Wind power by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Share of primary energy from wind, 2019[1]
Global growth of installed capacity[2]

The worldwide total cumulative installed electricity generation capacity from wind power has increased rapidly since the start of the third millennium, and as of the end of 2020, it amounts to 733 GW. Since 2010 more than half of all new wind power was added outside the traditional markets of Europe and North America, mainly driven by the continuing boom in China and India. At the end of 2015, China had 145 GW of wind power installed.[3] In 2015, China installed close to half the world's added wind power capacity. However, as of 2019, wind provided only 5% of China's power.[4]

Wind power is used on a commercial basis in more than half of all the countries of the world.[5] By 2018, several countries have achieved high levels of wind power penetration, such as 41% of stationary electricity production in Denmark, 28% in Ireland, 24% in Portugal, 21% in Germany and 19% in Spain.[6] In November 2018 wind power generation in Scotland was higher than the country's electricity consumption during the month.[7] Wind power's share of worldwide electricity usage at the end of 2018 was 4.8%,[8] up from 3.1% four years earlier.[9] In Europe, its share of power generation capacity was 18.8% in 2018.[5] Upcoming wind power markets rose from 8% to 10% in 2018 across middle East Latin America south East Asia and Africa.[10]

Global deployment figures[edit]

This section provides end-of-year figures of worldwide installed wind power capacity by country, including both onshore and offshore. The data is sourced from Global Wind Energy Council.[11] In 2018, global wind power capacity increased by 51 GW to 591 GW, an increase of 9.6% compared to the end of 2017.[12]

Top 10 countries by added wind capacity in 2018[13][14]
ChinaUnited StatesGermanyIndiaBrazilUnited KingdomFranceMexicoSwedenUnited KingdomWind power by countryCircle frame.svg
  •   China: 23,000 MW (44.8%)
  •   United States: 7,588 MW (14.8%)
  •   Germany: 3,371 MW (6.6%)
  •   India: 2,191 MW (4.3%)
  •   Brazil: 1,939 MW (3.8%)
  •   United Kingdom: 1,901 MW (3.7%)
  •   France: 1,565 MW (3.0%)
  •   Mexico: 929 MW (1.8%)
  •   Sweden: 720 MW (1.4%)
  •   Canada: 566 MW (1.1%)
  •   Rest of the world: 7,546 MW (14.7%)
Top 10 countries by cumulative wind capacity in 2020[15]
ChinaUnited StatesGermanyIndiaSpainUnited KingdomFranceBrazilCanadaItalyWind power by countryCircle frame.svg
  •   China: 281,993 MW (38.5%)
  •   United States: 117,744 MW (16.1%)
  •   Germany: 62,184 MW (8.5%)
  •   India: 38,559 MW (5.3%)
  •   Spain: 27,089 MW (3.7%)
  •   United Kingdom: 24,665 MW (3.4%)
  •   France: 17,382 MW (2.4%)
  •   Brazil: 17,198 MW (2.3%)
  •   Canada: 13,577 MW (1.9%)
  •   Italy: 10,839 MW (1.5%)
  •   Rest of the world: 122,046 MW (16.6%)

Number of countries with wind
capacities in the gigawatt-scale

Growing number of wind gigawatt-markets
  Over 1 GW
  • 2019 Ukraine
    2018 Pakistan Egypt Morocco
    2017 Norway
    2016 Chile Uruguay South Korea
    2015 South Africa Finland
    2012 Mexico Romania
    2011 Brazil Belgium
    2010 Austria Poland Turkey
    2009 Greece
    2008 Republic of Ireland Australia Sweden
    2006 Canada France
    2005 United Kingdom China Japan Portugal
    2004 Netherlands Italy
    1999 Spain India
    1997 Denmark
    1995 Germany
    1986 United States
  Over 10 GW
  • 2018 Italy
    2016 Brazil
    2015 Canada France
    2013 United Kingdom
    2009 India
    2008 China
    2006 United States Spain
    2002 Germany
  Over 100 GW
  • 2019 United States
    2014 China                  
Installed wind power capacity (MW) [16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23]
# Country or territory 2014[24] 2015[3] 2016[25] 2017[26] 2018[27] 2019[15] 2020[28]
1 China China 114,763 145,104 168,690 188,232 211,392 236,320 281,993
European Union European Union 128,752 141,579 153,730 169,319 178,826 192,020 201,507
2 United States United States 65,879 74,472 82,183 89,077 96,665 105,466 117,744
3 Germany Germany 39,165 44,947 50,019 56,132 59,311 61,357 62,184
4 India India 22,465 27,151 28,665 32,848 35,129 37,506 38,559
5 Spain Spain 22,987 23,025 23,075 23,170 23,494 25,808 27,089
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 12,440 13,603 15,030 18,872 20,970 23,515 24,665
7 France France 9,285 10,358 12,065 13,759 15,309 16,643 17,382
8 Brazil Brazil 5,939 8,715 10,740 12,763 14,707 15,452 17,198
9 Canada Canada[29] 9,694 11,205 11,898 12,239 12,816 13,413 13,577
10 Italy Italy 8,663 8,958 9,257 9,479 9,958 10,512 10,839
11 Sweden Sweden 5,425 6,025 6,519 6,691 7,407 8,804 9,688
12 Australia Australia[30] 3,806 4,187 4,327 4,557 5,362 6,199 9,457
13 Turkey Turkey[31] 3,763 4,718 6,101 6,516 7,369 8,056 8,832
14 Mexico Mexico 2,551 3,073 3,527 4,005 4,935 6,215 8,128
15 Netherlands Netherlands 2,805 3,431 4,328 4,341 4,471 4,600 6,600
16 Poland Poland 3,834 5,100 5,782 6,397 5,864 5,917 6,267
17 Denmark Denmark 4,845 5,063 5,227 5,476 5,758 6,128 6,235
18 Portugal Portugal 4,914 5,079 5,316 5,316 5,380 5,437 5,239
19 Belgium Belgium 1,959 2,229 2,386 2,843 3,360 3,879 4,692
20 Republic of Ireland Ireland 2,272 2,486 2,830 3,127 3,564 4,155 4,300
21 Japan Japan 2,789 3,038 3,234 3,400 3,661 3,923 4,206
22 Greece Greece 1,980 2,152 2,374 2,651 2,844 3,576 4,113
23 Norway Norway[32][33][34] 819 838 838 1,162 1,675 2,444 3,977
24 Austria Austria 2,095 2,412 2,632 2,828 3,045 3,159 3,224
25 Romania Romania 2,953 2,976 3,028 3,029 3,029 3,029 3,023
26 South Africa South Africa 570 1,053 1,471 2,094 2,085 2,085 2,636
27 Argentina Argentina 204 204 204 228 722 1,604 2,624
28 Finland Finland 627 1,005 1,539 2,113 2,041 2,284 2,474
29 Chile Chile 836 933 1,424 1,540 1,621 2,150 2,149
30 South Korea South Korea 609 852 1,089 1,136 1,302 1,420 1,636
31 Uruguay Uruguay 701 845 1,210 1,505 1,514 1,514 1,514
32 Thailand Thailand 223 223 430 648 778 1,507 1,507
33 Morocco Morocco 787 787 787 787 1,207 1,207 1,405
34 Ukraine Ukraine 498 514 526 593 533 1,170 1,402
35 Egypt Egypt 610 610 810 810 1,190 1,375 1,375
36 Pakistan Pakistan[35] 255 591 792 1,189 1,236 1,236
37 Russia Russia 17 17 17 141 191 945
38 Taiwan Taiwan 647 682 692 702 712 854
39 Croatia Croatia 347 387 422 613 613 652 788
40 New Zealand New Zealand 623 623 623 623 689 690 784
41 Bulgaria Bulgaria 691 691 691 691 691 691 703
42 Vietnam Vietnam 135 151 197 228 388 600
43 Lithuania Lithuania 279 315 493 493 439 533 539
44 Jordan Jordan 119 198 198 280 370 515
45 Colombia Colombia 18 18 18 18 18 18 510
46 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 53 72 98 112 121 284 486
47 Philippines Philippines 216 216 427 427 427 427 443
48 Serbia Serbia 10 10 18 374 374 397
49 Costa Rica Costa Rica 198 268 319 378 408 459 394
50 Peru Peru 148 148 243 243 375 375 376
51 Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 85 135 135 193 370 370
52 Czech Republic Czech Republic 215 281 282 308 316 339 339
53 Kenya Kenya 26 26 26 336 336 336
54 Ethiopia Ethiopia 171 324 324 324 324 324 324
55 Hungary Hungary 329 329 329 329 329 323 323
56 Estonia Estonia 302 303 310 310 310 316 316
57 Iran Iran n.a. 129 134 191 282 303 303
58 Panama Panama 35 270 270 270 270 270 270
59 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 121 131 131 131 128 128 252
60 Tunisia Tunisia 245 245 358 244 244 244 244
61 Honduras Honduras 126 176 180 225 274 241 241
62 Nicaragua Nicaragua 186 186 186 186 186 186 186
63 Luxembourg Luxembourg 58 58 100 120 120 136 166
64 Cyprus Cyprus 147 158 158 158 158 158 158
65 Mongolia Mongolia 50 50 50 100 149 149 156
66 Indonesia Indonesia 1 1 1 1 144 154 154
Rest of Caribbean 250 250 200 218 n.a. -
Pacific Islands 12 12 13 13 13 13 54
Rest of Europe 5,715 6,543 -
Rest of Latin America & Caribbean 250 285 -
Rest of Africa & Middle East 129 151 159 159 -
Rest of Asia 167 70 70 n.a. -
World total capacity (MW) 369,553 432,419 487,657 539,581 591,549 650,758 733,276

Installed capacity per capita[edit]

Installed windpower as per section above, divided by List of countries and dependencies by population (May 2021). The world average of 93 Watt wind power per capita equals to one 2 MW turbine per 21,500 people.

Installed wind power capacity per capita (Watt)
# Country Population Capacity per capita
in 2020 (Watt)
Installed capacity
in 2020 (MW)
1 Denmark 5,840,045 1068 6,235
2 Sweden 10,385,347 933 9,688
3 Ireland 4,977,400 864 4,300
4 Germany 83,190,556 747 62,184
5 Norway 5,391,369 738 3,977
6 Spain 47,351,567 572 27,089
7 Portugal 10,295,909 509 5,239
8 Finland 5,506,915 449 2,474
9 Uruguay 3,554,915 426 1,514
10 Belgium 11,560,220 406 4,692
11 Greece 10,718,565 384 4,113
12 Netherlands 17,589,981 375 6,600
13 United Kingdom 66,796,807 369 24,665
14 Australia 25,791,323 367 9,457
15 Austria 8,933,346 361 3,224
16 United States 331,611,270 355 117,744
17 Canada 38,443,464 353 13,577
18 Luxembourg 634,730 262 166
19 France 67,406,000 258 17,382
20 Estonia 1,329,460 238 316
21 China 1,407,794,600 200 281,993
22 Croatia 4,047,200 195 788
23 Lithuania 2,787,658 193 539
24 Italy 59,226,539 183 10,839
25 Cyprus 888,005 178 158
26 Poland 38,230,000 164 6,267
27 Romania 19,317,984 156 3,023
28 New Zealand 5,126,991 153 784
29 Chile 19,678,363 109 2,149
30 Turkey 83,614,362 106 8,832
31 Bulgaria 6,916,548 102 703
32 World 7,865,475,000 93 733,276
33 Brazil 213,088,674 81 17,198
34 Costa Rica 5,163,038 76 394
35 Mexico 126,014,024 65 8,128
36 Panama 4,278,500 63 270
37 Serbia 6,926,705 57 397
38 Argentina 45,808,747 57 2,624
39 Jordan 10,936,824 47 515
40 Mongolia 3,375,659 46 156
41 South Africa 59,622,350 44 2,636
42 Morocco 36,239,530 39 1,405
43 Taiwan 23,525,623 36 854
44 Dominican Republic 10,535,535 35 370
45 Ukraine 41,527,205 34 1,402
46 Japan 125,410,000 34 4,206
47 Hungary 9,730,000 33 323
48 Czech Republic 10,701,777 32 339
49 South Korea 51,702,100 32 1,636
50 Nicaragua 6,595,674 28 186
51 India 1,376,519,831 28 38,559
52 Kazakhstan 18,919,024 26 486
53 Honduras 9,450,711 26 241
54 Thailand 66,642,442 23 1,507
55 Tunisia 11,746,695 21 244
56 Egypt 101,824,663 14 1,375
57 SriLanka 21,919,000 11 252
58 Peru 33,035,304 11 376
59 Colombia 51,049,498 10 510
60 Kenya 47,564,296 7 336
61 Russia 146,171,015 6 945
62 Vietnam 97,580,000 6 600
63 Pakistan 225,200,000 5 1,236
64 Philippines 110,176,132 4 443
65 Iran 84,414,159 4 303
66 Ethiopia 117,876,000 3 324
67 Indonesia 271,350,000 1 154

Historical wind power capacity[edit]

Electricity generation by wind 2017[edit]

Top wind power producing countries in 2017[41]
Country Wind-power
Production (TWh)
China 305
United States 257
Germany 106
United Kingdom 50.0
Spain 49.1
India 47.7
Brazil 42.3
Canada 28.8
France 24.7
Turkey 17.6

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Share of primary energy from wind". Our World in Data. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  2. ^ "GWEC, Global Wind Report Annual Market Update". Gwec.net. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Global Wind Report 2015" (PDF). report. GWEC. 22 April 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Renewable energy". BP. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Countries - Online Access - The wind power - Wind energy market intelligence". The Wind Power. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Wind energy in Europe in 2018" (PDF). WindEurope.org. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  7. ^ "'Historic' month as wind power meets 109% of energy demands". STV. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  8. ^ https://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/energy-economics/statistical-review-of-world-energy/renewable-energy.html.html#wind-energy BP Global: Wind Energy
  9. ^ http://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/REN12-GSR2015_Onlinebook_low1.pdf pg31
  10. ^ "The wind energy capacity in 2018".
  11. ^ "Global Wind Report 2018". Global Wind Energy Council. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  12. ^ "51.3 GW of global wind capacity installed in 2018". Global Wind Energy Council. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  13. ^ "GWEC Global Wind Report 2018" (PDF). Global Wind Energy Council. April 2019. pp. 25, 28.
  14. ^ "Wind energy in Europe in 2018" (PDF). WindEurope. 21 February 2019. p. 10.
  15. ^ a b "Global wind statistics" (PDF). IRENA. 5 April 2021. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  16. ^ "Wind in numbers". Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  17. ^ "Brazil Wind Energy Report 2011". Report. Global Wind Energy Council. September 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
  18. ^ a b "World Wind Energy Report 2010" (PDF). Report. World Wind Energy Association. February 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  19. ^ a b "World Wind Energy Report 2009" (PDF). Report. World Winiation. February 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
  20. ^ (in Hungarian) 25 MW teljesítményű szélerőműparkot helyzetek üzembe Bőnyben, 10 January 2010
  21. ^ "Global installed wind power capacity 2008/2009 (MW)" (PDF) (Press release). Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  22. ^ "Irish Wind Energy Association – Wind Energy in Ireland". Iwea.com. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
  23. ^ http://panchabuta.com/2011/08/07/14-55-gw-of-wind-installed-in-india-627-monitoring-stations-established-to-harness-potential/
  24. ^ "GWEC Global Wind Statistics 2014" (PDF). report. GWEC. 10 February 2015.
  25. ^ "AWEA 2016 Fourth Quarter Market Report". AWEA. American Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  26. ^ "Global Wind Statistics 2017" (PDF).
  27. ^ "Global Wind Report 2018" (PDF).
  28. ^ "Renewable Energy Capacity Statistics 2021" (PDF).
  29. ^ "Installed Capacity - Canadian Wind Energy Association". Canadian Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  30. ^ "Clean Energy Report 2011". Clean Energy Council Australia. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  31. ^ "TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK SİSTEMİ KURULUŞ ve KAYNAKLARA GÖRE KURULU GÜÇ" (PDF). Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  32. ^ "Vindkraftproduksjon 2013". Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  33. ^ "Vindkraft – produksjon i 2012" (PDF). Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  34. ^ "Vindkraft–Produksjonsstatistikk-2011" (PDF). Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  35. ^ "Current Status". Alternate Energy Development Board, Pakistan. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  36. ^ World Wind Energy Association (also wwindea.org or WWEA). See the periodical "Wind Energy International" or WWEA press releases for additional data.
  37. ^ a b c d "World Wind Energy Report 2008" (PDF). Report. World Wind Energy Association. February 2009. Retrieved 19 March 2009.
  38. ^ "World Wind Energy Report 2011". World Wind Energy Association. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  39. ^ "World Wind Energy Report 2012". World Wind Energy Association. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  40. ^ Stefan, Gsanger (21 March 2013). "World Wind Energy Report 2013". www.wwindea.org. World Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 23 September 2020. Check |archive-url= value (help)
  41. ^ http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/dashboard/?topic=4&subTopic=18