Kampfgeschwader 1

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Kampfgeschwader 1
Active 1939–44
Country  Nazi Germany
Branch Balkenkreuz (Iron Cross) Luftwaffe
Type Bomber Squadron
Role Tactical and Direct Ground Support.
Size Air Force Wing
Nickname(s) Hindenburg
Josef Kammhuber
Geschwaderkennung of

Kampfgeschwader 1 (KG 1) (Bomber Wing 1) was a Luftwaffe bomber unit during World War II. It used Heinkel He 111 and later Heinkel He 177 bombers. KG 1 was formed from Stab/KG 152 'Hindenburg' at Neubrandenburg on 1 May 1939. I./KG 1 was formed from IV./KG 152, II./KG 1 formed from I./KG 152 on 18 September 1939. III./KG 1 was formed from segments of I and III./KG 1 on 1 December 1939.[1]

Operational history[edit]

The unit started out under Luftflotte 1, but moved to Luftflotte 4 on 8 September, before being reassigned to Luftflotte 1 on 20 September 1939. I./KG 1 took part in the Battle of Bzura. I./KG supported the German Fourth Army in Belgium in May 1940. II./KG 1 supported the Fourth Army of Army Group B but also supported the race to the English Channel, bombing French targets opposing Army Group A. On 3 June 1940 II./KG 1 took part in Operation Paula as did III./KG 1.I and II./KG 1 bombed England during the Battle of Britain. Both took part in Adlertag. III./KG 1 spent the campaign as a training unit.

Commanding officers[edit]

A 7th Staffel KG 1 Heinkel He 111 on a mission during the Battle of Britain, 1940

The following commanded KG 1:[2]



  1. ^ de Zeng et al 2007 (Vol 1), pp. 13-19.
  2. ^ de Zenf et al 2007, p. 14


  • de Zeng, H.L; Stanket, D.G; Creek, E.J. Bomber Units of the Luftwaffe 1933-1945; A Reference Source, Volume 1. Ian Allan Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-85780-279-5