9 December 1893||8 November 2004||110 years, 335 days||Moravia[g]||Bavaria|
|24||Frieda Schmidt||F||15 December 1899||6 November 2010||110 years, 326 days||Prussia (Brandenburg)||Brandenburg|
|25||Berta Zeisler||F||2 February 1900||1 December 2010||110 years, 302 days||Lorraine[h]||Rhineland-Palatinate|
|26||Gisela Metreweli||F||10 October 1893||31 July 2004||110 years, 295 days||Bavaria||Bavaria|
|27||Marie Stutz||F||22 October 1896||11 August 2007||110 years, 293 days||Hesse||Bavaria|
|28||Erna Henningsen||F||24 May 1889||27 February 2000||110 years, 279 days||Prussia (Saxony)||Berlin|
|29||Frieda Müller||F||18 October 1894||21 July 2005||110 years, 276 days||Prussia (Brandenburg)||Brandenburg|
|30||Pauline Spyra||F||24 April 1886||11 January 1997||110 years, 262 days||Prussia (Silesia)[i]||Bavaria|
|31||Frieda Tessmer||F||5 August 1897||28 March 2008||110 years, 236 days||Prussia (Brandenburg)||Berlin|
|32||Clothilde Rey||F||20 November 1892||9 July 2003||110 years, 231 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|33||Erna Scharfenberg||F||26 June 1894||26 January 2005||110 years, 214 days||Hamburg||Schleswig-Holstein|
|34||Mathilde Stoellger||F||21 April 1893||16 November 2003||110 years, 209 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|35||Karolina Gröber||F||27 April 1901||21 November 2011||110 years, 208 days||Bavaria||Bavaria|
|36||Friedrich Wedeking||M||10 October 1862||5 May 1973||110 years, 207 days||Lippe||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|37||Maria Corba||F||15 August 1878||8 March 1989||110 years, 205 days||Banat[j]||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|38||Charlotte Bauch||F||12 October 1900||2 May 2011||110 years, 202 days||Saxony||Bavaria|
|39||Arno Wagner||M||4 June 1894||22 December 2004||110 years, 201 days||Saxony||Saxony|
|40||Franziska Umrath||F||5 September 1885||18 February 1996||110 years, 166 days||Prussia (West Prussia)[k]||Hamburg|
|41||Johanne Rasmus||F||25 October 1896||25 March 2007||110 years, 151 days||Prussia (Hanover)||Lower Saxony|
|Maria Volmer||F||8 June 1890||6 November 2000||110 years, 151 days||Prussia (Westphalia)||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|43||Helene Heidbreder||F||19 May 1897||8 October 2007||110 years, 142 days||Prussia (Westphalia)||Lower Saxony|
|Maria Jantke||F||18 October 1902||9 March 2013||110 years, 142 days||Prussia (Westphalia)||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|45||Emma Joisten||F||21 June 1898||8 November 2008||110 years, 140 days||Prussia (Hesse-Nassau)||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|46||Johanne Wilks||F||8 February 1893||23 June 2003||110 years, 135 days||Oldenburg||Lower Saxony|
|47||Ella Ille Rentel||F||19 May 1852||19 September 1962||110 years, 123 days||Russia[l]||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Lina von Veh||F||17 February 1898||19 June 2008||110 years, 123 days||Russia[m]||Bavaria|
|Elisabeth Roß||F||23 September 1907||Living||110 years, 120 days||Prussia (Berlin)||Living in Hesse|
|Martin Eichel||M||13 July 1907||18 September 2017||110 years, 67 days||(unknown)||Hesse|
|49||Maria Schmitz||F||27 August 1886||22 October 1996||110 years, 56 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|50||Wilhelm Schorner||M||3 February 1889||29 March 1999||110 years, 54 days||Bavaria||Bavaria|
|Felicitas Rau||F||11 December 1907||Living||110 years, 41 days||Hamburg||Living in North Rhine-Westphalia|
|51||Franziska Maier||F||23 April 1898||20 May 2008||110 years, 27 days||Bohemia[n]||Saxony-Anhalt|
|52||Irene Mergelsberg||F||4 March 1893||6 March 2003||110 years, 2 days||Hesse||Hesse|
- Gerneth was born in Stettin, which had then been a part of the German Empire; it is now Szczecin and located in Poland.
- Berndt was born in Kaffzig, which had then been a part of the German Empire; it is now Kawcze and located in Poland.
- Klink was born in Siemianowitz, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now Siemianowice Śląskie in Poland.
- Ottmann was born in Bauerwitz, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now Baborów in Poland.
- Borchert was born in Gusscht, which had then been a part of the German Empire; it is now located in Poland.
- Stephan was born in Bohemia, which was then part of the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in the Czech Republic.
- Tilscher was born in Moravia, which was then part of the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in the Czech Republic.
- Zeisler was born in Lorraine, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
- Spyra was born in Wendzin, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now Wędzina in Poland.
- Corba was born in Izgar, which was then part of the Hungarian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in Romania.
- Umrath was born in Danzig, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Gdańsk and located in Poland.
- Rentel was born in Geldauschinken, which was then part of the Russian Empire. It is now in Lithuania.
- von Veh was born in a part of the Russian Empire. It is now in Russia.
- Maier was born in Bohemia, which was then part of the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in the Czech Republic.
German emigrant supercentenarians
Entries for people who are living are colours green.
|Rank||Name||Sex||Birth date||Death date||Age||State of birth||Country of death or residence|
|1||Augusta Holtz||F||3 August 1871||21 October 1986||115 years, 79 days||Prussia (Posen)[a]||United States|
|2||Charlotte Benkner||F||16 November 1889||14 May 2004||114 years, 180 days||Saxony||United States|
|3||Luzia Mohrs||F||23 March 1904||16 October 2017||113 years, 207 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||Brazil|
|4||Adelheid Kirschbaum||F||29 September 1883||21 December 1996||113 years, 83 days||Prussia (Rhine Province)||United States|
|5||Rosa Rein||F||24 March 1897||14 February 2010||112 years, 327 days||Prussia (Silesia)[b]||Switzerland|
|6||Marguerite Petit||F||5 July 1883||21 December 1995||112 years, 171 days||Lorraine[c]||France|
|7||Berta Rosenberg||F||5 September 1896||28 January 2009||112 years, 145 days||Prussia (Hesse-Nassau)||United States|
|8||Katherine Bodenbender||F||19 April 1905||16 April 2017||111 years, 362 days||Prussia (Hesse-Nassau)||United States|
|9||Helen Johnson||F||20 July 1896||17 April 2008||111 years, 272 days||Prussia (Berlin)||United States|
|10||Catherine Trompeter||F||26 March 1895||18 November 2006||111 years, 237 days||Alsace[d]||France|
|Louise Schaaf||F||16 October 1906||Living||111 years, 97 days||Baden||Living in the United States|
|11||Johanna Frank||F||15 September 1875||24 November 1986||111 years, 70 days||Hamburg||United States|
|12||Carl Berner||M||27 January 1902||7 January 2013||110 years, 346 days||Württemberg||United States|
|13||Caroline Dott||F||5 February 1900||8 August 2010||110 years, 184 days||Alsace[e]||France|
|14||Else Hessberg||F||5 December 1892||12 April 2003||110 years, 128 days||Prussia (Hesse-Nassau)||United States|
|15||John Mauch||M||24 December 1888||7 March 1999||110 years, 73 days||Württemberg||United States|
|16||Giovanna Meyer-Zettel||F||6 December 1896||12 January 2007||110 years, 37 days||Alsace[f]||Italy|
|17||Wilhelmine Gnueg||F||12 March 1894||17 April 2004||110 years, 36 days||Prussia (Hesse-Nassau)||United States|
|18||Mathilde Bonzo-Wrede||F||29 May 1890||8 June 2000||110 years, 10 days||Prussia (Westphalia)||Switzerland|
Karl Friedrich Wedeking (10 October 1862 – 5 May 1973) was one of the first German supercentenarians. He was born in Blomberg and died in Dortmund. He was one of the founding members of the gliders club, which was started in 1931 and is still active in Blomberg today.
He was the oldest living man from 21 March 1968, following the death of John Mosely Turner, until Wedeking's death at age 110 years, 207 days. Wedeking was succeeded as world's oldest living man by Frederick Butterfield.
Maria Laqua was born in 1889 in Rheydt-Odenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia, as one of 13 children. She worked as housemaid, married and gave birth to two children in the 1920s. Her husband Charles died in 1958. Their both sons fell in the Second World War. Laqua lived for 35 years in a retirement home in Bad Hönningen, Rhineland-Palatinate and died in her sleep, three days before her 113th birthday. She was only survived by a great-niece who attended her regularly. It was reported that Laqua was in need of care, bedridden and not accessible during her last years. Nevertheless there were also good days when Maria Laqua had a flash and spoke. During a visit of a bishop for example, she had spoken at once and told a lot.
Anna Stephan (25 March 1892 – 3 August 2003) was a German supercentenarian who was born in Altenteich, Bohemia as one of 12 children. Stephan married twice and gave birth to four daughters. In 1945, the Sudeten German family was evicted from their home. With 50 kilogram of luggage, Anna Stephan fled with her husband and children to Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Germany. After the Second World War, she went into the forest every day to gather wood and she also knitted and patched farmer’s clothes so that her family got something to eat. Anna Stephan lived on her own until the age of 106 and died in a retirement home in Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz nearly 5 months after her 111th birthday. She was outlived by three daughters, nine grandchildren, 14 great-grandchildren and 13 great-great-grandchildren.
Frieda Schmidt (15 December 1899 – 6 November 2010) was a German supercentenarian who was the oldest person in Germany from the death of Zhenya Broytman on 25 October 2010 until her death on 6 November 2010 at the age of 110 years and 326 days. Schmidt was born in Bergsdorf, a district of Zehdenick, Brandenburg, where she also died. According to a newspaper she had once worked as a service maid for Philip, Prince of Eulenburg. During her life she lost her only husband in 1951 and two daughters. Frieda Schmidt spent her last years in her daughter’s home and busied herself with needlework. At the time of her death she had eight grandchildren, thirteen great-grandchildren, four great-great-grandchildren and one great-great-great-grandchild. Also a sister of Schmidt was living in Berlin.
Karolina Gröber (27 April 1901 – 21 November 2011) was a German supercentenarian who was the oldest person in Germany from the death of Charlotte Bauch on 2 May 2011 until her own death on 21 November 2011 at the age of 110 years and 208 days. Gröber was born in Lechhausen, which became a part of Augsburg, Bavaria, in 1913, where she spent most of her lifetime. In 1906 she met Louis III who visited Augsburg for the celebration of its incorporation into the Kingdom of Bavaria 100 years previously in 1806. Gröber began a dressmaking apprenticeship before World War I but did not graduate because it was not possible to acquire material and also to sell clothes. She married in 1927 and gave birth to one daughter ten years later. Gröber was in good health until her 100th birthday in 2001. Then she had two hip fractures she never recovered from. Gröber suffered also from dementia. She spent the last years of her life in poor health in a nursing home in Augsburg where she died.
Elisabeth Schneider (19 August 1901 – 9 February 2013) was a German supercentenarian who was the oldest person in Germany from the death of Karolina Gröber on November 21, 2011 until her own death on 9 February 2013 at the age of 111 years and 174 days. She was born in Bad Oeynhausen, North Rhine-Westphalia, in 1901 and had two sisters. She married in 1923 and gave birth to a daughter two years later. Schneider lived on her own until the age of 97. At her 111th birthday she was asked for the secret of her longevity as the oldest living German supercentenarian and replied laughing that others just would have given up gasping for breath. On 9 February 2013, she died in a retirement home in Varel, Lower Saxony. Schneider was outlived by her daughter, two grandchildren and four great-grandchildren.
Gertrud Henze (8 December 1901 – 22 April 2014) was a German supercentenarian who had been the oldest living person in Germany from the death of Elisabeth Schneider on 9 February 2013 until her death on 22 April 2014. The former librarian was born on Rügen and never got married or gave birth to a child. She was still in good condition and lived in a retirement home in Göttingen since 1993 where she was well-liked by many residents for her open and life-affirming attitude. Henze traced her longevity to reading a lot, having lively contact with other people, enjoying sometimes a cigarette and a glass of wine and never marry. She celebrated her 112th birthday only with some friends and relatives because the public interest in consequence of her birthday the year before was too exhausting. She enjoyed reading, even with the help of a magnifying glass. Nevertheless of physical limitations Henze was able to walk with the help of a walking frame to meet acquaintances and friends for having a chat. Henze died on 22 April 2014 at the age of 112 years and 135 days. She bequeath her body for genetic research to science.
Frieda Szwillus, née Hennig, (30 March 1902 – 21 September 2014) was a German supercentenarian who had been Germany's oldest living person from 22 April 2014 until her death 5 months later, aged 112 years, 175 days. In 1902 she was born in Dessau, today in Saxony-Anhalt, as Frieda Hennig and had 6 siblings of whom three reached almost 100. In 1908 she and her family moved to Erla. Szwillus was married two times, raised one biological and three step-children and outlived all of them. Frieda Szwillus has always lived modestly and sparingly. One reason for this might be that she worked for less money in a hosiery mill.
At the end of 2011 Szwillus was bedridden for some weeks but recovered. Until her later years, she was living at home in Raschau with her family and she needed no medicine. Mrs. Szwillus was in a good physical but not mental condition in consequence of suffering from dementia. Szwillus’ family traced her longevity to having a lively family life. She often visited her siblings but never went on vacation. Furthermore Szwillus was only physically active during her youth. She also enjoyed knitting and embroidering. She died on 21 September 2014 at age 112 years and 175 days.
Gustav Gerneth (born 15 October 1905) is, at age Stettin, which was then part of the German Empire and is now in Poland as Szczecin. He worked in a shipping company and at a gas plant. He married his wife Charlotte (died in 1988) in 1930 and the couple had three sons. By October 2016, when he reached the age of 111, he was already recognized as the oldest person living in Germany, and the death of Luzia Mohrs, who was born on 23 March 1904 in Germany and emigrated to Brazil on 16 October 2017, meant that Gerneth became the oldest German person just one day after his 112th birthday. He currently lives in Saxony-Anhalt in the same brick house with steep entrance stairs where he has lived for over 40 years.112 years, 98 days, currently the oldest person in Germany. He was born in 1905 in
- Holtz was born in Czarnikau, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Czarnków and located in Poland.
- Rein was born in Myslowitz, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Mysłowice and located in Poland.
- Petit was born in Lorraine, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
- Trompeter was born in Alsace, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
- Dott was born in Alsace, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
- Meyer-Zettel was born in Alsace, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
- Validated living supercentenarians The Gerontology Research Group lists persons as living whose age has been validated and confirmed to be alive within the past year.
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