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Istanbul Atatürk Airport

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Istanbul Atatürk Airport
İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı
TAV Airports Holding logo.svg
Ataturk Airport Karakas-1.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGeneral Directorate of State Airports (DHMİ)
OperatorTAV Airports
ServesIstanbul, Turkey
LocationYeşilköy, Bakırköy, Turkey
Opened1912 (as airfield)
1953 (as airport)[1]
Hub for
Elevation AMSL163 ft / 50 m
Coordinates40°58′34″N 028°48′51″E / 40.97611°N 28.81417°E / 40.97611; 28.81417Coordinates: 40°58′34″N 028°48′51″E / 40.97611°N 28.81417°E / 40.97611; 28.81417
Websiteataturkairport.com
Map
IST is located in Istanbul
IST
IST
Location within Istanbul
IST is located in Turkey
IST
IST
IST (Turkey)
IST is located in Europe
IST
IST
IST (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 3,000 9,843 Concrete
17R/35L 3,000 9,843 Concrete
05/23 2,580 8,465 Grooved Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Total passengers63,727,448
International passengers44,277,101

Istanbul Atatürk Airport (IATA: IST, ICAO: LTBA) (Turkish: İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı) is the main international airport serving Istanbul, and the biggest airport in Turkey by total number of passengers, destinations served and aircraft movements. First opened in 1912 in Yeşilköy as a military airfield, on the European side of the city, it is located 24 km (15 mi) west[4] of the city centre and serves as the main hub for Turkish Airlines. The city's other, smaller, international airport is Sabiha Gökçen International Airport. As of February 2017, 273 non-stop destinations are served from Istanbul-Atatürk, making it the airport with the second-most non-stop destinations worldwide after Frankfurt Airport.[5]

The airport was originally named Yeşilköy Airport. In the 1980s, it was renamed Istanbul Atatürk International Airport in honour of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey. It served more than 60 million passengers in 2015, making it the 11th-busiest airport in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and the 10th-busiest in the world in terms of international passenger traffic. As of 2017, it is Europe's 5th-busiest airport after London Heathrow, Paris Charles de Gaulle, Frankfurt Airport and Amsterdam Schiphol Airport, having fallen from third place after a decline in passengers due to security fears.[6]

Facilities

Terminals

Istanbul Atatürk Airport features two main passenger terminals which are linked to each other:[7]

Domestic Terminal

Domestic Terminal is the older and smaller of the two terminals and exclusively handles domestic flights within Turkey. Until the opening of the International Terminal, it was the airport's international terminal. Domestic Terminal features its own check-in and airside facilities on the upper floor that lead to twelve departure gates (101-112) which are equipped with jet bridges.[7] On the ground level there are five baggage reclaim belts as well as a curbside independent from the International Terminal.[7]

International Terminal

The International Terminal was inaugurated in 2000 and is used for all international flights. It features a large main hall containing eight check-in isles and a wide range of airside facilities such as shops and restaurants. The departures area consists of 27 gates (201-226) which are all equipped with jetbridges as well as several bus-boarding stands. The arrivals floor below is equipped with 11 baggage reclaim belts.[7] The International Terminal is able to handle widebody aircraft such as Turkish Airlines' Boeing 777-300ERs.

There is also an additional terminal for general aviation to the northwest of the main areas[8] as well as a dedicated cargo terminal including sections for radioactive and refrigerated freight.[9]

New Airport

Planned as the largest airport in the world,[10] Istanbul Airport, a new third airport is under construction in order to meet Istanbul's growing domestic and international air traffic demand as a source, destination and transit point. A site in the European part on the coast of the Black Sea has been chosen[11][12][13][14] and construction started in May 2015.[15] The first phase of the new airport was completed on October 29, 2018, with first flights starting the following day. At opening, it consists of two runways and the main terminal building, with an initial annual capacity of 90 million passengers. Originally it was planned that Atatürk Airport will be closed in several days to scheduled passenger air traffic.[16][17][18] But both airports will be used for two months, and new airport will be used for some domestic, Azerbaijan and northern Cyprus flights[19]. Ataturk's IST IATA airport code will be inherited by Istanbul New Airport and Atatürk Airport will be assigned the code ISL once the transfer of scheduled passenger activities to the new airport is complete.[20]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Istanbul Atatürk Airport:[21]

General layout of the airport
The current domestic terminal in the 1980s - at the time, it was both the international and domestic terminal
Apron overview
International Terminal
Apron in front of the International Terminal
Runways 35L and 35R in 2004
Turkish Airlines maintains its hub at Istanbul Atatürk Airport
AtlasGlobal is another major operator at Istanbul Atatürk Airport
AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Afriqiyah Airways Bayda, Tripoli–Mitiga
Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba, Constantine, Oran
Air Astana Aktau, Almaty, Astana, Atyrau
Air Moldova Chișinău
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul, Mazar-i-Sharif[22]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
ATA Airlines Tabriz, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
AtlasGlobal Aktau, Amsterdam, Antalya, Astana, Baghdad, Belgrade, Beirut, Bodrum, Düsseldorf, Erbil, North Nicosia, Gaziantep, İzmir, Jeddah, Kuwait, London–Stansted, Medina, Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[23] Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Shymkent, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion,[24] Yerevan
Seasonal: Dalaman, Mykonos
AtlasGlobal Ukraine Odessa[25]
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Belavia Minsk
British Airways London–Heathrow
Buraq Air Tripoli–Mitiga
China Southern Airlines Beijing-Capital (resumes 20 December 2018)[26]
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa (begins 6 December 2018)[27]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Fly Baghdad Baghdad,[28] Erbil
Ghadames Air Transport Tripoli–Mitiga
Germania Münster/Osnabrück[29]
Gulf Air Bahrain
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Iran Air Tours Tabriz[30]
Iran Aseman Airlines Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Urmia
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Basra, Erbil, Sulaimaniyah
Jazeera Airways Kuwait
Joon Paris–Charles de Gaulle[31]
Kam Air Kabul
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
Libyan Airlines Bayda, Tripoli–Mitiga, Tripoli
Libyan Wings Tripoli–Mitiga
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Meraj Airlines Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Mashhad
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Oman Air Muscat[32]
Onur Air Adana, Antalya, Düsseldorf, İzmir, Makhachkala, Moscow–Zhukovsky, Odessa
Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia, Berlin–Schönefeld, Berlin–Tegel, Çanakkale, Cologne/Bonn, Diyarbakır, Gaziantep, Malatya, Samsun, Trabzon, Vienna
Pegasus Airlines İzmir, Barcelona
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo[33]
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Airlines Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Rossiya Airlines Saint Petersburg
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Saudia Dammam, Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh
SCAT Airlines Aktau, Shymkent[34]
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Somon Air Dushanbe
Taban Air Isfahan, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Tajik Air Dushanbe
TAROM Bucharest
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Accra, Adana, Addis Ababa, Adıyaman, Ağrı, Ahvaz, Alexandria–Borg El Arab, Algiers, Almaty,[35] Amman, Amsterdam, Ankara, Antalya, Antananarivo, Aqaba, Ashgabat, Asmara, Astana, Astrakhan, Athens, Atlanta, Baghdad, Bahrain, Baku, Bamako, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Banjul (begins 26 November 2018),[36] Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Basra, Batman, Batumi, Beijing–Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Billund, Bingöl, Birmingham, Bishkek, Bodrum, Bogotá, Bologna, Boston, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cairo, Cape Town, Caracas, Casablanca, Catania, Chicago–O'Hare, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Cologne/Bonn, Colombo, Conakry, Constanța, Constantine, Copenhagen, Cotonou, Dakar–Diass, Dalaman, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Denizli, Dhaka, Diyarbakir, Djibouti, Doha, Douala, Dubai–International, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Durban, Dushanbe, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Edremit, Elazığ, Entebbe/Kampala, Erbil, North Nicosia, Erzincan, Erzurum, Frankfurt, Freetown–Lungi,[37] Ganja, Gassim, Gaziantep, Gazipaşa, Geneva, Gothenburg, Graz, Guangzhou, Hakkari, Hamburg, Hannover, Hanoi, Hatay, Havana, Helsinki, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Hurghada, Iğdır, Isfahan, Islamabad, İzmir, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kabul, Kahramanmaraş, Karachi, Kars, Kastamonu, Kathmandu, Kayseri, Kazan, Kharkiv, Khartoum, Kherson, Kiev–Boryspil, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kinshasa–N'djili, Konya, Košice, Krasnodar, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuwait, Kütahya, Lagos, Lahore, Leipzig/Halle, Libreville, Lisbon, Ljubljana, London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Lusaka (begins 13 December 2018),[38] Luxembourg, Lviv, Lyon, Madrid, Mahé, Málaga, Malatya, Malé, Malta, Manchester, Manila, Maputo, Mardin, Marseille, Mashhad, Mauritius, Mazar-i-Sharif, Medina, Merzifon, Milan–Malpensa, Miami, Minsk, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow–Vnukovo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Muş, N'Djamena, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Najaf, Nakhchivan, Naples, Nevşehir, New York–JFK, Niamey, Nice, Nouakchott, Nuremberg, Odessa, Oran, Ordu-Giresun, Oslo–Gardermoen, Ouagadougou, Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phuket, Podgorica, Porto, Prague, Pristina, Riga, Riyadh, Rome–Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don-Platov, Saint Petersburg, Salzburg, Samara, Samarkand,[39] Samsun, San Francisco, Şanlıurfa, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sarajevo, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sharm el-Sheikh, Shiraz, Singapore, Sinop, Şırnak, Sivas, Skopje, Sochi, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Sulaymaniyah, Tabriz, Ta'if, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tallinn, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Toulouse, Trabzon, Tunis, Ufa, Ulaanbaatar, Valencia, Van, Varna, Venice, Vienna, Vilnius, Voronezh, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Yanbu, Yaoundé, Yekaterinburg, Zagreb, Zanzibar, Zaporizhia, Zürich (all flights to be transferred to Istanbul New Airport by 31 December 2018)[2][40]
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Friedrichshafen, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Pisa
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat, Turkmenbashi
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil, Odessa
Uzbekistan Airways Samarkand,[41][42] Tashkent
Zagros Airlines Mashhad, Tehran–Imam Khomeini

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Air Algérie Cargo Algiers
Air France Cargo Paris–Charles de Gaulle
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège
DHL Aviation Leipzig/Halle
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion[43]
FedEx Express Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Hong Kong Airlines Almaty, Hong Kong, New Delhi
Iran Air Cargo Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Moscow-Domodedovo
MNG Airlines Almaty, Cologne/Bonn, Hahn, London–Luton, Munich, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tripoli-Mitiga
MyCargo Airlines Bahrain, Hong Kong, Lahore, New York–JFK, Singapore, Tallinn
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Silk Way Airlines Baku
Turkish Airlines Cargo Accra, Aguadilla,[44] Algiers, Almaty, Amman, Amsterdam, Ashgabat, Astana, Atlanta, Baghdad,[45] Baku, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beirut, Belgrade, Bishkek, Bogotá,[44] Budapest, Cairo, Casablanca, Chennai, Chicago, Colombo, Dakar–Senghor,[46] Delhi, Dhaka, Doha, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Entebbe, Erbil, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental,[44] Hyderabad, Islamabad, Kano,[44] Karachi, Khartoum, Kiev, Kinshasa, Lagos, London–Stansted, Maastricht/Aachen, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Miami,[44] Minsk, Mumbai, Nairobi, Niš,[47] New York–JFK, São Paulo–Guarulhos,[46] Sarajevo, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shannon, Stockholm-Arlanda, Taipei–Taoyuan,[44] Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Toronto–Pearson,[44] Tunis, Tuzla, Vienna, Vilnius, Zürich
ULS Airlines Cargo Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Hong Kong, Kiev–Boryspil, Manila, Manston, Shanghai–Pudong
UPS Airlines Algiers, Cologne/Bonn, Newark, Shenzhen
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent

Statistics

Istanbul Atatürk Airport shares traffic with Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, which is on the Anatolian (Asian) side of Istanbul, which had annual passenger traffic of 11.1 million in 2010 rising to 28m in 2015.

Below is the passenger data and development for Istanbul Atatürk Airport (only) for the years 2002–2017:[48]

Passenger statistics at Atatürk Int'l Airport[48]
Year
Domestic
passengers
Passenger
% change
International
passenger
Passenger
% change
Total
passenger
Passenger
% change
World rank
international
World rank
total
2017[49] 19,450,347 Increase2 44,277,101 Increase7 63,727,448 Increase5
2016 19,099,874 Decrease1 41,019,341 Decrease2 60,119,215 Decrease2 11th[50] 14th[51]
2015[52] 19,375,402 Increase4 41,947,327 Increase10 61,322,729 Increase8 10th[53] 11th[54]
2014 18,754,002 Increase9 38,200,788 Increase12 56,954,790[55] Increase11 9th 13th[56]
2013 17,224,105 Increase13 34,096,770 Increase14 51,320,875 Increase14 10th 18th
2012 15,281,321 Increase14 29,717,196 Increase24 44,998,508 Increase20 13th[57] 21st[58]
2011 13,604,352 Increase15 23,847,835 Increase17 37,452,187 Increase17 17th 28th
2010 11,800,999 Increase3 20,344,620 Increase11 32,145,619 Increase8 19th 37th
2009 11,393,645 Decrease1 18,363,739 Increase8 29,757,384 Increase4 Steady Steady
2008 11,484,063 Increase20 17,069,069 Increase26 28,553,132 Increase23 Steady Steady
2007 9,595,923 Increase6 13,600,306 Increase12 23,196,229 Increase9 Steady Steady
2006 9,091,693 Increase21 12,174,281 Increase3 21,265,974 Increase10 Steady Steady
2005 7,512,282 Increase39 11,781,487 Increase16 19,293,769 Increase24 Steady Steady
2004 5,430,925 Increase70 10,169,676 Increase14 15,600,601 Increase29 Steady Steady
2003 3,196,045 Increase12 8,908,268 Increase5 12,104,342 Increase7 Steady Steady
2002 2,851,487 Steady 8,506,204 Steady 11,357,691 Steady Steady Steady

IST ranked 17th in ACI statistics at the end of 2011 in terms of international traffic with almost 24 million international passengers. It ranked 29th in the world in terms of total passenger traffic with over 37.4 million passengers in 2011. Its total traffic within the last decade more than tripled, and its international traffic quadrupled.[59][60]

According to data from FlightStats in 2012, the Atatürk Airport had the most flight delays in Europe, and was ranked second in flight cancellations.[61]

Other facilities

  • Turkish Airlines has its headquarters in the Turkish Airlines General Management Building, located within the airport campus.[62][63]
  • Onur Air has its headquarters in Technical Hangar B.[64]
  • Prima Aviation Services Inc. has its MRO Facilities in new technical site at the air side Gate A.[65]

Ground transport

There are several ways to travel between Atatürk International Airport and the city center.

Rail

Subway Service: Metro service on the Istanbul Metro line M1A exists between Yenikapı and Atatürk International Airport Metro Station. The line goes through some major parts of the European side of the city, including the intercity bus terminal.[66]

Bus and coach

The shuttle services are operated by Havataş, which is one of the major ground handling companies within Turkey. The buses run half-hourly to Bakırköy, Yenikapı, Aksaray, Taksim Square.[67] Municipal buses also run to Taksim, Etiler and Kozyatağı.[68]

Car

The airport is accessible through the coastal road, D-100 international road and TEM (Trans-European Motorway).

Accidents and incidents

  • On 30 January 1975, Turkish Airlines Flight 345, crashed into the Sea of Marmara during its final approach to the airport. All 42 passengers and crew on board were killed.[69]
  • On 25 April 2015, Turkish Airlines Flight 1878, operated by A320-200, TC-JPE was severely damaged in a landing accident. The aircraft aborted the first hard landing, which inflicted engine and gear damage. On the second attempt at landing, the right gear collapsed and the aircraft rolled off the runway spinning 180 degrees. All on board evacuated without injury.[70]
  • On 28 June 2016, three terrorists killed 44 civilians by gunfire and subsequent suicide bombings, along with 239 civilians injured.[71][72] The three men arrived in a taxi cab, and began opening fire at a terminal. The three men blew themselves up when police began opening fire. The airport has X-ray scanners at the entrance to the terminal but security checks for cars are limited.[71][73]

Accolades

  • The Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers lists Atatürk International Airport as one of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects completed in the first 50 years of the chamber's existence.[74]
  • In the 2013 Air Transport News awards ceremony, İstanbul Atatürk Airport was named Airport of the Year.[75]
  • Also, the airport has been named Europe's Best Airport in the 40-50 million passenger per year category at the 2013 Skytrax World Airport Awards.[76]

References

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External links

Istanbul Atatürk Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage
Media related to Istanbul Atatürk Airport at Wikimedia Commons