- "Karrani" redirects here. For the dynasty in Bengal founded by the tribe, see Karrani dynasty.
Karlāṇī (Pashto: کرلاڼي) is a Pashtun tribal confederacy that is the most renowned among Pashtuns for their enhanced war-like nature and fighting abilities.In the 16th century the Karlani founded the Karrani dynasty, the last dynasty to rule the Bengal Sultanate.
The legend of Karlani in the folklore says:
"In his infancy he became an orphan and after losing his family he alone survived and was adopted by the Ormur Tribe. The tribe gave him shelter & protection & raised him like their own son. When he reached a marriageable age, the chief of the Ormur tribe made Karlan his son in law." But actually He is not the son of Ghurghusht nor Ormur.
The Karlani tribes are revered by other Pashtun tribes for their naturally enhanced bravery and fighting skills. About the Khattaks of today's Lund Khwar, Sir Olaf Caroe in his book entitled "The Pathans 55O B.C.-A.D. 1957" printed St Martin's Press 1958 by MacMillan and Company Limited, writes at "The Greek Historians 39":
The Khataks and the Shitaks, who now have a common boundary close to Bannu, cover a stretch of territory as large as that held by any Pathan tribe, whether Yusufzai, Uthmankehl and the Khatak settlements around Lundkhwar, close to the Malakand Pass, to the Shitak villages in Upper Daur in the Tochi, the distance is over 200 miles. The wide extent of their present territory, their large population, and the association of both groups of tribes at one time or another with the rich oases of Bannu and the Tochi, suggest sufficiently their importance in this family of peoples. They did not spring from nowhere in the night. They are Karlanis."
Actual Karlani tribes
- Usman (Afridi)
- Luqman (Khattak)
- Utman (UtmanKhel)
- Sikandar (Sikandar Khel)
- zazi (Jaji)
- Malikmir (Bangash)
- Khadri & Lalai Wazir
- Musa Derwesh
- Uttman Zia & Ahmad Zai
- Muhammad Khan
- Muhammad Mahsud Khan
- banusi (Settled in Bannu Division)
- Dawar (Settled in Mir Ali, Miranshah North Waziristan)
- Tanay (not to be confused with the Turkish-origin Tanoli/Taniwal)
- Nimat Allah al-Harawi author of Tarikh-i-Khan Jahani Makhzan-i-Afghani also known as The History of the Afghans
- Amir Kror Suri
- "THe History of The Dilzak Tribe" (urdu) By Asarjan, First Edition_2011 p 68
- Life of the Amir Dost Mohammed Khan; of Kabul, Volume 1. By Mohan Lal (1846), pg.5
- History Of The Mohamedan Power In India by Muhammad Qāsim Hindū Šāh Astarābādī Firištah, The Packard Humanities Institute Persian Texts in Translation (retrieved 10 January 2007).
- asarjan (2011), The History of Dilzak Tribe, pakistan: asarjan
- "The Pathans 55O B.C.-A.D. 1957 By Sir Olaf Caroe"
6. "Alafghan Tanoli"(Urdu) By Ghulam Nabi Khan Tanoli, First Edition_2001