List of birds of Spain

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This is a list of the bird species recorded in Spain. The avifauna of Spain included a total of 586 species recorded in the wild by 2012 according to Sociedad Española de Ornitología (SEO/BirdLife).[1] An additional 72 species have been recorded by Bird Checklists of the World by early 2018.[2] Of the 658 species listed here, 305 are accidental and 23 have been introduced by humans. Eight are endemic to Spanish islands, two have been extirpated, and one of the endemic species is extinct.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2018 edition.[3]

The following tags have been used to highlight some categories of occurrence. The (A), (E - xxx), and (I) tags are from Bird Checklists of the World. The notes of population status such as "endangered" apply to the world population and are also from Bird Checklists of the World.

  • (A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Spain
  • (E - xxx) Endemic - a species found only in Spain, with the location appended
  • (I) Introduced - a species introduced to Spain as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions
  • (D) Category D - species for which there are reasonable doubts as to their wild origin per SEO/Birdlife.


Contents

Ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

New World quail[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae

Pheasants, grouse, and allies[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

Flamingos[edit]

Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Phoenicopteridae

Grebes[edit]

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Sandgrouse[edit]

Order: Pterocliformes   Family: Pteroclididae

Bustards[edit]

Order: Otidiformes   Family: Otididae

Cuckoos[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

Nightjars[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Swifts[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Apodidae

Rails, crakes, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Cranes[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Sheathbills[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Chionididae

Thick-knees[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

Egyptian plover[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Pluvianidae

Stilts and avocets[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Oystercatchers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

Plovers and lapwings[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

Sandpipers and allies[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Buttonquail[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Turnicidae

Pratincoles and coursers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae

Skuas and jaegers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

Auks, murres, and puffins[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Alcidae

Gulls, terns, and skimmers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Tropicbirds[edit]

Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae

Loons[edit]

Order: Gaviiformes   Family: Gaviidae

Albatrosses[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae

Southern storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Oceanitidae

Northern storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

Shearwaters and petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae

Storks[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Frigatebirds[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

Boobies and gannets[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

Cormorants and shags[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelicans[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

Heron, egrets, and bitterns[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

Osprey[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

Hawks, eagles and kites[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

Barn-owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

Hoopoes[edit]

Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Upupidae

Kingfishers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Bee-eaters[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

Rollers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

Woodpeckers[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

Falcons[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Old World parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae

African and New World parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittacidae

Tyrant flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tyrannidae

Bushshrikes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Malaconotidae

Shrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

Vireos[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae

Old World orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

Crows, jays, magpies, and ravens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

Bearded reedling[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Panuridae

Larks[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Swallows and martins[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

Tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

Penduline-tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Remizidae

Long-tailed tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithalidae

Nuthatches[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

Wallcreeper[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tichodromidae

Treecreepers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae

Wrens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae

Dippers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae

Bulbuls[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae

Kinglets[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Regulidae

Bush warblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Scotocercidae

Leaf warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae

Reed warblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

Grassbirds and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

Cisticolas and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cisticolidae

Sylviid warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sylviidae

Laughingthrushes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Leiothrichidae

Old World flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

Thrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

Mockingbirds and thrashers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Mimidae

Starlings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Accentors[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Waxwings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae

Finches and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Longspurs and snow buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calcariidae

Old World buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

New World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passerellidae

Icterids[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Icteridae

Wood-warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Parulidae

Cardinals and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cardinalidae

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Weavers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ploceidae

Waxbills and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The SEO/Birdlife list includes just "bean goose"

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lista de las aves de España". SEO Birdlife. 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  2. ^ Lepage, Denis (19 February 2018). "Checklist of birds of Spain". Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 
  3. ^ Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/ Retrieved 14 August 2018