Indian general election, 1999 (Tamil Nadu)

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Indian general election in Tamil Nadu, 1999
India
← 1998 September–October 1999 2004 →

39 seats
  First party Second party
  Flag DMK.svg Flag of AIADMK.svg
Leader M. Karunanidhi J. Jayalalithaa
Party DMK AIADMK
Alliance NDA INC+
Seats won 26 13
Seat change Increase9 Decrease5
Popular vote 12,638,602 11,349,388
Percentage 46.41% 41.67%
Swing Increase1.33% Increase35.77%

1999 tamil nadu lok sabha election map.png
1999 Election map (by constituencies)
Saffron = NDA and Green = INC+

The Indian general election, 1999 polls in Tamil Nadu were held for 39 seats in the state. The result was a victory for the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) which won 26 seats. After leaving the NDA, All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, hoped to create some damage, but ended up losing 8 seats, compared to the 1998 Lok Sabha elections. This is also the first time that Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, allied with the Bharatiya Janata Party, helping them have power at the national level for the next 5 years with the NDA, before they joined the UPA. The NDA, ended up losing 3 seats, compared to the election the year before, due to ADMK leaving the NDA, but the seats were made up, because DMK left the united front and joined the NDA.

Seat allotments[edit]

National Democratic Alliance[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. Karunanidhi 19
2. Pattali Makkal Katchi Dr. Ramdoss 7
3. Bharatiya Janata Party K.N. Laxmanan 6
4. Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Vaiko 5
5. MGR Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Su. Thirunavukkarasar 1
6. Thamizhaga Rajiv Congress Vazhappady K. Ramamurthy 1

AIADMK-Congress Alliance[edit]

Source: Indian Express[1]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam J.Jayalalithaa 23
2. Indian National Congress 11
3. Communist Party of India (Marxist) G.Ramakrishnan 2
4. Communist Party of India Tha. Pandian 2
Unregistered party, whose candidate ran under the AIADMK ticket
9. Indian National League Abdul Latheef 1

TMC(M) alliance[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Tamil Maanila Congress G.K. Moopanar 27
Unregistered party, whose candidate ran under the TMC(M) ticket
2. Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi Thol. Thirumavalavan

Voting and results[edit]

Results by Alliance[edit]

Election map of results based on parties. Colours are based on the results table on the left
Election Map (Results reflected as %seats won by districts)
  DMK-BJP alliance won all the seats in this district

  DMK-BJP alliance won 67% of the seats (Coimbatore)

  DMK-BJP alliance won half the seats in this district

  ADMK-INC alliance won all the seats in this district

  CPI(M) won the lone seat in this district (Madurai)
e • d Summary of the 1999 September-October Lok Sabha election results in the state of Tamil Nadu
Sources: Election Commission of India[2]
Alliance/Party Seats won Change Popular vote Vote % Adj. %
NDA 26 +9 12,638,602 46.4%
DMK 12 +7 6,298,832 23.1% 47.7%
PMK 5 2,236,821 8.2% 45.7%
BJP 4 +1 1,945,286 7.1%
MDMK 4 +1 1,620,527 6.0% 45.5%
MADMK 1 +1 396,216 1.5% 51.5%
TRC 0 -1 338,278 1.2% 46.3%
INC+ 13 -5 11,349,388 41.7%
AIADMK 10 -8 6,992,003 25.7% 34.3%
INC 2 +2 3,022,107 11.1%
CPI(M) 1 +1 639,516 2.4%
CPI 0 695,762 2.6%
Others 0 -4 3,243,289 11.9%
TMC(M) 0 -3 1,946,899 7.2% 10.6%
JP 0 -1 20,489 0.1% 2.7%
IND 0 339,948 1.3%
Total 39 27,231,279 100%

†: Seat change represents seats won in terms of the current alliances, which is considerably different from the last election.
: Vote % reflects the percentage of votes the party received compared to the entire electorate that voted in this election. Adjusted (Adj.) Vote %, reflects the % of votes the party received per constituency that they contested.


List of Elected MPs[edit]

Voting Pattern in Tamil Nadu
Category DMK+ AIADMK+ TMC+
Gender
Male 52% 32% 14%
Female 46% 38% 15%
Education
Graduate 69% 28% 4%
College 65% 25% 8%
Middle 47% 40% 11%
Illiterate 36% 35% 27%
Social class
Very poor 30% 42% 25%
Poor 54% 27% 17%
Middle 59% 36% 6%
High 65% 30% 3%
Caste
Upper caste 70% 27% 3%
Thevar 64% 34% 1%
Vanniyars 61% 32% 7%
Chettiyars 64% 33% 0%
Lower OBCs 52% 40% 8%
Chekkliyars & Arundathiyars 22% 20% 54%
other SC 32% 47% 15%
Muslims 33% 63% 4%
Christians 46% 50% 0%
Shift of voters from 1998 election
Congress 1998 14% 72% 11%
AIADMK+ 1998 43% 44% 11%
DMK+ 1998 71% 12% 15%
Total 46% 37% 10%
Sl.No. Constituency Winner Party Alliance Margin Runner-up Party
1 Chennai North C. Kuppusamic DMK NDA 159,789 N. Soundararajan CPM
2 Chennai Central Murasoli Maranc DMK NDA 136,949 M.Abdul Lathief ADMK
3 Chennai South T. R. Baaluc DMK NDA 240,184 V. Dhandayuthapani INC
4 Sriperumbudur A. Krishnaswamy DMK NDA 75,002 K. Venugopalc ADMK
5 Chengalpattu A. K. Moorthy PMK NDA 12,811 S. S. Thirunavukkarasu ADMK
6 Arakkonam S. Jagatrakshakan DMK NDA 95,644 K. V. Thangabalu INC
7 Vellore N. T. Shanmugamc PMK NDA 25,685 Mohammad Asif ADMK
8 Tiruppattur D. Venugopalc DMK NDA 23,613 A. R. Rajendran ADMK
9 Vandavasi M. Duraic PMK NDA 59,197 M. Krishnaswamy INC
10 Tindivanam N. Ramachandran Gingeec MDMK NDA 9,350 K. Ramamurthy INC
11 Cuddalore Adhi Shankar DMK NDA 73,953 M. C. Dhamodaranc ADMK
12 Chidambaram E. Ponnuswamy PMK NDA 119,563 R. Thirumavalavan TMC(M)
13 Dharmapuri P. D. Elangovan PMK NDA 25,540 K. P. Munusamy ADMK
14 Krishnagiri V. Vetriselvam DMK NDA 31,824 M. Thambiduraic ADMK
15 Rasipuram V. Sarojac ADMK INC+ 38,405 S. Uthayarasu PMK
16 Salem T. M. Selvaganapathy ADMK INC+ 25,420 K. Ramamurthy TRC
17 Tiruchengode M. Kannappan MDMK NDA 4,556 K. Palanisamyc ADMK
18 Nilgiris M. Master Mathanc BJP NDA 23,959 R. Prabhu INC
19 Gobichettipalayam K. K. Kaliappan ADMK INC+ 30,012 K. G. S. Arjun DMK
20 Coimbatore C. P. Radhakrishnanc BJP NDA 54,077 Nallakannu CPI
21 Pollachi C. Krishnan MDMK NDA 9,515 M. Thiyagarajanc ADMK
22 Palani Palaniyappa Gounder Kumarasamy ADMK INC+ 28,717 A. Ganeshamurthyc MDMK
23 Dindigul Dindigul C.Sreenivasanc ADMK INC+ 20,343 S. Chandrasekar DMK
24 Madurai P. Mohan CPI(M) Left Front 37,223 Pon. Muthuramalingam DMK
25 Periyakulam T. T. V. Dhinakaran ADMK INC+ 45,806 P. Selvendran DMK
26 Karur M. Chinnasamy ADMK INC+ 2,847 K. C. Palanisamy DMK
27 Tiruchirappalli Rangarajan Kumaramangalamc BJP NDA 89,197 L. Adaikalaraj INC
28 Perambalur A. Raja DMK NDA 68,051 P. Rajarathinamc ADMK
29 Mayiladuturai Mani Shankar Aiyar INC INC+ 40,131 P. D. Arul Mozhi PMK
30 Nagapattinam A. K. S. Vijayan DMK NDA 22,466 M. Selvarasuc CPI
31 Thanjavur S. S. Palanimanickamc DMK NDA 33,014 K. Thangamuthu ADMK
32 Pudukkottai S. Thirunavukkarasu MGR ADMK NDA 64,302 S. Singaravadivel INC
33 Sivaganga E. M. Sudarsana Natchiappan INC INC+ 23,811 H. Raja BJP
34 Ramanathapuram K. Malaisamy ADMK INC+ 6,646 M. S. K. Bhavani Rajendran DMK
35 Sivakasi Vaikoc MDMK NDA 74,781 V. Ramaswami ADMK
36 Tirunelveli P. H. Pandian ADMK INC+ 26,494 P. Geetha Jeevan DMK
37 Tenkasi S. Murugesanc ADMK INC+ 887 S. Arumugam BJP
38 Tiruchendur A. D. K. Jayaseelan DMK NDA 59,666 B. P. Rajan ADMK
39 Nagercoil Pon Radhakrishnan BJP NDA 145,643 N. Dennisc INC

c-indicates sitting/incumbent M.P. from previous Lok Sabha (1998–1999)
Exit Poll Source: NES Election 1999 Analysis[3]

Post-election Union Council of Ministers from Tamil Nadu[edit]

Source: The Tribune[4]

Cabinet Ministers[edit]

Minister Party Lok Sabha Constituency/Rajya Sabha Portfolios
Rangarajan Kumaramangalam BJP Tiruchirappalli Minister of Power and Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
Murasoli Maran DMK Chennai Central Minister of Commerce and Industry
T.R. Baalu DMK Chennai South Minister of Environment and Forests

Ministers of State (Independent charge)[edit]

Minister Party Lok Sabha Constituency/Rajya Sabha Portfolios
M. Kannappan MDMK Tiruchengode Minister of Petroleum, Natural Gas, and Non-Conventional Energy Sources
N. T. Shanmugam PMK Vellore Minister of Health and Family Welfare

Ministers of State[edit]

Minister Party Lok Sabha Constituency/Rajya Sabha Portfolios
A. Raja DMK Perambalur Minister of Rural Development
N. Ramachandran Gingee MDMK Tindivanam Minister of Finance
E. Ponnuswamy PMK Chidambaram Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  1. ^ Jaya dumps unwanted seats on Cong
  2. ^ "ECI: Statistical Report 1999" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  3. ^ "Frontline : No major shift in popular mood". 
  4. ^ http://www.tribuneindia.com/1999/99oct14/head.htm

External links[edit]