Indian general election, 2004 (Tamil Nadu)

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Indian general election in Tamil Nadu, 2004
India
← 1999 April–May 2004 2009 →

39 seats
  First party Second party
  Flag DMK.svg Flag of AIADMK.svg
Leader M. Karunanidhi J. Jayalalithaa
Party DMK AIADMK
Alliance DPA NDA
Seats won 39 0
Seat change Increase12 Decrease14
Popular vote 16,483,390 10,002,913
Percentage 57.40% 34.84%
Swing Increase15.73% Decrease11.57%

2004 tamil nadu lok sabha election map.png
2004 Election map (by constituencies)
Green = UPA (won all the seats)

The Indian general election, 2004 polls in Tamil Nadu were held for 39 seats in the state. The result was a victory for the Democratic Progressive Alliance, which included the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) and its allies the Left Front which won all 39 seats in the state. DMK and its allies were also able to hold on to Pondicherry, which has 1 seat, which allowed the UPA to win all 40 seats in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. The 2 larger partners Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) (16) and Indian National Congress (INC) (10) won the majority of seats, with the junior partners Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) (5) and Marumaralarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) (4) winning the rest. The remaining 4 seats were won by the Left Front parties. Due to the support of the Left Front for the government at the centre, all 39 seats in Tamil Nadu, supported the formation of the UPA-led government.

The DPA was formed, because DMK, PMK and MDMK, left the NDA mostly on the Ayodhya issue and created an alliance that supported the UPA. The NDA paid a price for it, when their BJP-AIADMK alliance couldn't even win a seat in this state.[1]

Seat allotments[edit]

Democratic Progressive Alliance[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. Karunanidhi 16
2. Indian National Congress K.V. Thangabalu 10
3. Pattali Makkal Katchi Dr. Ramdoss 5
4. Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Vaiko 4
5. Communist Party of India (Marxist) G.Ramakrishnan 2
6. Communist Party of India Tha. Pandian 2

National Democratic Alliance[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam J.Jayalalithaa 33
2. Bharatiya Janata Party C.P. Radhakrishnan 6

People's Alliance[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
Unregistered parties, whose candidates ran as a Janata Dal (United) candidate
1. Makkal Tamil Desam Katchi No flag.svg 20
2. Puthiya Tamizhagam No flag.svg
3. Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi Thol. Thirumavalavan

Voting and results[edit]

Results by Pre-Poll Alliance[edit]

Election map of results based on parties. Colours are based on the results table on the left
e • d Summary of the 2004 April-May Lok Sabha election results in the state of Tamil Nadu
Sources: Election Commission of India[2]
Alliance/Party Seats won Change Popular Vote Vote % Adj. %
UPA 39 +15 16,483,390 57.4%
DMK 16 +4 7,064,393 24.6% 58.2%
INC 10 +8 4,134,255 14.4% 59.2%
PMK 5 1,927,367 6.7% 51.7%
MDMK 4 1,679,870 5.9% 58.2%
CPI(M) 2 +1 824,524 2.9% 58.3%
CPI 2 +2 852,981 3.0% 51.8%
NDA 0 -15 10,002,913 34.8%
AIADMK 0 -10 8,547,014 29.8% 35.6%
BJP 0 -5 1,455,899 5.1% 31.0%
Others 0 2,228,212 7.8%
JD(U) 0 884,293 3.1% 9.8%
IND 0 947,938 3.3%
Total 39 28,714,515 100%

†: Seat change represents seats won in terms of the current alliances, which is considerably different from the last election. Also the seat change for BJP, includes the merged party MADMK, who won 1 seat in the last election.
: Vote % reflects the percentage of votes the party received compared to the entire electorate that voted in this election. Adjusted (Adj.) Vote %, reflects the % of votes the party received per constituency that they contested.


1999 vs. 2004 Alliance[edit]

Coalition/Alliance Parties contesting in Tamil Nadu from the Alliance in 1999 Seats won in 1999 Election Parties contesting in Tamil Nadu from the Alliance in 2004 Seats won in 2004 Election Swing
National Democratic Alliance -Bharatiya Janata Party (4)
-Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (12)
-Marumaralarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (4)
-Pattali Makkal Katchi (5)
-MGR Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (1)
26 -Bharatiya Janata Party
-All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
0 −26
United Progressive Alliance* Indian National Congress (2)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (10)
12 -Indian National Congress (10)
-Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (16)
-Marumaralarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (4)
-Pattali Makkal Katchi (5)
35 +23
Left Front Communist Party of India
Communist Party of India (Marxist) (1)
1 Communist Party of India (2)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) (2)
4 +3
  • Note: UPA was not in existence in 1999, instead the number of seats won in 1999, represents the seats won by Indian National Congress and its allies.
  • Note: INC affiliated parties, are parties that did not form an alliance or coalition with Congress party, but instead gave outside support.
  • Note: Left front, whose parties were allies of DMK in Tamil Nadu, was not part of the UPA, in 2004, instead gave outside support.

List of Elected MPs[edit]

Voting Pattern in Tamil Nadu
Category DMK+ AIADMK+ Others
Gender
Male 54% 32% 14%
Female 49% 39% 12%
Locality
Rural 50% 35% 15%
Urban 57% 36% 7%
Social class
Very poor 44% 37% 17%
Poor 55% 31% 14%
Lower middle 57% 37% 6%
Middle 51% 39% 10%
Caste
Upper caste 33% 54% 13%
Thevar 50% 47% 3%
Vanniyars 61% 33% 6%
Chettiyars 47% 30% 23%
Gounders 57% 33% 10%
Nadars 57% 36% 7%
Lower OBCs 55% 33% 12%
Chekkliyars, Pallars, etc. 39% 38% 23%
other Dalits 40% 37% 23%
Muslims 78% 11% 11%
Tell me how good each of the leaders are for Tamil Nadu...
Karunanidhi rated better than Jayalalithaa
Rating M. Karunanidhi J. Jayalalithaa
Bad 13% 31%
Average 31% 33%
Good 29% 17%
Very good 22% 14%
Do not know 5% 5%

Source: NES Election 2004 Analysis[3]

Constituency Winner Party % of Votes Alliance Runner-up Party
1. Chennai North C. Kuppusami DMK 62.25 UPA M. N. Sukumar Nambiar BJP
2. Chennai Central Dayanidhi Maran DMK 61.68 UPA N. Balaganga ADMK
3. Chennai South T. R. Baalu DMK 60.37 UPA Bader Sayeed ADMK
4. Sriperumbudur A. Krishnaswamy DMK 61.39 UPA P. Venugopal ADMK
5. Chengalpattu A. K. Moorthy PMK 56.85 PMK K. N. Ramachandran ADMK
6. Arakkonam R. Velu PMK 49.88 UPA N. Shanmugam ADMK
7. Vellore K. M. Kader Mohideen DMK/ML 58.38 UPA A. Santhanam ADMK
8. Tiruppattur D. Venugopal DMK 58.43 UPA K. G. Subramani ADMK
9. Vandavasi N. Ramachandran Gingee MDMK 56.12 UPA R. Rajalakshmi ADMK
10. Tindivanam K. Dhanaraju PMK 50.40 UPA A. Arunmozhithevan ADMK
11. Cuddalore K. Venkatapathy DMK 52.63 UPA R. Rajendran ADMK
12. Chidambaram E. Ponnuswamy PMK 46.17 UPA Thol. Thirumavalavan JD(U)
13. Dharmapuri R. Senthil PMK 55.93 UPA P. D. Elangovan BJP
14. Krishnagiri E. G. Sugavanam DMK 54.51 UPA K. Nanje Gowdu ADMK
15. Rasipuram K. Rani INC 55.20 UPA S. Anbalagan ADMK
16. Salem K. V. Thangkabalu INC 59.93 UPA A. Rajasekaran ADMK
17. Tiruchengode Subbulakshmi Jagadeesan DMK 58.00 UPA K. Palaniswami ADMK
18. Nilgiris R. Prabhu INC 63.26 UPA Master M. Mathan BJP
19. Gobichettipalayam E. V. K. S. Elangovan INC 62.75 UPA N. R. Govindarajar ADMK
20. Coimbatore K. Subbarayan CPI 57.43 LF C. P. Radhakrishnan BJP
21. Pollachi C. Krishnan DMK 56.76 UPA G. Murugan ADMK
22. Palani S. K. Kharventhan INC 64.50 UPA K. Kishore Kumar ADMK
23. Dindigul N. S. V. Chitthan INC 58.92 UPA M. Jeyaraman ADMK
24. Madurai P. Mohan CPI(M) 56.01 LF A. K. Bose ADMK
25. Periyakulam J. M. Aaron Rashid INC 49.51 UPA T. T. V. Dhinakaran ADMK
26. Karur K. C. Palanisamy DMK 60.43 UPA N. Palanichamy Raja ADMK
27. Tiruchirappalli L. Ganesan MDMK 63.59 UPA M. Paranjothi ADMK
28. Perambalur A. Raja DMK 55.01 UPA M. Sundaram ADMK
29. Mayiladuturai Mani Shankar Aiyar INC 59.08 UPA O. S. Manian ADMK
30. Nagapattinam A. K. S. Vijayan DMK 61.66 UPA P. J. Arjunan ADMK
31. Thanjavur S. S. Palanimanickam DMK 56.56 UPA K. Thangamuthu ADMK
32. Pudukkottai S. Regupathy DMK 56.82 UPA A. Ravichandran ADMK
33. Sivaganga P. Chidambaram INC 60.00 UPA S. P. Karuppiah ADMK
34. Ramanathapuram M. S. K. Bhavani Rajenthiran DMK 49.66 UPA C. Murugesan ADMK
35. Sivakasi A. Ravichandran MDMK 56.44 UPA P. Kannan ADMK
36. Tirunelveli R. Dhanuskodi Athithan INC 58.39 UPA R. Amirtha Ganesan ADMK
37. Tenkasi M. Appadurai CPI 48.85 LF S. Murugesan ADMK
38. Tiruchendur V. Radhika Selvi DMK 62.50 UPA T. Dhamodharan ADMK
39. Nagercoil A. V. Bellarmin CPI(M) 60.87 LF Pon. Radhakrishnan BJP

Post-election Union Council of Ministers from Tamil Nadu[edit]

Source: The Hindu[4]
After the UPA victory in this election, Tamil Nadu was rewarded with 12 berths in Union Council of Ministers, with 6 cabinet berths, which is the most this state has ever received after an election. 7 of the Minsters were from DMK, 2 from PMK, while the rest were from Congress.

Cabinet Ministers[edit]

Minister Party Lok Sabha Constituency/Rajya Sabha Portfolios
P. Chidambaram INC Sivaganga Minister of Finance
Mani Shankar Aiyar INC Mayiladuturai Minister of Panchayati Raj and Minister of Development of North Eastern Region
T.R. Baalu DMK Chennai South Minister of Shipping, Road Transport and Highways
A. Raja DMK Perambalur (SC) Minister of Environment and Forests
Dayanidhi Maran DMK Chennai Central Minister of Communications and Information Technology
Anbumani Ramadoss PMK Rajya Sabha Minister of Health and Family Welfare

Ministers of State[edit]

Minister Party Lok Sabha Constituency/Rajya Sabha Portfolios
S. S. Palanimanickam DMK Thanjavur Minister of Finance
S. Reghupathy DMK Pudukkottai Minister of Environment and Forests
K. Venkatapathy DMK Cuddalore Minister of Law and Justice
Subbulakshmi Jagadeesan DMK Tiruchengode Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment
E. V. K. S. Elangovan INC Gobichettipalayam Minister of Commerce and Industry
R. Velu PMK Arakkonam Minister of Railways

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Hindu : Tamil Nadu News : Ayodhya one reason for quitting NDA, says Karunanidhi
  2. ^ "Election Commission of India". Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  3. ^ Thsks (20 May 2004). "The Hindu : State by State : Alliance effect, swing factor propelled DPA victory". Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 23 July 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2009. 
  4. ^ The Hindu : Tamil Nadu News : Tamil Nadu secures 12 berths

External links[edit]