Kunshan is a county-level city in southeastern Jiangsu Province, bordering Shanghai to the east. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Suzhou and lies in the east of its jurisdiction.
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Administration
- 4 Geography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Culture
- 7 Recreation and tourism
- 8 Education
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Literature
- 12 References
- 13 External links
There is a strong possibility that the name Kunshan is derived from a hill, but which one is controversial. According to an impacted version,[clarification needed] the hill is present-day Little Kunshan (Xiaokunshan) in Shanghai's Songjiang District. The character 崑 (Kun) was the old Chinese[dubious ] name for the Kunlun Mountains. From it developed the Chinese idiom "a jade from Kunlun Mountains", meaning any "outstanding figure". This was applied to Lu Ji and a hill in his hometown was designated as Kun to commemorate him.
This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (January 2018)
- Lou county (婁縣) which administered Kunshan and the area around was established in Qin dynasty. It was named after Lou River (婁江; present-day Liu River: 瀏河), while its seat was located in the north eastern of Kunshan.
- In 507, Xinyi county (信義縣) which hold Lou county 's former seat was separated from the old Lou county.
- In 535, the old Kunshan county was separated from the old Xinyi county, while its seat was moved to the north of Kun Hill, Songjiang.
- In 751, the seat was moved to the south of Ma'anshan (Ma'an Hill: 馬鞍山; in Kunshan nowadays).
- In 1724, then Kunshan county was divided into new Kunshan county and Xinyang county (新陽縣), the walled city also was halved to locate their own seat respectively.
- In 1860, Taiping Rebellions captured the walled city, then the Ever Victorious Army?recaptured it in 1863.
- On 11 November 1911, the local rally announced that both of the counties seceded from the Qing court from then on.
- In 1912, Xinyang county was merged into Kunshan county.
- On 15 November 1937, the Japanese army captured the walled city.
- On 13 May 1949, the CPC controlled the walled city.
- On 28 September 1989, the county was turn into a county-level city.
Kunshan is divided into 10 towns:
However, both of Yushan and Huaqiao are nominal divisions at present, they even not to be listed in an official website. Kunshan New & Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone (昆山高新技术产业开发区, KSND) administering the main part of Yushan functions as the seat of the city, while Huaqiao Economic Development Zone (花桥经济开发区) administers the north of Huaqiao and Kunshan Economic & Technological Development Zone (昆山经济技术开发区, KETD) administers the east of Yushan.
The area is relatively flat, still, there is a gentle slope stretching from the south-east to north-west. The northern part are basically dense polder, while the southern part is dotted with various lakes. The major lakes are Dianshan Lake, Yangcheng Lake, Cheng Lake and Kuilei Lake. Wusong River winds through the city, while smaller rivers criss-cross it in a grid pattern.
|Climate data for Kunshan (1959−1987)|
|Record high °C (°F)||21.6
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.8
|Record low °C (°F)||−11.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||35.2
|Source: Kunshan County Chorography|
According to the analysis of the local meteorological bureau, from 1961 to 2008, the annual and seasonal air temperatures were the increasing trends, especially in spring. The total precipitation remained static relatively, however, much concentrated in summer and winter.
The composition of local GDP have changed drastically since 1978. The primary sector, the secondary sector and the tertiary sector accounted for 51.4%, 28.9% and 19.7% respectively. However, the data in 2015 were 0.9%, 55.1% and 44.0%.
Kunshan is the cradle of Kunqu opera which evolved from Kunshan tune. The tune was fused the Southern Operas and the Kunshan local cultural elements in the late Yuan dynasty, it was preferred by some scholars and dramatists since mid-Ming dynasty. Being improved by them, Kunshan tune became quite popular until the 1800s.
Kunshan Culture & Art Center
Kunshan Culture & Art Center situated in the west of the downtown is usually used as the venue for considerable local performances and conventions. The center is composed of a performing arts center, a convention center, a movie theater. Its first phase of the project is set in about 17.6 acres of land.
Food identified with Kunshan
Recreation and tourism
Kunshan is one of the most visited tourist destinations among the Yangtze River Delta with over 20 million visits in 2016.
There are two institutions in Kunshan provide at least bachelor's degree education:
- G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway
- G1501 Shanghai Ring Expressway
- S5 Changshu–Jiaxing Expressway
- S48 Shanghai–Yixing Expressway
- S58 Shanghai–Changzhou Expressway
- There is a Kunshan Railway Station on Jinghu Railway situated in the south of the downtown. It principally handles freight.
- Kunshan South Railway Station is a junction where Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway and Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity High-Speed Railway link at. Besides, both Yangcheng Lake Railway Station and Huaqiao Railway Station are on the Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity High-Speed Railway.
A motion made to construct two metro railways running through the city centre was passed by the Jiangsu provincial government. Kunshan is the first county-level city with metro railway system. Line 11, Shanghai Metro has been extended to Kunshan in 2013. An extension of Line 3, Suzhou Rail Transit to Kunshan has also been proposed.
- Einar Tangen: Cities of China – Kunshan. The Kunshan Way. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 2010; ISBN 978-7-119-06432-1.
- Tabulation of the 2010 Population Censue of the People's Republic of China by County: Kunshan. China Statistics Press. 2012. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.
- Wang (1990), pp. 73–74.
- 讀史方輿紀要, Vol. 24.
- Wang (1990), pp. 11–68.
- Wang (1990), pp. 111–114.
- "Characteristics of climate change from 1961 to 2008 in Kunshan, Jiangsu province". Journal of Meteorology and Environment. 26 (5): 53–56. 2010.
- "Kunshan Statistic Yearbook (2015)".
- "Main Economic Indicators of Kunshan (Jan-Dec 2016)".
- "Release of Scientific Development Index of Studies of Small to Medium Sized City in China 2017".
- "Kunshan Culture & Art Center". www.ks.gov.cn.
- "昆山：2016年昆山接待游客突破2000万人次". www.jstour.gov.cn (in Chinese).
- Szablewicz, Marcella (March 2016). "China's E-Sports Paradox". Slate Magazine.
- "省政府关于昆山市城市总体规划的批复". Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-13.
- "昆山市城市总体规划 (2009—2030)". Retrieved 25 March 2014.
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