2014 Haryana Legislative Assembly election
All 90 seats to the Haryana Legislative Assembly
46 seats needed for a majority
A general election was held on 15 October 2014 to elect 90 members of the Haryana Legislative Assembly. The term of previous assembly elected in 2009 was to expire on 27 October 2014. The results were announced on 19 October. The BJP won the majority in the Assembly. Manohar Lal Khattar was chosen to head the new government.
Four major parties contested the election - the Indian National Congress (INC, incumbent), the Indian National Lok Dal (INLD), the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Haryana Janhit Congress (HJC). Others that contested the elections included candidates from the Bahujan Samaj Party, Communist Party of India, Communist Party (Marxist), Samajwadi Party, Shiromani Akali Dal (an alliance partner of BJP in neighbouring Punjab ), other regional parties and independents.
Caste and religion data
|Castes of Haryana|
|OBCs||20%||includes 3% Ahir or 1% Yadavs, 2% Saini, 5% Gujar, 9 % ( Jangra, Dhiman , Kashyap , Prajapati,गोस्वामी या गिरी ,कम्बोज )|
|Dalits(SCs)||20%||includes 17% Jatav or Ravidasi , 3% Valmikis etc|
|Jat/Jatts(General Category)||44%||30% वैदिक तथा हिंदू Jat, 2% बिश्नोई जाट ,8% Sikh Jatt and Includes 4% Muslim Jat/Maula Jat , etc )|
|General caste||10%||includes ( 3% Baniyas ),( 2% Khatri or 0.5% Arora-punjabi ) ( 2% Rajputs ),( 1.5% Brahmin ),(1% त्यागी औऱ रोड़ मराठा )|
|Muslims||6%||most them are meo muslims including 3% Muslim Jat|
|Others||0.4%||includes Jains and Christians.|
The Election Commission of India announced, on 12 September 2014, Haryana's Legislative Assembly election under Article 324 and 172(1) of the Constitution of India and Section 15 of Representation of the People Act, 1951. The announcement stated 90 assembly seats to be contested, of which 17 constituencies were reserved for Scheduled Castes candidates.
Voting was held on 15 October and the result was announced four days later. Voter turnout for the Assembly election set a new state record with 76.54%. A total of 1,351 candidates, of which 116 were women, contested for the 90 seats (an average of 15 candidates per seat). This was the highest number of total and women candidates in Haryana assembly elections since its formation in 1966.
Among other practices to ensure a fair election, photo electoral rolls and photo identification were mandatory during the election. Each polling booth was provided with multiple Awareness Observers as non-participating members to verify free and fair voting and access. Every polling station was also equipped with basic minimum facilities such as access to drinking water, toilet and a ramp for the disabled. The voters cast their vote at 16,244 polling booths. The poll was conducted using electronic voting machines.
|Publish Date||Source||Polling Organisation|
|15 October 2014||||News 24 – Chanakya||10 (±5)||52 (±7)||23 (±7)||5 (±3)|
|||ABP News – Nielsen||10||46||29||2||3|
|||India TV – CVoter||15 (±3)||37 (±3)||28 (±3)||6 (±3)||4 (±3)|
|Party||Seats won||Vote %||Seat change|
|Bharatiya Janata Party||47||33.2||43|
|Indian National Lok Dal||19||24.1||12|
|Indian National Congress||15||20.6||25|
|Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)||2||3.6||4|
|Bahujan Samaj Party||1||4.4||1|
|Shiromani Akali Dal||1||0.6||1|
The BJP was scheduled to meet on 21 October to choose a chief minister; a swearing-in ceremony was expected before Diwali on 23 October. The BJP parliamentary board deputed Venkaiah Naidu and Dinesh Sharma as observers for the meeting. Leading contenders for the post were Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh activist Manohar Lal Khattar, Haryana BJP president Ram Bilas Sharma, BJP spokesperson Abhimanyu, MLA Anil Vij and BJP Kisan cell leader O.P. Dhankar. Khattar was speculated to be leading the race. Khattar was then chosen to head the new government and was sworn in on 26 October.
Assembly members : Thirteenth Vidhan Sabha
- "Schedule for General Election to the Legislative Assemblies of Haryana and Maharashtra and bye elections to the Parliamentary/Assembly Constituencies of various States Regarding" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Haryana Results
- A multi-cornered fight in Haryana LiveMint (14 October 2014)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "How polarisation of non-Jat votes brought BJP to shores in Haryana".
- "Explained: Jat and non-Jat, two vote banks that can swing Haryana".
- "Brahmins in India".
- "Haryana Dalit attacks: 7-fold jump in 3 govts".
- "Time for Cong to grab Jat bull by the horns".
- "Manohar Lal Khattar's govt caught on the backfoot with Jat stir: Here's how Haryana can solve the issue".
- "Bihar brings all Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes' families under National Food Security Act".
- "Nitish banks on caste calculations, Muslims".
- Schedule for General Election to the Legislative Assemblies of Haryana and Maharashtra Election Commission of India, Govt of India (2014)
- Instructions on the use of EVMs with Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail system (VVPAT) ECI
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Awareness Observers Chief Elections Officer, Haryana (2014)
- Haryana Vidhan Sabha Election 2014
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)