List of World Heritage Sites in South Korea

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] The Republic of Korea accepted the convention on 14 September 1988, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list. As of 2016, there are twelve World Heritage Sites in South Korea, including eleven cultural sites and one natural site.[2]

The first three sites of South Korea, Haeinsa Temple Janggyeong Panjeon, the Depositories for the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks, Jongmyo Shrine and Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple, were inscribed on the list at the 19th Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Berlin, Germany in 1995.[3] In 2007, Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes became the first site selected for its natural significance.[4] South Korea's latest inscription, Baekje Historic Areas, was added to the list in 2015.[5]

In addition to its inscribed sites, South Korea also maintains sixteen properties on its tentative list.[6]

World Heritage Sites[edit]

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the Sort both.gif at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[7]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[8]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A lack of value implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Baekje Historic Areas MuryeongsTomb.jpg KorSouth Chungcheong and North Jeolla
36°27′43″N 127°07′38″E / 36.46194°N 127.12722°E / 36.46194; 127.12722
Cultural:KorBae
(ii)(iii)
135 (330) 2015 [9]
Gochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa Dolmen Sites Korea-Gwangju-Gochang Dolmens 5350-06.JPG KorIncheon
North Jeolla
South Jeolla
34°58′0.012″N 126°55′45″E / 34.96667000°N 126.92917°E / 34.96667000; 126.92917
Cultural:KorCha
(iii)
2000 [10]
Changdeokgung Palace Complex Juhamnu, Changdeokgung - Seoul, Korea.JPG KorSeoul
37°33′00″N 126°59′00″E / 37.55000°N 126.98333°E / 37.55000; 126.98333
Cultural:KorCha
(ii)(iii)(iv)
1997 [11]
Gyeongju Historic Areas Korea-Gyeongju-Bunhwangsa-Lanterns-03.jpg KorNorth Gyeongsang
35°47′20″N 129°13′36″E / 35.78889°N 129.22667°E / 35.78889; 129.22667
Cultural:KorGye
(ii)(iii)
2,880 (7,100) 2000 [12]
Haeinsa Temple Janggyeong Panjeon, the Depositories for the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks Haeinsa Temple (6222053899).jpg KorSouth Gyeongsang
35°48′00″N 128°06′00″E / 35.80000°N 128.10000°E / 35.80000; 128.10000
Cultural:KorHae
(iv)(vi)
1995 [13]
Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong Hahoe 8784.jpg KorNorth Gyeongsang
36°32′21″N 128°31′00″E / 36.53917°N 128.51667°E / 36.53917; 128.51667
Cultural:KorHis
(iii)(iv)
600 (1,500) 2010 [14]
Hwaseong Fortress Hwaseong2.jpg KorGyeonggi
37°16′20″N 127°00′30″E / 37.27222°N 127.00833°E / 37.27222; 127.00833
Cultural:KorHwa
(ii)(iii)
1997 [15]
Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes KOCIS Halla Mountain in Jeju-do (6387785543).jpg KorJeju
33°28′08″N 126°43′13″E / 33.46889°N 126.72028°E / 33.46889; 126.72028
Natural:KorJej
(vii)(viii)
9,475 (23,410) 2007 [16]
Jongmyo Shrine Chongmyo repository (1509268349).jpg KorSeoul
37°33′00″N 126°59′00″E / 37.55000°N 126.98333°E / 37.55000; 126.98333
Cultural:KorJon
(iv)
19 (47) 1995 [17]
Namhansanseong Khitai5.jpg KorGyeonggi
37°28′44″N 127°10′52″E / 37.47889°N 127.18111°E / 37.47889; 127.18111
Cultural:KorNam
(ii)(iv)
409 (1,010) 2014 [18]
Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty Sejong tomb 1.jpg KorGyeonggi and Seoul
37°11′50″N 128°27′10″E / 37.19722°N 128.45278°E / 37.19722; 128.45278
Cultural:KorRoy
(iii)(iv)(vi)
1,891 (4,670) 2009 [19]
Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple Bulguk Tempel.jpg KorNorth Gyeongsang
35°47′00″N 129°21′00″E / 35.78333°N 129.35000°E / 35.78333; 129.35000
Cultural:KorSeo
(i)(iv)
1995 [20]

Tentative list[edit]

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[21] As of 2017, South Korea maintains sixteen properties on its tentative list:[6]

  1. Kangjingun Kiln Sites
  2. Mt. Soraksan Nature Reserve
  3. Sites of fossilized dinosaurs across the southern South Korean coast
  4. Southwestern Coast Tidal Flats
  5. Salterns
  6. Daegokcheon Stream Petroglyphs
  7. Ancient Mountain Fortresses in Central Korea
  8. Upo Wetland
  9. Naganeupseong, Town Fortress and Village
  10. Oeam Village
  11. Seowon, Confucian Academies of Korea
  12. Seoul City Wall
  13. Gaya Tumuli of Gimhae - Haman
  14. The Goryeong Jisandong Daegaya Tumuli
  15. Traditional Buddhist Mountain Temples of Korea
  16. Stone Buddhas and Pagodas at Hwasun Unjusa Temple

Seoul City Wall will undergo evaluation in the World Heritage Committee for 2017 designation. [22] Traditional Buddhist Mountain Temples of Korea were nominated by the Korean government as sole candidate from the nation for 2018 World Heritage Committee evaluation. [23] [24]

Location of sites[edit]

Location of World Heritage Sites within South Korea.[2]
Note: Seoul is home to three separate properties; Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty locate throughout the country, only one site is shown on map.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Republic of Korea". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Report of the 19th Session of the Committee". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "Decision: 31 COM 8B.12". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "Decision: 39 COM 8B.16". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "Tentative List – Republic of Korea". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "Baekje Historic Areas". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Gochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa Dolmen Sites". UNESCO. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Changdeokgung Palace Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Gyeongju Historic Areas". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  13. ^ "Haeinsa Temple Janggyeong Panjeon, the Depositories for the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "Hwaseong Fortress". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "Jongmyo Shrine". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "Namhansanseong". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  22. ^ . Chosun Media http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2016/08/03/2016080300063.html. Retrieved 5 November 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ . KBS http://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&oid=056&aid=0010271041&sid1=001. Retrieved 5 November 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ . Chosun Media http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2016/08/03/2016080300063.html. Retrieved 5 November 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)