List of birds of Bulgaria

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This list of birds of Bulgaria includes all bird species which have been seen in the country. Birds marked with (W) are species which spend the winter in Bulgaria but do not breed there, birds marked with (V) are vagrant species and birds marked with (I) are introduced species. The list is presented in taxonomic order. It includes 402 bird species from 11 orders, 50 families and 174 genera.

The varied natural habitat, relief and climate and relatively untouched environment are among the main reasons for the many bird species in the country. The numerous islands and wetlands along the Danube including the Persina Natural Park and Srebarna Nature Reserve, as well as the lakes and swamps along the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, support many species of diving and aquatic birds such as ducks, swans, pelicans, grebes, spoonbills and many others. The Eastern Rhodopes are among the strongholds of birds of prey in Europe, with most of the species in the continent nesting in that area. The mild climate in the extreme south offers good conditions for many Mediterranean birds as well as for wintering species from the north.

Order Accipitriformes[edit]

The golden eagle is among the largest and rarest birds of prey in the country and is included in the Bulgarian Red Book
Common buzzard
The black vulture is one of the most endangered bird species in Bulgaria and Europe

Order Anseriformes (ducks, geese, swans)[edit]

Bulgaria is the only place in Eastern Europe where the mandarin duck breeds
The mallard is among the most common ducks in the country
The mute swan is the largest bird in the family

Order Apodiformes (swifts)[edit]

Order Charadriiformes[edit]

Order Ciconiiformes[edit]

The black stork is among the rarest birds in Europe

Order Columbiformes (pigeons, doves)[edit]

Order Coraciiformes[edit]

The main population of the European bee-eater liver in a colony to the south-east of Tutrakan

Order Cuculiformes[edit]

Order Falconiformes[edit]

As the name suggests, the common kestrel is among the most widespread birds of prey in the country

Order Galliformes[edit]

Order Gaviiformes[edit]

Order Gruiformes[edit]

The demoiselle crane is among Bulgaria's most elegant birds

Order Otidiformes[edit]

Order Passeriformes[edit]

Golden oriole

Order Pelecaniformes[edit]

Great egret
Little bittern

Order Piciformes[edit]

The black woodpecker inhabits the western parts of Bulgaria: Pirin, Rhodopes, western and central Stara Planina
European green woodpecker

Order Podicipediformes[edit]

Order Procellariformes[edit]

Order Pteroclidiformes[edit]

Order Strigiformes[edit]

Order Suliformes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]