Indiana Senate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 38°46′7.54″N 86°9′45.54″W / 38.7687611°N 86.1626500°W / 38.7687611; -86.1626500

Indiana State Senate
Indiana General Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
May 14, 2018 (2018-05-14)
(Special Session)
Leadership
Suzanne Crouch (R)
since January 9, 2017
President Pro Tempore
Rodric Bray (R)
since November 20, 2018
Majority Leader
Mark Messmer (R)
since November 20, 2018
Minority Leader
Greg Taylor (D)
since November 6, 2020
Structure
Seats50
Senate diagram 2014 State of Indiana.svg
Political groups
Majority
  •  Republican (39)

Minority

Length of term
4 years
AuthorityArticle 4, Indiana Constitution
Salary$22,616.46/year + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 3, 2020
(25 seats)
Next election
November 8, 2022
(25 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
Indiana State Senate Chamber, Indiana Statehouse, Indianapolis, Indiana.jpg
State Senate Chamber
Indiana Statehouse
Indianapolis, Indiana
Website
Indiana General Assembly

The Indiana Senate is the upper house of the Indiana General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Indiana. The Senate is composed of 50 members representing an equal number of constituent districts. Senators serve four-year terms without term limits. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the average State Senator represents 129,676 people.

The Senate convenes at the Indiana Statehouse in Indianapolis, Indiana.

History[edit]

The Indiana Senate was established in 1816 along with the Indiana House of Representatives in 1816, when Indiana became a state.[1] In 1897, the Indiana House passed a bill rounding the value of pi to 3.2. However, the intervention of State Senator Orrin Hubbel postponed the voting of the bill indefinitely, effectively rejecting it.[2]

Operating rules[edit]

The Indiana State Senate is operated according to a set of internal regulations developed and maintained largely by tradition. These rules are similar to the rules that govern the upper house most of the state senates in the United States.[3] The Senate convenes its annual session the first Tuesday following the first Monday of January every year. In odd numbered years the senate must meet for 61 days (not necessarily consecutive days), and must adjourn no later than April 30. This is typically called a long session. In even numbered years, when elections are held, the Senate must meet for 30 days (not necessarily consecutive days) and adjourn no later than March 15. This is typically called the short session. The only time the senate may convene outside of these dates is if the governor calls a special assembly.[4]

The senate must convene by 1:30 pm each day a session is scheduled. Two thirds of the senators must be present for the session to begin. Senators must be present at each session unless they are explicitly excused by the president-pro-tempore. Members who are not present can be forced to attend the session or be censured and expelled from the body.[4]

The lieutenant governor of Indiana serves as the president of the Senate and is responsible for ensuring that the senate rules are followed by its members. The President of the Senate takes no part in the debates of the senate and may only vote to break ties. The senate also elects a president-pro-tempore, a majority leader, and a minority leader. The president-pro-tempore is typically a senior member of majority party. The president-pro-tempore presides over the senate whenever the President of the Senate is not present. The president-pro-tempore is largely responsible for setting the agenda of the senate.[4]

When debate occurs in the senate, each senator is granted permission to speak on each issue once. A senator may not speak on an issue more than once without a permission from the rest of the senate, which is attained with a senate vote. A senator can speak for no longer than a half-hour at any one time and may be silenced by a majority vote at any time during his or her speech.[4]

Terms[edit]

Article 4 of the Constitution of Indiana places several limitation on the size and composition of the senate.[5]

  • The senate can contain no more than 50 members.
  • The term of a senator lasts four years with 25 senators being elected every two years.
  • There is no limit to how many terms a senator may be elected.

Qualifications[edit]

Article 4 of the Constitution of Indiana states the qualifications to become a senator.[5]

  • The candidate must be a United States citizen for a minimum of two years prior to his or her candidacy.
  • The candidate has to reside in the district which he or she seeks to represent for one year.
  • The candidate should be at least 25 years of age when sworn into office.
  • The candidate cannot hold any other public office in the state or federal government during a senate term.

Composition of the Senate[edit]

Map of current (March 2021) partisan composition of legislative districts for state senate:
  Republican senator
  Democratic senator
Midpoint
11 39
Democratic Republican


Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Vacant
2009–2010 33 17 50 0
2011–2012 37 13 50 0
2013–2014 37 13 50 0
2015–2016 40 10 50 0
2017–2018 41 9 50 0
2019–2020 40 10 50 0
2021–2022 39 11 50 0
Latest voting share 78% 22%

2021–2022 Officers[edit]

Position Name Party District
Lieutenant governor Suzanne Crouch Republican
President pro tem of the Senate Rodric Bray Republican 37
Majority leader Mark Messmer Republican 48
Minority leader Greg Taylor Democrat 25

Members of the Indiana Senate[edit]

District Senator Party Residence First elected Seat up
1 Frank Mrvan Dem Hammond 1998 (1978–1994) 2022
2 Lonnie Randolph Dem East Chicago 2008 (1992–1998) 2020
3 Eddie Melton Dem Merrillville 2016 2020
4 Karen Tallian Dem Portage 2005† 2022
5 Ed Charbonneau Rep Valparaiso 2007† 2020
6 Rick Niemeyer Rep Lowell 2014 2022
7 Brian Buchanan Rep Lebanon 2018† 2020
8 Mike Bohacek Rep Michiana Shores 2016 2020
9 Ryan Mishler Rep Bremen 2004 2020
10 David L. Niezgodski Dem South Bend 2016 2020
11 Linda Rogers Rep Granger 2018 2022
12 Blake Doriot Rep New Paris 2016 2020
13 Sue Glick Rep LaGrange 2010 2020
14 Dennis Kruse Rep Auburn 2004† 2022
15 Liz Brown Rep Fort Wayne 2014 2022
16 Justin Busch Rep Fort Wayne 2018† 2020
17 Andy Zay Rep Huntington 2016† 2022
18 Stacey Donato Rep Logansport 2019† 2020
19 Travis Holdman Rep Markle 2008† 2022
20 Scott Baldwin Rep Noblesville 2021 2024
21 James R. Buck Rep Kokomo 2008 2022
22 Ronnie Alting Rep Lafayette 1998 2022
23 Phil Boots Rep Crawfordsville 2006 2022
24 John Crane Rep Avon 2016 2020
25 Timothy Lanane Dem Anderson 1997† 2022
26 Mike Gaskill Rep Anderson 2018 2022
27 Jeff Raatz Rep Centerville 2014 2022
28 Michael Crider Rep Greenfield 2012 2020
29 J. D. Ford Dem Indianapolis 2018 2022
30 Fady Qaddoura Dem Indianapolis 2020 2024
31 Kyle Walker Rep Indianapolis 2020 2022
32 Aaron Freeman Rep Indianapolis 2016 2020
33 Greg Taylor Dem Indianapolis 2008 2020
34 Jean Breaux Dem Indianapolis 2006 2020
35 R. Michael Young Rep Indianapolis 2000 2020
36 Jack Sandlin Rep Indianapolis 2016 2020
37 Rodric Bray Rep Martinsville 2012 2020
38 Jon Ford Rep Terre Haute 2014 2022
39 Eric Bassler Rep Washington 2014 2022
40 Shelli Yoder Dem Bloomington 2020 2024
41 Greg Walker Rep Columbus 2006 2022
42 Jean Leising Rep Oldenburg 2008 (1988–1996) 2020
43 Chip Perfect Rep Lawrenceburg 2014 2022
44 Eric Koch Rep Bedford 2016 2020
45 Chris Garten Rep Scottsburg 2018 2022
46 Ron Grooms Rep Jeffersonville 2010 2022
47 Erin Houchin Rep Salem 2014 2022
48 Mark Messmer Rep Jasper 2014 2022
49 Jim Tomes Rep Evansville 2010 2022
50 Vaneta Becker Rep Evansville 2005† 2020

†Member was originally appointed or won the seat in a special election.

Committees[edit]

The Senate has various committees that are charged with overseeing different areas of the state government and drafting legislation. These committees are bipartisan and contain between three and eleven members split between the parties according to their ratio of members in the Senate. Each committee chairman is a member of the majority party.[6] The committees as of 2020 were:

Committee Chair (2020) Vice Chair (2020)
Agriculture Jean Leising (R-42) Sue Glick (R-13)
Appropriations Ryan Mishler (R-9) Eric Bassler (R-39)
Commerce and Technology Chip Perfect (R-43) Jim Merritt (R-31)
Corrections and Criminal Law R. Michael Young (R-35) Sue Glick (R-13)
Education and Career Development Jeff Raatz (R-27) John Crane (R-24)
Elections Greg Walker (R-41) Ron Grooms (R-46)
Environmental Affairs Mark Messmer (R-48) Rick Niemeyer (R-6)
Ethics Liz Brown (R-15) Ed Charbonneau (R-5)
Family and Children Services Ron Grooms (R-46) Greg Walker (R-41)
Health and Provider Services Ed Charbonneau (R-5) John Ruckelshaus (R-30)
Homeland Security and Transportation Michael Crider (R-28) Jim Tomes (R-49)
Insurance and Financial Institutions Eric Bassler (R-39) Andy Zay (R-17)
Joint Rules Mark Messmer (R-48)
Judiciary Eric Koch (R-44) R. Michael Young (R-35)
Local Government James R. Buck (R-21) Rick Niemeyer (R-6)
Natural Resources Sue Glick (R-13) Jean Leising (R-42)
Pensions and Labor Phil Boots (R-23) Blake Doriot (R-12)
Public Policy Ronnie Alting (R-22) Vaneta Becker (R-50)
Rules and Legislative Procedure Rodric Bray (R-37) Mark Messmer (R-48)
Tax and Fiscal Policy Travis Holdman (R-19) Erin Houchin (R-47)
Utilities Jim Merritt (R-31) Chip Perfect (R-43)
Veterans Affairs and The Military Jim Tomes (R-49) Michael Crider (R-28)

Past composition of the Senate[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.in.gov/core/legislative-courts.html#:~:text=The%20General%20Assembly%20is%20responsible,became%20a%20state%20in%201816.
  2. ^ "Indiana Once Tried to Change Pi to 3.2". 14 March 2016.
  3. ^ Indiana General Assembly. "Senate Operating Rules" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
  4. ^ a b c d "Senate Operating Rules" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-06-01.
  5. ^ a b "Art IV of the Constitution of Indiana". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2008-12-29.
  6. ^ "Standing Committees". IN.gov. Retrieved January 26, 2020.

External links[edit]