List of Olympic Games host cities

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Map of host cities and countries of the modern summer (orange) and winter (blue) Olympics. Tap or hover over a city to show its name.

This is a list of host cities of the Olympic Games, both summer and winter, since the modern Olympics began in 1896. Since then, summer games have usually celebrated a four-year period known as an Olympiad. There have been 28 Summer Olympic Games held in 23 cities, and 23 Winter Olympic Games held in 20 cities. In addition, three summer and two winter editions of the Games were scheduled to take place but later cancelled due to war: Berlin (summer) in 1916; TokyoHelsinki (summer) and SapporoGarmisch-Partenkirchen (winter) in 1940; and London (summer) and Cortina (winter) in 1944. The 1906 Intercalated Olympics were officially sanctioned and held in Athens. However, in 1949, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), decided to unrecognize the 1906 Games.[1]

The Youth Olympic Games are held every four years in staggered summer and winter events consistent with the current Olympic Games format, though in reverse order with Winter Games held in leap years instead of Summer Games. The first summer version was held in Singapore from 14 to 26 August 2010 while the first winter version was held in Innsbruck, Austria from 13 to 22 January 2012.[2]

Five cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Olympic Games: Tokyo for the 2020 Summer Olympics, Beijing for the 2022 Winter Olympics, Paris for the 2024 Summer Olympics, MilanCortina for the 2026 Winter Olympics, and Los Angeles for the 2028 Summer Olympics. Additional two cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Youth Olympic Games: Dakar for the 2022 Summer Youth Olympics and Gangwon Province for the 2024 Winter Youth Olympics.

In 2022, Beijing will become the first-ever city that has held both the summer and the winter Olympic Games. Eleven cities will have hosted the Olympic Games more than once: Athens (1896 and 2004 Summer Olympics), Paris (1900, 1924 and 2024 Summer Olympics), London (1908, 1948 and 2012 Summer Olympics), St. Moritz (1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics), Lake Placid (1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics), Los Angeles (1932, 1984 and 2028 Summer Olympics), Cortina d'Ampezzo (1956 and 2026 Winter Olympics), Innsbruck (1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics and 2012 Winter Youth Olympics), Tokyo (1964 and 2020 Summer Olympics), Lillehammer (1994 Winter Olympics and 2016 Winter Youth Olympics), Gangwon Province (Pyeongchang) (2018 Winter Olympics and 2024 Winter Youth Olympics) and Beijing (2008 Summer Olympics and 2022 Winter Olympics). Stockholm hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics and the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics.[d] London became the first city to have hosted three Games with the 2012 Summer Olympics. Paris will become the second city to do this with the 2024 Summer Olympics, followed by Los Angeles as the third in 2028. The United States has hosted a total of eight Olympic Games, more than any other country, followed by France with five editions. Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Austria, Canada, Italy, Japan and Germany have each hosted three Games.

The Games have primarily been hosted in the continents of Europe (32 editions) and Americas (14 editions); seven Games have been hosted in Asia and two have been hosted in Oceania. In 2010, Singapore became Southeast Asia's first Olympic host city for the inaugural Summer Youth Olympics, while Rio de Janeiro became South America's first Olympic host city with the 2016 Summer Olympics, followed by Buenos Aires with the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics. The 2022 Summer Youth Olympics in Dakar will become the first-ever Games to be held on the African continent. Other major geographic regions which have never hosted the Olympics include the Middle East, Central Asia, the Indian subcontinent, Central America and the Caribbean.

Host cities are selected by the IOC membership, usually seven years in advance.[3] The selection process lasts approximately two years. In the first stage, any city in the world may submit an application to become a host city. After 10 months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which applicant cities will become official candidates as based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. In a second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. The host city is then chosen by vote of the IOC session, a general meeting of IOC members.[4]

Olympic Games host cities[edit]

For individual summer and winter lists, see List of modern Summer Olympic Games, List of Winter Olympic Games and List of Youth Olympic Games.

Host cities for Summer and Winter Olympic Games[edit]

City Country Year Continent Summer Winter Opening
ceremony
Closing
ceremony
Ref
Athens  Greece 1896 Europe S005I April 6 April 15
Paris  France 1900 S005II May 14 October 28
St. Louis[a]  United States 1904 North America S005III July 1 November 23
London[c]  United Kingdom 1908 Europe S005IV April 27 October 31
Stockholm  Sweden 1912 S005V May 5 July 22
Berlin  Germany 1916 Europe S006VI Cancelled due to WWI [5]
Antwerp[d]  Belgium 1920 Europe S007VII April 20 September 12 [6]
Chamonix  France 1924 W001I January 25 February 5 [7]
Paris  France S008VIII May 4 July 27 [8]
St. Moritz   Switzerland 1928 W002II February 11 February 19 [9]
Amsterdam  Netherlands S009IX May 17 August 12 [10]
Lake Placid  United States 1932 North America W003III February 4 February 15 [11]
Los Angeles  United States S010X July 30 August 14 [12]
Garmisch-Partenkirchen  Germany 1936 Europe W004IV February 6 February 16 [13]
Berlin  Germany S011XI August 1 August 16 [14]
Sapporo
Garmisch-Partenkirchen[e]
 Japan
 Germany
1940 Asia
Europe
W005aV Cancelled due to WWII [5]
Tokyo
Helsinki[f]
 Japan
 Finland
S012XII
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 1944 Europe W005bV
London  United Kingdom S013XIII
St. Moritz   Switzerland 1948 Europe W005cV January 30 February 8
London  United Kingdom S014XIV July 29 August 14
Oslo  Norway 1952 W006VI February 14 February 25
Helsinki  Finland S015XV July 19 August 3
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 1956 W007VII January 26 February 5
Melbourne
Stockholm[g]
 Australia
 Sweden
Europe
Oceania
S016XVI November 22
June 10
December 8
June 17
Squaw Valley  United States 1960 North America W008VIII February 18 February 28
Rome  Italy Europe S017XVII August 25 September 11
Innsbruck  Austria 1964 W009IX January 29 February 9
Tokyo  Japan Asia S018XVIII October 10 October 24
Grenoble  France 1968 Europe W010X February 6 February 18
Mexico City  Mexico North America S019XIX October 12 October 27
Sapporo  Japan 1972 Asia W011XI February 3 February 13
Munich  West Germany Europe S020XX August 26 September 11
Innsbruck[j]  Austria 1976 W012XII February 4 February 15
Montreal  Canada North America S021XXI July 17 August 1
Lake Placid  United States 1980 W013XIII February 13 February 24
Moscow  Soviet Union Europe[h] S022XXII July 19 August 3
Sarajevo  Yugoslavia 1984 Europe W014XIV February 7 February 19
Los Angeles  United States North America S023XXIII July 28 August 12
Calgary  Canada 1988 W015XV February 13 February 28
Seoul  South Korea Asia S024XXIV September 17 October 2
Albertville  France 1992 Europe W016XVI February 8 February 23
Barcelona  Spain S025XXV July 25 August 9
Lillehammer  Norway 1994 W017XVII February 12 February 27
Atlanta  United States 1996 North America S026XXVI July 19 August 4
Nagano  Japan 1998 Asia W018XVIII February 7 February 22
Sydney  Australia 2000 Oceania S027XXVII September 15 October 1
Salt Lake City  United States 2002 North America W019XIX February 8 February 24
Athens  Greece 2004 Europe S028XXVIII August 13 August 29
Turin  Italy 2006 W020XX February 10 February 26
Beijing[i]  China 2008 Asia S029XXIX August 8 August 24
Vancouver  Canada 2010 North America W021XXI February 12 February 28
London  United Kingdom 2012 Europe S030XXX July 27 August 12
Sochi  Russia 2014 Europe[h] W022XXII February 7 February 23
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2016 South America S031XXXI August 5 August 21
Pyeongchang  South Korea 2018 Asia W023XXIII February 9 February 25
Tokyo[k]  Japan 2020 Asia S032XXXII July 23[k] August 8[k] [15]
Beijing  China 2022 Asia W024XXIV February 4 February 20
Paris  France 2024 Europe S033XXXIII July 26 August 11
MilanCortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 2026 W025XXV February 6 February 22
Los Angeles  United States 2028 North America S034XXXIV July 21 August 6
(TBD) 2030 (TBD) W026XXVI (TBD) (TBD)
(TBD) 2032 (TBD) S035XXXV (TBD) (TBD)

Host cities for Youth Summer and Winter Olympic Games[edit]

City Country Year Continent Summer
(Youth)
Winter
(Youth)
Opening
ceremony
Closing
ceremony
Singapore  Singapore 2010 Asia SY01I August 14 August 26
Innsbruck  Austria 2012 Europe WY01I January 13 January 22
Nanjing  China 2014 Asia SY02II August 16 August 28
Lillehammer  Norway 2016 Europe WY02II February 12 February 21
Buenos Aires  Argentina 2018 South America SY03III October 6 October 18
Lausanne   Switzerland 2020 Europe WY03III January 9 January 22
Dakar  Senegal 2022 Africa SY04IV October 22 November 9
Gangwon  South Korea 2024 Asia WY03IV January 19 February 2
(TBD) 2026 (TBD) SY05V (TBD) (TBD)
(TBD) 2028 (TBD) WY05V (TBD) (TBD)

Host cities for multiple Summer and Winter Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games[edit]

List of cities that hosted multiple editions of the Olympic Games
Rank City Country Continent Summer Olympics Winter Olympics Summer Youth Olympics Winter Youth Olympics Total
1 London  United Kingdom Europe 3 (1908, 1948, 2012) 3
Paris  France 3 (1900, 1924, 2024)
Los Angeles  United States Americas 3 (1932, 1984, 2028)
Innsbruck  Austria Europe 2 (1968, 1976) 1 (2012)
5 Athens  Greece 2 (1896, 2004) 2
Tokyo  Japan Asia 2 (1964, 2020)
Beijing  China 1 (2008) 1 (2022)
St. Moritz   Switzerland Europe 2 (1928, 1948)
Lake Placid  United States Americas 2 (1932, 1980)
Lillehammer  Norway Europe 1 (1994) 1 (2016)
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 2 (1956, 2026)
Pyeongchang, Gangwon  South Korea Asia 1 (2018) 1 (2024)

Number of Olympic Games by country[edit]

Nations that have hosted or will host the Summer Olympics
  5 times
  4 times (no entry)
  3 times
  2 times
  1 time
  Never held games
Nations that have hosted or will host the Winter Olympics
  4 times
  3 times
  2 times
  1 time
  Never held games
List of countries ranked by the number of times they hosted the Olympic Games
Rank First
Year
Last
Year
Country Continent Summer
Olympics
Winter
Olympics
Summer
Youth Olympics
Winter
Youth Olympics
Total
1 1904 2028  United States Americas 5 (1904, 1932, 1984, 1996, 2028) 4 (1932, 1960, 1980, 2002) 9
2 1900 2024  France Europe 3 (1900, 1924, 2024) 3 (1924, 1968, 1992) 6
3 1956 2026  Italy 1 (1960) 3 (1944, 1956, 2006, 2026) 4
1964 2020  Japan Asia 2 (1940, 1964, 2020) 2 (1940, 1972, 1998)
5 1908 2012  United Kingdom Europe 3 (1908, 1944, 1948, 2012) 3
1928 2020   Switzerland 2 (1928, 1940, 1948) 1 (2020)
1936 1972  Germany 2 (1916, 1936, 1972) 1 (1936, 1940)
1952 2016  Norway 2 (1952, 1994) 1 (2016)
1964 2012  Austria 2 (1964, 1976) 1 (2012)
1976 2010  Canada Americas 1 (1976) 2 (1988, 2010)
1988 2024  South Korea Asia 1 (1988) 1 (2018) 1 (2024)
2008 2022  China Asia 1 (2008) 1 (2022) 1 (2014)
13 1896 2004  Greece Europe 2 (1896, 2004) 2
1956 2000  Australia Oceania 2 (1956, 2000)
1980 2014  Russia[h] Europe[h] 1 (1980) 1 (2014)
16 1912 1912  Sweden Europe 1 (1912) 1
1920 1920  Belgium 1 (1920)
1928 1928  Netherlands 1 (1928)
1952 1952  Finland 1 (1940, 1952)
1968 1968  Mexico Americas 1 (1968)
1984 1984  Yugoslavia Europe 1 (1984)
1992 1992  Spain 1 (1992)
2010 2010  Singapore Asia 1 (2010)
2016 2016  Brazil Americas 1 (2016)
2018 2018  Argentina 1 (2018)
2022 2022  Senegal Africa 1 (2022)

Number of Olympic Games by continent[edit]

Rank
First
year
Last
year
Continent
Summer
Olympics
Winter
Olympics
Summer
Youth Olympics
Winter
Youth Olympics
Total
1 1896 2026 Europe 17 (1896, 1900, 1908, 1912, 1916, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1960, 1972, 1980,[h] 1992, 2004, 2012, 2024) 15 (1924, 1928, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1964, 1968, 1976, 1984, 1992, 1994, 2006, 2014,[h] 2026) 03 (2012, 2016, 2020) 35
2 1904 2028 Americas 08 (1904, 1932, 1968, 1976, 1984, 1996,2016,2028) 06 (1932, 1960, 1980, 1988, 2002, 2010) 01 (2018) 15
3 1964 2024 Asia 04 (1940, 1964, 1988, 2008, 2020) 04 (1940, 1972, 1998, 2018, 2022) 02 (2010, 2014) 01 (2024) 11
4 1956 2000 Oceania 02 (1956, 2000) 2
5 2022 2022 Africa 01 (2022) 1

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (2004). Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-313-32278-5.
  2. ^ "FIS in favor of Youth Olympic Games". FIS. 8 May 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2007.
  3. ^ Group, Taylor Francis (2003). The Europa World Yearbook. Taylor and Francis Group. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5.
  4. ^ "Choice of the Host City". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
  5. ^ a b Durántez, Conrado (April–May 1997). "The Olympic Movement, a twentieth-century phenomenon" (PDF). Olympic Review. XXVI (14): 56–57.
  6. ^ "Antwerp 1920". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  7. ^ "Chamonix 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  8. ^ "Paris 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  9. ^ "St. Moritz 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  10. ^ "Amsterdam 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  11. ^ "Lake Placid 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  12. ^ "Los Angeles 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  13. ^ "Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  14. ^ "Berlin 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  15. ^ IOC Media Relations Team. "IOC, IPC, TOKYO 2020 ORGANISING COMMITTEE AND TOKYO METROPOLITAN GOVERNMENT ANNOUNCE NEW DATES FOR THE OLYMPIC AND PARALYMPIC GAMES TOKYO 2020". olympic.org. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  16. ^ "St Louis 1904". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  17. ^ "St. Louis gets Olympic Games; International Committee Sanctions the Change for the World's Fair in 1904" (PDF). The New York Times (12 February 1903). Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  18. ^ Karl Lennartz. "The 2nd International Olympic Games In Athens 1906" (PDF). Journal of Olympic History (Dec. 2001–Jan. 2002). Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  19. ^ "Rome Games moved to London". realclearsports.com. 2008. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  20. ^ "Stockholm/Melbourne 1956". Swedish Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 9 October 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
  21. ^ Tim Pile. "Hong Kong saddles up for the Olympics". The Daily Telegraph (25 June 2008). London. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  22. ^ "2008 Beijing Olympic home page". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 4 May 2008.

External links[edit]