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The Jadun, also called Jadoon or Gadun, are a Pashtun tribe.
Jaduns also known as Gadoons are basically from Afghanistan province Kandahar.Before independence of Pakistan they traveled to Pakistan's region Swabi and settled there. Enmity in their tribe caused further their distributions and soon some of them migrate to the region Hazara Abbottabad permanently. They began to spoke Hinko and they are called to be Jadoons and the rest of them which are in Swabi known as Gadoon.
History of Jadoon Pathan
The Jadoons originally lived on the western slopes of the Spin Ghar range, in the Nangarhar region of Afghanistan. Later on, the Jadoons migrated to the Kabulregion. In the 16th century, the Jadoons joined the Yusufzai, who had been expelled from Kabul by Mirza Ulugh Beg a paternal uncle of the Mughal Emperor Babur, and they migrated eastwards into the Peshawar region and settled in areas inhabited by the Dilazak tribe of the Pashtuns. They succeeded to defeat the Dilazaks at the battle of Katlang,and pushed them towards the Hazara region east of the Indus River. The Jadoons eventually settled inSwabi at the western bank of the Indus River. But later, some of the Jadoons also settled on the eastern bank of the Indus River, in Abbottabad andHaripur.
The Jadoon are descended from Ashraf also known as Jadoon (Gadoon) of the Panni clan of the Ghurghusht Afghan. Parni, Kakar, Naghar (who created the Naghar tribe and Dawi were four sons of Daney son of Ismail, also known as Ghurghusht. They created three tribes: Parni, Kakar, and Naghar (Dawi mixed with the Kakar)
The people of this tribe call themselves jadoons, but Eastern Afghans who change the letter S`h into K`h and "j" into "G" style them Gadoons as the letter J and G are interchangeable in the Pushto language, just as jillani and Gillani are synonyms. The Jadoons were freedom fighters and they showed bravery against their rivals, especially the Sikhs and the British with other prominent Pashtun tribes of the region like the Swati, Tareens,Mashwanis, Khaji khail and Shilmani. Their leader Sakhi Jan Jadoon had been martyred during the freedom efforts against the Sikhs in the 19th century. The name Jadoon is sometimes spelled as Gadoon and in one citation as Suddoon.Jadoon is a Pashtun tribe. They are very patriotic by nature and they sacrifice their lives for the sake of their beloved country. They live in the districts of Abbottabad and Swabi of N.W.F.P of Pakistan. Their spoken language is Pashto in Swabi and mostly Hindko in Abbottabad.
The genealogical table of the tribe, as given in the "Tarikh-e-Khan Jahaniwa-Mukhazan-e-Afghani" by Kawaja Nimatullah Harvi, written in about 1612 A.D, is reproduced (in appendix No.1). This book was written in the region of Mughal emperor Jahangir in which the Jadoon tribe is referred to as a branch of the Panni Afghan. Sir Olaf Caroe, in his famous book "The Pathans" under the genealogical table of Ghurghusht mentions that Jadoons descended form the Panni tribe. Ziring, the author of "Pakistan: The Enigma of Political Development" on page 149 and on page 14 of the year book of the NWFP 1954, writes: The NWFP is demographically divided between sedentary and tribal people. Although the Pathans are numerically superior, the region is also the home for the Awans, Gujars, etc. The Pathans, divided into numerous distinctive tribal units the major ones in the mountain ranges, are the Yusufzai's of Malakand Agency, the Mohnands and Afridis of the Khyber Agency and Kohat Pass, the Orakzais of Tirah, the Wazirs of North & Southern Waziristan, and the Bhittanis and Shiranis of D.I.Khan. In the setteled areas of the province are the Yusufzais of Mardan, the Khalils, Muhamands, Muhammad-zais, Dauadzais, Khattak, Banghash of Khohat, the Marwats and Wazirs of Bannu and the Gandapurs, kundis and Minakhail of D.I.Khan. Some of the Important minor tribes are the Jadoons of Hazara and Swabi, in the Shinwaris and Mullagories of the Khyber and Babars and Dawars. The Jadoon tribe is divided into Two main sub-tribes, Salar, Mansoor .Tribes are further sub-divided into several smaller clans.Muhammad zai in to Aden khail khtab khail, Musa Zai, Hassan Zai, Dollah Zai, Khizar Zai Khalil zai in to Sheikh khalil zai, Umar Zais and ILyas khail in Sheikh, paindakhail Mola khail are sub-tribes of Mansoor and there are many sub-tribes into Salar like haji khail (bai khani),Ilyas khail Muhammad khail, shabeh khail, Essa Khail, maleeh khail, mustafa zai maha bani, taser khail. ("The Jadoon" book by Sultan Khan Jadoon Hassa zai). Mansoor tribe lives in Salhad, Malikpura, Sheikhul-Bandi, Dhamtour, Nawan Shehr, Kakul, Mirpur, Balderi, Mangal,Banda Ilyas Khail,Banda Dilzak,Banda Pir khan, Dhamtour, Bagnotar and Qalanderabad and also lives in Gandaf Sawabi. Salar tribe lives in Havalian, Bagra, Banda Said Khan, Langra, Basian (UC Birote) Gujjer Kohala, Dheerkot and Munhasa (AJK), and many Salar lives in Sawabi.
Jadoons were warriors . they helped those tribes who were subsided or crushed by the powerful tribes. This was why jadoon tribe arrived to fight and give relief to all those tribes who were subsided and dis graced by other powerful neighboring clans. The arrival of jadoons to swabi and Abbottabad are the examples of helping weak tribes always attacked by the powerful. the jadoons secured their warrior blood not to giving their daughters or not got married their sons out of jadoons.this was the main cause that they secured their inherited values.but as the time passed and the circumstances changed now jadoon has got their relations to all the communities in and out side of Pakistan.however jadoons are different in their habits and manners they are pure pakhtoons and real Muslims.If an enemy come to their door steps they never hurt him during the boundaries of their home. they are sincere in friend ship and bitter in enmity.
- Caroe, Sir Olaf (1958). The Pathans 550 B.C.-A.D. 1957. London: Macmillan and Company.