Monarchy of Iceland
|Monarchy of Iceland|
|First monarch||Kristján X|
|Last monarch||Kristján X|
|Formation||1 December 1918|
|Abolition||17 June 1944|
The Monarchy of Iceland (Icelandic: Konungsríki Íslands; Danish: Monarki af Island), was the system of government in which an hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Iceland from 1918 to 1944 under a personal union, due to the Act of Union. The Parliament of Iceland asked that Denmark represent Iceland's foreign affairs and day-to-day affairs were delegated to a Danish plenipotentiary for Icelandic affairs based in Reyjkavik, and; after the German invasion of Denmark in 1940; a regent was appointed.
The monarchy of Iceland was created by the Act of Union of 1918 which transformed the former Danish overseas possession of Iceland into an independent sovereign constitutional monarchy. Iceland adopted a new constitution following the referendum in 1944 which abolished the monarchy. Although many Danes felt offended that Iceland should take such a step at that time (Denmark at that point was still under Military occupation by Germany), Kristján X sent a message of congratulations to the Icelandic people.
Titles of the Crown
- By the Grace of God, King of Denmark, Iceland, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn, Dithmarschen, Lauenburg and Oldenburg.
- "Iceland, Home Rule and Sovereignty (1904–44)" at Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 17 March 2014.