Kallar Syedan

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Kallar Syedan Tehsil in Pothwar region of Sultan Sarang Khan Gakhar
Tehsil
Country Pakistan
Region Punjab
District Rawalpindi District
Tehsil Kallar Syedan
Capital Kallar Syedan
City 1
Town 20
Area
 • Total 420 km2 (160 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 190,000
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC+6)
Area code(s) 051

Kallar Syedan is a City and Headquarters of Tehsil Kallar Syedan, Rawalpindi District, Punjab, Pakistan. On 1 July 2004 Kallar Syedan became the seventh Tehsil of Rawalpindi District, prior to which it was a part of the Kahuta Tehsil. Population 190,000 people. 1 police station. Literacy rate 62%. 99 revenue estates.[1] The Tehsil has 11 union councils.

Union Councils Of Kallar Syedan Tehsil[edit]

UC Number. Union Council Headquarters Area (km²) Population
(1998)
UC24 Nala Musalmana Nala Musalmana 00,00 00,00
UC25 Manyanda Manyandal 00,00 00,00
UC26 Samote Samote 00,00 00,00
UC27 Choha Khalsa Choha Khalsa 00,00 00,00
UC28 Kanoha Khanoha 00,00 14000 Approximately
UC30 Bhalakhar ? 00,00 00,00
UC31 Gufl Guff 00,00 00,00
UC32 Ghazan Abad Ghazan Abad 00,00 00,00
UC33 Bishandote Bishandote 00,00 00,00

Villages Of Kallar Syedan Tehsil[edit]

  • Arazi
  • Bhalakhar
  • Bagh Boota
  • Balimah
  • 'bangyal
  • Banal
  • Barota
  • Basanta
  • Bawli
  • Bhakhral
  • Bimmah Gangal
  • Bishandote
  • Chabutra
  • Chak Mirza
  • Chamak
  • Chamba Kerpal
  • Chappar
  • Chappri Akku
  • Choha Khalsa
  • ChowkPindori
  • Dhamali
  • Dahan Gali
  • Darkali Mehmoori
  • Darkali Sher Shahi
  • Dera Khalsa
  • Dhari
  • Dhari Syedan
  • Dheri Mirzian
  • Dhoke Buhari
  • Dhoke Captain Khaliq Awan
  • Dhoke Lt Miran Bakhsh
  • DhoKe Mahjian
  • Dhoke Sub Amanat Hussain
  • Dhoke Sufi Ghulam Farid
  • Dhoke Adrain
  • Dhoke Baba Faiz Baksh
  • Dobairan Kallan
  • Ghangothi
  • Ghazan Abad
  • Gohi
  • Hayal Pindora
  • Her Dho Chakyal
  • Jabba
  • Jabba Channi
  • Jari
  • Jaswala
  • Jocha Mamdoot
  • Kaaliyah
  • Kalari
  • Kanoha
  • Khalwat
  • Khooe Lass
  • Kothi Syedan
  • Kund
  • Looni Sahelyal
  • Mak Dhoke Bhattian
  • Majhar
  • Malook
  • Mangal Rajgan
  • Mangloora Shareef
  • Manyanda
  • Merah Sangal
  • Miana Mohra
  • Mohra Bakhtan
  • Mohra Ropyal
  • Mohrah Adrian
  • Mohra Mareed
  • Nala Musalmana
  • Nambal
  • Nandna Jattal
  • Nothia
  • Pallal Mallahan
  • Peer Garata Syedan
  • Phata
  • Phalina
  • Pindora Hardo
  • Saaliyah
  • Saroha Chaudhrian
  • Sadda Kamal
  • Sakrana
  • Sahib Dhamial
  • Samote
  • Samote Mirzan
  • Shah Khahi
  • Sir Suba Shah
  • Sumbal
  • Takal
  • Tamnoha
  • Tareel
  • Thala
  • Tota Rajgan
  • Walayat Abad

History[edit]

Sultan Sarang Khan was a chief of the Gakhartribe which resided in the Pothohar region in northern Punjab region, in modern-dayPakistan. He was born in Pharwala fort near Kahuta city and his father was a Gakhar chief, named Tattar Khan. Due to his services to Mughal emperor Babur, Sarang Khan was bestowed the title of Sultan by the Mughals.

After the Mughal invasion of India, Gakhars like other tribes of Punjab became subservient to the Mughals, Sarang's father Tattar Khan came in the service of the Mughals. However, another chieftain Hathi Gakhar had assassinated Tattar in a late night raid on his camp, capturing his possessions. When Hathi Khan was defeated by Babur, he was later assassinated by an aged Sarang through poison. Sarang, later took the leadership of the Gakhar tribe, receiving also the courtesy title of Sultan from bestowed by the Mughals on his father.

Naqvi (Arabic: السادة النقاويين) The Naqvi (Arabic: السادة النقاويين) are people with the last name "Naqvi" and who are direct descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad through the lineage of the Imam Ali al-Naqi].[citation needed] Ali Naqi was the 10th Twelver Shi'a imam and direct descendant of the daughter of Muhammad, Fatimah and her husband Ali, the first Shi'a imam, believed by them to be the successor of the Muhammad.[citation needed] Some Naqvis trace their ancestry back to Ali al-Naqi through his son Ja'far al-Sani, while others trace it through his other son, Husain ul Asghar.[citation needed] Naqvis of Bukkur/Bakhar' The Honorable Bhakri Syed family are descendants of Sayyid Muhammad Al-Makki.[citation needed] The descendants of Sayyid Muhammad Al-Makki are known today as Bukkuri Sayyids or Bhakri Sayyids (Urdu: بهاكري سادات) and are known among Arabs as the Shoja'ei Sayyids (Arabic: سادة الشجاعية). They are connected to the land of Bukkur/Bakhar (A famous town/city of Sindh) hence the suffix contains this name. The descendants of Sayyid Ali Murtadha Bhakri alias Sha'ban Al-Millat the son of Sayyid Badruddin Bhaakri the son of Sayyid Sadruddin the son of Sayyid Muhammad can be found around Pakistan while some are now native to Allahabad in India. The brother of Sayyid Ali Murtadha, Sayyid Sultan Mahdi Bhakri's descendants migrated to Attock.[citation needed]

Sayyid Muhammad ibn Shuja Al-Dīn ibn Ibrahīm ibn Qāsim Shah Al-Hussaini Al-Makki (Arabic: السيد محمد الحسيني المكي) (born 1145 in Mecca, died 1246), also known as Sayyid Mahmood Shah Al-Makki (Urdu: سيد محمود مكي) and well known by the nickname of "Sher Sawār" or "Lion Rider" (Persian: شیر سوار) is the ancestor of the Bukkuri or Bhaakri Sayyids (Urdu: بهاكري سادات), who founded Bukkur and was the first Sayyid to ever migrate from the Middle East to the Sindh region in today's Pakistan. He was a saint of the people of Sindh, a warrior who fought battles against Abbasids, a ruler over Yemen and an explorer who travelled frequently. He was a Sayyid and a descendant of Ali and Fatimah through Ali al-Hadi.

Birth and upbringing[edit]

The father of the Sayyid was Abu Ahmad Muhammad Shuja. Sayyid Muhammad Shuja once left his native Mashhad with the intention of pilgrimage to the holy cities of Mecca and Medina. On the way Sayyid Muhammad Shuja passed through Baghdad where he met Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi, after spending some time in his presence, Suhrawardi gave his daughter in marriage to Sayyid Muhammad Shuja. Proceeding to Mecca along with his wife, he found that his wife was pregnant and was in immense pain. Unable to bear the pangs of child birth, the lady gave birth to Sayyid Muhammad in the courtyard of the Kaaba who was born in 1145 and the Islamic year of 540 AH.[2] He later became well known as Muhammad the Meccan.[3] Some scholars however disputed this marriage of Sayyid Muhammad Shuja to a daughter of al-Suhrawardi and have mentioned that it was Sayyid Muhammad Al-Makki himself who married the daughter of al-Suhrawardi.[4][5]

Sayyid Muhammad Al-Makki was taught the sciences of Islam by his father and brother, Sayyid Ahmad, who both ensured the young Sayyid was well trained to propagate and spread Islam in his wanderings. To fully understand the childhood of the Sayyid, it must be taken in to consideration that he grew up in the era of the Crusades while he was brought up in the heart of Islam, Mecca.[6] It shaped his psychology which eventually led to his interest in military training and his later military endeavors.

In Sindh[edit]

It is mentioned in many sources that Sayyid Muhammad Al-Makki arrived in Bukkur at dawn. Delighted at the peaceful setting and beautiful view of the sun rising, he famously and joyfully exclaimed : "God has ordained my morning in this blessed place!" (Arabic: ! جعل الله بكرتي في البقعة المباركة). Sayyid Muhammad also named this place 'Bukkur' from its former name 'Fareshta'.[11] Upon being asked where he wanted to live by the welcoming natives he told them he wanted to live where the cow bells could be heard and the rising sun would be visible. Sayyid Muhammad Al-Makki obtained a grant of land in Rohri with the condition expressed in the deed that he should cultivate the land in lieu of the military duties obligatory on all granted land owners.[12] Sayyid Muhammad Al-Makki became a well known saint whose preaching brought many people towards Islam. He established a centre of spiritual learning in Sindh and remained the religious figure of Sindh until the early 13th century.

Death[edit]

The Sayyid died at the age of 101 in 1246 AD and 644 AH. He was buried in the fort of Arak between Sukkur and Bukkur.

Ancestors[edit] 1.Ali ibn Abu Talib 2.Husayn ibn Ali 3.Ali ibn Husayn 4.Muhammad al-Baqir 5.Jafar al-Sadiq 6.Musa al-Kadhim 7.Ali al-Ridha 8.Muhammad al-Taqi 9.Ali al-Hadi 10.Ja'far al Zaki 11.Ismail Harifa 12.Nasir / Aqeel 13.Harun 14.Hamza 15.Ja'far 16.Zaid 17.Qasim 18.Ibrahim al Jawadi 19.Muhammad Shuja 20.Muhammad al Makki

Children : Sayyid Sadruddin, Sayyid Badruddin, Sayyid Maah, Sayyid Shams,

Sayyid Muhammad Badruddin[edit] Sayyid Sadruddin who shares the same name, Sayyid Muhammad Badruddin was born between 1205 and 1210 AD in Bukkur. He was a pious Sayyid who was often known by his strength in his religion, keen interest in spirituality and remembrance of God. He was instructed in a dream by the Islamic Prophet Muhammad to marry his daughters, Sayyidah Fatima Sa'eedah Habeebah and Sayyidah Tahireh to Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari. However, since Jalaluddin was known to be someone who dressed like a poor person due to his spirituality and humility, the brothers of Muhammad Badruddin, Sayyid Mah, Sayyid Shams and Sayyid Sadruddin objected to this marriage. When the objection was not taken in to consideration by Sayyid Muhammad Badruddin, the brothers ordered his exile and the exile of Sayyid Jalaluddin from Bukkur. They said to Sayyid Badruddin, "You go as well and hang around with him (Jalaluddin) like a beggar". Sayyid Badruddin and his son in law, Sayyid Jalaluddin migrated to Uch where both are buried.[20]

Sayyid Badruddin's descendants are plenty in number. His descendants come from many sons including Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi who was born from the daughter of Alauddin Khilji[21] and Sayyid Sa'adullah.[22] Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi's descendants migrated all around Pakistan including Kamalpur Syedan in Attock, (Pharwala Fort) Later Kallar Syedan in District Rawalpindi, Rohtas Fort, Mansehra, Taxila, Sialkot and many other places. From this line is Waris Shah, the author of Heer Ranjha, the famous romantic story.

Syed Muhammad Ali Murtadah(Murtaza)Known as Miran Shah(Founder of Kallar Syedan) Syed Muhammad Ali Murtadah (Murtaza)Ibn Syed Muhammad Mahdi ibn Syed Muhammad badruddin ibn Sayyid Muhammad ibn Shuja Al-Dīn ibn Ibrahīm ibn Qāsim Shah Al-Hussaini Al-Makki (Arabic: السيد محمد الحسيني المكي, was migrated to Pharwala Fort. He was taught the islamic and spiritual education from different school of thoughts. He converted thousands of non Muslims into Islam. Chief of Pharwala fort Sultan Sarang Khan was also a chief of the Gakhar tribe which resided in the Pothohar region also accepted Islam because of Syed's teaching. Sultan Sarang Khan gave his sister in marriage to Syed Muhammad Ali Murtadah (Murtaza) and gifted the land of Kallar and sent some families with for their services.

Kallar The land of Kallar was barrened, wasteland or barani. It was unable to support the growth of crops. The ground water was salty and not suitable for drinking and or other usage. In local language people called it Kallara because of wasteland. The terms Kallar comes from Kallara.

Kallar Syedan Later, Kallar was converted into Kallar Syedan because this land was gifted by the Sultan Sarang Khan to Syed Muhammad Ali Murtadah (Murtaza). He was buried at old grave yard of Kallar Syedan and his tomb was not built by his descendants because they believe that He must ask for this. Bhaakri Syed of Kallar Syedan are the direct descendents of Syed Muhammad ALi Murtaza (Miran Shah).

Notable people[edit]

  • Mir Syed Mohammed Ali Murtadah (Murtaza) Known as Miran Shah, Founder of Kallar Syedan.
  • Syed Ghulam Jaffar Shah Direct Descendent of Mir Syed Mohammed Ali founder of Kallar Syedan, highly recognised social activist.
  • Gen. Tikka Khan, ex Chief of the Army Staff (1972–1976), Governor of East Pakistan (1971), Governor of Punjab (1988–1990)
  • Admiral Abdul Aziz Mirza, ex Chief of Naval Staff, Ambassador of Pakistan in KSA.
  • Sardar Ishaq Khan Advocate Supereme Court of Pakistan.
  • Mr. Justice Sardar Tariq Masood (http://www.supremecourt.gov.pk/web/page.asp?id=2054)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "RAWALPINDI: Kallar Syedan starts functioning as tehsil". Dawn.Com. 2004-07-02. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 

External links[edit]