2018 Winter Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
XXIII Olympic Winter Games
PyeongChang 2018 Winter Olympics.svg
Pyeongchang 2018 Olympics official emblem
Host city Pyeongchang, South Korea
Motto Passion. Connected.
Korean: 하나된 열정.
Nations participating 100 (estimated)
Athletes participating 3,000+ (estimated)
Events 102 in 7 sports (15 disciplines)
Opening ceremony 9 February
Closing ceremony 25 February
Officially opened by Park Geun-hye (scheduled)
Stadium Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium

The 2018 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXIII Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XXIIIeme Jeux olympiques d'hiver[1]) (Hangul평창 동계 올림픽; hanja平昌 冬季 올림픽; RRPyeongChang Donggye Ollimpik), commonly known as Pyeongchang 2018 and marketed as "PyeongChang",[2] is a major international multi-sport event scheduled to take place from 9 to 25 February 2018, in Pyeongchang, South Korea.

The elected host city was announced on 6 July 2011 by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), after the 123rd IOC Session in Durban, South Africa. Other candidates that applied to host the games were Annecy, France and Munich, Germany. Pyeongchang won on its third consecutive bid, having lost previously to Vancouver in Canada and Sochi in Russia.

It will be the first Winter Olympic Games and second Olympic Games in South Korea; the 1988 Summer Olympics were held in Seoul. Pyeongchang will also be the third East Asian city to host the Winter Games after Sapporo, Japan (1972), and Nagano, Japan (1998).

Bidding[edit]

Pyeongchang launched bids to host both the 2010 and 2014 Winter Olympic Games. However, despite having the most votes in the first round of voting, Pyeongchang lost in the final round of voting by three and four votes respectively. It finally won its bid for the 2018 Winter Olympic Games in the first round of voting. They received 63 of the 95 votes cast, giving them the required majority to be elected as host city.

Munich also launched a bid to host these Games. Prior to Beijing's successful 2022 Winter Olympics bid, Munich would have become the first city to host both the Winter and Summer Games, having previously hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics, but only received 25 votes. Annecy launched a bid, but failed to secure public support from local citizens. Their bid ultimately just received seven votes.

48 votes were needed for selection.

2018 Winter Olympics bidding results
City Nation Votes
PyeongChang  South Korea 63
Munich  Germany 25
Annecy  France 7

Preparations[edit]

On 5 August 2011, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) announced the formation of the Pyeongchang 2018 Coordination Commission.[3][4] On 4 October 2011, it was announced that the Organizing Committee for the 2018 Winter Olympics will be headed by Kim Jin-sun. The Pyeongchang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Olympic & Paralympic Winter Games (POCOG) was launched at its inaugural assembly on 19 October 2011. The first tasks of the organizing committee was to put together a master plan for the games as well as forming a design for the venues.[5] The IOC Coordination Commission for the 2018 Winter Olympics made their first visit to Pyeongchang in March 2012. By then, construction was already underway on the Olympic Village.[6][7] In June 2012, construction began on a high-speed rail line that will connect Pyeongchang to Seoul.[8]

Olympic venues 2018

The International Paralympic Committee met with the Pyeongchang 2018 organizing committee for an orientation in July 2012.[9] Then-IOC President Jacques Rogge visited Pyeongchang for the first time in February 2013.[10]

On 27 June 2014 the PyeongChang Olympic Committee announced their mascot selection contest.[11] The contest ran from 15 September 2014 to 30 September 2014.

The 2013 Special Olympics World Winter Games were held in Pyeongchang.

The Pyeongchang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Olympic & Paralympic Winter Games created Pyeongchang WINNERS in 2014 by recruiting university students living in South Korea to spread awareness of the Olympic Games through social networking services and news articles.[12]

Venues[edit]

Dragon Valley Ski Resort

Pyeongchang Mountain cluster[edit]

Alpensia Sports Park[edit]

The Alpensia Resort in Daegwallyeong-myeon will be the focus of the 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympics.[13][14]

Stand-alone venues[edit]

Gangneung Coastal cluster[edit]

The coastal cluster is located in the city of Gangneung. The Gangneung Olympic Park will include the following four venues:

In addition, a stand-alone venue is located on the grounds of Catholic Kwandong University:

Marketing[edit]

Branding[edit]

The emblem for the Games was unveiled on 3 May 2013. It is a stylized representation of the hangul letters p and ch, being the initial sounds of 평창 Pyeongchang. Additionally the left symbol is said to represent the Korean philosophical trinity of heaven, earth and humanity (Korean: 천지인 cheon-ji-in), and the right symbol to represent a crystal of ice.[16]

The host city Pyeongchang is being marketed as PyeongChang with the letter "C" in uppercase (referred to as CamelCase. This is after concerns were raised that foreign visitors to the Games might confuse Pyeongchang for Pyongyang, the capital of neighboring North Korea.[2]

Choi Moon-soon, governor of Gangwon province, acknowledges the similarities of the names of the two cities. Choi cited a case of Daniel Olomae Ole Sapit, a Maasai from Kenya who was invited to attend a United Nations conference on biodiversity in Pyeongchang in September 2014 to justify such concerns. Sapit mistakenly flew to Pyongyang instead, and was interrogated by suspicious North Korean immigration officers. He was later put in a flight back to Beijing after paying a US$500 fine.[2]

Mascots[edit]

Main article: Soohorang and Bandabi

Soohorang (수호랑), a white tiger, was announced as the official mascots of the 2018 Winter Olympics.

Sports[edit]

15 winter sport disciplines, organized as 7 Olympic sports, are scheduled in the 2018 Winter Olympics program. The three skating sports are figure skating, speed skating, and short track speed skating. The six skiing sports are alpine, cross-country, freestyle, nordic combined, ski jumping, and snowboarding. The two bobsleigh sports are bobsleigh and skeleton. The other four sports are biathlon, curling, ice hockey, and luge.[14]

In June 2015, four new disciplines were approved for inclusion in the games and will feature in the Olympic program for the first time in 2018. These four are snowboarding big air, curling mixed doubles, speed skating mass start, and Alpine skiing team. Parallel slalom in snowboarding was dropped to make room for big air.[17]

Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each sports discipline.

Participating National Olympic Committees[edit]

Participating National Olympic Committees

Calendar[edit]

All dates are KST (UTC+9)


OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals EG Exhibition gala CC Closing ceremony
February 9th
Fri
10th
Sat
11th
Sun
12th
Mon
13th
Tue
14th
Wed
15th
Thu
16th
Fri
17th
Sat
18th
Sun
19th
Mon
20th
Tue
21st
Wed
22nd
Thu
23rd
Fri
24th
Sat
25th
Sun
??
Events
Ceremonies OC CC
Alpine skiing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11
Biathlon 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 11
Bobsleigh 1 1 1 3
Cross country skiing 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 12
Curling 1 1 1 3
Figure skating 1 1 1 1 EG 1 5
Freestyle skiing 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 10
Ice hockey 1 1 2
Luge 1 1 1 1 4
Nordic combined 1 1 1 3
Short track speed skating 1 1 2 1 3 8
Skeleton 2 2
Ski jumping 1 1 1 1 4
Snowboarding 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 10
Speed skating 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 14
February 9th
Fri
10th
Sat
11th
Sun
12th
Mon
13th
Tue
14th
Wed
15th
Thu
16th
Fri
17th
Sat
18th
Sun
19th
Mon
20th
Tue
21st
Wed
22nd
Thu
23rd
Fri
24th
Sat
25th
Sun
102

Broadcasting rights[edit]

Broadcast rights to the 2018 Winter Olympics in some countries were already sold as part of long-term broadcast rights deals. On 29 June 2015, the IOC announced that Discovery Communications—owner of Eurosport, had acquired exclusive rights to the Olympics from 2018 through 2024 across Europe, excluding Russia, on all platforms. Discovery will sub-license its broadcast rights to local free-to-air networks on a territorial basis. Discovery's rights deal will, initially, not cover France due to pre-existing rights deals with France Télévisions that run through the 2020 Games. Unlike previous pan-European deals, such as with the European Broadcasting Union and Sportfive, Discovery will not solely serve as a reseller, and intends to carry coverage on its regional properties, but has committed to sub-licensing at least 100 hours of coverage to free-to-air networks.[21][22][23] In the United Kingdom, Discovery will sub-license exclusive pay television rights from the BBC (who still holds broadcast rights through 2020), in exchange for sub-licensing free-to-air rights to the 2022 and 2024 Olympics from Discovery.[24]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "French and English are the official languages for the Olympic Games.", [1].(..)
  2. ^ a b c "Olympics: 2018 Winter Olympics … not in Pyongyang". Manila Bulletin. Agence France-Presse. 26 January 2016. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  3. ^ "Gunilla Lindberg to Chair PyeongChang 2018 Coordination Commission". Archived from the original on 18 September 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Coordination Commissions". Olympic.org. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "PyeongChang 2018 Organizing Committee Launched". GamesBids.com. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "PyeongChang 2018 Praised". Gamesbids.com. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Pyeongchang 2018 have "good grasp of what is expected" says Lindberg after first IOC Coordination Commission visit". Insidethegames.biz. 22 March 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Construction Begins on High-Speed Railway, Critical for PyeongChang 2018 Olympic Games". Gamesbids.com. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "IPC Orientates PyeongChang 2018". Gamesbids.com. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  10. ^ "Pyeongchang 2018 on "right track" declares Rogge after first visit". Insidethegames.biz. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  11. ^ "2018평창동계올림픽대회 및 장애인동계올림픽대회 마스코트 아이디어 공모". 
  12. ^ "Pyeongchang 2018 recruits college student reporters: WINNERS". 18 June 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  13. ^ "PyeongChang 2018 Alpensia Resort and water park complete and full for summer season". Sportsfeatures.com. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "Pyeongchang2018 Volume 2 (Sport and Venues)" (PDF). Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  15. ^ a b "Pyeongchang 2018 move venue for Opening and Closing Ceremonies | Winter Olympics 2018". insidethegames.biz. 6 July 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "PyeongChang 2018 Launches Official Emblem". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "Winter Olympics: Big air, mixed curling among new 2018 events". BBC. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i "2018 Winter Olympics". IIHF. iihf.com. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  19. ^ "Pyeongchang 2018 Winter Olympics". worldcurling.org. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  20. ^ "Pyeongchang2018 Volume 2" (pdf). pyeongchang2018.org. p. 8. Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  21. ^ "IOC awards European broadcast rights to SPORTFIVE". ESPN. 18 February 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  22. ^ "Discovery Lands European Olympic Rights Through '24". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 1 July 2015. 
  23. ^ "BBC dealt another blow after losing control of TV rights for Olympics". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  24. ^ "Olympics coverage to remain on BBC after Discovery deal". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 June 2016. 
  25. ^ "IOC awards 2018-2024 broadcast rights in Asia". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 29 July 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  26. ^ "Seven Network reclaims rights to broadcast Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro in 2016 and Tokyo in 2020". News.com.au. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  27. ^ Pavitt, Michael (13 June 2016). "Austrian broadcaster ORF agree deal for Pyeongchang 2018 and Tokyo 2020". inside the games. Retrieved 13 June 2016. 
  28. ^ "IOC reaches agreement for broadcast rights in Brazil with Grupo Globo through to 2032". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  29. ^ "IOC awards 2018-2020 broadcast rights in Canada". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  30. ^ Furlong, Christopher (20 July 2016). "IOC awards 2018-2020 broadcast rights in the Caribbean". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. Retrieved 21 July 2016. 
  31. ^ "IOC awards 2018-2024 broadcast rights in China". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  32. ^ Lloyd, Tom (2 June 2016). "Discovery sign Croatian and Irish Olympic deals". SportsPro. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  33. ^ Polák, Lukáš (9 May 2016). "Olympiáda zůstane neplacená, práva od Discovery získala Česká televize". Digitální rádio (in Czech). rozhlas.cz. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  34. ^ Morgan, Liam (9 May 2016). "Discovery Communications sign broadcast deal with Česká Televize for Pyeongchang 2018 and Tokyo 2020". inside the games. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  35. ^ "IOC awards all TV and multiplatform broadcast rights in Europe to Discovery and Eurosport for 2018-2024 Olympic Games". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 29 June 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  36. ^ Lloyd, Tom (21 April 2016). "Finnish broadcaster in Discovery Olympics deal". SportsPro. Retrieved 22 April 2016. 
  37. ^ "IOC awards TV rights in Germany, Korea, France". Forbes.com. 5 July 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2011. [dead link]
  38. ^ "Hungarian Public Television Agrees Deal To Broadcast Summer And Winter Olympics Until 2024". Hungary today. hungarytoday.hu. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  39. ^ "RTÉ secures rights for Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games". RTÉ. 2 June 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  40. ^ "IOC awards 2018-2024 broadcast rights in Japan". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  41. ^ "IOC awards 2018-2024 broadcast rights in Middle East and North Africa". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 27 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  42. ^ Emmett, James (21 March 2016). "Dutch broadcaster follows BBC with Discovery Olympic deal". SportsPro. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 
  43. ^ a b "IOC awards 2018-2024 broadcast rights in New Zealand and Pacific Island Territories". Olympic.org. 23 March 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  44. ^ a b "IOC awards SBS broadcast rights for 2018, 2020, 2022 and 2024 Olympic Games". Olympic.org. 4 July 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011. 
  45. ^ "Discovery Communications Inc.: Swiss Viewers to Enjoy Enhanced Olympic Games Coverage Following New Discovery Communications and SRG SSR Agreement". The Wall Street Transcript. twst.com. 6 July 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  46. ^ "IOC awards broadcast rights in United Kingdom for 2014, 2016, 2018 and 2020 Olympic Games to the BBC". Olympic.org. 18 July 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  47. ^ "BBC & Discovery Communications Sign Long-Term Olympic Games Partnership". Discovery Communications. corporate.discovery.com. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  48. ^ "IOC awards US broadcast rights for 2014, 2016, 2018 and 2020 Olympic Games to NBCUniversal". Olympic.org. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Sochi
Winter Olympics
Pyeongchang

XXIII Olympic Winter Games (2018)
Succeeded by
Beijing