List of New World monkey species

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New World monkeys are all simian primates. While they are endemic to South and Central America, their ancestors rafted over from Africa across the Atlantic Ocean when it was much narrower than at present.

Taxonomic classification[edit]

Key[edit]

Scientific name Latin binomial name, or Latin name, of the species
Common name Common name of the species, per Wilson, et al. Mammal Species of the World (2005) or Rylands and Mittermeier The Diversity of the New World Primates (Platyrrhini) in Garber, et al. South American Primates: Comparative Perspectives in the Study of Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation (2009)
Family Family within the Parvorder Platyrrhini to which the species belongs
Classified Date in which the species was formally described and classified, as well as the binomial authority on the species
Average size Average size of adult members of the species, in metric and English weight units
Conservation status Conservation status of the species, per IUCN as of 2008

Extant species[edit]

Family: Callitrichidae[edit]

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Callithrix jacchus common marmoset 1758 Linnaeus 400 g (14 oz) least concern [1][2][3]
Callithrix penicillata black-tufted marmoset 1812 É. Geoffroy 350 g (12 oz) least concern [2][4][5]
Callithrix kuhlii Wied's marmoset 1985 Coimbra-Filho near threatened [2][6][7]
Callithrix geoffroyi white-headed marmoset 1812 E. Geoffroy least concern [2][8][9]
Callithrix flaviceps buffy-headed marmoset 1903 Thomas endangered [2][10][11]
Callithrix aurita buffy-tufted marmoset 1812 E. Geoffroy vulnerable [2][12][13]
Mico acariensis Rio Acari marmoset 2000 van Roosmaalen et al. data deficient [2][14][15]
Mico argentata silvery marmoset 1766 Linnaeus 300–400 g (11–14 oz) least concern [2][16][17]
Mico leucippe white marmoset 1922 Thomas vulnerable [2][18][19]
Mico emiliae Emilia's marmoset 1920 Thomas data deficient [2][20][21]
Mico nigriceps black-headed marmoset 1992 Ferrari and Lopes data deficient [2][22][23]
Mico manicorensis manicore marmoset 2000 van Roosmaalen et al. 350 g (12 oz) least concern [2][24][25]
Mico marcai Marca's marmoset 1993 Alperin data deficient [2][26][27]
Mico melanura black-tailed marmoset 1812 É. Geoffroy 300–400 g (11–14 oz) least concern [2][28][29]
Mico humeralifera Santarem marmoset 1812 É. Geoffroy data deficient [2][30][31]
Mico mauesi Maués marmoset 1992 R.A. Mittermeier, Schwarz & Ayres least concern [2][32][33]
Mico chrysoleuca gold-and-white marmoset 1842 Wagner least concern [2][34][35]
Mico intermedia Hershkovitz's marmoset 1977 Hershkovitz least concern [2][36][37]
Callibella humilis Roosmalens' dwarf marmoset 1998 van Roosmalen et al. 150–185 g (5.3–6.5 oz) vulnerable [2][38][39]
Cebuella pygmaea pygmy marmoset 1823 Spix 120–140 g (4.2–4.9 oz) least concern [2][40][41]
Leontopithecus rosalia golden lion tamarin 1766 Linnaeus 550–700 g (19–25 oz) endangered [2][42][43]
Leontopithecus chrysomelas golden-headed lion tamarin 1820 Kuhl endangered [2][44][45]
Leontopithecus chrysopygus black lion tamarin 1823 Mikan endangered [2][46][47]
Leontopithecus caissara Superagui lion tamarin 1990 Lorini & Persson critically endangered [2][48][49]
Saguinus midas red-handed tamarin 1758 Linnaeus 400–550 g (14–19 oz) least concern [2][50][51]
Saguinus niger black tamarin 1803 É. Geoffroy vulnerable [2][52][53]
Saguinus nigricollis black-mantled tamarin 1823 Spix least concern [2][54][55]
Saguinus graellsi Graells's tamarin 1870 Jimenez de la Espada near threatened [2][56][57]
Saguinus fuscicollis brown-mantled tamarin 1823 Spix least concern [2][58][59]
Saguinus melanoleucus white-mantled tamarin 1912 Ribeiro least concern [2][60][61]
Saguinus tripartitus golden-mantled tamarin 1878 Milne-Edwards near threatened [2][62][63]
Saguinus mystax moustached tamarin 1803 Spix least concern [2][64][65]
Saguinus pileatus red-capped tamarin 1848 I. Geoffroy and Deville least concern [2][66][67]
Saguinus labiatus white-lipped tamarin 1812 E. Geoffroy least concern [2][68][69]
Saguinus imperator emperor tamarin 1907 Goeldi 300–400 g (11–14 oz) least concern [2][70][71]
Saguinus bicolor pied tamarin 1823 Spix 428 g (15.1 oz) endangered [2][72][73]
Saguinus martinsi Martins's tamarin 1912 Thomas least concern [2][74][75]
Saguinus oedipus cottontop tamarin 1758 Linnaeus 432 g (15.2 oz) critically endangered [2][76][77]
Saguinus geoffroyi Geoffroy's tamarin 1845 Pucheran 486–507 g (17.1–17.9 oz) least concern [2][78][79]
Saguinus leucopus white-footed tamarin 1877 Günther endangered [2][80][81]
Saguinus inustus mottle-faced tamarin 1951 Schwartz least concern [2][82][83]
Callimico goeldii Goeldi's marmoset 1904 Thomas vulnerable [2][84][85]

Family: Cebidae[edit]

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Cebus capucinus white-headed capuchin 1758 Linnaeus 3,900 g (140 oz) least concern [86][87]
Cebus albifrons white-fronted capuchin 1812 Humboldt 2,900–3,400 g (100–120 oz) least concern [88][89]
Cebus olivaceus weeper capuchin 1848 Schomburgk least concern [90][91]
Cebus kaapori Kaapori capuchin 1992 Queiroz critically endangered [92][93]
Cebus apella tufted capuchin 1758 Linnaeus 1,900–4,800 g (67–169 oz) least concern [94][95]
Cebus libidinosus black-striped capuchin 1823 Spix least concern [96][97]
Cebus nigritus black capuchin 1809 goldfuss near threatened [98][99]
Cebus xanthosternos golden-bellied capuchin 1826 Wied critically endangered [100][101]
Cebus flavius blond capuchin 1774 Schreber 2,000–3,000 g (71–106 oz) critically endangered [2][102][103]
Saimiri oerstedii Central American squirrel monkey 1872 Reinhardt 695–829 g (24.5–29.2 oz) vulnerable [104][105]
Saimiri sciureus common squirrel monkey 1758 Linnaeus least concern [106][107]
Saimiri ustus bare-eared squirrel monkey 1843 I. Geoffroy least concern [108][109]
Saimiri boliviensis black-capped squirrel monkey 1834 I. Geoffroy and Blainville least concern [110][111]
Saimiri vanzolinii black squirrel monkey 1985 Ayres least concern [112][113]

Family: Aotidae[edit]

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Aotus lemurinus gray-bellied night monkey 1843 I. Geoffroy 1,300 g (46 oz) vulnerable [114][115]
Aotus zonalis Panamanian night monkey 1843 I. Geoffroy 889–916 g (31.4–32.3 oz) data deficient [116][117]
Aotus griseimembra gray-handed night monkey 1912 Elliot 923–1,009 g (32.6–35.6 oz) vulnerable [116][118]
Aotus jorgehernandezi Hernández-Camacho's night monkey 2007 Defler and Bueno data deficient [116][119]
Aotus brumbacki Brumback's night monkey 1983 Hershkovitz vulnerable [116][119]
Aotus trivirgatus three-striped night monkey 1823 Spix 1,000 g (35 oz) least concern [120][121]
Aotus vociferans Spix's night monkey 1811 Humboldt least concern [122][123]
Aotus miconax Peruvian night monkey 1927 Thomas vulnerable [124][125]
Aotus nancymaae Nancy Ma's night monkey 1983 Hershkovitz least concern [126][127]
Aotus azarae Azara's night monkey 1811 Humboldt least concern [128][129]
Aotus nigriceps black-headed night monkey 1909 Dollman least concern [130][131]

Family Pitheciidae[edit]

Subfamily: Callicebinae[edit]

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Callicebus (Callicebus) donacophilus white-eared titi 1837 d'Orbigny least concern [132][133]
Callicebus (Callicebus) modestus Rio Beni titi 1939 Lönnberg endangered [134][135]
Callicebus (Callicebus) oenanthe Rio Mayo titi 1924 Thomas endangered [136][137]
Callicebus (Callicebus) olallae Ollala brothers' titi 1939 Lönnberg endangered [138][139]
Callicebus (Callicebus) pallescens white-coated titi 1907 Thomas least concern [140][141]
Callicebus (Callicebus) baptista Baptista Lake titi 1939 Lönnberg least concern [142][143]
Callicebus (Callicebus) bernhardi Prince Bernhard's titi 2002 van Roosmalen et al. least concern [144][145]
Callicebus (Callicebus) brunneus brown titi 1842 Wagner least concern [146][147]
Callicebus (Callicebus) cinerascens ashy black titi 1823 Spix least concern [148][149]
Callicebus (Callicebus) hoffmannsi Hoffmanns's titi 1908 Thomas least concern [150][151]
Callicebus (Callicebus) moloch red-bellied titi 1807 Hoffmannsegg least concern [152][153]
Callicebus (Callicebus) barbarabrownae Barbara Brown's titi 1990 Hershkovitz critically endangered [154][155]
Callicebus (Callicebus) coimbrai Coimbra Filho's titi 1999 Kobayashi and Langguth endangered [156][157]
Callicebus (Callicebus) melanochir coastal black-handed titi 1820 Wied-Neuwied vulnerable [158][159]
Callicebus (Callicebus) nigrifrons black-fronted titi 1823 Spix near threatened [160][161]
Callicebus (Callicebus) personatus Atlantic titi 1812 É. Geoffroy in Humboldt vulnerable [162][163]
Callicebus (Callicebus) caligatus chestnut-bellied titi 1842 Wagner least concern [164][165]
Callicebus (Callicebus) cupreus coppery titi 1823 Spix least concern [166][167]
Callicebus (Callicebus) discolor white-tailed titi 1848 I. Geoffroy and Deville least concern [168][169]
Callicebus (Callicebus) dubius Hershkovitz's titi 1988 Hershkovitz least concern [170][171]
Callicebus (Callicebus) ornatus ornate titi 1866 Gray vulnerable [172][173]
Callicebus (Callicebus) stephennashi Stephen Nash's titi 2002 van Roosmalen et al. data deficient [174][175]
Callicebus (Torquatus) lucifer Lucifer titi 1914 Thomas least concern [176][177]
Callicebus (Torquatus) lugens black titi 1811 Humboldt least concern [178][179]
Callicebus (Torquatus) medemi Colombian black-handed titi 1963 Hershkovitz vulnerable [180][181]
Callicebus (Torquatus) purinus Rio Purus titi 1927 Thomas least concern [182][183]
Callicebus (Torquatus) regulus red-headed titi 1927 Thomas least concern [184][185]
Callicebus (Torquatus) torquatus collared titi 1807 Hoffmannsegg least concern [186][187]
Callicebus aureipalatii Madidi titi 2005 Wallace least concern [188]

Subfamily: Pitheciidae[edit]

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Pithecia pithecia white-faced saki 1766 Linnaeus least concern [189][190]
Pithecia monachus monk saki 1812 É. Geoffroy 1,500–3,000 g (53–106 oz) least concern [191][192]
Pithecia irrorata Rio Tapajós saki 1842 Gray least concern [193][194]
Pithecia aequatorialis equatorial saki 1987 Hershkovitz least concern [195][196]
Pithecia albicans white-footed saki 1860 Gray vulnerable [197][198]
Chiropotes satanas black bearded saki 1807 Hoffmannsegg critically endangered [199][200]
Chiropotes chiropotes red-backed bearded saki 1811 Humboldt least concern [201][202]
Chiropotes israelita brown-backed bearded saki 1823 Spix not evaluated [203]
Chiropotes utahickae Uta Hick's bearded saki 1985 Hershkovitz endangered [204][205]
Chiropotes albinasus white-nosed saki 1848 I. Geoffroy and Deville endangered [206][207]
Cacajao melanocephalus black-headed uakari 1812 Humboldt least concern [208][209]
Cacajao calvus bald uakari 1847 I. Geoffroy 4,000 g (140 oz) vulnerable [210][211]
Cacajao ayresii Aracá uakari 2008 Boubli et al. vulnerable [212][213]
Cacajao hosomi Neblina uakari 2008 Boubli et al. vulnerable [212][214]

Family Atelidae[edit]

Subfamily: Alouattinae[edit]

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Alouatta coibensis Coiba Island howler 1902 Thomas vulnerable [215][216]
Alouatta palliata mantled howler 1849 Gray 9,800 g (350 oz) least concern [217][218]
Alouatta pigra Guatemalan black howler 1933 Lawrence 6,400–11,400 g (230–400 oz) endangered [219][220]
Alouatta belzebul red-handed howler 1766 Lawrence vulnerable [221][222]
Alouatta guariba brown howler 1812 Humboldt least concern [223][224]
Alouatta macconnelli Guyanan red howler 1766 Linnaeus least concern [225][226]
Alouatta nigerrima Amazon black howler 1942 Lönnberg least concern [227][228]
Alouatta sara Bolivian red howler 1910 Elliot least concern [229][230]
Alouatta seniculus Venezuelan red howler 1766 Linnaeus 4,200–9,000 g (150–320 oz) least concern [231][232]
Alouatta caraya black howler 1812 Humboldt least concern [233][234]

Subfamily: Atelinae[edit]

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Ateles paniscus red-faced spider monkey 1758 Linnaeus 7,000 g (250 oz) vulnerable [235][236]
Ateles belzebuth white-fronted spider monkey 1806 É. Geoffroy endangered [237][238]
Ateles chamek Peruvian spider monkey 1812 Humboldt endangered [239][240]
Ateles hybridus brown spider monkey 1829 I. Geoffroy critically endangered [241][242]
Ateles marginatus white-cheeked spider monkey 1809 É. Geoffroy endangered [243][244]
Ateles fusciceps black-headed spider monkey 1866 Gray 8,800 g (310 oz) critically endangered [245][246]
Ateles geoffroyi Geoffroy's spider monkey 1820 Kuhl 6,000–9,000 g (210–320 oz) endangered [247][248]
Brachyteles arachnoides southern muriqui 1806 É. Geoffroy 8,000–15,000 g (280–530 oz) endangered [249][250]
Brachyteles hypoxanthus northern muriqui 1820 Kuhl critically endangered [251][252]
Lagothrix lagotricha brown woolly monkey 1812 Humboldt vulnerable [253][254]
Lagothrix cana gray woolly monkey 1812 É. Geoffroy endangered [255][256]
Lagothrix lugens Colombian woolly monkey 1907 Elliot critically endangered [257][258]
Lagothrix poeppigii silvery woolly monkey 1944 Schinz vulnerable [259][260]
Oreonax flavicauda yellow-tailed woolly monkey 1812 Humboldt 5,700–8,300 g (200–290 oz) critically endangered [261][262]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rylands AB & Mittermeier RA (2009). "The Diversity of the New World Primates (Platyrrhini)". In Garber PA, Estrada A, Bicca-Marques JC, Heymann EW & Strier KB. South American Primates: Comparative Perspectives in the Study of Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. Springer. pp. 23–54. ISBN 978-0-387-78704-6. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callithrix jacchus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 131. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq Rylands & Mittermeier pp. 23-54
  3. ^ Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A.; Oliveira, M. M. & Keirulff, M. C. M. (2008). "Callithrix jacchus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  4. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callithrix penicillata". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  5. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callithrix penicillata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  6. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callithrix kuhlii". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 131. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  7. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Kierullf, M. C. M. (2008). "Callithrix kuhlii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  8. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callithrix geoffroyi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  9. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callithrix geoffroyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  10. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callithrix flaviceps". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  11. ^ Rylands, A. B.; Ferrari, S. F. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callithrix flaviceps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  12. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callithrix aurita". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  13. ^ Mittermeier, R. A. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Callithrix aurita". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  14. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Mico acariensis". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 129–130. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  15. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jn., J. (2008). "Mico acariensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  16. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Mico argentata". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  17. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico argentatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  18. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Mico leucippe". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  19. ^ Mittermeier, R. A. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Mico leucippe". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  20. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Mico emiliae". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  21. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico emiliae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  22. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Mico nigriceps". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  23. ^ Rylands, A. B.; Ferrari, S. F. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Mico nigriceps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  24. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Mico manicorensis". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 131–132. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  25. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico manicorensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  26. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Mico marcai". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  27. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico marcai". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  28. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Mico melanura". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  29. ^ Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Wallace, R. B. (2008). "Mico melanurus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  30. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Mico humeralifera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 118. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  31. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico humeralifer". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  32. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Mico mauesi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  33. ^ Rylands, A. B.; Silva Jr., J. S. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Mico mauesi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  34. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Mico chrysoleuca". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  35. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico chrysoleucus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  36. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Mico intermedia". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 131. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  37. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico intermedius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  38. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callibella humilis". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 131. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  39. ^ Mittermeier, R. A. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Callibella humilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  40. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Cebuella pygmaea". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  41. ^ de la Torre, S. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Cebuella pygmaea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  42. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Leontopithecus rosalia". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 133. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  43. ^ Kierulff, M.C.M.; Rylands, A.B. & de Oliveira, M.M. (2008). "Leontopithecus rosalia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  44. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Leontopithecus chrysomelas". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 133. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  45. ^ Kierulff, M. C. M.; Rylands, A. B.; Mendes, S. L. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Leontopithecus chrysomelas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  46. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Leontopithecus chrysopygus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 133. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  47. ^ Kierulff, M. C. M.; Rylands, A. B.; Mendes, S. L. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Leontopithecus chrysopygus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  48. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Leontopithecus caissara". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 133. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  49. ^ Kierulff, M. C. M.; Rylands, A. B.; Mendes, S. L. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Leontopithecus caissara". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  50. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus midas". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 135. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  51. ^ Mittermeier, R. A.; Rylands, A. B. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Saguinus midas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  52. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus niger". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 135. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  53. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Saguinus niger". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  54. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus nigricollis". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 135–136. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  55. ^ de la Torre, S. & Stevenson, P. (2008). "Saguinus nigricollis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  56. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus graellsi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 135–136. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  57. ^ de la Torre, S.; Di Fiore, A. & Stevenson, P. (2008). "Saguinus nigricollis ssp. graellsi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  58. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus fuscicollis". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 134. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  59. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Saguinus fuscicollis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  60. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus melanoleucus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 135. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  61. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Saguinus melanoleucos". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  62. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus tripartitus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 136. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  63. ^ de la Torre, S. & Cornejo, F. (2008). "Saguinus tripartitus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  64. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus mystax". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 135. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  65. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Saguinus mystax". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  66. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus pileatus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 136. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  67. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Saguinus mystax ssp. pileatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  68. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus labiatus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 134. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  69. ^ Mittermeier, R. A. & Wallace, R. B. (2008). "Saguinus labiatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  70. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus imperator". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 134. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  71. ^ Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Saguinus imperator". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  72. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus bicolor". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 133–4. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  73. ^ Mittermeier, A. B.; Boubli, J.-P.; Subirá, R. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Saguinus bicolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 November 2008. 
  74. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus martinsi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 135. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  75. ^ Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Subirá, R. (2008). "Saguinus martinsi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  76. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus oedipus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 135. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  77. ^ Savage, A. & Causado, J. (2008). "Saguinus oedipus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  78. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus geoffroyi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 135. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  79. ^ Marsh, L.; Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Saguinus geoffroyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 28 November 2008. 
  80. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus leucopus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 135. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  81. ^ Moarles-Jiménez, A. L.; Link, A. & Stevenson, P. (2008). "Saguinus leucopus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  82. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saguinus inustus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 134. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  83. ^ Palacios, E.; Boubli, J.-P. & Stevenson, P. (2008). "Saguinus inustus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  84. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callimico goeldii". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 129. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  85. ^ Mittermeier, R. A. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Callimico goeldii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  86. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Cebus capucinus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 137. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  87. ^ Causado, J.; Cuarón, A.D.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Cebus capucinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 October 2008. 
  88. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Cebus albifrons". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 136–137. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  89. ^ de la Torre, S.; Morales, A. L.; Link, A. & Cornejo, F. (2008). "Cebus albifrons". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  90. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Cebus olivaceus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 138. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  91. ^ Rylands, A. B.; Boubli, J.-P. & Mittermeier R. A. (2008). "Cebus olivaceus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  92. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Cebus kaapori". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 137. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  93. ^ Kierulff, M. C. M. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Cebus kaapori". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  94. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Cebus apella". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 137. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  95. ^ Rylands, A. B.; Boubli, J.-P.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Wallace, R. B. (2008). "Cebus apella". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  96. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Cebus libidinosus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 137. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  97. ^ Rylands, A.B. & Kierulff, M.C.M. (2008). "Cebus libidinosus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 23 November 2008. 
  98. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Cebus nigritus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 137–138. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  99. ^ Keirulff, M.C.M.; Mendes, S.L. & Rylands, A.B. (2008). "Cebus nigritus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 23 November 2008. 
  100. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Cebus xanthosternos". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 138. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  101. ^ Kierulff, M. C. M.; Mendes, S. L. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Cebus xanthosternos". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  102. ^ Mendes Pontes, A. R.; Malta, A.; Asfora, P. H. (2006), "A new species of capuchin monkey, genus Cebus Erxleben (Cebidae, Primates): Found at the very brink of extinction in the Pernambuco Endemism Centre." (PDF), Zootaxa, 1200, pp. 1–12, retrieved 2009-05-04 
  103. ^ de Oliveira, M. M.; Boubli, J.-P. & Kierulff, M. C. M. (2008). "Cebus flavius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  104. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saimiri oerstedii". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 138–139. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  105. ^ Wong, G.; Cuarón, A.D.; Rodriguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Saimiri oerstedii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 October 2008. 
  106. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saimiri sciureus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 139. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  107. ^ Boubli, J.-P.; Rylands, A. B.; de la Torre, S. & Stevenson, P. (2008). "Saimiri sciureus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  108. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saimiri ustus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 139. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  109. ^ de Oliveira, M. M. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Saimiri ustus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  110. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saimiri boliviensis". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 139. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  111. ^ Wallace, R. B.; Cornejo, F. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Saimiri boliviensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  112. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Saimiri vanzolinii". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 139. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  113. ^ Boubli, J.-P. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Saimiri vanzolinii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  114. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Aotus lemurinus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 140. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  115. ^ Morales-Jiménez, A.L. & de la Torre, S. (2008). "Aotus lemurinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 5 November 2008. 
  116. ^ a b c d Defler, T. R. & Bueno, M. L. (2007). "Aotus Diversity and the Species Problem" (PDF). Primate Conservation. 2007 (22): 55–70. doi:10.1896/052.022.0104. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2009. 
  117. ^ Cuarón, A.D.; Palacios, E.; Morales, A.; Shedden, A.; Rodriguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Aotus zonalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 December 2008. 
  118. ^ Morales-Jiménez, A.L. & Link, A. (2008). "Aotus griseimembra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 December 2008. 
  119. ^ a b Morales-Jiménez, A.L. & Link, A. (2008). "Aotus jorgehernandezi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 December 2008. 
  120. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Aotus trivirgatus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 141. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  121. ^ Veiga, L. M. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Aotus trivirgatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  122. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Aotus vociferans". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 141. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  123. ^ Morales-Jiménez, A. L.; Link, A.; Cornejo, F. & Stevenson, P. (2008). "Aotus vociferans". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  124. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Aotus miconax". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 140. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  125. ^ Cornejo, F.; Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Heymann, E. (2008). "Aotus miconax". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  126. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Aotus nancymaae". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 140. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  127. ^ Cornejo, F. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Aotus nancymaae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  128. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Aotus azarae". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 139–140. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  129. ^ Fernandez-Duque, E.; Wallace, R. B. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Aotus azarae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  130. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Aotus nigriceps". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 139–140. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  131. ^ Cornejo, F. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Aotus nigriceps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  132. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) donacophilus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  133. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Wallace, R. B. & Ferrari, S. F. (2008). "Callicebus donacophilus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  134. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) modestus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 144. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  135. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Wallace, R. B. & Martinez, J. (2008). "Callicebus modestus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  136. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) oenanthe". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 144–145. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  137. ^ Veiga, L. M.; DeLuycker, A. M.; Bóveda-Penalba, A. J.; Vermeer, J. & Cornejo, F. (2008). "Callicebus oenanthe". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  138. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) olallae". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  139. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Wallace, R. B. & Martinez, J. (2008). "Callicebus olallae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  140. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) pallescens". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  141. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Wallace, R. B. & Velilla, M. (2008). "Callicebus pallescens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  142. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) baptista". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 141. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  143. ^ Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus baptista". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  144. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) bernhardi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  145. ^ Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus bernhardi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  146. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) brunneus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  147. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Wallace, R. B. & Ferrari, S. F. (2008). "Callicebus brunneus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  148. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) cinerascens". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  149. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Noronha, M. N.; Spironello, W. R. & Ferreira, D. C. (2008). "Callicebus cinerascens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  150. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) hoffmannsi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  151. ^ Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus hoffmannsi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  152. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) moloch". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 144. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  153. ^ Veiga, L. M. & Ferrari, S. F. (2008). "Callicebus moloch". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  154. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) barbarabrownae". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 141–142. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  155. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Printes, R. C.; Rylands, A. B.; Kierulff, C. M.; de Oliveira, M. M. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callicebus barbarabrownae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  156. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) coimbrai". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  157. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Sousa, M. C.; Jerusalinsky, L.; Ferrari, S. F.; de Oliveira, M. M.; Santos, S. S. D; Valente, M. C. M. & Printes, R. C. (2008). "Callicebus coimbrai". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  158. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) melanochir". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  159. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Printes, R. C.; Ferrari, S. F.; Kierulff, C. M.; de Oliveira, M. M. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callicebus melanochir". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  160. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) nigrifrons". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 144. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  161. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Kierulff, C. M.; de Oliveira, M. M. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callicebus nigrifrons". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  162. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) personatus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  163. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Ferrari, S. F.; Kierulff, C. M.; de Oliveira, M. M. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callicebus personatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  164. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) caligatus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  165. ^ Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus caligatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  166. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) cupreus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 142–143. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  167. ^ Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus cupreus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  168. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) discolor". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  169. ^ Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus discolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  170. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) dubius". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  171. ^ Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus dubius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  172. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) ornatus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  173. ^ Veiga, L. M. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Callicebus ornatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  174. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Callicebus) stephennashi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  175. ^ Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus stephennashi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  176. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Torquatus) lucifer". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  177. ^ Veiga, L. M.; de la Torre, S. & Cornejo, F. (2008). "Callicebus lucifer". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  178. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Torquatus) lugens". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  179. ^ Veiga, L. M. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Callicebus lugens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  180. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Torquatus) medemi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 144. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  181. ^ Veiga, L. M. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Callicebus medemi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  182. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Torquatus) purinus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  183. ^ Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus purinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  184. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Torquatus) regulus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  185. ^ Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus regulus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  186. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callicebus (Torquatus) torquatus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 146. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  187. ^ Veiga, L. M. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Callicebus torquatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  188. ^ Wallace, R. B.; de la Torre, S. & Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus aureipalatii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  189. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Pithecia pithecia". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 148. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  190. ^ Veiga, L. M. & Marsh, L. (2008). "Pithecia pithecia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  191. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Pithecia monachus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 147–148. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  192. ^ Marsh, L. & Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Pithecia monachus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  193. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Pithecia irrorata". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 147. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  194. ^ Veiga, L. M. & Marsh, L. (2008). "Pithecia irrorata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  195. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Pithecia aequatorialis". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 147. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  196. ^ Marsh, L. & Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Pithecia aequatorialis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  197. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Pithecia albicans". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 147. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  198. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Marsh, L. (2008). "Pithecia albicans". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  199. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Chiropotes satanas". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 147. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  200. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Silva Jr., J. S.; Ferrari, S. F. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Chiropotes satanas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 24 Nov 2008. 
  201. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Chiropotes chiropotes". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 146. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  202. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Silva Jr., J. S.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Chiropotes chiropotes". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  203. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Chiropotes israelita". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 146–147. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  204. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Chiropotes utahickae". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 147. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  205. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Silva Jr., J. S.; Ferrari, S. F. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Chiropotes utahickae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  206. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Chiropotes albinasus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 147. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  207. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Pinto, L. P.; Ferrari, S. F.; Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Chiropotes albinasus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  208. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Cacajao melanocephalus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 146. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  209. ^ Barnett, A. A.; Boubli, J.-P.; Veiga, L. M. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Cacajao melanocephalus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  210. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Cacajao calvus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 146–148. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  211. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Bowler, M.; Silva Jr., J. S.; Queiroz, H. L.; Boubli, J.-P. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Cacajao calvus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  212. ^ a b Boubli, J. P.; M. N. F. da Silva; M. V. Amado; T. Hrbek; F. B. Pontual & I. P. Farias (2008). "A taxonomic reassessment of black uakari monkeys, Cacajao melanocephalus group, Humboldt (1811), with the description of two new species". International Journal of Primatology. 29: 723–749. doi:10.1007/s10764-008-9248-7. 
  213. ^ Boubli, J.-P. & Veiga, L.M. (2008). "Cacajao ayresi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 Oct 2008. 
  214. ^ Boubli, J.-P. & Veiga, L.M. (2008). "Cacajao hosomi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 October 2008. 
  215. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Alouatta coibensis". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 148–149. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  216. ^ Cuarón, A. D.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E.; de Grammont, P. C. & Link, A. (2008). "Alouatta palliata ssp. coibensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  217. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Alouatta palliata". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 149. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  218. ^ Cuarón, A.D.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E.; de Grammont, P.C.; Link, A.; Palacions, E. & Morales, A. (2008). "Alouatta palliata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 October 2008. 
  219. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Alouatta pigra". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 149. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  220. ^ Marsh, L.K.; Cuarón, A.D.; Cortés-Ortiz, L.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C, (2008). "Alouatta pigra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 October 2008. 
  221. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Alouatta belzebul". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 148. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  222. ^ Veiga, L. M.; Kierulff, C. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Alouatta belzebul". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  223. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Alouatta guariba". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 149. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  224. ^ Mendes, S. L.; Rylands, A. B.; Kierulff, M. C. M. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Alouatta guariba". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  225. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Alouatta macconnelli". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 148–152. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  226. ^ Boubli, J.-P.; Di Fiore, A. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Alouatta macconnelli". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  227. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Alouatta nigerrima". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 149. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  228. ^ Boubli, J.-P.; Di Fiore, A.; Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Alouatta nigerrima". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  229. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Alouatta sara". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 149–150. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  230. ^ Boubli, J.-P.; Di Fiore, A.; Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Wallace, R. B. (2008). "Alouatta sara". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  231. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Alouatta seniculus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 150. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  232. ^ Boubli, J.-P.; Di Fiore, A.; Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Alouatta seniculus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  233. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Alouatta caraya". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 148. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  234. ^ Fernandez-Duque, E.; Wallace, R. B. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Alouatta caraya". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  235. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Ateles paniscus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 151. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  236. ^ Mittermeier, R. A.; Rylands, A. B. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Ateles paniscus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  237. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Ateles belzebuth". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 150. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  238. ^ Boubli, J.-P.; Di Fiore, A.; Stevenson, P.; Link, A.; Marsh, L. & Morales, A.L. (2008). "Ateles belzebuth". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 November 2008. 
  239. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Ateles chamek". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 150. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  240. ^ Wallace, R.B.; Mittermeier, R.A.; Cornejo, F. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Ateles chamek". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 November 2008. 
  241. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Ateles hybridus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 151. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  242. ^ Urbani, B.; Morales, A. L.; Link, A. & Stevenson, P. (2008). "Ateles hybridus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  243. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Ateles marginatus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 151. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  244. ^ Mittermeier, R. A.; Boubli, J. P. & Di Fiore, A. (2008). "Ateles marginatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  245. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Ateles fusciceps". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 150. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  246. ^ Cuarón, A.D.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E.; de Grammont, P.C. & Link, A. (2008). "Ateles fusciceps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2008-11-05. 
  247. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Ateles geoffroyi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 150–151. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  248. ^ Cuarón, A.D.; Morales, A.; Shedden, A.; Rodriguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Ateles geoffroyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 October 2008. 
  249. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). "Brachyteles arachnoides". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 151. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  250. ^ Mendes, S.L.; de Oliveira, M.M.; Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (2008). "Brachyteles arachnoides". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 November 2008. 
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