Heraklion International Airport

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Heraklion International Airport
"Nikos Kazantzakis"

Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Ηρακλείου
"Νίκος Καζαντζάκης"
Heraklion International airport.png
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerGreek State
ServesHeraklion
LocationHeraklion, Greece
Opened1937 (1937)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL115 ft / 35 m
Coordinates35°20′23″N 25°10′49″E / 35.33972°N 25.18028°E / 35.33972; 25.18028Coordinates: 35°20′23″N 25°10′49″E / 35.33972°N 25.18028°E / 35.33972; 25.18028
Map
HER is located in Greece
HER
HER
Location of airport in Greece
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 2,714 8,800 Asphalt
12/30 1,566 5,138 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers8,098,465
Passenger traffic changeIncrease 10.4%
Aircraft movements55,680
Aircraft movements changeIncrease 8.9%
Sources: Runways[1] Statistics: Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Heraklion International Airport "Nikos Kazantzakis" (IATA: HER, ICAO: LGIR) is the primary airport on the island of Crete, Greece, and the country's second busiest airport after Athens International Airport. It is located about 5 km east of the main city centre of Heraklion, near the municipality of Nea Alikarnassos. It is a shared civil/military facility. The airport is named after Heraklion native Nikos Kazantzakis, a Greek writer and philosopher. Nikos Kazantzakis Airport is Crete's main and busiest airport, serving Heraklion (Ηράκλειο), Aghios Nikolaos (Άγιος Νικόλαος), Malia (Mάλλια), Hersonissos (Χερσόνησος), Stalida (Σταλίδα), Elounda (Ελούντα) and other resorts.

History[edit]

The airport first opened in March 1939. This was then merely a piece of flat agricultural land. The first aeroplane (a Junkers Ju 52) carried the first passengers to the site. During the Second World War operations ceased, but in the fall of 1946 traffic resumed, introducing the DC-3 aircraft.[3]

At first, the airport only offered very basic service, with only primitive installations on the site, in the form of three tents, smoke for wind determination and storm lamps for runway lighting.

In 1947, the first (small) terminal was erected. Hellenic Airlines started commercial flights in 1948. At that time, a total of 4,000 people were served. The year 1953 saw the construction of a paved runway which was initially 1,850 meters long and oriented as 09/27. The next major event followed in 1954, when a four-engined DC-4 aircraft landed for the first time at the airport. In that year the airport handled approximately 18,000 passengers. From 1957 onward, the new Olympic Airways used the airport, starting services with the DC-6 aircraft. Jojo AIr also flew here but ended service on July 2, 2001.

From 1968 until 1971, the runway was extended to 2,680 meters and a new terminal and other facilities were constructed, essentially making it a new airport. On March 18, 1971, the first charter flight from abroad (British Airways) operated at the airport. The new airport itself was officially inaugurated on May 5, 1972.

Terminal Extension[edit]

The latest airport expansion projects began in October 2017. The projects will be entirely financed by the Duty Free Shops SA, in agreement with the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport and the Hellenic Ministry of Waters, without any cost to the Greek government, include:[4][5][6][7]

  • the redesign of the layout of the ground and the first floors of the airport
  • the expansion of the terminal by 2,900 m2), an extension of 17 meters to the airside
  • the renovation of a further 8,000 m2) within the existing terminal
  • the increase in the number of gates for arrivals and departures of passengers
  • integration of the arrival hall
  • the modification of a luggage belt, so that passengers are not required to queues for their receipt
  • improve the operation of electronic ticketing
  • upgrading the video ad system
  • the modernization of air conditioning in the arrivals hall (budget 700.000 Euros)

The latest extension began on October 2017 and was completed on 30 March 2018, in time for the airport's high season.[8][9][10]

Further events

Year Event
1973–1975 Construction of aircraft hangars and service roads
1988 Inauguration of new international departure and arrivals lounges (900 m2)
1992 Completion of new international arrivals lounge
1994 Operation of new international departures lounge (2,000 m2)
1996 Completion of airport expansion by 11,700 m2
1997 Operation of new international departures lounge (5,000 m2)
2005 Completion of airport expansion by 18,985 m2
2018 Expansion of the terminal by 2,900 m2 and renovation of a further 8,000 m2

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Beirut, Bordeaux, Brest,[11] Deauville, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Larnaca, Lyon, Marseille, Metz/Nancy, Munich, Nantes, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Zürich,[12] Yerevan
Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil,[13] Leipzig/Halle,[14] Tbilisi[15]
Aeroflot Seasonal: Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air France Seasonal: Paris–Charles de Gaulle (begins 17 July 2019)
Air Mediterranean Seasonal charter: Gdańsk,[16] Katowice,[16] Wrocław[16]
Air Moldova Seasonal charter: Chișinău[17]
AirBaltic Seasonal charter: Riga[18]
Albawings Seasonal: Tirana (begins 8 June 2019)[19]
Alitalia Seasonal: Rome–Fiumicino[20]
Armenia Aircompany Seasonal: Yerevan
ASL Airlines France Seasonal Charter: Lyon,[21] Manchester[21]
Astra Airlines Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Dresden, Munich
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna
Seasonal charter: Graz,[22] Linz,[22] Salzburg[22]
Blu-express Seasonal: Bergamo,[23] Rome–Fiumicino
BlueBird Airways Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
British Airways Seasonal: London–Gatwick[24]
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels[25]
Bulgaria Air Seasonal charter: Sofia[26]
Condor Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hannover, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Stuttgart
Corendon Airlines[27] Seasonal: Berlin–Tegel, Bremen (begins 14 April 2019), Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Graz (begins 10 May 2019), Hamburg (begins 27 April 2019), Hannover, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Leipzig/Halle, Linz, Münster/Osnabrück (begins 14 April 2019), Nuremberg, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Stuttgart (begins 13 August 2019), Vienna, Zürich
Corendon Dutch Airlines[28] Seasonal: Amsterdam, Brussels, Groningen, Maastricht/Aachen, Rotterdam
Cyprus Airways Larnaca (resumes 20 April 2019)[29]
easyJet Seasonal: Berlin–Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Bristol, Edinburgh, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
easyJet Switzerland Seasonal: Geneva
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich
Ellinair Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Belgrade,[30] Katowice, Kiev–Boryspil, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Santorini, Saint Petersburg, Tbilisi,[30] Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal charter: Mineralnye Vody,[31]
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Katowice,[32] Warsaw-Chopin,[32] Wrocław[32]
Eurowings Seasonal: Berlin–Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Dusseldorf, Hamburg, Hannover, Munich, Nuremberg, Salzburg, Stuttgart, Vienna
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
FlyOne Seasonal charter: Chișinău[17]
Germania Flug Seasonal: Zürich
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid
Jet2.com Seasonal: Belfast-International, Birmingham,[33] East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted,[34] Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Laudamotion Seasonal: Düsseldorf[35]
Lufthansa Seasonal: Frankfurt (begins 13 April 2019),[36] Munich
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg
Neos Seasonal: Bergamo, Bologna, Milan–Malpensa, Rome–Fiumicino, Verona[37]
NordStar Seasonal charter: Moscow–Domodedovo (begins 19 May 2019)[38]
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Chelyabinsk,[39] Kaliningrad,[39] Kazan,[39] Krasnodar,[39] Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[39] Nizhny Novgorod,[39] Novosibirsk,[39] Omsk,[39] Perm,[39] Rostov-on-Don-Platov,[39] Saint Petersburg,[39] Samara,[39] Ufa,[39] Voronezh,[39] Yekaterinburg[39]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Ryanair Seasonal: Bergamo (begins 2 June 2019), Berlin–Tegel (begins 1 April 2019),[40], Bologna (begins 3 May 2019), Milan–Malpensa (begins 3 June 2019)
Ryanair Sun Seasonal charter: Katowice,[32] Poznań,[32] Warsaw-Chopin[32]
Sky Express Athens, Kos, Rhodes, Zakynthos[41]
Seasonal: Paros[42]
SkyUp Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil (begins 24 April 2019)[43]
SmartLynx Airlines Seasonal charter: Riga[44]
SmartLynx Airlines Estonia Seasonal charter: Tallinn[44][45]
Smartwings Seasonal: Brno, Budapest, Debrecen,[46] Lille,[47] Ostrava, Pardubice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague
Smartwings Poland Seasonal charter: Katowice,[16] Poznań,[48] Warsaw–Chopin,[48] Wrocław[32]
Smartwings Slovakia Seasonal: Bratislava
SunExpress Deutschland Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt,[49] Hannover,[50] Leipzig/Halle,[51] Munich, Nuremberg, Stuttgart[49]
Sundair Seasonal: Bremen (begins 2 September 2019), Dresden (begins 3 May 2019)
Swiss International Air Lines Seasonal: Geneva
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, East Midlands, Glasgow, London–Gatwick, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Transavia Seasonal: Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Groningen, Rotterdam
Transavia France Seasonal: Lyon, Nantes, Paris–Orly
TUI Airways Seasonal: Birmingham, Bournemouth (begins 3 May 2019),[52] Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, East Midlands, Exeter,[52] Glasgow, London–Gatwick, London-Luton (begins 2 May 2019),[52] London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Norwich[52]
Seasonal charter: Dublin[53]
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Brussels, Charleroi, Ostend/Bruges, Strasbourg
TUI fly Deutschland Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hannover, Munich, Nuremberg, Saarbrücken, Vienna
TUI fly Netherlands Seasonal: Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Groningen, Rotterdam
Ural Airlines Seasonal charter: Yekaterinburg[54]
Volotea Athens
Seasonal: Bari, Marseille, Naples, Palermo, Venice, Verona
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona, Rome–Fiumicino
Windrose Airlines Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil[13]
Wizz Air Seasonal: Budapest
Yakutia Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow–Vnukovo[54]

Statistics[edit]

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest European routes from Heraklion Airport per week[citation needed]
Rank Destination Airport(s) Summer 2016 Top carriers
1 United Kingdom London LGW, LTN, STN 43 British Airways, easyJet, TUI Airways, Thomas Cook Airlines
2 France Paris CDG, ORY 32 Aegean Airlines, Air France, easyJet, Transavia France
3 Russia Moscow DME, SVO, VKO 32 Aegean Airlines, Aeroflot, Ellinair, Siberian Airlines, Ural Airlines
4 Czech Republic Prague PRG 30 Aegean Airlines, SmartWings
5 Italy Milan MXP, LIN 28 Aegean Airlines, Alitalia, easyJet
6 Germany Frankfurt FRA 28 Aegean Airlines, Condor
7 Germany Düsseldorf DUS 28 Aegean Airlines, Air Berlin, Condor, Eurowings
8 Belgium Brussels BRU 24 Aegean Airlines, Brussels Airlines, Jetairfly
9 Austria Vienna VIE 23 Aegean Airlines, Austrian Airlines, NIKI (airline)
10 Germany Munich MUC 22 Aegean Airlines, Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa

Traffic figures[edit]

Historical annual traffic statistics[55]

Year Flights Passengers Passengers Change (%)
2001 39,290 5,046,726 Decrease 2.0
2002 36,664 4,791,729 Decrease 5.1
2003 39,523 4,833,507 Increase 0.9
2004 38,170 4,712,508 Decrease 2,5
2005 38,266 4,932,911 Increase 4.7
2006 43,740 5,345,652 Increase 8.4
2007 46,012 5,438,369 Increase 1.7
2008 45,280 5,437,068 Decrease 0.02
2009 44,842 5,052,840 Decrease 7.1
2010 42,396 4,907,337 Decrease 2.9
2011 44,520 5,292,687 Increase 7.9
2012 40,856 5,076,329 Decrease 4.6
2013 43,544 5,792,429 Increase 14.7
2014 43,637 6,024,958 Increase 5.2
2015 43,970 6,057,355 Increase 0.5
2016 47,804 6,742,746 Increase 11.3
2017 51,114 7,336,783 Increase 8.8
2018 55,680 8,098,465 Increase 10.4
2019 (Jan) 967 98,146 Decrease 0.5

Other facilities[edit]

The airline Bluebird Airways has its head office at the airport.[56]

Trivia[edit]

  • It is often requested by airlines that passengers do not take any photographs or video of the runway. This is because of a Hellenic Air Force base (126 CG) which operates at the airport.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nikos Kazantzakis". WorldAeroData. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
  2. ^ "HERAKLION AIRPORT "N.KAZANTZAKIS"". Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  3. ^ "Heraklion Airport History". www.heraklion-airport.info. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
  4. ^ "Προχωρούν τα έργα στο αεροδρόμιο Ηρακλείου - Πότε παραδίδεται το νέο κτίριο (φωτο)".
  5. ^ "Χρ. Σπίρτζης: "Χωρίς κόστος για το δημόσιο η επέκταση του αεροδρομίου Ηρακλείου"".
  6. ^ "Παίρνει μπροστά η επέκταση του αεροδρομίου "Νίκος Καζαντζάκης"".
  7. ^ "Παραχωρήθηκε η έκταση για την αναβάθμιση του αεροδρομίου Ηρακλείου".
  8. ^ "Αυτό είναι το ... νέο αεροδρόμιο !".
  9. ^ "Εικόνες από τους νέους χώρους του αεροδρομίου "Νίκος Καζαντζάκης"".
  10. ^ "Συνεχίζονται και ολοκληρώνονται οι εργασίες στο Αεροδρόμιο Ηρακλείου ενόψει της έναρξης της τουριστικής σεζόν".
  11. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Aegean Airlines Adds Brest Service in S16". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  12. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Update as of 15SEP14: Aegean Airlines to Open 23 Routes in S15". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  14. ^ https://www.leipzig-halle-airport.de/flugziele-und-flugplaene-21.html
  15. ^ "ANDA Air and Aegean Airlines to increase flights in Georgia". Agenda.ge. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
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  18. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  19. ^ https://www.albawings.com/en
  20. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Alitalia Adds New Seasonal Service June – August 2014". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  21. ^ a b http://www.aslairlines.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/180322-Destinations-vols-loisirs-ASL-Airlines-France-Saison-Ete-2018.pdf
  22. ^ a b c "Timetable". myholiday.austrian.com.
  23. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Blu Express Adds New Milan Bergamo – Greece Seasonal Routes Jul – Sep 2015". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  24. ^ "British Airways Announce Summer London Gatwick – Heraklion Route. - The BA Source". www.thebasource.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  25. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "brussels airlines Adds New Destinations in S16". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  26. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  27. ^ "Flights to Hurghada". corendonairlines.com.
  28. ^ "Ticket Heraklion". corendon.com.
  29. ^ https://www.cyprusairways.com/home/about/news/Cyprus-Airways-announces-the-launch-of-ticket-sales-to-Heraklion-Rhodes-and-Skiathos
  30. ^ a b "Ellinair - Ellinair Airlines -Αρχική Σελίδα - Επίσημη ιστοσελίδα -". Ellinair. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  31. ^ "Tour operator Mouzenidis Travel". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g "Charter flights". Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  33. ^ "Jet2.com Adds Birmingham Routes in S17". routesonline. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  34. ^ "Flight Timetables - Jet2.com". www.jet2.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  35. ^ https://www.ryanair.com/la/en/cheap-flight-destinations
  36. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Lufthansa S19 European network additions".
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  38. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Flight Search". pegasys.pegast.ru. 19 February 2018.
  40. ^ laudamotion "Ryanair to swap German bases with LaudaMotion" Check |url= value (help). ch-aviation.com. 20 October 2018.
  41. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/278520/sky-express-schedules-additional-domestic-routes-in-2q18/
  42. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/273254/sky-express-new-domestic-routes-addition-in-s17/
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  44. ^ a b "Novaturas Flights en". Novaturas flights. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
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  46. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Smartwings Plans Hungary Operations June – Sep 2015". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  48. ^ a b "air and charter tickets". itaka.pl. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  49. ^ a b 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "SunExpress Germany S17 new routes as of 23MAR17". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  50. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "SunExpress Germany S15 Planned New Routes". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  51. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/275775/sunexpress-germany-s18-new-routes-as-of-15nov17/
  52. ^ a b c d "Flight Timetable". tui.co.uk. 5 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  53. ^ "Flight Timetable". TUI Airways. 7 April 2018.
  54. ^ a b "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  55. ^ "Statistical data of Iraklion airport "N. Kazantzakis" for the period 1994–2014" (XLS). Hellenic Civilian Aviation Authority. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  56. ^ "Contact." (Archive) Bluebird Airways. Retrieved on 19 September 2012. "Offices: Heraklion International Airport "N.Kazantzakis" – Address in Greek Archived 2015-09-23 at the Wayback Machine: "Γραφεία: Κρατικός αερολιμένας Ηρακλείου Νίκος Καζαντζάκης"

External links[edit]

Media related to Heraklion International Airport at Wikimedia Commons