Khanewal

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Khanewal
خانیوال
City
Khanewal is located in Pakistan
Khanewal
Khanewal
Coordinates: 30°18′N 71°56′E / 30.300°N 71.933°E / 30.300; 71.933Coordinates: 30°18′N 71°56′E / 30.300°N 71.933°E / 30.300; 71.933
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District

Khanewal

District Coordination Officer: Khalid Mahmood Sheikh
Elevation 128 m (420 ft)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of towns 1
Number of Union councils 6

Khanewal (Urdu: خانیوال‎), (Punjabi: خانیوال) is a city and the capital of Khanewal District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.[1] It is the host city to the second largest railway station in Pakistan.[2] Khanewal is located at 30°18'0N 71°55'0E with an altitude of 128 metres.[3]

Khanewal is named after the earliest settlers here who belonged to the caste ‘Daha Rajput’ (A Rajput Caste) and used ‘Khan’ in their names. That is how the city came to be known as ‘khan-e-wal’.[4]

History[edit]

From the beginning of the 7th century Rajput kingdoms dominated Eastern portions of Pakistan and northern India. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of some western Punjab region. Eastern Regions of Punjab from Multan to the Rawalpindi in the north remained under Rajput rule until 1193. The Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire later ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.

Under Mughal rule, the city flourished and was notable for commerce and trade. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire invaded and occupied Jhang. The Muslims faced restrictions during the Sikh rule.[citation needed] Under the British Raj, there was agricultural development. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Khanewal District. Khanewal became the district in 1985 firstly it was Tehsil of Multan

Khanewal has a rich and vibrant history which can be traced back to the early 1900s. Khanewal is famous for its cotton growing industry. Daha(A Rajput Caste) are regarded as the initial settlers and founders of Khanewal. Khagga, Haraj, Daha, Bodla, Siyal are the largest castes of Khanewal. Historically Khanewal is an old city having its earliest foundations laid by the British Empire owing to its importance as a railway junction. The city was a junction of the Wazirabad-Khanewal railway line and provided a connection to the city of Karachi via Lahore.[5][6] Its straight roads show that it is a well planned town by the British people. The earliest settlers are said to be the Daha(A Rajput Caste) who have the 'Khan' in their names and the city was named after them as Khan-e-wal. Following a great public move led by the then famous lawyer Malik Mohammad Aslam Metla Khanewal was declared district in 1985. In Khanewal city the different languages are spoken i.e. Punjabi, Urdu, Siraiki,Mewati and Pushto as well.

The main castes in Khanewal are Niazi Afghans, Seoul, Daduana, Kamboh,Matyana, Gujjar, Doltana, Sahu, Rajputs (Rana),Rajpoot Dhudhi, Awan, Sheikh, Jatt, Bucha, [Nikyana Sial], Siyal, Arayin, Bhati, Baloch, Khokhars Mayo Solgi(jutt)and marth toru also.[7]

Languages & Demography[edit]

As per national census of 1998, Punjabi is the main language of Khanewal district.Urdu, the national language, is spoken widely.[8]

Present main families are Kamboh Niazi , Syed,Sial,maitla & Haraj in kabirwala tehsil, Bodla,maitla & Vain, Gill in Tehsil Mian Chanuu, Kamboh, Rajpoot Dhudhi, Rajput, Daha, Maitla, Cheema, Paracha, Hiraj, marth and Jandran in Tehsil Khanewal and Kamboh, Wahla, Maitla & Rao families in Tehsil Jahanian.

Industry and agriculture[edit]

Khanewal is an agricultural city and is located in Pakistan's 'Cotton belt' – an area covering Khanewal, Multan and Bahawalnagar. Over the last forty to fifty years industry has also been established in and around the city. Sir William Roberts established cotton trading and ginning installations in the area known as Brooke Bond which is now called Unilever, a company that specialises in making tea.[citation needed] There are over 900 workers employed by Unilever. The people of Khanewal are mostly engaged in agricultural activities which are the main source of income for the people of the district. Other industries in Khanewal include chemical production and oil extraction.

Landmarks[edit]

Khanewal has many landmarks from the British Colonial period, mostly built in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the most famous landmarks in Khanewal are the Khanewal railway Junction, the 'Junglay Wali Kothi' (foundation stone laid in 1913 by a Railway Engineer) situated in the Civil Lines area of Khanewal and the well known "Gul-e-Shafraz", with its very beautiful foundation stone laid in 1896 by a shangrila engineer posted to Khanewal Railway Junction during the colonial period. Another location which is regarded as one of the oldest in the suburbs of Khanewal is Basti Sheikh Malka (Darbar) related to a noble person. The Khanewal junction remains a historic landmark as some parts of it have remained unchanged for over 130 years. Khanewal also has similar colonial landmarks dating back to early 20th century, all private properties, but truly historic.

Several of these remarkable properties were built and used by Sir William Roberts who is considered along with several others as one of the founding fathers of Khanewal and the famous BCGA (British Cotton Growers Association) farms located just outside Khanewal.[9] & remarkable (Wakil Ki Kothi) situated in Old Khanewal built in 1950 by a Famous Advocate Mr. Ameer Buksh Khan Bhutta. Another historical place is "The Methodist Church, Church of Pakistan Diocese of Multan" which is situated (6-Civil Lines) in the center of the city and another historical old building which was built in 1930 is Government High School, situated near railway station, Khanewal.

College and schools[edit]

Educational Institutes in Khanewal include

Notable people from Khanewal[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Khanewal – Government of Pakistan
  2. ^ District Profile: Southern Punjab- Khanewal – Dawn, Pakistan
  3. ^ Location of Khanewal – Falling Rain Genomics
  4. ^ Glossary Of The Tribes And Castes Of The Punjab And North-west Frontier ... By H.A. Rose Page 219
  5. ^ Glossary Of The Tribes And Castes Of The Punjab And North-west Frontier ... By H.A. Rose Page 219
  6. ^ Punjab – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 20, p. 324.
  7. ^ B Glossary Of The Tribes And Castes Of The Punjab And North-west Frontier ... By H.A. Rose Page 219
  8. ^ http://www.census.gov.pk/publications.php#dcr
  9. ^ British Cotton Growers Association