Outline of Iceland

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The location of Iceland
An enlargeable topographic map of the Republic of Iceland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iceland:

Icelandsovereign island nation located in the North Atlantic Ocean between continental Europe and Greenland.[1] It is considered part of Northern Europe. It is the least populous of the Nordic countries, having a population of about 329,000 (January 1, 2015).[2] Iceland is volcanically and geologically active on a large scale; this defines the landscape in various ways. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterized by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many big glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Warmed by the Gulf Stream, Iceland has a temperate climate relative to its latitude and provides a habitable environment and nature.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Iceland

Geography of Iceland[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Iceland
An enlargeable satellite image of Iceland

Geography of Iceland

Location of Iceland[edit]

Environment of Iceland[edit]

Jökulsárlón, a glacial lake in Iceland
Katla eruption, 1918
Herðubreið, a tuya volcano in the interior of Iceland, viewed from the southeast.
Dettifoss, in northern Iceland

Geographic features of Iceland[edit]

Regions of Iceland[edit]

Regions of Iceland

The regions of Iceland.
Nr. landsvæði (English) Population
ISO 3166
1 Capital Region Capital Region 202 131[3] 1 062 190.33 IS-1
2 Southern Peninsula (formerly Reykjanes) Southern Peninsula 21 088[3] 829 25.44 IS-2
3 Western Region West 15 589[3] 9 554 1.63 IS-3
4 Westfjords Westfjords 7 137[3] 9 409 0.76 IS-4
5 Northwestern Region Northwest 7 393[3] 12 737 0.58 IS-5
6 Northeastern Region Northeast 29 006[3] 21 968 1.32 IS-6
7 Eastern Region East 12 306[3] 22 721 0.54 IS-7
8 Southern Region South 23 802[3] 24 526 0.97 IS-8
  Ísland Iceland 318 452[4] 102 928 3.1

Region codes[edit]

Administrative divisions of Iceland[edit]

Administrative divisions of Iceland

Constituencies of Iceland[edit]

Constituencies of Iceland Iceland is divided into 6 constituencies for the purpose of selecting representatives to the Alþingi (parliament):

  • Reykjavík North (11)
  • Reykjavík South (11)
  • Northwest (9)
  • Northeast (10)
  • South (10)
  • Southwest (12)
Municipalities of Iceland[edit]

Municipalities of Iceland

A panorama of Selfoss

Demography of Iceland[edit]

Demographics of Iceland

Government and politics of Iceland[edit]

Reykjavík as seen from the Hallgrímskirkja tower.

Branches of the government of Iceland[edit]

Government of Iceland

Executive branch of the government of Iceland[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Iceland[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Iceland[edit]

Foreign relations of Iceland[edit]

Foreign relations of Iceland

International organization membership[edit]

International organization membership of Iceland The Republic of Iceland is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Iceland[edit]

Law of Iceland

Military of Iceland[edit]

Icelandic Coast Guard helicopter

Military of Iceland

History of Iceland[edit]

By period[edit]

By subject[edit]

Culture of Iceland[edit]

The National Day procession in Reykjavík June 17, 2007.

Art in Iceland[edit]

Language in Iceland[edit]

Religion in Iceland[edit]

Religion in Iceland

Sport in Iceland[edit]

Sport in Iceland

Economy and infrastructure of Iceland[edit]

The Ring Road of Iceland and some towns it passes through: 1.Reykjavík, 2.Borgarnes, 3.Blönduós, 4.Akureyri, 5.Egilsstaðir, 6.Höfn, 7.Selfoss

Economy of Iceland

Education in Iceland[edit]

Education in Iceland

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Iceland". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 13, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
  2. ^ Population - key figures 1703-2015 Statistics Iceland
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Population by sex, age and municipalities 2011 Statistics Iceland
  4. ^ Population - Key figures Statistics Iceland
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Present government of Iceland

External links[edit]