Intelligent personal assistant

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An intelligent personal assistant (or simply IPA) is a software agent that can perform tasks or services for an individual. These tasks or services are based on user input, location awareness, and the ability to access information from a variety of online sources (such as weather or traffic conditions, news, stock prices, user schedules, retail prices, etc.). Examples of such an agent are Microsoft's Office Assistant and later Cortana, Apple's Siri, Google's Google Home, Google Now (earlier Android versions had voice search via Google Search; later Google introduced Google Assistant). Amazon Alexa, Amazon's Evi (branded as Evi), the open source Lucida, Braina (application developed by Brainasoft for Microsoft Windows), Samsung's S Voice, LG G3's Voice Mate, BlackBerry's Assistant, SILVIA, HTC's Hidi, IBM's Watson (computer), Facebook's M (app) and One Voice Technologies (IVAN).

Description[edit]

According to venture capitalist Chi-Hua Chien[1] of Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, examples of tasks that may be performed by a smart personal agent-type of Intelligent Automated Assistant[2] include schedule management (e.g., sending an alert to a dinner date that a user is running late due to traffic conditions, update schedules for both parties, and change the restaurant reservation time) and personal health management (e.g., monitoring caloric intake, heart rate and exercise regimen, then making recommendations for healthy choices).

Intelligent personal assistant technology are enabled by the combination of mobile devices, application programming interfaces (APIs), and the proliferation of mobile apps. However, intelligent automated assistants are designed to perform specific, one-time tasks specified by user voice instructions, while smart personal agents perform ongoing tasks (e.g., schedule management) autonomously.

Aspects of an intelligent personal assistant[edit]

Organize and maintain information[edit]

One of the key aspects of an intelligent personal assistant is its ability to organize and maintain information. This includes the management of emails, calendar events, files, to-do lists, etc.[3]

Problems[edit]

A study in JAMA Internal Medicine found that Siri and similar devices often gave unhelpful responses to mental health questions.[4]

Comparison of assistants[edit]

Intelligent personal assistant Developer Availability Free software Free and open-source hardware HDMI out External I/O Retail price Internet of things integration Chromecast integration Smart phone app Always on Unit to unit voice channel
Alpha(Persian)[third-party source needed] ? multiple Yes N/A N/A N/A No No Yes No N/A
Assistant Speaktoit Play Store No N/A N/A N/A No No Yes No N/A
Aido[third-party source needed] ? not released No N/A N/A N/A US$549 Yes No Yes Yes N/A
Alexa (a.k.a. Echo) Amazon.com list No No No No US$179 Yes No Yes Yes  ?
Autonomous[third-party source needed] ? ? No N/A N/A N/A varies Yes No Yes Yes N/A
BlackBerry Assistant BlackBerry Limited BlackBerry 10 No N/A N/A N/A No No Yes No N/A
Braina Brainasoft Windows No N/A N/A N/A No No Yes No N/A
Cortana Microsoft multiple No N/A N/A N/A No No Yes No N/A
Google Assistant Google ? No N/A N/A N/A US$129 Yes No Yes Yes N/A
Google Now Google Play Store No N/A N/A N/A Yes Yes Yes Yes N/A
Hound SoundHound multiple No N/A N/A N/A No No Yes Yes N/A
Ivee[third-party source needed] ? not released No N/A N/A N/A US$99 Yes No Yes Yes N/A
James[third-party source needed] Boost AI multiple No N/A N/A N/A N/A Yes No Yes No N/A
Jibo[third-party source needed] ? not released No N/A N/A N/A US$749 Yes No Yes Yes N/A
Kore[third-party source needed] ? multiple No N/A N/A N/A No No Yes No N/A
Maluuba Maluuba not released No N/A N/A N/A No No Yes No N/A
Mycroft[5] Mycroft AI team not released Yes Yes Yes Yes US$154 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nina Nuance Communications web-based No N/A N/A N/A No No Yes No N/A
Remi[third-party source needed] ? Android No N/A N/A N/A No No Yes No N/A
SILVIA Cognitive Code API No N/A N/A N/A No No Yes No N/A
Siri Apple Inc. App Store No N/A N/A N/A Yes No Yes Yes N/A
Turbo AI[third-party source needed] Phonemetra Inc. Play Store No N/A N/A N/A US$99 Yes No Yes Yes N/A
Lucida[third-party source needed] ? Github Yes N/A N/A N/A No No Yes No N/A
Viv Samsung Electronics not released No N/A N/A N/A Yes No Yes No N/A
Vlingo Vlingo multiple No N/A N/A N/A No No Yes No N/A
Your.MD[third-party source needed] ? multiple Yes N/A N/A N/A No No Yes Yes N/A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chi-Hua Chien". CrunchBase. 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-02-03. 
  2. ^ Empson, Rip (2011-07-29). "Three Companies Chi-Hua Chien Of Kleiner Perkins Would Love To Invest In". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2012-02-03. 
  3. ^ Chaudhri, Vinay; Cheyer, Adam; Guili, Richard; Jarrold, Bill; Myers, Karen; Niekrasz, John. "A Case Study in Engineering a Knowledge Base for an Intelligent Personal Assistant" (PDF). 
  4. ^ Lufkin, Bryan (2016-03-14). "Siri Is Woefully Ill-Equipped to Help With Your Mental Health Problems". Gizmodo. 
  5. ^ Janakiram MSV (20 August 2015). "Meet Mycroft, The Open Source Alternative To Amazon Echo". Forbes. Retrieved 27 October 2016.