Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party
|Lieutenant Governor||Peggy Flanagan|
|Senate Leader||Melisa Franzen|
|House Speaker||Melissa Hortman|
|Founded||April 15, 1944|
|Merger of||Minnesota Democratic Party and Minnesota Farmer–Labor Party|
|Headquarters||255 Plato Boulevard East|
Saint Paul, Minnesota
|Youth wing||Minnesota Young DFL (MYDFL)|
|Political position||Center to center-left|
|National affiliation||Democratic Party|
31 / 67
|House of Representatives|
70 / 134
|Statewide Executive Offices|
5 / 5
2 / 2
|U.S. House of Representatives|
4 / 8
Formed by a merger between the Minnesota Democratic Party and the Minnesota Farmer–Labor Party in 1944, the DFL is one of two state Democratic Party affiliates with a different name, the other being the North Dakota Democratic–Nonpartisan League Party.
The DFL was created on April 15, 1944, with the merger of the Minnesota Democratic Party and the larger Farmer–Labor Party. Leading the merger effort were Elmer Kelm, the head of the Minnesota Democratic Party and the founding chairman of the DFL; Elmer Benson, effectively the head of the Farmer–Labor Party by virtue of his leadership of its dominant left-wing faction; and rising star Hubert H. Humphrey, who chaired the Fusion Committee that accomplished the union and then went on to chair its first state convention.
By the party's second convention in 1946, tensions had re-emerged between members of the two former parties. While the majority of delegates supported left-wing policies, Humphrey managed to install a more conservative ally, Orville Freeman, as party secretary. Some Farmer–Labor leaders such as Benson moved to the Progressive Party.
Freeman was elected the state's first DFL governor in 1954. Important members of the party have included Humphrey and Walter Mondale, who each went on to be United States senators, vice presidents of the United States, and unsuccessful Democratic nominees for president; Eugene McCarthy, a U.S. senator who ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1968 as an anti-Vietnam War candidate; and Paul Wellstone, a U.S. senator from 1991 to 2002 who became an icon of populist progressivism.
Current elected officials
Members of Congress
Democrats have held both of Minnesota's seats in the U.S. Senate since 2009:
U.S. House of Representatives
- 2nd district: Angie Craig
- 3rd district: Dean Phillips
- 4th district: Betty McCollum
- 5th district: Ilhan Omar
Democratic Farmer Laborer Party control of all five of the elected statewide offices:
- Governor: Tim Walz
- Lieutenant Governor: Peggy Flanagan
- Secretary of State: Steve Simon
- State Auditor: Julie Blaha
- Attorney General: Keith Ellison
State legislative leaders
- Senate Minority Leader: Melisa Franzen
- House Speaker: Melissa Hortman
- Chair: Ken Martin (since 2011)
- Party Vice Chair: Marge Hoffa (since 2011)
- Second Vice Chair: Shivanthi Sathanandan (since 2021)
- Treasurer: Leah Midgarden (since 2021)
- Secretary: Ceri Everett (since 2021)
- Outreach Officer: Cheniqua Johnson (since 2021)
- Nathanson, Iric (February 26, 2016). "The caucus that changed history: 1948's battle for control of the DFL". Minnesota Post.
- Loughlin, Sean (October 25, 2002). "Wellstone Made Mark as a Liberal Champion". CNN. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- Delton, Jennifer A. Making Minnesota Liberal: Civil Rights and the Transformation of the Democratic Party. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.
- Haynes, John Earl. "Farm Coops and the Election of Hubert Humphrey to the Senate". Agricultural History 57, no. 2 (Fall 1983).
- Haynes, John Earl. Dubious Alliance: The Making of Minnesota's DFL Party. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.
- Henrickson, Gary P. Minnesota in the "McCarthy" Period: 1946–1954. Ph.D. diss. University of Minnesota, 1981.
- Lebedoff, David. The 21st Ballot: A Political Party Struggle in Minnesota. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1969.
- Lebedoff, David. Ward Number Six. New York: Scribner, 1972. Discusses the entry of radicals into the DFL party in 1968.
- Mitau, G. Theodore (Spring 1955). "The Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party Schism of 1948" (PDF). Minnesota History. 34 (5): 187–194. JSTOR 20175887.
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