Kampfgeschwader 1

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Kampfgeschwader 1
Active 1939–44
Country  Nazi Germany
Branch Balkenkreuz (Iron Cross) Luftwaffe
Type Bomber Squadron
Role Tactical and Direct Ground Support.
Size Air Force Wing
Nickname(s) Hindenburg
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Josef Kammhuber
Insignia
Identification
symbol
Geschwaderkennung of
V4

Kampfgeschwader 1 (KG 1) (Bomber Wing 1) was a Luftwaffe bomber unit during World War II. It used Heinkel He 111 and later Heinkel He 177 bombers. KG 1 was formed from Stab/KG 152 'Hindenburg' at Neubrandenburg on 1 May 1939. I./KG 1 was formed from IV./KG 152, II./KG 1 formed from I./KG 152 on 18 September 1939. III./KG 1 was formed from segments of I and III./KG 1 on 1 December 1939.[1]

Operational history[edit]

The unit started out under Luftflotte 1, but moved to Luftflotte 4 on 8 September, before being reassigned to Luftflotte 1 on 20 September 1939. I./KG 1 took part in the Battle of Bzura. I./KG supported the German Fourth Army in Belgium in May 1940. II./KG 1 supported the Fourth Army of Army Group B but also supported the race to the English Channel, bombing French targets opposing Army Group A. On 3 June 1940 II./KG 1 took part in Operation Paula as did III./KG 1.I and II./KG 1 bombed England during the Battle of Britain. Both took part in Adlertag. III./KG 1 spent the campaign as a training unit.

Commanding officers[edit]

A 7th Staffel KG 1 Heinkel He 111 on a mission during the Battle of Britain, 1940

The following commanded KG 1:[2]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ de Zeng et al 2007 (Vol 1), pp. 13-19.
  2. ^ de Zenf et al 2007, p. 14

Bibliography[edit]

  • de Zeng, H.L; Stanket, D.G; Creek, E.J. Bomber Units of the Luftwaffe 1933-1945; A Reference Source, Volume 1. Ian Allan Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-85780-279-5