List of Olympic torch relays

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The Olympic torch relay is the ceremonial relaying of the Olympic flame from Olympia, Greece, to the site of an Olympic Games. It was first performed at the 1936 Berlin Games,[1] and has taken place prior to every Games since.

Although in the past some Olympic organizing committees organized torch relays which encompassed multiple countries, the International Olympic Committee now restricts international relays due to the protests during the 2008 Summer Olympics torch relay, in which the relay was met with protests at several international sites on its way to Beijing, China.[2]

Summer Olympic Games[edit]

Site of the Olympic Games Days Total length (in km) Total number of torchbearers Route
Nazi Germany Berlin 1936 8 3,422 3,422 OlympiaAthensThessaloniki (Greece) – Sofia (Bulgaria) – Belgrade (Yugoslavia) – Budapest (Hungary) – Vienna (Austria) – Prague (Czechoslovakia) – DresdenBerlin (Germany)

Two secondary relays carried the flame from Olympic Stadium in Berlin to the off-site aquatic venues: Grunau (for the rowing course), and Kiel (yachting). The cauldron in Kiel sat in an old Hanseatic galley in the bay. Kiel would also be the yachting site of the 1972 Munich Olympics.

Japan/Finland Cancelled 1940 Games
United Kingdom Cancelled 1944 Games
United Kingdom London 1948 13 7,870 3,372 OlympiaCorfu (Greece) (by ship) BariMilan (Italy) – LausanneGeneva (Switzerland) – BesançonMetz (France) – Luxembourg (Luxembourg) – Brussels (Belgium) – LilleCalais (France) (by ship)– Dover – London (Great Britain)

A second relay carried the flame from Wembley, where the Games were based, to the sailing centre at Torbay, via Slough, Basingstoke, Salisbury, and Exeter.

Finland Helsinki 1952 5 3,365 1,416 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Aalborg - Odense - Copenhagen (Denmark) (by ship) Malmö - Gothenburg - Stockholm (Sweden) - Tornio - Oulu - Helsinki (Finland). A second flame was lit in Pallastunturi (Finland) and joined the main one in Tornio
Australia Melbourne 1956 21 20,470 3,118 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Darwin - Brisbane - Sydney - Canberra - Melbourne (Australia)
Sweden Stockholm 1956
(equestrian Games)
9 1,000 490 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Copenhagen (Denmark) (by ship) Malmö - Stockholm (Sweden)
Italy Rome 1960 14 2,750 1,529 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by ship) Syracuse - Catania - Messina - Reggio Calabria - Naples - Rome (Italy)
Japan Tokyo 1964 51 20,065 870 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Istanbul (Turkey) - Beirut (Lebanon) - Tehran (Iran) - Lahore (Pakistan) - New Delhi (India) - Rangoon (Burma) - Bangkok (Thailand) - Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) - Manila (Philippines) - Hong Kong (Hong Kong) - Taipei (Taiwan) - Okinawa - Tokyo (Japan, following four different routes)
Mexico Mexico City 1968 51 13,620 2,778 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by ship) Genoa (Italy) (by ship) Barcelona - Madrid - Seville - Palos (by ship) Las Palmas (Spain) - San Salvador Island (Bahamas) - Veracruz - Mexico City (Mexico)
West Germany Munich 1972 30 5,532 6,000 Olympia - Athens - Thessaloniki (Greece) - Istanbul (Turkey) - Varna (Bulgaria) - Bucharest - Timişoara (Romania) - Belgrade (Yugoslavia) - Budapest (Hungary) - Vienna - Linz - Salzburg - Innsbruck (Austria) - Garmisch-Partenkirchen - Munich (West Germany)
Canada Montreal 1976 5 775 1,214 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (satellite transmission of an electronic pulse) Ottawa - Montreal (Canada)
Soviet Union Moscow 1980 31 4,915 5,000 Olympia - Athens - Thessaloniki (Greece) - Sofia (Bulgaria) - Bucharest (Romania) - Kishinev - Vinnytsia - Kiev - Tula - Moscow (USSR)
United States Los Angeles 1984 83 15,000 3,636 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) New York – BostonPhiladelphiaWashingtonDetroit – Chicago – IndianapolisAtlantaSt. LouisDallasDenverSalt Lake CitySeattleSan FranciscoSan Diego - Los Angeles (USA)
South Korea Seoul 1988 26 15,250 1,467 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Jeju - Busan - Seoul (South Korea)
Spain Barcelona 1992 51 6,307 10,448 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by ship) Empúries - Bilbao - A Coruña - Madrid - Seville (by airplane) Las Palmas - Málaga - Valencia (by ship) Palma de MallorcaBarcelona (Spain)
United States Atlanta 1996 112 29,016 13,267 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Los AngelesLas VegasSan FranciscoSeattleSalt Lake CityDenverDallasSt. LouisMinneapolisChicagoDetroit - BostonNew YorkPhiladelphiaWashingtonMiamiBirmingham - Atlanta (USA)
Australia Sydney 2000 127 27,000 13,300 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Guam - Palau - Federated States of Micronesia - Nauru - Solomon Islands -Papua New Guinea - Vanuatu - Samoa - American Samoa - Cook Islands - Tonga - Queenstown - Christchurch - Wellington - Rotorua - Auckland (New Zealand) - Uluru - Brisbane - Darwin - Perth - Adelaide - Melbourne - Canberra - Sydney (Australia)
Greece Athens 2004 142 86,000 11,360 Olympia - Marathonas - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Sydney - Melbourne (Australia) - Tokyo (Japan) - Seoul (South Korea) - Beijing (People's Republic of China) - Delhi (India) - Cairo (Egypt) - Cape Town (South Africa) - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) - Mexico City (Mexico) - Los Angeles - St. Louis - Atlanta - New York (USA) - Montreal (Canada) - Antwerp - Brussels (Belgium) - Amsterdam (Netherlands) - Lausanne - Geneva (Switzerland) - Paris (France) - London (Great Britain) - Madrid - Barcelona (Spain) - Rome (Italy) - Munich - Berlin (Germany) - Stockholm (Sweden) - Helsinki (Finland) - Moscow (Russia) - Kiev (Ukraine) - Istanbul (Turkey) - Sofia (Bulgaria) - Nicosia (Cyprus) - Iraklion - Thessaloniki - Patras - Athens (Greece)
China Beijing 2008 130 137,000 21,880 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) - Beijing (People's Republic of China) (by airplane) - Almaty (Kazakhstan) (by airplane) - Istanbul (Turkey) (by airplane) - Saint Petersburg (Russia) (by airplane) - London (Great Britain) (by airplane) – Paris (France) (by airplane) – San Francisco (USA) (by airplane) – Buenos Aires (Argentina) (by airplane) – Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) (by airplane) – Muscat (Oman) (by airplane) – Islamabad (Pakistan) (by airplane) – New Delhi (India) (by airplane) – Bangkok (Thailand) (by airplane) – Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) (by airplane) – Jakarta (Indonesia) (by airplane) – Canberra (Australia) (by airplane) – Nagano (Japan) (by airplane) – Seoul (South Korea) (by airplane) – Pyongyang (North Korea) (by airplane) – Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam) (by airplane) – Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China) (by ship) – Macau (Macau, China) (by airplane) – Sanya - Wuzhishan - Wanning - Haikou (Hainan) (by airplane) – Guangzhou - Shenzhen - Huizhou - Shantou(Guangdong) (by airplane) – Fuzhou - Quanzhou - Xiamen - Longyan(Fujian) (by airplane) – Ruijin - Jinggangshan - Nanchang(Jiangxi) (by airplane) – Wenzhou - Shaoxing - Hangzhou - Ningbo - Jiaxing(Zhejiang) (by airplane) – Shanghai (by airplane) – Suzhou - Nantong - Taizhou - Yangzhou - Nanjing(Jiangsu) (by airplane) – Hefei - Huainan - Wuhu - Jixi - Huangshan(Anhui) (by airplane) – Wuhan - Yichang - Jingzhou(Hubei) (by airplane) – Yueyang - Changsha - Shaoshan(Hunan) (by airplane) – Guilin - Nanning - Baise(Guangxi) (by airplane) – Kunming - Lijiang - Shangri-La(Yunnan) (by airplane) – Guiyang - Kaili - Zunyi(Guizhou) (by airplane) – Chongqing (by airplane) – Ürümqi - Kashgar - Shihezi - Changji(Xinjiang) (by airplane) – Lhasa(Tibet) (by airplane) – Golmud - Qinghai Lake - Xining(Qinghai) (by airplane) – Yuncheng - Pingyao - Taiyuan - Datong(Shanxi) (by airplane) – Jiuquan (by airplane) – Zhongwei - Wuzhong - Yinchuan(Ningxia) (by airplane) – Yan'an - Yangling - Xianyang - Xi'an(Shaanxi) (by airplane) – Dunhuang - Jiayuguan - Lanzhou(Gansu) (by airplane) – Hohhot - Ordos - Baotou - Chifeng(Inner Mongolia) (by airplane) – Harbin - Daqing - Qiqihar(Heilongjiang) (by airplane) – Changchun - Songyuan - Jilin - Yanji(Jilin) (by airplane) – Shenyang - Anshan - Dalian(Liaoning) (by airplane) –Qingdao - Linyi - Qufu - Tai'an - Jinan(Shandong) (by airplane) – Zhengzhou - Kaifeng - Luoyang - Anyang(Henan) (by airplane) – Shijiazhuang - Qinhuangdao - Tangshan(Hebei) (by airplane) – Tianjin (by airplane) – Guang'an - Leshan - Chengdu (Sichuan) (by airplane) – Beijing (People's Republic of China)

Sichuan route postponed to the end due to earthquake.

United Kingdom London 2012 70 12,800 8,000 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) - Land's End - Plymouth - Exeter - Taunton - Bristol - Cheltenham - Worcester - Malvern (England) (by train) - Cardiff - Swansea - Aberystwyth - Bangor (Wales) (by train) - Chester - Stoke-on-Trent - Bolton - Liverpool (England) (by ship) - Douglas (Isle of Man) (by ship) - Portrush - Derry - Newry (Northern Ireland) (by airplane) - Dublin (Republic of Ireland) (by airplane) - Belfast (Northern Ireland) (by airplane) - Glasgow - Inverness - Kirkwall - Lerwick - Stornoway - Aberdeen - Dundee - Edinburgh (Scotland) (by train) - Alnwick - Newcastle - Durham - Middlesbrough - Hull - York - Carlisle - Bowness-on-Windermere - Blackpool - Manchester - Leeds - Sheffield - Cleethorpes - Lincoln - Nottingham - Derby - Birmingham - Coventry - Leicester - Peterborough - Norwich - Ipswich - Chelmsford - Cambridge - Luton - Oxford - Reading - Basingstoke - Winchester - Salisbury - Weymouth and Portland - Bournemouth - Southampton (England) (by ship) - Saint Peter Port (Guernsey) (by ship) - Saint Helier (Jersey) (by ship) - Portsmouth - Brighton and Hove - Brighton - Hastings - Dover - Maidstone - Guildford - London (England) (Great Britain)
Brazil Rio de Janeiro 2016 106 20,000 12,000 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) - Lausanne - Geneva (Switzerland) (by airplane) - Brasilia (Federal District) - Goiânia (Goias) - Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais) - Vitória (Espirito Santo) - Salvador (Bahia) - Aracaju (Sergipe) - Maceió (Alagoas) - Recife (Pernambuco) - Joao Pessoa (Paraiba) - Natal (Rio Grande do Norte) - Fernando de Noronha - Fortaleza (Ceará) - Teresina (Piaui) - Palmas (Tocantins) - São Luis (Maranhão) - Belém (Para) - Macapá (Amapá) - Boa Vista (Roraima) - Manaus (Amazonas) - Rio Branco (Acre) - Porto Velho (Rondônia) - Cuiabá (Mato Grosso) - Campo Grande (Mato Grosso do Sul)- Porto Alegre (Rio Grande do Sul) - Florianópolis (Santa Catarina) - Curitiba (Paraná) - São Paulo (São Paulo) - Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro) (Brazil)
Japan Tokyo 2020 - - - Olympia (Greece) – Tokyo (Japan)
France Paris 2024 - - - Olympia (Greece) – Paris (France)
United States Los Angeles 2028 - - - Olympia (Greece) – Los Angeles (USA)

Winter Olympic Games[edit]

Site of the Olympic Games Days Total length (in km) Total number of torchbearers Route
Norway Oslo 1952 2 225 94 MorgedalOslo (Norway)
Italy Cortina d'Ampezzo 1956 5 Rome - VeniceCortina d'Ampezzo (Italy)
United States Squaw Valley 1960 19 960 700 MorgedalOslo (Norway) (by airplane) - Los AngelesFresnoSquaw Valley (USA)
Austria Innsbruck 1964 8 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) ViennaInnsbruck (Austria)
France Grenoble 1968 50 7,222 5,000 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Paris – StrasbourgLyonBordeauxToulouseMarseilleNiceChamonixGrenoble (France)
Japan Sapporo 1972 38 18,741 16,300 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Okinawa (by airplane) Tokyo – Sapporo (Japan)
Austria Innsbruck 1976 6 1,618 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Vienna (route nr. 1) LinzSalzburgInnsbruck (route nr. 2) GrazKlagenfurtInnsbruck (Austria)
United States Lake Placid 1980 15 12,824 52 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Shannon (Ireland) Langley Air Force Base, HamptonWashingtonBaltimorePhiladelphia – New York – AlbanyLake Placid (USA)
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Sarajevo 1984 11 5,289 1,600 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Dubrovnik (route nr. 1) SplitLjubljanaZagreb - Sarajevo (route nr. 2) SkopjeNovi SadBelgradeSarajevo (Yugoslavia)
Canada Calgary 1988 95 18,000 6,250 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) St. John’s, NewfoundlandQuébec CityMontrealOttawa – Toronto – WinnipegInuvik – Vancouver – EdmontonCalgary (Canada)
France Albertville 1992 58 5,500 5,500 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (on Concorde) Paris – NantesLe HavreLilleStrasbourgLimogesBordeauxToulouseAjaccioNiceMarseilleLyonGrenobleAlbertville (France)
Norway Lillehammer 1994 82[nb 1] 12,000[nb 1] 7,000[nb 1] OlympiaAthens (Greece) (mainly by airplane: FrankfurtStuttgartKarlsruheDüsseldorfCologneHamburg (Germany) – Copenhagen (Denmark) – Stockholm (Sweden) ) – OsloLillehammer (Norway)
(National torch relay: MorgedalKristiansandStavangerBergenGullfaks – Bergen – TrondheimTromsøSvalbard – Tromsø – Bodø – Oslo – Lillehammer (Norway) )[nb 1][3][4][5]
Japan Nagano 1998 51 3,486 6,901 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Tokyo (route nr. 1) HokkaidōChibaTokyoNagano (route nr. 2) OkinawaHiroshimaKyotoNagano (route nr. 3) KagoshimaOsakaShizuokaNagano (Japan)
United States Salt Lake City 2002 85 21,275 12,012 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) AtlantaCharleston, South Carolina - Jacksonville, Florida - St. Augustine, FloridaOrlando, Florida - MiamiMobile, AlabamaBiloxi, MississippiNew Orleans - HoustonSan AntonioAustin, Texas - DallasLittle Rock, Arkansas - Memphis - Nashville, TennesseeLouisville, KentuckyCincinnatiPittsburghCumberland, Maryland – Washington, D.C. – BaltimorePhiladelphia – New York - Hartford, ConnecticutProvidence, Rhode Island - BostonBurlington, Vermont - Lake PlacidSyracuse - Cleveland - Columbus, Ohio – Chicago – Milwaukee - DetroitFort Wayne, IndianaIndianapolisLexingtonSt. Louis - Kansas CityOmahaWichita - Oklahoma CityAmarillo - Albuquerque - Phoenix – Los Angeles – San FranciscoSquaw ValleyRenoPortlandSeattleJuneauBoiseBozemanCheyenneDenverSalt Lake City (USA)[6]
Italy Turin 2006 75 11,300 10,000 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) RomeFlorenceGenoaCagliari - Valletta (Malta) – PalermoNaplesBariAnconaSan Marino (San Marino) – BolognaVeniceTrieste - Koper (Slovenia) - Klagenfurt (Austria) - TrentoCortina d'AmpezzoMilan - Lugano (Switzerland) - BardonecchiaAlbertville (France) - Turin
Canada Vancouver 2010 106 45,000+ 12,000+ OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Victoria, British ColumbiaYukonNorthwest TerritoriesAlbertaSaskatchewanManitobaNunavutQuebecNewfoundland and LabradorNova ScotiaPrince Edward IslandNew BrunswickQuebecOntarioManitobaSaskatchewanAlberta (Canada) – Washington (USA) – Vancouver (Canada) [7]
Russia Sochi 2014 123 65,000 14,000+ OlympiaAmaliada - Elis - Pyrgos - Zacharo - Kalo Nero - Tripoli - Levidi - Lefkasi - Kalavryta - Patras - Rio - Missolonghi - Agrinio - Karpenisi - Lamia - Volos - Larissa - Katerini - Thessaloniki - Giannitsa - Naousa - Edessa - Florina - Kastoria - Grevena - Ioannina - Kalabaka - Trikala - Karditsa - Lamia - Amfissa - Delphi - Arachova - Livadeia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) - Moscow - Kolomna - Odintsovo - Arkhangelskoye - Krasnogorsk - Dmitrov - Saint PetersburgKaliningradMurmanskArkhangelskYakutskVladivostokIrkutskNovosibirskKazanNizhny NovgorodVolgogradRostov-on-DonAstrakhanGroznySochi (Russia)
South Korea Pyeongchang 2018 101 2,018 7,500 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) - Incheon (by airplane) – Jeju (by airplane) – BusanUlsanGeoje - Tongyeong (by ship) - Changwon - Changnyeong - Sacheon (South Gyeongsang)Yeosu - Suncheon - Gangjin (by helicopter) - Mokpo - Damyang - Gokseong (South Jeolla)Muju - Jeonju (North Jeolla)Buyeo (South Chungcheong)DaejeonSejong – Osong – Jincheon - Chungju - Danyang (North Chungcheong)Bonghwa - Andong (North Gyeongsang)DaeguPohang (North Gyeongsang)Suwon (Gyeonggi)SeoulPaju - Yeoncheon (Gyeonggi) (by bike) – Hwacheon (by bike) - Goseong - Hwacheon - Hwacheon - Hoengseong - Samcheok - Jeongseon - Pyeongchang (Gangwon) (South Korea)
China Beijing 2022 - - - Olympia (Greece) – Beijing (People's Republic of China)
  1. ^ a b c d For the 1994 Lillehammer Games, the flame for the national torch relay was lit at Sondre Norheim's birthplace in Morgedal, where the official 1952 & 1960 flames were lit in the same manner. The original plan to merge it with the official Olympia flame at Oslo was abandoned due to Greek opposition; only the official flame was used in the opening ceremony. All statistics are for the national torch relay only. The Morgedal flame was maintained and later used at the 1994 Winter Paralympics.

Youth Summer Olympic Games[edit]

Site of the Olympic Games Days Total length (in km) Total number of torchbearers Route
Singapore Singapore 2010 22 26,700+ 2,400+ Olympia (Greece) – Berlin (Germany) - Dakar (Senegal) - Mexico City (Mexico) - Auckland (New Zealand) - Seoul (South Korea) - Singapore
China Nanjing 2014 108 104 Athens (Greece) - 258 different online locations from the 204 participating NOCs - Nanjing (People's Republic of China)
Argentina Buenos Aires 2018 63 14,000 - Athens (Greece) - La Plata (Buenos Aires) - Parana (Entre Rios) - Santa Fe (Santa Fe) - Iguazu (Misiones) - Corrientes (Corrientes) - Jujuy (Jujuy) - Salta (Salta - Tucuman (Tucuman) - Catamarca (Catamarca) - La Rioja (La Rioja) - Mendoza (Mendoza) - San Juan (San Juan) - Cordoba (Cordoba) - Neuquen (Neuquen) - Bariloche (Rio Negro) - Ushuaia (Tierra del Fuego) - Buenos Aires (Federal Capital) (Argentina)

Youth Winter Olympic Games[edit]

Site of the Olympic Games Days Total length (in km) Total number of torchbearers Route
Austria Innsbruck 2012 18 3,573 2,012 Athens (Greece) - Innsbruck - Bregenz - St. Anton am Arlberg - Lienz - Klagenfurt - Semmering - Wien - Graz - Eisenstadt - St. Pölten - Linz - Salzburg - Schladming - Seefeld in Tirol - Kühtai - Kufstein - Innsbruck (Austria)
Norway Lillehammer 2016 74 - - Olympia (Greece) - Lillehammer - Alta - Oslo - Gjøvik - Otta - Elverum - Trysil - Lillehammer (Norway)
Switzerland Lausanne 2020 - - - Olympia (Greece) – Lausanne (Switzerland)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bowlby, Chris. "The Olympic torch's shadowy past", BBC News, 2008-03-05. Retrieved on 2009-10-21.
  2. ^ Zinser, Lynn (March 27, 2009). "I.O.C. Bars International Torch Relays". The New York Times. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  4. ^ http://www.sondrenorheim.com/olympics/1994.htm
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-02. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
  6. ^ "2002 Olympic Torch Relay Route". PR Newswire. Retrieved 24 November 2008.
  7. ^ "Provincial and territorial routes", Vancouver 2010 official site, listing the exact stops on the tour.

External links[edit]