2014 Haryana Legislative Assembly election

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Haryana legislative assembly election, 2014

← 2009 15 October 2014 2019 →

All 90 seats to the Haryana Legislative Assembly
46 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Manohar Lal Khattar 2015.jpg Om Prakash Chautala.jpg Bhupinder Singh Hooda in WEF, 2010.jpg
Leader Manohar Lal Khattar Om Prakash Chautala Bhupinder Singh Hooda
Party BJP INLD INC
Alliance NDA None UPA
Last election 4 31 40
Seats won 47 19 15
Seat change Increase43 Decrease12 Decrease25

Constituencies of Haryana Legislative Assembly.svg

Chief Minister before election

Bhupinder Singh Hooda
INC

Elected Chief Minister

Manohar Lal Khattar
BJP

A general election was held on 15 October 2014 to elect 90 members of the Haryana Legislative Assembly. The term of previous assembly elected in 2009 was to expire on 27 October 2014. The results were announced on 19 October.[1] The BJP won the majority in the Assembly.[2][3] Manohar Lal Khattar was chosen to head the new government.

Parties contending[edit]

Four major parties contested the election - the Indian National Congress (INC, incumbent), the Indian National Lok Dal (INLD), the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Haryana Janhit Congress (HJC).[4] Others that contested the elections included candidates from the Bahujan Samaj Party, Communist Party of India, Communist Party (Marxist), Samajwadi Party, Shiromani Akali Dal (an alliance partner of BJP in neighbouring Punjab [5]), other regional parties and independents.[6]

Caste and religion data[edit]

Castes of Haryana[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]
Caste Population (%) Notes
OBCs 20% includes 3% Ahir or 1% Yadavs, 2% Saini, 5% Gujar, 9 % ( Jangra, Dhiman , Kashyap , Prajapati,गोस्वामी या गिरी ,कम्बोज )
Dalits(SCs) 20%[10] includes 17% Jatav or Ravidasi , 3% Valmikis etc
Jat/Jatts(General Category) 44% 30% वैदिक तथा हिंदू Jat, 2% बिश्नोई जाट ,8% Sikh Jatt and Includes 4% Muslim Jat/Maula Jat , etc )
General caste 10% includes ( 3% Baniyas ),( 2% Khatri or 0.5% Arora-punjabi ) ( 2% Rajputs ),( 1.5% Brahmin ),(1% त्यागी औऱ रोड़ मराठा )
Muslims 6% most them are meo muslims including 3% Muslim Jat
Adivasis(STs) 0.3% [16][17]
Others 0.4% includes Jains and Christians.

[18] Dalits are 20% of total Haryana population of 2.5 crore.[10] Out of 80 castes, 63 castes/communities have been notified either as a Scheduled Caste or Backward Class in Haryana.[19]

Date[edit]

The Election Commission of India announced, on 12 September 2014, Haryana's Legislative Assembly election under Article 324 and 172(1) of the Constitution of India and Section 15 of Representation of the People Act, 1951. The announcement stated 90 assembly seats to be contested, of which 17 constituencies were reserved for Scheduled Castes candidates.[20]

Election[edit]

Voting was held on 15 October and the result was announced four days later. Voter turnout for the Assembly election set a new state record with 76.54%.[21] A total of 1,351 candidates, of which 116 were women, contested for the 90 seats (an average of 15 candidates per seat). This was the highest number of total and women candidates in Haryana assembly elections since its formation in 1966.[21]

Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) was used along with EVMs in 6 out of 90 assembly constituencies in Haryana-Thanesar, Karnal, Panipat city, Sonipat, Rohtak and Gurgaon.[22][23][24]

Among other practices to ensure a fair election, photo electoral rolls and photo identification were mandatory during the election.[20] Each polling booth was provided with multiple Awareness Observers as non-participating members to verify free and fair voting and access.[25][26] Every polling station was also equipped with basic minimum facilities such as access to drinking water, toilet and a ramp for the disabled.[20] The voters cast their vote at 16,244 polling booths. The poll was conducted using electronic voting machines.[20]

Exit polls[edit]

Publish Date Source Polling Organisation
Congress BJP INLD HJC Others
15 October 2014 [27] News 24Chanakya 10 (±5) 52 (±7) 23 (±7) 5 (±3)
[28] Times Now 15 37 28 6 4
[28] ABP NewsNielsen 10 46 29 2 3
[28] India TVCVoter 15 (±3) 37 (±3) 28 (±3) 6 (±3) 4 (±3)

Result[edit]

The BJP won a majority with 47 seats. With BJP's alliance partner Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD), which won 1 seat, the NDA alliance of BJP and SAD won 48 seats.[2][3]

Party Seats won[2] Vote % Seat change
Bharatiya Janata Party 47 33.2 Increase 43
Indian National Lok Dal 19 24.1 Decrease 12
Indian National Congress 15 20.6 Decrease 25
Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) 2 3.6 Decrease 4
Bahujan Samaj Party 1 4.4 Decrease 1
Shiromani Akali Dal 1 0.6 Decrease 1
Independent 5 Decrease 4
Total 90

Government formation[edit]

The BJP was scheduled to meet on 21 October to choose a chief minister; a swearing-in ceremony was expected before Diwali on 23 October. The BJP parliamentary board deputed Venkaiah Naidu and Dinesh Sharma as observers for the meeting. Leading contenders for the post were Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh activist Manohar Lal Khattar, Haryana BJP president Ram Bilas Sharma, BJP spokesperson Abhimanyu, MLA Anil Vij and BJP Kisan cell leader O.P. Dhankar. Khattar was speculated to be leading the race.[29][30] Khattar was then chosen to head the new government and was sworn in on 26 October.[31]

Assembly members : Thirteenth Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Name Gender Constituency Party Notes
Shri Abhay Singh Chautala Male Ellenabad INLD
Shri Zakir Hussain Male Nuh INLD
Smt. Naina Singh Chautala Female Dabwali INLD
Shri. Randhir Singh Kapriwas Male Rewari BJP
Shri Kanwar Pal Male Jagadhri BJP
Shri Vipul Goyal Male Faridabad BJP
Shri Anand Singh Dangi Male Meham INC
Shri Krishan Kumar Male Shahabad BJP
Shri Anil Vij Male Ambala Cantt BJP
Smt. Santosh Yadav Female Ateli BJP
Shri. Karan Dev Kamboj Male Indri BJP
Shri Subhash Sudha Male Thanesar BJP
Shri Abhe Singh Yadav Male Nangal Chaudhary BJP
Smt. Rohita Rewri Female Panipat City BJP
Shri Manish Grover Male Rohtak BJP
Shri Bhupinder Singh Hooda Male Garhi Sampla Kiloi INC
Shri Shyam Singh Male Radaur BJP
Shri Balkaur Singh Male Kalanwali SAD
Shri Ram Bilas Sharma Male Mahendergarh BJP
Shri Gian Chand Gupta Male Panchkula BJP
Shri O.P. Barwa Male Loharu INLD
Shri Narbir Singh,Rao Male Badshahpur BJP
Shri Ravinder Machhrouli Male Samalkha Independent
Shri Tejpal Tanwar Male Sohana BJP
Shri Ghanshyam Dass Male Yamuna Nagar BJP
Smt. Bimla Chaudhary Female Pataudi BJP
Smt. Geeta Bhukkal Female Jhajjar INC
Shri Ghansyam Saraf Male Bhiwani BJP
Shri Makhan Lal Singla Male Sirsa INLD
Shri Hari Chand Middha Male Jind INLD
Sardar J.S. Sandhu Male Pehowa INLD
Shri Jagbir Singh Malik Male Gohana INC
Shri Udai Bhan Male Hodal INC
Shri Jai Tirath Male Rai INC
Shri Jaiveer Male Kharkhauda INC
Shri Kehar Singh Rawat Male Hathin INLD
Prof. Ravinder Baliyala Male Ratia INLD
Shri Jasbir Male Saffidon Independent
Smt. Kavita Jain Female Sonepat BJP
Smt. Kiran Choudhary Female Tosham INC
Shri Ramchand Kamboj Male Rania INLD
Shri Krishan Lal Panwar Male Israna BJP
Shri Lalit Nagar Male Tigaon INC
Shri Kuldeep Sharma Male Ganaur INC
Smt. Seema Trikha Female Badkhal BJP
Shri Bhagwan Dass Male Nilokheri BJP
Shri Rahish Khan Male Punahana Independent
Shri Harvinder Kalyan Male Gharaunda BJP
Shri Om Prakash Male Narnaul BJP
Shri Om Prakash Dhankhar Male Badli BJP
Shri Anoop Dhanak Male Uklana INLD
Ch. Naseem Ahmed Male Ferozepur Jhirka INLD
Smt. Premlata Female Uchana Kalan BJP
Shri Mahipal Dhanda Male Panipat Rural BJP
Shri Subhash Chander Male Tohana BJP
Smt. Latika Sharma Female Kalka BJP
Shri Parminder Singh Dhull Male Julana INLD
Shri Kulwant Ram Male Guhla BJP
Shri Pirthi Singh Male Narwana INLD
Shri Balwant Singh Male Fatehabad INLD
Col. Raghbir Singh (Badhra) Male Badhra INLD
Shri Tekchand Sharma Male Prithla BSP
Dr. Raghuvir Singh Kadian Male Beri INC
Shri Santosh Sarwan Male Mullana BJP
Shri Naresh Kaushik Male Bahadurgarh BJP
Shri Balwant Singh Male Sadhaura BJP
Shri Bishamber Singh Male Bawani Khera BJP
Shri Nayab Singh Male Naraingarh BJP
Shri Ved Narang Male Barwala INLD
Dr. Banwari Lal Male Bawal BJP
Shri Jai Prakash Male Kalayat Independent
Shri Randeep Singh Surjewala Male Kaithal INC
Shri. Kuldeep Bishnoi Male Adampur HJC BL
Shri Ranbir Gangwa Male Nalwa INLD
Capt. Abhimanyu Male Narnaund BJP
Shri Rajdeep Male Dadri INLD
Dr. Kamal Gupta Male Hisar BJP
Smt. Shakuntla Female Kalanaur INC
Pt Mool Chand Sharma Male Ballabhgarh BJP
Dr. Pawan Saini Male Ladwa BJP
Shri Nagender Bhadana Male Faridabad Nit INLD
Shri Sri Krishan Hooda Male Baroda INC
Shri Karan Singh Dalal Male Palwal INC
Shri Umesh Aggarwal Male Gurgaon BJP
Shri Dinesh Kaushik Male Pundri Independent
Shri. Manohar Lal Khattar Male Karnal BJP CM
Shri Aseem Goel Male Ambala City BJP
Smt. Renuka Bishnoi Female Hansi HJC BL
Shri Bikram Singh Male Kosli BJP
Sardar Bakhshish Singh Virk Male Asandh BJP

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Schedule for General Election to the Legislative Assemblies of Haryana and Maharashtra and bye elections to the Parliamentary/Assembly Constituencies of various States Regarding" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  2. ^ a b c Haryana Results
  3. ^ a b http://www.livemint.com/Politics/zOtnyLrdrTbCfSfUcUa1bN/Haryana-Assembly-results-Early-trends-hint-at-clear-win-for.html
  4. ^ A multi-cornered fight in Haryana LiveMint (14 October 2014)
  5. ^ http://www.ndtv.com/elections/article/assembly-polls/alliance-with-inld-not-to-sour-ties-with-bjp-akali-dal-leader-sukhbir-singh-badal-603198?curl=1413761478
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "How polarisation of non-Jat votes brought BJP to shores in Haryana".
  8. ^ "Explained: Jat and non-Jat, two vote banks that can swing Haryana".
  9. ^ "Brahmins in India".
  10. ^ a b c "Haryana Dalit attacks: 7-fold jump in 3 govts".
  11. ^ "Time for Cong to grab Jat bull by the horns".
  12. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Dalits-rise-upper-castes-envy-in-Haryana/articleshow/49488949.cms
  13. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Why-the-Jat-community-is-up-in-arms/articleshow/51064424.cms
  14. ^ "Manohar Lal Khattar's govt caught on the backfoot with Jat stir: Here's how Haryana can solve the issue".
  15. ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/indiahome/indianews/article-2600996/Caste-factor-vital-Haryana-polls-parties-reach-communities.html
  16. ^ "Bihar brings all Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes' families under National Food Security Act".
  17. ^ "Nitish banks on caste calculations, Muslims".
  18. ^ http://www.thequint.com/deqoded/2016/02/20/sorry-jats-of-haryana-youre-just-not-backward-enough
  19. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/explained/backward-march-what-the-jats-want/
  20. ^ a b c d Schedule for General Election to the Legislative Assemblies of Haryana and Maharashtra Election Commission of India, Govt of India (2014)
  21. ^ a b http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/maharashtra-haryana-assembly-poll-results-counting-of-votes/1/396519.html
  22. ^ Instructions on the use of EVMs with Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail system (VVPAT) ECI
  23. ^ http://zeenews.india.com/news/haryana/six-haryana-assembly-constituencies-to-have-vvpat-system_1475181.html
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ Awareness Observers Chief Elections Officer, Haryana (2014)
  26. ^ Haryana Vidhan Sabha Election 2014
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ a b c http://ibnlive.in.com/news/exit-polls-predict-bjp-surge-party-set-to-form-government-in-haryana-maharashtra/506381-37-64.html
  29. ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/haryana-chief-minister-candidate-bjp-meeting/1/396715.html
  30. ^ http://zeenews.india.com/news/haryana/manohar-lal-khattar-leads-the-race-to-become-next-haryana-cm-reports_1487306.html
  31. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/punjab-and-haryana/rss-pracharak-manohar-lal-khattar-to-be-next-haryana-chief-minister/