24th United States Congress

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24th United States Congress
23rd ← → 25th
USCapitol1827A.gif
United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1835 – March 4, 1837

Senate President: Martin Van Buren
Senate Pres. pro tem: William R. King
House Speaker: James K. Polk
Members: 52 Senators
242 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Jacksonian
House Majority: Jacksonian

Sessions
1st: December 7, 1835 – July 4, 1836
2nd: December 5, 1836 – March 3, 1837

The Twenty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1835 to March 4, 1837, during the seventh and eighth years of Andrew Jackson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifth Census of the United States in 1830. Both chambers had a Jacksonian majority.

Major events[edit]

for Richard M. Johnson for Francis Granger
  1. Thomas Hart Benton
  2. John Black
  3. Bedford Brown
  4. James Buchanan
  5. Alfred Cuthbert
  6. Judah Dana
  7. William Lee Davidson Ewing
  8. William Savin Fulton
  9. Felix Grundy
  10. William Hendricks
  11. Henry Hubbard
  12. William Rufus de Vane King
  13. John Pendleton King
  14. Lewis Fields Linn
  15. Lucius Lyon
  16. Samuel McKean
  17. Gabriel Moore
  18. Thomas Morris
  19. Alexander Mouton
  20. Robert Carter Nicholas
  21. John Milton Niles
  22. John Norvell
  23. John Page
  24. Richard Elliott Parker
  25. William Cabell Rives
  26. John McCracken Robinson
  27. John Ruggles
  28. Ambrose Hundley Sevier
  29. Robert Strange
  30. Nathaniel Pitcher Tallmadge
  31. John Tipton
  32. Robert John Walker
  33. Silas Wright, Jr.
  1. Richard Henry Bayard
  2. Henry Clay
  3. Thomas Clayton
  4. John Jordan Crittenden
  5. John Davis
  6. Thomas Ewing
  7. Joseph Kent
  8. Nehemiah Rice Knight
  9. Samuel Prentiss
  10. Asher Robbins
  11. Samuel Lewis Southard
  12. John Selby Spence
  13. Benjamin Swift
  14. Gideon Tomlinson
  15. Garret Dorset Wall
  16. Daniel Webster

Major legislation[edit]

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Treaties[edit]

States admitted and territories formed[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

During this congress two Senate seats were added for each of the new states of Arkansas and Michigan.

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Jacksonian

(AJ)
Jacksonian
(J)
Nullifier
(N)
End of the previous congress 26 20 2 48 0
Begin 24 21 2 47 1
End 19 31 52 0
Final voting share 36.5% 59.6% 3.8%
Beginning of the next congress

(Whig)

19
(Democratic)
33
0 52 0

House of Representatives[edit]

During this congress one House seat was added for each of the new states of Arkansas and Michigan.

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Jacksonian

(AJ)
Anti-
Masonic

(AM)
Jacksonian
(J)
Nullifier
(N)
States' Rights
(SR)
End of the previous congress 64 26 141 8 0 239 1
Begin 75 16 140 7 0 238 2
End 79 15 139 1 241 1
Final voting share 32.8% 6.2% 57.7% 2.9% 0.4%
Beginning of the next congress

(as Whigs)

100
7 (as Democrats)
121
6 0 234 0

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate
Martin Van Buren
President pro tempore
William R. King

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1838; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1840; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

House of Representatives[edit]

Speaker of the House
James K. Polk

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • Replacements: 11
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 5-seat net loss
    • Jacksonians: 10-seat net gain
  • Deaths: 3
  • Resignations: 8
  • Interim appointments: 0
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 16
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Louisiana
(2)
Vacant Senator-elect Charles E.A. Gayarre had resigned on account of ill-health.
Successor was elected January 13, 1836.
Robert C. Nicholas (J) January 13, 1836
Connecticut
(1)
Nathan Smith (AJ) Died December 6, 1835
Successor eas elected December 21, 1835.
John M. Niles (J) December 21, 1835.
Illinois
(3)
Elias Kane (J) Died December 12, 1835
Successor was appointed December 30, 1835.
William Lee D. Ewing (J) December 30, 1835
Virginia
(1)
John Tyler (AJ) Resigned February 29, 1836
Successor was elected March 4, 1836.
William C. Rives (J) March 4, 1836
Maine
(1)
Ether Shepley (J) Resigned March 3, 1836
Successor was appointed December 7, 1836.
Judah Dana (J) December 7, 1836
New Hampshire
(3)
Isaac Hill (J) Resigned May 30, 1836 to become Governor of New Hampshire.
Successor was elected June 8, 1836.
John Page (J) June 8, 1836
Delaware
(1)
Arnold Naudain (AJ) Resigned June 16, 1836
Successor was elected June 17, 1836.
Richard H. Bayard (AJ) June 17, 1836
Virginia
(2)
Benjamin W. Leigh (AJ) Resigned July 4, 1836
Successor was elected December 12, 1836.
Richard E. Parker (J) December 12, 1836
Arkansas
(2)
New seats Arkansas was admitted to the Union.
Its new Senators were elected September 18, 1836.
William S. Fulton (J) September 18, 1836.
Arkansas
(3)
Ambrose H. Sevier (J) September 18, 1836.
Maryland
(3)
Robert H. Goldsborough (AJ) Died October 5, 1836
Successor was elected December 31, 1836.
John S. Spence (AJ) December 31, 1836
North Carolina
(3)
Willie P. Mangum (AJ) Resigned November 26, 1836
Successor was elected December 5, 1836.
Robert Strange (J) December 5, 1836
Delaware
(2)
John M. Clayton (AJ) Resigned December 29, 1836
Successor was elected January 9, 1837.
Thomas Clayton (AJ) January 9, 1837
Louisiana
(3)
Alexander Porter (AJ) Resigned January 5, 1837 due to ill health.
Successor was elected January 12, 1837.
Alexandre Mouton (J) January 12, 1837
Michigan
(1)
New seats Michigan was admitted to the Union.
Its new Senators were elected January 6, 1837.
Lucius Lyon (J) January 26, 1837.
Michigan
(2)
John Norvell (J) January 26, 1837.

House of Representatives[edit]

  • Replacements: 18
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 5-seat net gain
    • Anti-Masonics: 1-seat net loss
    • Jacksonians: 2-seat net loss
    • Nullifiers: No net change
  • Deaths: 5
  • Resignations: 13
  • Contested election: 0
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 24


District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
South Carolina 6th Vacant Rep. Warren R. Davis died during previous congress Waddy Thompson, Jr. (AJ) Seated September 10, 1835
Georgia At-large Vacant Rep. James M. Wayne resigned in previous congress Jabez Y. Jackson (J) Seated October 5, 1835
New York 3rd Campbell P. White (J) Resigned sometime in 1835 Gideon Lee (J) Seated November 4, 1835
Georgia At-large William Schley (J) Resigned July 1, 1835 after being nominated for Governor of Georgia Jesse F. Cleveland (J) Seated October 5, 1835
Georgia At-large James C. Terrell (J) Resigned July 8, 1835 due to ill health Hopkins Holsey (J) Seated October 5, 1835
Georgia At-large John W. A. Sanford (J) Resigned July 25, 1835 to assist in the Cherokee Indian removal Thomas Glascock (J) Seated October 5, 1835
Connecticut At-large Zalmon Wildman (J) Died December 10, 1835 Thomas T. Whittlesey (J) Seated April 29, 1836
Pennsylvania 24th John Banks (AM) Resigned sometime in 1836 John J. Pearson (AJ) Seated December 5, 1836
South Carolina 4th James H. Hammond (N) Resigned February 26, 1836 because of ill health Franklin H. Elmore (N) Seated December 10, 1836
New York 17th Samuel Beardsley (J) Resigned March 29, 1836 Rutger B. Miller (J) Seated November 9, 1836
North Carolina 12th James Graham (AJ) Seat declared vacant March 29, 1836 James Graham (AJ Seated December 5, 1836
South Carolina 8th Richard I. Manning (J) Died May 1, 1836 John P. Richardson (J) Seated December 19, 1836
Arkansas Territory
At-large
Ambrose H. Sevier (J) Seat was eliminated when Arkansas achieved statehood June 15, 1836
Connecticut At-large Andrew T. Judson (J) Resigned July 4, 1836 after being appointed to seat on the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut Orrin Holt (J) Seated December 5, 1836
Mississippi At-large David Dickson (AJ) Died July 31, 1836 Samuel J. Gholson (J) Seated December 1, 1836
Arkansas
At-large
Vacant Arkansas was admitted to the Union on June 15, 1836 Archibald Yell (J) Seated August 1, 1836
Georgia At-large George W. Towns (J) Resigned September 1, 1836 Julius C. Alford (AJ) Seated January 2, 1837
New York 30th Philo C. Fuller (AJ) Resigned September 2, 1836 John Young (AJ) Seated November 9, 1836
Georgia At-large John E. Coffee (J) Died September 25, 1836 William C. Dawson (AJ) Seated November 7, 1836
Pennsylvania 13th Jesse Miller (J) Resigned October 30, 1836 James Black (J) Seated December 5, 1836
New Jersey At-large Philemon Dickerson (J) Resigned November 3, 1836 after being chosen Governor of New Jersey William Chetwood (AJ) Seated December 5, 1836
Indiana 6th George L. Kinnard (J) Died November 26, 1836 William Herod (AJ) Seated January 25, 1837
Virginia 2nd John Y. Mason (J) Resigned January 11, 1837 Vacant Not filled this congress
Michigan Territory
At-large
George W. Jones (J) Seat was eliminated when Michigan achieved statehood January 26, 1837
Michigan
At-large
Vacant Michigan was admitted to the Union on January 26, 1837 Isaac E. Crary (J) Seated January 26, 1837
Wisconsin Territory
At-large
Vacant Wisconsin Territory was organized on April 3, 1836 George W. Jones (J) Seated January 26, 1837

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]