Chiniot

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This article is about the city. For other uses, see Chiniot (disambiguation).
Chiniot
چنیوٹ
City
Chiniot is located in Pakistan
Chiniot
Chiniot
Location of Chiniot in Pakistan
Coordinates: 31°43′12″N 72°58′44″E / 31.7200°N 72.9789°E / 31.7200; 72.9789Coordinates: 31°43′12″N 72°58′44″E / 31.7200°N 72.9789°E / 31.7200; 72.9789
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Chiniot District
Tehsil Chiniot Tehsil
Government
 • Type Capital
 • City Council
Elevation 179 m (587 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 4,77,781
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC+6)
Postal code 35400
Dialling code 047
Distance(s)

Chiniot (Urdu: چِنيوٹ‎; Punjabi: چنیوٹ) is a city and the administrative headquarter of Chiniot District in the state of Punjab, Pakistan. Located at the bank of the river Chenab, it is known for its intricate wooden furniture and for its architecture.

Geography[edit]

Chiniot city lies on left bank of the Chenab River amidst small rocky hills. It is located at the intersection of the Faisalabad-Sargodha and Lahore-Jhang roads. It is 158 kilometres north-west from Lahore and 38 kilometres north of Faisalabad. Chiniot city is spread over an area of 10 square kilometers with an average elevation of 179 meters (587 ft).

Rabwah city is located on the other side of the Chenab River. In the center of river a worship center (or Chilla Gah) of the Sufi Bu Ali Shah Qalandar is located.

Chiniot city is the fastest growing city of Punjab.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Chiniot
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
18
 
 
19
8
 
 
35
 
 
22
11
 
 
24
 
 
27
16
 
 
13
 
 
33
20
 
 
17
 
 
39
25
 
 
48
 
 
39
28
 
 
82
 
 
35
27
 
 
87
 
 
35
27
 
 
43
 
 
34
25
 
 
9
 
 
32
20
 
 
11
 
 
27
14
 
 
12
 
 
21
9
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [2]

The weather in Chiniot is variable.


Climate data for Chiniot (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
(66)
22
(72)
27
(81)
33
(91)
39
(102)
19
(66)
35
(95)
35
(95)
34
(93)
32
(90)
27
(81)
21
(70)
28.6
(83.5)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
16
(61)
20
(68)
25
(77)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
25
(77)
20
(68)
14
(57)
9
(48)
19.2
(66.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
35
(1.38)
24
(0.94)
13
(0.51)
17
(0.67)
48
(1.89)
82
(3.23)
87
(3.43)
43
(1.69)
9
(0.35)
11
(0.43)
12
(0.47)
399
(15.7)
Source: My Weather[3]


Demographics[edit]

According to 1998 census, the population of Chiniot was 9,65,124 (included urban 1,72,522). According to 2010 estimated census, urban population of Chiniot is 2,01,781. Languages spoken in Chiniot are Punjabi. Literacy of Chiniot is about 65%.

Tribes[edit]

Chiniot region was agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. Chiniot is a District of Multi-tribes nation. Tribes of Chiniot include Sahmal , Delera Chaudhry Sipra, Muthrooma, Syed, Saidhen, Sial, Araaeen, Mona, Dhera (tribe), Mufti (Makhdoom Qureshi), Laali, Walla Rai, KALUS(Ray), SALOTRA ,(koli chadhar), Marath, Dangray, Aheer, Awan, Makhdoom, Baloch BhattiBhutta, tukleer, Jalap, Butt, Chadhar, Bhowana, Chohan Durrani, Galoter, Gujjar,Gakkhar, Hanjra, Haral, Tamimi, Hashmi,Harya Jappa, Bala, Dhamraia, Jatt, Kharal, Kullah, Khokhar, Laday, Marral, Lalera, Naul, Kullah, Nakokara, Nissowana, Puri and Pathan, sangha, qazi, Wassi

Economy[edit]

The important products of Chiniot includes silk, cotton, wheat, sugar, rice, milk, pottery, and wooden-furniture etc. Chiniot is the name of leading industrial areas of Pakistan after Lahore and Faisalabad. It contains many of rice and flour mills. It has a Pakistan leading sugar industry Ramzan Sugar Mills on Jhang road which is a great increasing economy of Chiniot. On the other side Madina Sugar Mills also situated in Chiniot, by which Chiniot's economy increase very well.

Banks with branches in Chiniot include Muslim Commercial Bank, United Bank Limited, Allied Bank Limited, Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited, The Bank of Punjab, National Bank of Pakistan, Askari Bank Limited, Bank AL Habib, Bank Alfalah and Habib Bank Limited (HBL).Soneri Bank Limited (SBL)

Education[edit]

A side view of the building of Chenab College Chiniot

The education and literacy rate of Chiniot is unknown at the moment.

Institutions[edit]

Educational institutions (colleges) in Chiniot includes

Din College,[4] Govt. Degree College, Govt. Islamia College, Govt. Institute of Commerce, Superior College chiniot,' Pak Poly-technique College, University of Higher Education, Takbeer College. High schools in Chiniot includes Masoomeen Foundation high school chiniot, Govt. Islamia High School, Govt. High School Chak no. 237 jb Langrana,Govt High School Jhanb, Govt High School Ahmad Abad, Govt High School 138 JB Chiniot, Govt. Islah High School, Govt. Girls High School, and Govt. M.T.B High School. Govt. High School Chak 14 jb Muradwala and GHS Langar Makhdoom[5] Allied School Chiniot Campus

Chiniot has also some religious institutions include Maraqaba Hall, Idara-e-Markazia Dawat-wa-Arshad, Faizul-ul-Aloom, Jamiya Masjid Farooqia, Jamia Islamia Imdadia,Darbar bava syed jhulan shah bukhari, Masjid Noor, Jamia Noor-ul-Anwar-ul-Quran, and Madrasa Fateh Aloom.[6]

Libraries[edit]

Chiniot government has given library facilities to its residents, especially for students. After his death, Sheikh Omar Hayat's palace Omar Hayat Mahal was converted into a library by the government of Pakistan.

Transport and communication[edit]

Chiniot is very well-connected with rest of Pakistan by a main highway and a rail line. The nearest international airport is Faisalabad International Airport, which is 48.5 kilometres from Chiniot. Chiniot has a railway track passing from it since 1927 for the easiest and cheapest way of transportation. Chiniot railway is a main source of transporting the furniture from Chiniot to the rest of Pakistan. And it is a main source of importing the woods for furniture from all over the Pakistan. Chiniot Railway Station was built in 1927 during British empire was a great step for the help in economy of Chiniot. Khatm-e-Nabuwat Chowk is the main place of and main intersection between GT roads connecting large cities of Pakistan. Chiniot Bridge is crossing over Chenab river on the Chiniot-Sargodha road.

Culture[edit]

Islamic occasions[edit]

In Chiniot people celebrate Islamic occasions with great arrangements. As on 12 Rabi' al-awwal, 1440th birthday celebration of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, people of Chiniot arranged 63-maund cake, one of the largest cakes in the world.[7] That function was arranged in the Darbar Aalia Wadi Aziz Sharif. Urs of Hazrat Mian Rehmat Sahib at khoi mian rehmat sahib (Icharwal). 10 Muharram is observed by Shia Muslims by gathering all Tazias in rara Ground.

.

Furniture[edit]

Chiniot is world famous for its exotically carved and brightly lacquered furniture. Chinioti craftsmen and artisans have for centuries carved flowers and geometric pattrens onto cellulose fibres. Masons from Chiniot are thought to have been employed during the construction of Taj Mahal and Golden Temple,[8] both now in India.

Despite the knowledge and century old traditions employed in Chinioti woodmaking, the Pakistani government has made little effort to promote and market its Punjabi furniture industry. A lack of vocational education and training centres in Chiniot means that modern working techniques are rarely used. The lack of computer aided design (CAD) also serves as a hindrance to modern manufacturing. Rather it needs at least one technical university in place to compete the gloabal updation.

Furniture making in Chiniot forms a vital part of Pakistan's secondary industry and is also essential to the Punjabi regional economy. Internationally, Chiniot competes with the most modem furniture industry of Italy which is known all over the world. The carving style of Italy and Chiniot is the same but the furniture here is more durable.

Sport[edit]

Cricket is the most popular sport in Chiniot. There held many tournaments in Chiniot of cricket among different cricket clubs of Chiniot. In some tournaments outside cricket teams can also participate that tournaments. A cup and some cash prize is announced on the final of tournaments, which are given to the Winning team. Football is also played in Chiniot. Other popular sports in Chiniot includes Hockey, Volleyball, Basketball, Badminton, Tennis, Kabbadi, and Horse racing. Football is also getting popular day by day.

Cuisine[edit]

Chiniot is noted for its food dishes, especially "Kunna" (goat meat cooked in an earthen pot. This pot is locally called kunna after which dish name is famous).

Politics[edit]

In politics Chiniot has all parties members like PML (N), Muttahida Qaumi Movement, PML (Q), PPP and PTI and many others. Most prominent and strong party is Pakistan Peoples Party. PML (N) was not very strong party in Chiniot but since when Mian Shahbaz Sharif president of this party and chief minister of Punjab came in Chiniot and gave it the status of a District this party became a strong party in Chiniot.

Politicians in Chiniot are mostly from Sheikh or Syed family.

Notable people[edit]

Notable people of Chiniot are:

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Muhammad Wala View