Linn Boyd

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Linn Boyd
LinnBoyd.jpg
20th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
In office
December 1, 1851 – March 3, 1855
Preceded by Howell Cobb
Succeeded by Nathaniel P. Banks
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1855
Preceded by John L. Murray
Succeeded by Henry C. Burnett
In office
March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1837
Preceded by Chittenden Lyon
Succeeded by John L. Murray
16th Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky
In office
1859
Governor Beriah Magoffin
Preceded by James G. Hardy
Succeeded by Richard T. Jacob
Member of the Kentucky House of Representatives
In office
1827
1831
Personal details
Born November 22, 1800
Nashville, Tennessee
Died December 17, 1859 (aged 59)
Paducah, Kentucky
Political party Democratic-Republican
Democratic
Spouse(s) Alice Bennett
Anna (Rhey) Dixon
Relations Abraham Boyd (Father)
Elizabeth Linn Boyd (Mother)
Children Butler Boyd
Linn Boyd Jr.
Felix Boyd
Rhey Boyd
Profession Politician
Farmer
Signature

Linn Boyd (November 22, 1800 – December 17, 1859) (also spelled "Lynn") was a prominent US politician of the 1840s and 1850s, and served as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1851 to 1855. Boyd was elected to the House as a Democrat from Kentucky from 1835 to 1837 and again from 1839 to 1855, serving seven terms in the House.[1] Boyd County, Kentucky is named in his honor.[2]

Early and family life[edit]

Born to the wife of part-time delegate Abraham Boyd in Trigg County, he was raised and educated to some minimal extent in Trigg County. In 1832, Boyd married fellow Trigg County native Alice C. Bennett. In 1850, the widower married a widow from Pennsylvania, Anna L. Dixon.[3]

Early career[edit]

Boyd moved to Calloway County to farm in 1826. The next year he became Calloway County's delegate in the Kentucky House of Representatives, and served alongside his father (who represented Trigg County) in 1828-1829.[4] In 1831 Boyd moved back to Trigg County and its voters elected him to represent them in the state House.

U.S. Congressman[edit]

In 1833, Boyd lost his first campaign for the United States House of Representatives. In 1835 he was elected to the House and served there until 1837, when a Whig landslide resulting from the Panic of 1837 cost him his seat.

Kentucky voters of the First Congressional District soon returned Boyd to the House, and he would serve from 1839 through 1855. He was a strong supporter of President Andrew Jackson. Boyd played a key role in maneuvering the annexation of Texas through Congress during the term of President John Tyler in 1845. Boyd was also important in getting the Compromise of 1850, chiefly credited to Henry Clay, passed through Congress. Largely though his prominence in shepherding the compromise to passage, Boyd was elected Speaker of the House in 1851 and held that office until 1855.

While in the House, he sufficiently impressed his colleague Charles S. Benton that he named his son, the future inventor and businessman Linn Boyd Benton, after him.[5]

Later career[edit]

Boyd was nominated for Governor of Kentucky in 1848, but declined to run and was replaced by Lazarus W. Powell. In 1852 he moved to Paducah. He was mentioned as a candidate for Vice President of the United States at the 1856 Democratic National Convention, but was never officially nominated; the eventual nominee was fellow Kentuckian John C. Breckinridge.

Kentucky voters elected Boyd the 16th Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky in 1859, but he died shortly thereafter. This became significant with the onset of the Civil War. Governor Beriah Magoffin, who supported slavery, secession and states' rights, became increasingly unpopular and distrusted as Kentucky sought to maintain a neutral course between the Union and the Confederate States of America. Unionists held a two-thirds majority in both houses of the Kentucky General Assembly in summer 1861 and frequently overrode Magoffin's vetos. By August 1862 Magoffin made it clear that he was willing to resign the governorship. However, due to Linn Boyd's death, the person next in line to become Governor of Kentucky was Speaker of the Senate John F. Fisk, whom Magoffin thought unacceptable. After Fisk resigned as Speaker and was replaced by James F. Robinson, Magoffin resigned. Thus, Robinson became governor and Fisk was reinstalled as Speaker of the Senate.

Death and burial[edit]

Boyd died in Paducah on December 17, 1859. He was buried at Paducah's Oak Grove Cemetery. Oaklands, a spacious brick home he had built in Paducah in 1852, no longer exists except as a street name.

References[edit]

  1. ^ John E.L. Robinson, "Linn Boyd in Kentucky Encyclopedia, p. 108, available online at http://www.kyenc.org/entry/b/BOYDL01.html
  2. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 34. 
  3. ^ Kentucky bio
  4. ^ Kentucky bio
  5. ^ Cost, Patricia (1994). "Linn Boyd Benton, Morris Fuller Benton, and Typemaking at ATF" (PDF). Printing History. 16. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Chittenden Lyon
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 1st congressional district

March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1837
Succeeded by
John L. Murray
Preceded by
John L. Murray
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 1st congressional district

March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1855
Succeeded by
Henry C. Burnett
Political offices
Preceded by
Howell Cobb
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
December 1, 1851 – March 3, 1853;
December 5, 1853 – March 3, 1855
Succeeded by
Nathaniel P. Banks
Preceded by
James G. Hardy
Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky
1859
Succeeded by
Richard Taylor Jacob