1984 Democratic National Convention
|1984 presidential election|
Mondale and Ferraro
|Date(s)||July 16–19, 1984|
|City||San Francisco, California|
|Keynote speaker||Mario Cuomo|
|Presidential nominee||Walter Mondale of |
|Vice presidential nominee||Geraldine Ferraro of |
The 1984 National Convention of the U.S. Democratic Party was held at the Moscone Center in San Francisco, California from July 16 to July 19, 1984, to select candidates for the 1984 United States presidential election. Former Vice President Walter Mondale was nominated for president and Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York was nominated for vice president. Ferraro became the first woman to be nominated by either major party for the presidency or vice presidency. In another first, the 1984 Democratic Convention was chaired by the female governor of Kentucky, Martha Layne Collins. The Democratic National Committee Chairman at the time, Charles T. Manatt, led the convention.
The convention was held at Moscone Center, a convention center in San Francisco, California. This marked the second time that a Democratic National Convention had been held in the city of San Francisco, with the 1920 edition having been held at the city's Civic Auditorium.
Events of the Convention
Jackson's speech referred to the nation as a "quilt" with places for "[t]he white, the Hispanic, the black, the Arab, the Jew, the woman, the Native American, the small farmer, the business person, the environmentalist, the peace activist, the young, the old, the lesbian, the gay, and the disabled". It was the first time anyone mentioned lesbians and gays in a national convention address. Jackson also attempted to move the party's platform farther to the left at the Convention, but without much success. He did succeed in one instance, concerning affirmative action.
The following candidates had their names placed in nomination
Senator Gary Hart of Colorado
Before the convention had convened, Mondale was widely regarded as having secured the prerequisite delegate support to clinch the nomination. However, he only attained this amount of delegate support with the inclusion of superdelegates that supported his candidacy. His number of pledged delegates (those bound to him, and awarded through primaries) alone did not give him enough of the a lead to win the nomination without superdelegate support. His number of pledged delegates heading into the convention was 40 shy of the 1,967 needed to win the nomination.
The candidates for U.S. president received the following numbers of delegates:
|Democratic National Convention presidential vote, 1984|
Jesse Jackson had unsuccessfully called for the suspension of the party's electoral rules to give him a number of delegates closer to the 20% average share of the vote he garnered during the primaries. The system tended to punish shallow showings as yielding no delegates at all, hence Jackson's smaller delegate count than would be expected (12%).
Geraldine Ferraro was nominated by acclamation on a voice vote. She became the first woman to receive a major party nomination in the US.
- 1984 Democratic Presidential Primaries
- Rosalind Wiener Wyman, chair and chief executive officer of the convention
- 1983 Libertarian National Convention
- 1984 Republican National Convention
- 1984 United States presidential election
- History of the United States Democratic Party
- List of Democratic National Conventions
- U.S. presidential nomination convention
- Ferraro, Geraldine (1986). Ferraro: My Story. New York: Bantam. ISBN 0-553-05110-5.
- Niekerken, Bill Van (1 August 2016). "SF's 1984 Democratic convention: Historic, but not smooth". SFChronicle.com. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
- House, Ernest R. (24 July 1988). "Jesse in 1984: Whites Wept, Blacks Frowned". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- Reid, Joy-Ann (8 September 2015). Fracture: Barack Obama, the Clintons, and the Racial Divide (Amazon Kindle ed.). William Morrow. p. 50. ASIN B00FJ3A98G.
- "The Jackson Factor". The Economist. 1984-07-21. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- GLBT Historical Society (July 15, 1984). Bobbi Campbell speech (1984). YouTube. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
- Bomboy, Scott (8 June 2016). "A primer about recent convention brawls over delegates". National Constitution Center. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
- Phil Hirschkorn, "America's Last Great Convention: Mondale, Jackson & Hart Dish To Salon About Wild 1984 DNC", Salon. (February 15, 2015)
- Our Campaigns - US President - D Convention Race - Jul 16, 1984
- Democratic Party Platform of 1984 at The American Presidency Project
- Complete video, text and audio of Mario Cuomo's Keynote Address at Democratic National Convention
- Mondale Nomination Acceptance Speech for President at DNC (transcript) at The American Presidency Project
- Video of Mondale nomination acceptance speech for President at DNC (via YouTube)
- Audio of Mondale nomination acceptance speech for President at DNC
- Video of Ferraro nomination acceptance speech for Vice President at DNC (via YouTube)
- Transcript and Audio of Ferraro nomination acceptance speech for Vice President at DNC
New York, New York
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