List of Chief Ministers of Tripura
|Chief Minister of Tripura|
|Appointer||Governor of Tripura|
|Inaugural holder||Sachindra Lal Singh|
|Formation||1 July 1963|
The Chief Minister of Tripura, a northeast Indian state, is the head of the Government of Tripura. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Tripura is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Tripura Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
Since 1963, Tripura has had nine chief ministers. The first was Sachindra Lal Singh of the Indian National Congress. Manik Sarkar of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) has served as Chief Minister of Tripura since 1998; his reign is the longest in the state's history.
Chief Ministers of Tripura
|Colour key for parties|
|1[b], 2||1||Sachindra Lal Singh||1 July 1963||1 November 1971||Indian National Congress||3046 days|
|1 November 1971||20 March 1972||N/A|
|3[d]||2||Sukhamoy Sen Gupta||20 March 1972||31 March 1977||Indian National Congress||1838 days|
|3||3||Prafulla Kumar Das||1 April 1977||25 July 1977||Congress for Democracy||116 days|
|3||4||Radhika Ranjan Gupta||26 July 1977||4 November 1977||Janata Party||102 days|
|5 November 1977||5 January 1978||N/A|
|4, 5||5||Nripen Chakraborty||5 January 1978||5 February 1988||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||3684 days|
|6||6||Sudhir Ranjan Majumdar||5 February 1988||19 February 1992||Indian National Congress||1476 days|
|6||7||Samir Ranjan Barman||19 February 1992||10 March 1993||386 days|
|11 March 1993||10 April 1993||N/A|
|7||8||Dasarath Deb||10 April 1993||11 March 1998||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||1796 days|
|8,9,10||9||Manik Sarkar||11 March 1998||Incumbent||6798 days|
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
- On 1 July 1963, the Territorial Council of Union Territory of Tripura was dissolved and the first Legislative Assembly of the Union Territory of Tripura was constituted. Members of the dissolved Territorial Council became members of the first assembly and permitted to continue for the reminder of their original five year term.
- When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- On 1 February 1972, State of Tripura came into existence constituted from the erstwhile Union Territory of Tripura.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Tripura as well.
- Former Chief Ministers of Tripura. Government of Tripura. Retrieved on 21 August 2013.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.
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