Kenya (1963–1964)

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Dominion of Kenya

Motto: "Harambee" (Swahili)
"Let us all pull together"
Anthem: Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu
English: "O God of All Creation"
Location of Kenya
Common languagesEnglish
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
• 1963–1964
Elizabeth II
• 1963–1964
Malcolm MacDonald
Prime Minister 
• 1963–1964
Jomo Kenyatta
LegislatureNational Assembly
• Upper House
• Lower House
House of Representatives
Historical eraCold War
• Independence
12 December 1963
• Republic
12 December 1964
CurrencyEast African shilling
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Colony of Kenya

Kenya was a sovereign state between 12 December 1963 and 12 December 1964 that shared its head of state with the United Kingdom and other states headed by Queen Elizabeth II. It was a predecessor to the modern-day Republic of Kenya.

When Kenya Colony was given independence from Britain on 12 December 1963, the British monarch (Elizabeth II) remained head of state as Queen of Kenya. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Kenya, Malcolm John Macdonald (12 December 1963 – 12 December 1964).[1]

Jomo Kenyatta held office as prime minister (and head of government). Elizabeth II visited Kenya in:

  • 1952 (6 February), before independence
  • 1972 (26 March), after Kenya's transition to a republic
  • 1983 (10–14 November)
  • 1991 (7 October).

The Republic of Kenya came into existence on 12 December 1964, while remaining in The Commonwealth by common consent of other governments.. Following the abolition of the monarchy, Jomo Kenyatta became the first President of the Republic of Kenya.[1]


  1. ^ a b "Kenya Republic Bill (1965)". House of Commons. Historic Hansard. 1 February 1965. Retrieved 26 January 2017.

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