Mauritius (1968–1992)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 20°12′S 57°30′E / 20.2°S 57.5°E / -20.2; 57.5

Motto: "Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" (Latin)
"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean"
Anthem: Motherland
Location of Mauritius
CapitalPort Louis
Common languagesMauritian Creole
Rodriguan Creole
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
• 1968–1992
Elizabeth II
• 1968 (first)
John Shaw Rennie
• 1986–1992 (last)
Veerasamy Ringadoo
Prime Minister 
• 1968–1982
Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
• 1982–1992
Anerood Jugnauth
• Independence
12 March 1968
• Republic proclaimed
12 March 1992
CurrencyMauritian rupee
Calling code+230
ISO 3166 codeMU
Preceded by
Succeeded by
British Mauritius
Republic of Mauritius
Today part ofMauritius

Between independence in 1968 and becoming a republic in 1992, Mauritius was an independent sovereign state that shared its head of state with the United Kingdom and other states headed by Elizabeth II.

In 1968, the United Kingdom's Mauritius Independence Act 1968 granted independence to the British Crown Colony of Mauritius. The British monarch, Elizabeth II, remained head of state as Queen of Mauritius, as well as being Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles in Mauritius were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Mauritius.

Elizabeth II visited Mauritius 24–26 March 1972.[1]

In 1975, a series of student protests turned violent.[2]

The Republic of Mauritius was proclaimed on 12 March 1992. Following the abolition of the monarchy, the last Governor General of Mauritius, Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo became the first President of Mauritius.

Governors-General of Mauritius[edit]

Seewoosagur Ramgoolam and then Sir Anerood Jugnauth held office as Prime Minister of Mauritius.


  • "Mauritius Republic Bill [H.L.] (Hansard, 19 May 1992)". Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  • "Mauritius Republic Bill [Lords] (Hansard, 4 June 1992)". Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  • "Mauritius Republic Act 1992". 12 March 1992. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  • ben cahoon. "Mauritius". Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  • "Mauritius: Polity Style: 1968-2017". Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  • "Mauritius: Heads of State: 1968-1992". Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  • "Mauritius: Governors-General: 1968-1992". Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  • "Mauritius Ministers". Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  • "ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT concerning the accession of Mauritius to the Yaounde Convention (1969)" (PDF). Retrieved 26 January 2017.