Kaunas Airport

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Kaunas International Airport
Kauno Oro uostas
Kaunas Airport logo.svg
Kaunas Airport Terminal A.JPG
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Ministry of Transport and Communications
Operator SE "Kaunas Airport"
Serves Kaunas, Lithuania
Location Karmėlava
Elevation AMSL 256 ft / 78 m
Coordinates 54°57′50″N 24°05′05″E / 54.96389°N 24.08472°E / 54.96389; 24.08472Coordinates: 54°57′50″N 24°05′05″E / 54.96389°N 24.08472°E / 54.96389; 24.08472
Website kaunas-airport.lt
Map
EYKA is located in Lithuania
EYKA
EYKA
Location in Lithuania
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08/26 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers total 747,284
Aircraft movements total 7,438
Cargo (tonnes) total 4,679
Sources: Kaunas Airport[1] and AZ world airports[2]

Kaunas International Airport (Lithuanian: Kauno tarptautinis oro uostas), (IATA: KUNICAO: EYKA) is the second busiest civil airport in Lithuania after Vilnius Airport and the fourth busiest in the Baltic states. The airport is located in the central part of the country, 14 km (8.7 mi) northeast of the Kaunas city centre and 100 km west from the capital Vilnius.

History[edit]

Kaunas International Airport started operations in 1988[citation needed] when airport activities were moved from the historic S. Darius and S. Girėnas Airport, located in the central part of Kaunas city. In 1991, after Lithuania's independence, it gained the status of an international airport and in 1996 it became a member of Airports Council International (ACI) and began to take part in the activities of the "Lithuanian Airports" association.

Kaunas Airport was used by YAK-40, and YAK-42 of the local Aeroflot branch since 1988. The flight range was moderate and there were some scheduled flights from Kaunas to Kiev, Kharkiv, Moscow, Odessa, Simferopol, and Šiauliai. Regional airline Air Lithuania based in Kaunas operated scheduled and charter flights from Kaunas to Budapest, Billund, Hamburg, Malmö, and Oslo from 1993 till 2004.[citation needed]

At the beginning of 2013, Ryanair has invested more than 3 million Euro in a new aircraft maintenance and repair hangar in Kaunas, which currently employs 50 people. The airline is further expanding its aircraft maintenance activity at Kaunas Airport, with a planned further investment of 1.6 million Euro, which will allow the servicing of twice as many aircraft. The company intends to employ 40 additional aviation mechanics, and the employment strategy is based on the company's collaboration with the Kaunas School of Mechanics at Kaunas University of Technology in order to prepare necessary specialists and invite students for traineeships.[3]

Overview[edit]

Ownership[edit]

The airport is owned and operated by the State-owned enterprise Kauno Aerouostas, and is fully governable to the Ministry of Transport and Communications. In May 2013, the Government announced about the plans to merge Vilnius, Kaunas and Palanga airports into one company and the plans has been approved by the Lithuanian parliament in November 2013. The merger will take place in 2014.[4]

Operations[edit]

Ryanair is the main passenger carrier at the airport, and has gradually expanded its network there since 2005 when the airline first landed at the airport. In 2010, Kaunas Airport became the first airline's base in Eastern Europe and this resulted a more than doubled route network expansion at the airport. The airport reported 77% growth in passenger traffic that year and also won the EURO ANNIES 2011 prize awarded by a weekly aviation e-journal anna.aero as being the fastest growing airport in Europe in the category of under one million passengers.[5]

Catchment area[edit]

Almost a quarter of all passenger flow at the airport are travellers from the neighbouring countries Latvia, Belarus and Poland.[6] Kaunas Airport's catchment area within one hour drive is 1.75 million. In a two-hour drive, one can practically reach any border of Lithuania, bringing the population in the catchment area up to 3.4 million.[7]

Infrastructure[edit]

Terminal building[edit]

Departures hall
Inside the terminal building
Ramp view

In 2008 the new three-storey terminal building has been opened for passenger operations. The 7,573 m2 (81,520 sq ft) building can handle 800,000 passengers per year and the maximum capacity has been already reached in 2010, three years after the opening. The simple linear terminal design allows further expansions both ways.

The ground level is designated arrival area and fully complies with Schengen regulations. There are all essential facilities for arriving passengers, including bureau de change and car rental offices. The upper two levels are for departing passengers only. All 12 check-in desks are located on the first floor, where the passengers flow is separated to Schengen and non-Schengen departure zones through the security areas located on the first and second floors. The airport is not equipped with air bridges which suits the preference of airport's biggest client Ryanair of boarding and disembarking with steps.

The Terminal facilities also include airline ticket offices, tourism agents, several shops, bars and cafes throughout the airport.

Runway and apron[edit]

The runway of Kaunas Airport is 3,250m long and 45m wide, and is categorized with a 4E ICAO reference code. This enables to handle aircraft with up to 45m wing span and 14m main gear wheel span, which includes planes the size of a Boeing 747 or Antonov An-124. The runway is oriented along the dominant direction of western winds; it is also equipped with CAT II ILS equipment which allows Kaunas Airport to receive aircraft with minimum visibility meteorological conditions.[citation needed]

Theoretical runaway average capacity, when aircraft are landing or taking off, is 12 operations per hour.[8] A new taxiway to improve the runway system was built in 2009. Further taxiway improvement works started in June 2013, expanding the southern part of the airport to construct a new 190m long and 23.2m broad runway by the end of 2014.[9]

  • Approach lights: length 900 m (3,000 ft), intensity LIH.
  • Runway end lights: 300 m (980 ft), red.
  • Strength: PCN 50 F/B/X/T
  • Category for fire-fighting: CAT 7
  • Airport ramp: 12,477 m2 (134,300 sq ft), 15 parking stands

Maintenance facilities[edit]

Ryanair operates its own maintenance hangar at Kaunas Airport, which launched operations in January 2013. It can accommodate one aircraft at a time and performs C type maintenance checks. The same year Ryanair has set to double its MRO capabilities at the airport and began construction of the second hangar in Kaunas.[10]

FL Technics has announced its plans to invest almost 4 million US dollars into high-tech aircraft maintenance equipment at its newly launched MRO hangar in Kaunas. The latest equipment will support FL Technics MRO centre in servicing both narrow and wide body modern aircraft, including Boeing 747 and Boeing 787 Dreamliner. Following the full implementation, of the investment strategy, the new FL Technics base in Kaunas will create almost 300 new jobs, including over 200 places for aircraft mechanics, engineers and other aviation technical personnel.[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Finnair
operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
Seasonal: Helsinki (begins 14 July 2017)[12]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin (begins 14 July 2017)
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo-Gardermoen (begins 16 July 2017), Stockholm-Arlanda (begins 16 July 2017)
Ryanair Bristol, Copenhagen, Dublin, London-Luton, Naples (begins 4 May 2017),[13] Shannon
Seasonal: Alicante, Edinburgh, Eilat-Ovda, Kos, London-Stansted, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Trapani, Paphos
UTair Aviation Seasonal: Moscow-Vnukovo (begins 14 July 2017, ends 17 August 2017)
Wizz Air Ålesund, Bergen, Eindhoven, Kyiv-Zhuliany (begins 17 July 2017), London-Luton, Stavanger, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
SprintAir Warsaw-Chopin
Transaviabaltika Minsk

Statistics[edit]

The passenger traffic changes in late 2011 and early 2012 at Kaunas Airport are associated with the rivalry between Ryanair and Wizzair. As a response to the Wizzair's new base established at Vilnius Airport in Spring 2011, the Irish low cost carrier moved Girona and Milan Bergamo routes from Kaunas to Vilnius in late 2011.[14] In November 2012, Ryanair further cut route geography from Kaunas, by transferring Brussels Charleroi, Leeds, Liverpool, London Luton and Oslo Rygge to Vilnius, leaving only four routes available from Kaunas for the entire winter 2012/13 season.[15] Some of the routes were restored in Summer 2013, including seasonal destinations.


Traffic numbers at Kaunas Airport
Year
Passengers
handled
Passenger
% Change
Cargo
(tonnes)
Cargo
% Change
Aircraft
movements
Aircraft
% Change
2000 19,202 Steady 6,771 Steady 4,190 Steady
2001 20,137 Increase4.9 9,517 Increase40.6 4,409 Increase5.2
2002 19,891 Decrease1.2 8,478 Decrease10.9 3,957 Decrease10.3
2003 21,732 Increase9.3 6,673 Decrease21.3 4,077 Increase3.0
2004 27,113 Increase24.8 3,569 Decrease46.5 4,832 Increase18.5
2005 77,350 Increase185.3 4,308 Increase20.7 4,611 Decrease4.6
2006 248,228 Increase220.9 6,862 Increase59.3 4,865 Increase5.5
2007 390,881 Increase57.5 6,816 Decrease0.7 6,089 Increase25.2
2008 410,000 Increase4.9 3,400 Decrease50.1 5,698 Decrease6.4
2009 456,698 Increase11.4 2,113 Decrease37.9 6,027 Increase5.8
2010 809,732 Increase77.3 4,449 Increase110.6 8,753 Increase45.2
2011 872,618 Increase7.8 4,221 Decrease5.1 9,168 Increase4.7
2012 830,268 Decrease4.9 3,364 Decrease20.3 8,559 Decrease6.6
2013 695,509 Decrease16.2 2,112 Decrease37.2 7,312 Decrease14.6
2014 724,315 Increase4.14 2,060 Decrease2.45 7,191 Decrease1.65
2015 747,284 Increase3.17 4,679 Increase128.29 7,438 Increase3.43
Rank Country Airport 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004
1. Latvia Riga International Airport 5,162,149 4,814,073 4,793,213 4,767,764 5,106,692 4,663,647 4,066,854 3,690,549 3,160,945 2,495,020 1,878,035 1,060,426
2. Lithuania Vilnius International Airport 3,336,084 2,942,670 2,661,869 2,208,096 1,712,467 1,373,859 1,308,632 2,048,439 1,717,222 1,451,468 1,281,872 964,164
3. Estonia Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport 2,166,663 2,017,291 1,958,801 2,206,791 1,913,172 1,384,831 1,346,236 1,811,536 1,728,430 1,541,832 1,401,059 997,941
4. Lithuania Kaunas International Airport 747,284 724,315 695,509 830,268 872,618 809,732 456,698 410,165 390,881 248,228 77,350 27,113
5. Lithuania Palanga International Airport 145,441 132,931 127,890 128,169 111,133 102,528 104,600 101,586 93,379 110,828 94,000 76,020

Ground transportation[edit]

Motorway A1 near Kaunas
A bus stop at Kaunas Airport

Motorway[edit]

Due to its central location in Lithuania, Kaunas Airport is easily accessible via nearby A6 highway/E262, which connects to the other main motorways in Lithuania A1 motorway (Lithuania) and Via Baltica (E67). Some taxi companies operate from Kaunas Airport. Taxis take around 25 minutes to get to the city centre.

Bus[edit]

Kaunas city centre is reachable by direct bus route no 29, operated daily by Kauno Autobusai. The express service 29E operates on the same route, but offers limited bus stops on the line. The direct intercity services to capital Vilnius and Lithuanian coastal city Klaipeda are also available from and to Kaunas Airport as well as regional low frequency bus links to and from Anykščiai, Biržai, Ignalina, Kupiškis, Marijampolė, Molėtai, Obeliai, Rokiškis, Širvintos, Utena, Visaginas and Zarasai.

The only international link to the airport is provided by Latvian operator Flybus, which runs the schedule to both Riga city centre and Riga International Airport. The services are based on the timetable of departing and arriving flights at Kaunas Airport.

Other facilities[edit]

The Airpark is a territory of Kaunas Free Economic Zone adjacent to Kaunas Airport (3 km border). This neighbourhood of the airport offers exceptional possibilities for investors of the FEZ as the territory integrates air, road and railway facilities. Aviation industry companies as well as logistic businesses find this area attractive due to the accessibility to the runway coupled with the tax and custom incentives offered by the FEZ.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kaunas Airport. "Technical Data". Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.azworldairports.com/airports/a1960kun.cfm
  3. ^ Invest Lithuania (13 September 2013), "Ryanair Invests in Kaunas Aircraft Maintenance Unit Expansion", Invest Lithuania, retrieved 24 December 2013 
  4. ^ Gudavičius, Stasys (7 November 2013), "Oro uostų sujungimas – patvirtintas", Verslo Žinios, retrieved 29 December 2013 
  5. ^ anna.aero (19 May 2011), "EURO ANNIES 2011: Airport Awards", anna.aero, retrieved 24 December 2013 
  6. ^ "Kaunas Airport: summer season was successful" (Press release). Kaunas Airport. 4 November 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Europlane. "Kaunas County – Kauno Apskritis (LT)". Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  8. ^ International Transport Forum. "Assessment of strategic plans and policy measures on Investment and Maintenance in Transport Infrastructure" (PDF). Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Kauno Tiltai. "Development of Kaunas Airport. Designing and construction of a new taxiway and platform". Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  10. ^ Managing; Ed (20 March 2013), "Ryanair Adds Second Hangar and Forty New Jobs to Kaunas Maintenance Facility", The Lithuania Tribune, retrieved 25 December 2013 
  11. ^ "FL Technics invests USD 4 million in high-tech aviation equipment" (Press release). FL Technics. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  12. ^ Liu, Jim (23 August 2016). "Finnair schedules Kaunas seasonal flights in S17". Routesonline. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  13. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/270183/ryanair-launches-naples-base-in-s17/
  14. ^ anna.aero (23 February 2011), "Ryanair's new Vilnius routes will indirectly compete with Wizz Air on three routes, going head-to-head on Bergamo", anna.aero, retrieved 24 December 2013 
  15. ^ "Changes at Kaunas Airport" (Press release). Kaunas Airport. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  16. ^ Invest Lithuania. "Airpark" (PDF). Retrieved 27 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Kaunas Airport at Wikimedia Commons