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A hound is a type of hunting dog used by hunters to track or chase prey.


Hounds can be contrasted with gundogs, that assist hunters by identifying the location of prey and/or recovering shot quarry. The hound breeds were the first hunting dogs. They have either a powerful sense of smell or great speed.[1]

There are three types of hound, with several breeds within each type:

  • Sighthounds (also called gazehounds), that follow prey predominantly by speed, keeping it in sight. These dogs are fast and assist hunters in catching gamefox, hare, deer and elk.
  • Scenthounds, that follow prey or others (like missing people) by tracking its scent. These dogs have endurance but are not fast runners.
  • The remaining breeds of hound follow their prey using both sight and scent; they are difficult to classify as they are neither sighthound nor scent hound.

List of hound breeds[edit]

Hound group[edit]

This may not include all hound-type dogs. The international kennel club association, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, does not have a Hound group and includes most hound-type dogs in Group 6, Scenthounds and related Breeds, and Group 10, Sighthounds.

Afghan Hound.jpg
Afghan Hound
Maddie (8416820450).jpg
American English Coonhound
American Foxhound (recognised only by the AKC, CKC and UKC)
Podenco chico resized.jpg
Andalusian Hound
Andalusian Hound Maneto
Australian Dingo (recognised only by the ANKC)
Azawakh bitch Shira-tb.jpg
Azawakh (recognised by the KC & ANKC)
Basenji 600.jpg
Basset bleu de Gascogne.jpg
Basset Bleu de Gascogne (recognised only by the KC)
Basset Fauve de Bretagne 600.jpg
Basset Fauve de Bretagne (recognised only by the ANKC, KC and NZKC)
Basset Hound 600.jpg
Basset Hound
Zoran Spod Ruskiej Granicy the Bavarian Mountain Hound.jpg
Bavarian Mountain Hound (recognised only by the KC)
Beagle 600.jpg
Black and Tan Coonhound (recognised only by the AKC, ACHA, CKC, PKC and UKC)
Bloodhound 800.jpg
Bluetick Coonhound (recognised only by the AKC, ACHA, ANKC, NZKC, PKC, and UKC)
Cirneco dell Etna 611.jpg
Cirneco dell'Etna (recognised only by the AKC and KC)
Std Dachshund 600.jpg
Drever NUCh Tanjo.jpg
Drever (recognised only by the CKC)
English Foxhound portrait.jpg
English foxhound
Finnish Spitz 600.jpg
Finnish Spitz (AKC Non-sporting Group)
Galgo Español
Grand Bleu de Gascogne in a blue dogcollar.jpg
Grand Bleu de Gascogne (recognised only by the KC)
Greyhound running brindle.jpg
Hamiltonstovare 600.jpg
Hamiltonstövare (not recognised by the AKC and CKC)
Harrier tricolour.jpg
Harrier (not recognised by the KC)
Podenco z ibizy 645.jpg
Ibizan Hound
Irish Wolfhound
Nordic Spitz.jpg
Norrbottenspets (recognised only by the CKC)
Norwegian Elkhound.jpg
Norwegian Elkhound
Norwegian Lundehund (recognised only by the AKC, KC and CKC)
Two otterhounds.jpg
Petit basset grifon vendeenn888.jpg
Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen
Pies faraona e34 corected parka.jpg
Pharaoh Hound
Plott Hound (recognised only by the AKC, ACHA, PKC, and UKC)
Podenco canario hembra.jpg
Podenco Canario
Podengo portugalski miniatura i787.jpg
Portuguese Podengo (small) (recognised only by the AKC, ANKC & KC) Memphis the Redbone Coonhound (7 Nov 2004).jpg Redbone Coonhound (recognized by the AKC, ACHA, PKC, and UKC)
Rhodesian Ridgeback 600.jpg
Rhodesian Ridgeback Sabueso Cántabro
Angoi II.JPG
Sabueso Español
Saluki 600.jpg
Saluki Segugioitalianopelorasofulvo.JPG Segugio Italiano (recognised only by the KC) Fallon the Silken Windhound.jpg Silken Windhound
Sloughi (recognised by the AKC, KC, NZKC and ANKC; not recognised by the CKC)
Treeing Walker Coonhound (recognised only by the AKC, ACHA, PKC, and UKC)
Xarnego Valenciano


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Hound Dog Breeds". Animal Planet. Discovery Communications, LLC. Retrieved 17 December 2013.