Sturzkampfgeschwader 2

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Sturzkampfgeschwader 2
Sturzkampfgeschwader 2.svg
Active 1939–43
Country  Nazi Germany
Branch Balkenkreuz (Iron Cross) Luftwaffe
Type Dive bomber
Role Close air support
Size Air Force Wing
Nickname(s) Immelmann
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Dr. Ernst Kupfer (13.2.43 - 9.9.43)
Insignia
Identification
symbol
T6 (became SG 2 in 1943)

Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 (StG 2) Immelmann was a Luftwaffe Dive bomber-wing of World War II. It was named after Max Immelmann in 1939. The unit was originally formed as Fliegergruppe Schwerin in 1934; the first Stuka wing of its type, attaining the sobriquet 'Immelmann' in 1935. The wing was raised to gruppe status in 1939.

History[edit]

Junkers Ju 87 of StG 2 "Immelmann", January 1942

Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 "Immelmann" was formed on 1 May 1939, I. Group in Cottbus, II. Group in Stolp-Reitt and III. Group in Langensalza. On 18 October 1943 it was renamed to Schlachtgeschwader 2. StG 2 flew operations in the Polish Campaign, the Battle of France, and the Battle of Britain.

In 1941 it saw service in the Balkans Campaign, and on the Eastern Front. For most of its service II./StG 2 was detached from the main Geschwader and operated as an independent formation. On 12 January 1942 II gruppe was redesignated as III./StG 3 and a new wing raised. While III gruppe continued to fly the Junkers Ju 87 until the end of the war, II gruppe flew the Junkers Ju 87 until March 1944, when two of its staffeln were converted to independent tank destroyer squadrons; 10(Pz) SG 3 and SG 77.

Commanding officers[edit]

References[edit]

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  • Cull, Brian; Lander, Bruce; Weis, Heinrich (1999). Twelve Days in May. London: Grub Street Publishing (UK), ISBN 978-1902304120
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  • Hayward, Joel S (1998). A. Stopped At Stalingrad. Univ. of Kansas; Lawrence. ISBN 978-0-7006-1146-1
  • Hooton, E.R. (1994). Phoenix Triumphant: The Rise and Rise of the Luftwaffe. Arms & Armour, ISBN 1854091816.
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  • James, T.C.G and Cox, Sebastian. The Battle of Britain. Frank Cass, London. 2000. ISBN 978-0-7146-8149-8
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  • Muller, Richard (1992). The German Air War in Russia. Nautical & Aviation Publishing. Baltimore, Maryland. ISBN 1-877853-13-5
  • Parker, Nigel (2013). Luftwaffe Crash Archive: Volume 1: A Documentary History of Every Enemy Aircraft Brought Down Over the United Kingdom, September 1939 – 14 August 1940. Red Kite, London. ISBN 978-1906592097
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  • Weal, John. Junkers Ju 87 Stukageschwader 1937-41. Oxford, UK: Osprey, 1997. ISBN 1-85532-636-1.
  • Weal, John. Junkers Ju 87 Stukageschwader of the Russian Front. Oxford, UK: Osprey, 2008. ISBN 978-1-84603-308-7.