Harjinder Singh Dilgeer

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Harjinder Singh Dilgeer (or Harajindara Siṅgha Dilagīra/Aeshaule) is considered an authority on Sikh history, Gurbani and philosophy. He is the only author who has written Complete History of the Sikhs (in 10 volumes)[1] and has translated Guru Granth Sahib in English (7 volumes)[2] and is in process of compiling Encyclopedia (New Mahan Kosh) of Sikh literature .[3] He has written in detail about the concept and the history of Akal Takht Sahib,[4] Sikh culture, Shiromani Akali Dal, the history of Anandpur Sahib, and Kiratpur Sahib, Dictionary of Sikh Philosophy etc. The Sikh Reference Book is his magnum opus.[5] 'The Sikh Reference Book' is an encyclopaedia consisting of more than 2400 biographies, complete chronology of Sikh history, 400 concepts of Sikh philosophy as well more than 800 Sikh shrines. He has produced a Sikh Encyclopaedia CD-ROM. His latest works are Encyclopaedia of Jalandhar (English), Banda Singh Bahadur (Punjabi and English), Sikh Twareekh in five volumes (a complete Sikh history, from 1469 to 2007, in Punjabi), Sikh History in ten volumes (a complete Sikh history, from 1469 to 2011, in English); and English translations of Nitnaym (the Sikh daily prayer) and Sukhmani Sahib.[citation needed]. His latest work is English translation (with explanation) of Guru Granth Sahib, in seven volumes (published in March 2016).

Early life[edit]

Dilgeer was born in the family of Gurbakhsh Singh and Jagtar Kaur, at Jalandhar, Punjab, India.[6] in a family originally from Jaisalmer, in Rajasthan, then Mehraj village (now in Bathinda district). He was later based in Jalandhar and Jalalabad (Firozpur), and finally in Oslo. He is a citizen of Norway, and, presently lives in England.


In 1971, Dilgeer passed his M.A. in English, and Punjabi and Philosophy (in 1973 and 1978 respectively) and started teaching in various colleges in the Punjab and finally at the Panjab University Chandigarh.[7] He was awarded degrees of M.Phil. LL.B. and Ph.D. by Panjab University Chandigarh. Besides he has several other degrees and diplomas as well. He is visiting teacher of the P.U. Patiala as well.


In Denmark in 1995, he was presented with the 'Shan-i-Punjab' award; in 2004 he won the 'Giani Garja Singh Award' in Ludhiana; in 2005, he was presented with the 'Kohinoor Award' and 'National Professor of Sikh Studies' award in Birmingham (England); in 2006 he won the 'Bhai Gurdas' award in Amritsar; and in 2009 he was presented with the 'National Professor of Sikh History' award at Chandigarh.[8]


  • Bewafaian (1966), a book of romantic poems
  • Eskimo Smile (1972), a novelette Kamu Ronda Rahega (1973)
  • Ikki Ghante, a book of stories (later published under the title of Yaaran Kahanian Te Ikk Novelette in 1977
  • 1960 Ton Baad Di Navin Punjabi Kavita. Edited.


  • Emergency Ke Atyachar (1977, Hindi)
  • Shiromani Akali Dal: A History (1978. Revised and enlarged in 2000, Punjabi)
  • The Akal Takht (1980 English, revised and enlarged in 1995, revised and enlarged in 2011)
  • Constitution of Khalistan (1983, English)
  • Kesari Kitab (1984, Punjabi)
  • Akal Takht Sahib (1986, revised and enlarged in 2000 and 2005, Punjabi)
  • Khalistan Di Twarikh (1988, Punjabi)
  • Sikh Hijackers (1989, Punjabi)
  • Who Are the Sikhs? (mini book, in 1991, English; Danish 1994; Dutch)
  • India Kills the Sikhs, with 2450 photographs (1992, reprinted in 1994 and 1996, English)
  • The Sikhs' Struggle for Sovereignty (1992, English)
  • Khalistan Da Sacho Sach (1992, Punjabi)
  • Kharhku Lekh (1992, Punjabi)
  • Jujharu Kalam (1992, 2015, Punjabi martial poetry)
  • Sikh Jujharvad Te Hor Lekh (1992, Punjabi)
  • Sikh Culture (1992, and an enlarged edition in 1994 and 1996, Punjabi; 1994)
  • The Sikh Reference book (1996–97, English) [an encyclopaedia]
  • Sikh Masley (1998 Punjabi)
  • Akali Lehar Da Kalam (edited, 1998, Punjabi)
  • Anandpur Sahib (Punjabi 1998, Hindi 2000)
  • Sikh Kaun Han (Punjabi edition in 1999, English edition as Who Are the Sikhs? in 2000, French 2002; Spanish 2004. Hindi and Urdu 2004-05)
  • 1955 Da Punjabi Suba Morcha, with 400 photographs (1999 Punjabi),
  • Anandpur Sahib (Light & Sound play, 2000, Punjabi and English). Played daily at Anandgarh fort, Anandpur Sahib.
  • Anandpur Sahib, a history (Punjabi 1998 & 2003, and English, 2003)
  • Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee Kiven Bani (2000, Punjabi)
  • Akal Takht Sahib: Falsfa Te Twarikh (2000, Punjabi; it is a revised and enlarged edition of the first edition published in 1986 from Oslo, Norway, fully revised and enlarged 2005)
  • Shiromani Akali Dal, 1920-2000 (2000, Punjabi; it is an enlarged edition of the first edition of 1978),
  • Guru De Sher (2001 Punjabi),
  • Sikh Philosophy Ki Hai Te Hor Lekh (2001, 2003, 2005, 2007 Punjabi. It is an enlarged edition of Sikh Culture).
  • Keeratpur Sahib Da Itihas (2002, Punjabi)
  • (The) Sikh Culture (2002, new edition 2010 English)
  • Anandpur Sahib: A History (2003, fully revised and enlarged, in English and Punjabi)
  • Sikh Sabhayachar (2003, Hindi; published by the Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee)
  • Encyclopaedia of Jalandhar (2004, English)
  • Dictionary of Sikh Philosophy (English 2004).
  • Mata Gujri Char sahibzde Chalih Muktey (Punjabi, 2005, fully revised and enlarged 2015)
  • Mahan Sikh Jarnail Banda Singh Bahadur (Punjabi, 2006)
  • Sikh Twareekh de Ghallughare (Punjabi 2007 2013)
  • Sikh Kaun Hain? (Who Are the Sikhs in Hindi, 2007, new edition 2011)
  • Dilgeerian (Punjabi and Urdu poetry, 2007)
  • Sikh Culture (Urdu, 2007), published in Pakistan. Translated by Kalyan Singh Kalyan.
  • Makhan Shah Lubana (Punjabi 2008)
  • Loh Garh - Banda Singh's Capital (Punjabi, 2008)
  • SIKH TWAREEKH in 5 volumes (Punjabi, 2008)[9]
  • Who Are the Sikhs (English, 2000, 2007, 2009, 2011; French 2004; Spanish 2007; Norwegian 2007)
  • Qui Sont Les Sikhs?' (Who Are the Sikhs in French 2004)[10]
  • Quienes Son Los Sikhs?' (Who Are the Sikhs in Spanish, 2007)[11]
  • Hvem Er Sikhene?' (Who Are the Sikhs in Norwegian, 2007)[12]
  • Sikh Philosophy Di Dictionary (Punjabi, 2009)
  • Nitnaym & Other Baanis (English translation of Sikh daily hymns, 2009)
  • Sikh Twareekh De Ghallugharay (Punjabi, 2007)
  • SIKH TWAREEH in 5 volumes (Sikh history in Punjabi, 2008, fully revised and enlarged 2015)
  • Sukhmani Sahib (English translation of Sukhmani Sahib, April 2010)
  • Spiritual Manifesto of the World: Guru Granth Sahib? (English, 2010)
  • Bhai Mani Singh Tay Unhan Da Parvaar? (Life of Bhai Mani Singh and 54 martyrs of his family, Punjabi, 2010)
  • 100 Sikh Bibian (Lives of more than 100 prominent Sikh ladies, Punjabi, 2010).
  • Ravidas Baani (English translation of hymns by Bhagat Ravidas, 2010)
  • Nitnaym Sateek' (Punjabi paraphrasing of Sikh daily hymns, 2010)
  • Japuji Sahib(Punjabi paraphrasing of Sikh hymn, Japuji Sahib, 2010)
  • SIKH HISTORY in 10 VOLUMES (English, 2010–11)[13]
  • Damdami Taksaal & other essays true history of 'damdami taksal' and truth about 'dasam granth'; (Punjabi, December 2014)
  • Jujharu Kalaam (poetry 1983-1993) (Punjabi, December 2014)
  • Sikh Itihas vich ajj Da Din (the day today, in the Sikh History) 2 volumes (January to June, July to December), (Punjabi, December 2014).
  • Guru Granth Sahib: English translation (with explanation), 7 volumes (English), March 2016)

Edited works[edit]

  • Jaito Morchey De Akhin Ditthe Hal (2000, 2003, Punjabi)
  • Sikh Te Sikhi (original by Harinder Singh Roop)
  • Jangan (original by Principal Satbir Singh)
  • Babar Akali Lehar Te Is De Agu (original by Gurbachan Singh)
  • Punjabi Suba Morcha 1955 (original by Mohinder Singh & Karam Singh Zakhmi)
  • Master Tara Singh De Lekh, two volumes


  • Gurdwara Alamgir da Itihas[14]
  • Master Tara Singh (Life & Work)[15]
  • Anandpur Sahib Ate Keeratpur Sahib De Gurdware (335,000 copies of this work were published in Punjabi, Hindi and English, in 1999 in connection with the tercentenary of Khalsa)[16]
  • Guru Granth Sahib (English, 2004)[17]


  1. ^ http://jsks.biz/sikh-history-set-of-10-volumes-dr-harjinder-singh-dilgeer
  2. ^ http://jsks.biz/Guru-Granth-Sahib?filter_name=dilgeer&limit=50
  3. ^ Rana, Yudhvir (2 April 2004). "After Tohra, who? Ask Badal". The Times of India. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  4. ^ "Clash of the titans". Indian Express. 29 December 1998. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  5. ^ "Nuggets on Sikhism". The Sikh Times. 25 February 2006. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  6. ^ Grewal, J. S.; Indu Banga (1997). Five Punjabi Centuries. Manohar. p. 240. ISBN 978-81-7304-175-4. 
  7. ^ Panjab University Chandigarh, Annual Report 1982-83
  8. ^ http://www.sikhreview.org/pdf/may2009/pdf-files/diary.pdf
  9. ^ http://www.sikhnet.com/reviews/sikh-twarikh-a-sikh-history-5-volumes
  10. ^ Published by Surjeet Singh Chhadauri, Waremme, Belgium
  11. ^ Published by Kulwinder Singh Jadla, Santa Clauma, Spain
  12. ^ Published by Baljinder Singh, Lier, Drammen, Norway, in 2007
  13. ^ The Sikh Review, March 2012, review of the 10 volumes by Dr Alka Misra.
  14. ^ Published by the S.G.P.C. in 1999, see: catalogue of SGPC publications
  15. ^ Published by the S.G.P.C. in 2000, see: catalogue of SGPC publications
  16. ^ Published by the S.G.P.C. in 1998-99, see: catalogue of SGPC publications
  17. ^ Published by the Gurmat Taksal, in 2004