Wind power by country

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Share of electricity production from wind, 2021 [1]
Global map of wind speed at 100 m above surface level.[2]

The worldwide total cumulative installed electricity generation capacity from wind power has increased rapidly since the start of the third millennium, and as of the end of 2020, it amounts to 733 GW. Since 2010, more than half of all new wind power was added outside the traditional markets of Europe and North America, mainly driven by the continuing boom in China and India. At the end of 2015, China had 145 GW of wind power installed.[3] In 2015, China installed close to half the world's added wind power capacity.[4]

Wind power is used on a commercial basis in more than half of all the countries of the world.[5]

By 2020, 56% wind power penetration was achieved in Denmark, 40% in Uruguay, 36% in Lithuania, 35% in Ireland, 24% in the UK, 23% in Portugal and in Germany, 20% in Spain, 18% in Greece, 16% in Sweden, 15% (avg) in the EU, 8% in the US, and 6% in China.[6]

In November 2018, wind power generation in Scotland was higher than the country's electricity consumption during the month.[7] Wind power's share of worldwide electricity usage at the end of 2018 was 4.8%,[8] up from 3.1% four years earlier.[9] In Europe, its share of power generation capacity was 18.8% in 2018.[5] In 2018, upcoming wind power markets rose from 8% to 10% across the Middle East, Latin America, South East Asia, and Africa.[10]

Global deployment figures[edit]

This section provides end-of-year figures of worldwide installed wind power capacity by country, including both onshore and offshore. The data is sourced from Global Wind Energy Council.[11] In 2018, global wind power capacity increased by 51 GW to 591 GW, an increase of 9.6% compared to the end of 2017.[12]

Top 10 countries by added wind capacity in 2021[13]
Top 10 countries by cumulative wind capacity in 2021[14]

Number of countries with wind
capacities in the gigawatt-scale

Growing number of wind gigawatt-markets
  Over 1 GW
  • 2021 Kazakhstan Taiwan Russia Vietnam
    2019 Ukraine
    2018 Pakistan Egypt Morocco
    2017 Norway
    2016 Chile Uruguay South Korea
    2015 South Africa Finland
    2012 Mexico Romania
    2011 Brazil Belgium
    2010 Austria Poland Turkey
    2009 Greece
    2008 Republic of Ireland Australia Sweden
    2006 Canada France
    2005 United Kingdom China Japan Portugal
    2004 Netherlands Italy
    1999 Spain India
    1997 Denmark
    1995 Germany
    1986 United States
  Over 10 GW
  • 2021Turkey Sweden
    2018 Italy
    2016 Brazil
    2015 Canada France
    2013 United Kingdom
    2009 India
    2008 China
    2006 United States Spain
    2002 Germany
  Over 100 GW
  • 2019 United States
    2014 China                  
Installed wind power capacity (MW) [15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22]
# Country or territory 2014[23] 2015[3] 2016[24] 2017[25] 2018[26] 2019[14] 2020[27] 2021[28]
1 China China 114,763 145,104 168,690 188,232 211,392 236,320 281,993 328,973
European Union European Union 128,752 141,579 153,730 169,319 178,826 192,020 201,507 187,497*
2 United States United States 65,879 74,472 82,183 89,077 96,665 105,466 117,744 132,738
3 Germany Germany 39,165 44,947 50,019 56,132 59,311 61,357 62,184 63,760
4 India India 22,465 27,151 28,665 32,848 35,129 37,506 38,559 40,067
5 Spain Spain 22,987 23,025 23,075 23,170 23,494 25,808 27,089 27,497
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 12,440 13,603 15,030 18,872 20,970 23,515 24,665 27,130
7 Brazil Brazil 5,939 8,715 10,740 12,763 14,707 15,452 17,198 21,161
8 France France 9,285 10,358 12,065 13,759 15,309 16,643 17,382 18,676
9 Canada Canada[29] 9,694 11,205 11,898 12,239 12,816 13,413 13,577 14,304
10 Sweden Sweden 5,425 6,025 6,519 6,691 7,407 8,804 9,688 12,080
11 Italy Italy 8,663 8,958 9,257 9,479 9,958 10,512 10,839 11,276
12 Turkey Turkey[30] 3,763 4,718 6,101 6,516 7,369 8,056 8,832 10,607
13 Australia Australia[31] 3,806 4,187 4,327 4,557 5,362 6,199 8,603 8,951
14 Netherlands Netherlands 2,805 3,431 4,328 4,341 4,471 4,600 6,600 7,801
15 Mexico Mexico 2,551 3,073 3,527 4,005 4,935 6,215 6,504 7,692
16 Denmark Denmark 4,845 5,063 5,227 5,476 5,758 6,128 6,235 7,014
17 Poland Poland 3,834 5,100 5,782 6,397 5,864 5,917 6,267 6,958
18 Portugal Portugal 4,914 5,079 5,316 5,316 5,380 5,437 5,239 5,248
19 Belgium Belgium 1,959 2,229 2,386 2,843 3,360 3,879 4,692 4,780
20 Norway Norway[32][33][34] 819 838 838 1,162 1,675 2,444 3,977 4,650
21 Japan Japan 2,789 3,038 3,234 3,400 3,661 3,923 4,206 4,471
22 Vietnam Vietnam 135 151 197 228 388 600 4,118
23 Greece Greece 1,980 2,152 2,374 2,651 2,844 3,576 4,113 4,457
24 Republic of Ireland Ireland 2,272 2,486 2,830 3,127 3,564 4,155 4,300 4,332
25 Austria Austria 2,095 2,412 2,632 2,828 3,045 3,159 3,224 3,524
26 Argentina Argentina 204 204 204 228 722 1,604 2,624 3,292
27 Finland Finland 627 1,005 1,539 2,113 2,041 2,284 2,474 3,257
28 Chile Chile 836 933 1,424 1,540 1,621 2,150 2,149 3,137
29 Romania Romania 2,953 2,976 3,028 3,029 3,029 3,029 3,013 3,013
30 South Africa South Africa 570 1,053 1,471 2,094 2,085 2,085 2,636 2,956
31 Russia Russia 17 17 17 141 191 945 1,955
32 Ukraine Ukraine 498 514 526 593 533 1,170 1,402 1,761
33 South Korea South Korea 609 852 1,089 1,136 1,302 1,420 1,636 1,708
34 Egypt Egypt 610 610 810 810 1,190 1,375 1,375 1,640
35 Uruguay Uruguay 701 845 1,210 1,505 1,514 1,514 1,514 1,514
36 Thailand Thailand 223 223 430 648 778 1,507 1,507 1,507
37 Morocco Morocco 787 787 787 787 1,207 1,207 1,405 1,435
38 Pakistan Pakistan[35] 255 591 792 1,189 1,236 1,236 1,335
39 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 53 72 98 112 121 284 486 1,170
40 Taiwan Taiwan 647 682 692 702 712 854 1,033
41 Croatia Croatia 347 387 422 613 613 652 788 988
42 New Zealand New Zealand 623 623 623 623 689 690 784 917
43 Bulgaria Bulgaria 691 691 691 691 691 691 703 705
44 Lithuania Lithuania 279 315 493 493 439 533 539 671
45 Jordan Jordan 119 198 198 280 370 515 622
46 Colombia Colombia 18 18 18 18 18 18 510 ?
47 Philippines Philippines 216 216 427 427 427 427 443 443
48 Kenya Kenya 26 26 26 336 336 336 436
49 Peru Peru 148 148 243 243 375 375 376 409
50 Serbia Serbia 10 10 18 374 374 397 398
51 Costa Rica Costa Rica 198 268 319 378 408 459 394 394
52 Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 85 135 135 193 370 370 370
53 Czech Republic Czech Republic 215 281 282 308 316 339 339 339
54 Ethiopia Ethiopia 171 324 324 324 324 324 324 324
55 Hungary Hungary 329 329 329 329 329 323 323 321
56 Estonia Estonia 302 303 310 310 310 316 316 317
57 Iran Iran n.a. 129 134 191 282 303 303 310
58 Panama Panama 35 270 270 270 270 270 270 270
59 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 121 131 131 131 128 128 252 253
60 Tunisia Tunisia 245 245 358 244 244 244 244 245
61 Honduras Honduras 126 176 180 225 274 241 241 241
62 Nicaragua Nicaragua 186 186 186 186 186 186 186 186
63 Senegal Senegal - - - - - 55 159 159
64 Cyprus Cyprus 147 158 158 158 158 158 158 158
65 Luxembourg Luxembourg 58 58 100 120 120 136 153 157
66 Mongolia Mongolia 50 50 50 100 149 149 156 156
67 Indonesia Indonesia 1 1 1 1 144 154 154 154
68 Kosovo Kosovo 1 1 1 34 34 34 32 137
69 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina - - - - 51 87 135 135
70 Bolivia Bolivia 3 3 27 27 27 27 27 128
71 Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 125 125 125 101 101 102 102 125
72 Montenegro Montenegro - - - 72 72 118 118 118
73 Belarus Belarus 9 22 62 84 92 112 112 112
74 Guatemala Guatemala - 76 76 76 107 107 107 107
Rest of Caribbean 250 250 200 218 n.a. -
Pacific Islands 12 12 13 13 13 13 54
Rest of Europe 5,715 6,543 -
Rest of Latin America & Caribbean 250 285 -
Rest of Africa & Middle East 129 151 159 159 -
Rest of Asia 167 70 70 n.a. -
World total capacity (MW) 369,553 432,419 487,657 539,581 591,549 650,758 733,276 824,874
*From 2021, data about the European Union refers to the EU27 without the United Kingdom

Installed capacity per capita[edit]

Installed windpower as per section above, divided by population (May 2021). The world average of 93 Watts of wind power per capita equals one 2 MW turbine per 21,500 people.

Installed wind power capacity per capita (Watt)
# Country Population Capacity per capita
in 2020 (Watt)
Installed capacity
in 2020 (MW)
1 Denmark 5,840,045 1068 6,235
2 Sweden 10,385,347 933 9,688
3 Ireland 4,977,400 864 4,300
4 Germany 83,190,556 747 62,184
5 Norway 5,391,369 738 3,977
6 Spain 47,351,567 572 27,089
7 Portugal 10,295,909 509 5,239
8 Finland 5,506,915 449 2,474
9 Uruguay 3,554,915 426 1,514
10 Belgium 11,560,220 406 4,692
11 Greece 10,718,565 384 4,113
12 Netherlands 17,589,981 375 6,600
13 United Kingdom 66,796,807 369 24,665
14 Australia 25,791,323 367 9,457
15 Austria 8,933,346 361 3,224
16 United States 331,611,270 355 117,744
17 Canada 38,443,464 353 13,577
18 Luxembourg 634,730 262 166
19 France 67,406,000 258 17,382
20 Estonia 1,329,460 238 316
21 China 1,407,794,600 200 281,993
22 Croatia 4,047,200 195 788
23 Lithuania 2,787,658 193 539
24 Italy 59,226,539 183 10,839
25 Cyprus 888,005 178 158
26 Poland 38,230,000 164 6,267
27 Romania 19,317,984 156 3,023
28 New Zealand 5,126,991 153 784
29 Chile 19,678,363 109 2,149
30 Turkey 83,614,362 106 8,832
31 Bulgaria 6,916,548 102 703
32 World 7,865,475,000 93 733,276
33 Brazil 213,088,674 81 17,198
34 Costa Rica 5,163,038 76 394
35 Mexico 126,014,024 65 8,128
36 Panama 4,278,500 63 270
37 Serbia 6,926,705 57 397
38 Argentina 45,808,747 57 2,624
39 Jordan 10,936,824 47 515
40 Mongolia 3,375,659 46 156
41 South Africa 59,622,350 44 2,636
42 Morocco 36,239,530 39 1,405
43 Taiwan 23,525,623 36 854
44 Dominican Republic 10,535,535 35 370
45 Ukraine 41,527,205 34 1,402
46 Japan 125,410,000 34 4,206
47 Hungary 9,730,000 33 323
48 Czech Republic 10,701,777 32 339
49 South Korea 51,702,100 32 1,636
50 Nicaragua 6,595,674 28 186
51 India 1,376,519,831 28 38,559
52 Kazakhstan 18,919,024 26 486
53 Honduras 9,450,711 26 241
54 Thailand 66,642,442 23 1,507
55 Tunisia 11,746,695 21 244
56 Egypt 101,824,663 14 1,375
57 Sri Lanka 21,919,000 11 252
58 Peru 33,035,304 11 376
59 Colombia 51,049,498 10 510
60 Kenya 47,564,296 7 336
61 Russia 146,171,015 6 945
62 Vietnam 97,580,000 6 600
63 Pakistan 225,200,000 5 1,236
64 Philippines 110,176,132 4 443
65 Iran 84,414,159 4 303
66 Ethiopia 117,876,000 3 324
67 Indonesia 271,350,000 1 154

Historical wind power capacity[edit]

Installed wind power capacity (MW) 2004-2013[36]
Rank Country 2004 2005[37] 2006[37] 2007[37] 2008[37] 2009[18] 2010[17] 2011[38] 2012[39] 2013[40]
1 China China 764 1,266 2,599 5,912 12,210 25,777 44,733 62,364 75,324 91,324
2 United States United States 6,725 9,149 11,603 16,818 25,170 35,159 40,180 46,919 59,882 61,108
3 Germany Germany 16,628 18,427 20,622 22,247 23,902 25,777 27,215 29,075 31,038 34,660
4 Spain Spain 8,263 10,027 11,630 15,145 16,740 19,149 20,676 21,673 22,796 22,959
5 India India 3,000 4,430 6,270 7,850 9,587 10,925 13,065 15,880 18,321 20,150
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 888 1,353 1,962 2,389 3,287 4,092 5,204 6,018 8,445 10,531
7 Italy Italy 1,265 1,718 2,123 2,726 3,736 4,850 5,797 6,737 8,144 8,551
8 France France 386 757 1,567 2,455 3,404 4,521 5,660 6,640 7,473 8,254
9 Canada Canada 444 683 1,460 1,846 2,369 3,319 4,008 5,265 6,201 7,698
10 Denmark Denmark 3,124 3,128 3,136 3,125 3,160.0 3,497 3,734 3,927 4,162 4,772
11 Portugal Portugal 522 1,022 1,716 2,130 2,862 3,535 3,702 4,083 4,525 4,724
12 Sweden Sweden 452 509.1 571.2 831.0 1066 1,579 2,052 2,798 3,745 4,470
13 Brazil Brazil 23.8 28.6 236.9 247.1 338.5 606 920 1,429 2,507 3,399
14 Poland Poland 58.2 73 153 276 544 725 1,107 1,616.4 2,497 3,390
15 Australia Australia 379 579 817.3 817.3 1,494.0 1,877 1,880 2,005 2,584 3,049
16 Turkey Turkey 20.6 20.1 64.6 206.8 333.4 796.5 1,274 1,799 2,312 2,959
17 Netherlands Netherlands 1,078 1,224 1,559 1,747 2,225.0 2,229 2,237 2,328 2,391 2,693
18 Japan Japan 896.2 1,040 1,309 1,528 1,880.0 2,056 2,304 2,501 2,614 2,661
19 Romania Romania 0 0.9 2.8 7.8 7.0 14.0 591 826 1,905 2,599
20 Republic of Ireland Ireland 338.9 495.2 746 805 1,244.7 1,260 1,428 1,614 1,738 2,037
21 Mexico Mexico 2.2 2.2 84 85.0 85.0 402 521 929 1,348 1,992
22 Greece Greece 473 573.3 757.6 873.3 989.7 1,109 1,208 1,626.5 1,749 1,865
23 Austria Austria 606 819 964.5 981.5 994.9 995 1,011 1,084 1,378 1,684
24 Belgium Belgium 95 167.4 194.3 286.9 383.6 555 886 1,078 1,375 1,651
25 Norway Norway 270 268 325 333.0 428.0 431 434 520.0 703.0 768
26 Bulgaria Bulgaria 10 14 36 57 120 177 375 503.0 684.0 681
27 New Zealand New Zealand 168.1 168.2 171 321.8 325.3 497 506 622.8 622.8 623
28 Taiwan Taiwan 13 103.7 187.7 279.9 358.2 436 519 563.8 563.8 614
29 South Korea South Korea 22.5 119.1 176.3 192.1 278.0 364.4 379 406.3 482.6 561
30 Egypt Egypt 145 145 230 310 390.0 430 550 550.0 550.0 550
31 Morocco Morocco 53.9 64 64 125.2 125.2 253 286 291.0 291.0 494.8
32 Finland Finland 82 82 86 110 140.0 147 197 197.0 288.0 448.0
33 Ukraine Ukraine 68.8 77.3 85.6 89.0 90.0 90 87.4 151.1 276.0 371.0
34 Chile Chile 2 2 2 20.1 20.1 78 170 190.0 190.0 335.0
35 Hungary Hungary 3.5 17.5 60.9 65.0 127.0 201 295 329.4 329.4 329.4
36 CroatiaCroatia 6 6 17.2 17.2 18.2 27.8 69.8 131.0 180.0 302.0
37 Estonia Estonia 22.1 33 33 58.6 78.3 142.3 149 184.0 269.0 280.0
38 Lithuania Lithuania 7 7 55.0 52.3 54.4 91 154 179.0 225.0 279.0
39 Czech Republic Czech Republic 16.5 29.5 56.5 116 150.0 191 215 217.0 260.0 269.0
40 Argentina Argentina 25.6 26.8 27.8 29.8 29.8 29.8 54.0 129.2 233.2 217.1
41 Thailand Thailand 193.0
42 Ethiopia Ethiopia 30.0 30.0 51.0 171.0
43 Costa Rica Costa Rica 69.9 71 74 74 74.0 123 123 148.2 148.2 148.2
44 Cyprus Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0 0 82.0 134.0 147.0 147.0
45 Nicaragua Nicaragua 0 0 0 0 0 40 40.0 63.0 102.0 141.6
46 Puerto Rico 0 125.0 125.0
47 Pakistan Pakistan 0 0 0 0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 106.0 106.0
48 Tunisia Tunisia 20 20 20 20 20.0 20.0 54.0 54.0 104.0 104.0
49 South Africa South Africa 16.55 16.6 16.6 16.6 21.8 21.8 10.0 10.1 10.1 102.0
50 Honduras Honduras 0.0 70.0 70.0 102.0
51 Iran Iran 25 31.6 47.4 66.5 82.0 82 100 100.0 100.0 100.0
52 Latvia Latvia 26.7 22.9 26.9 26.9 26.9 28.5 31.0 31.0 68.0 68.0
53 Switzerland Switzerland 8.7 11.6 11.6 11.6 13.8 17.6 42.0 45.5 50.0 60.0
54 Uruguay Uruguay 0.15 0.2 0.2 0.6 20.5 20.5 30.5 40.5 52.0 59.3
55 Luxembourg Luxembourg 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 42.0 44.0 45.0 58.0
56 Mongolia Mongolia 0 0 0 0 2.4 2.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 50.9
57 Jamaica Jamaica 20.7 20.7 20.7 20.7 20.7 29.7 29.7 47.7 47.7 47.7
58 New Caledonia New Caledonia 0.0 38.2 38.2 38.2
59 Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 0 0.2 0.2 0.2 33.6 33.6 33.6
60 Philippines Philippines 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.2 33.0 33 33.0 33.0 33.0
61 Vietnam Vietnam 0 0 0 0 1.3 8.8 30.5 31.0 31.0 31.0
62-63 Venezuela Venezuela 0.0 30.0 30.0
62-63 Aruba Aruba 0.0 30.0 30.0 30.0
64 Guadeloupe Guadeloupe 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 26.8 26.8 26.8
65 Cape Verde Cape Verde 2.78 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 25.5 38.3 24.0 25.5
66 France Reunion Island 23.4
67 Colombia Colombia 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.5 20.0 20.0 19.5 19.5 19.5
68 Ecuador Ecuador 0 0 0 3.1 4.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 19.0 19.0
69 Russia Russia 10.8 14 15.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 15.4 15.4 16.8 16.8
70 Guyana Guyana 10.2 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5
71 Curaçao Curaçao 0.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
72 Cuba Cuba 0.45 0.5 0.5 2.1 7.2 7.2 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
73 Bonaire Bonaire 0.0 10.8 10.8 10.8
74 Algeria Algeria 0 0.1 10.1
75 Fiji Fiji 0.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
76 Dominica Dominica 0.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
77 Israel Israel 7 7.0 7.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
78 Faroe Islands Faroe Islands 0.15 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
79-80 Slovakia Slovakia 5 5 5 5 6.0 6.0 6.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
79-80 Vanuatu Vanuatu 0.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
81-82 Nigeria Nigeria 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
81-82 Saint Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts and Nevis 0.0 2.2 2.2 2.2
83-84 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 2.2 2.0 2.0
83-84 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.0 2.2 2.0 2.0
85 Belarus Belarus 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.9 1.9 3.5 1.9 1.9
86 Iceland Iceland 0.0 1.8 1.8
87 Antarctica Antarctica 0 0.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
88 Jordan Jordan 1.45 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
89 Indonesia Indonesia 0 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
90 Madagascar Madagascar 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
91-92 Martinique Martinique 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
91-92 Mauritius Mauritius 0.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
93 Falkland Islands Falkland Islands 0 0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles 0 0 17.2 17.2 18.2 24.3 24.3
Armenia Armenia 0.0 2.6
World 47,693 59,024.1 74,122.8 93,930.4 120,902.9 159,213.3 196,630 237,022 282,482 318,530

Electricity generation by wind 2021[edit]

Development of wind power generation
Top wind power producing countries in 2021[41]
Country Wind-power
Production (TWh)
AVG MWh
China 656 74,835
United States 384 43,806
Germany 118 13,461
Brazil 72.3 8,248
India 68.1 7,769
United Kingdom 64.5 7,358
Spain 62.4 7,118
France 37.0 4,221
Canada 35.1 4,004
Turkey 31.1 3,548

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  7. ^ "'Historic' month as wind power meets 109% of energy demands". STV. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  8. ^ https://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/energy-economics/statistical-review-of-world-energy/renewable-energy.html.html#wind-energy BP Global: Wind Energy
  9. ^ http://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/REN12-GSR2015_Onlinebook_low1.pdf pg31
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  12. ^ "51.3 GW of global wind capacity installed in 2018". Global Wind Energy Council. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
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  19. ^ (in Hungarian) 25 MW teljesítményű szélerőműparkot helyzetek üzembe Bőnyben, 10 January 2010
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  22. ^ http://panchabuta.com/2011/08/07/14-55-gw-of-wind-installed-in-india-627-monitoring-stations-established-to-harness-potential/
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  27. ^ "Renewable Energy Capacity Statistics 2021" (PDF).
  28. ^ "Renewable Energy Capacity Statistics 2022" (PDF).
  29. ^ "Installed Capacity - Canadian Wind Energy Association". Canadian Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  30. ^ "TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK SİSTEMİ KURULUŞ ve KAYNAKLARA GÖRE KURULU GÜÇ" (PDF). Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  31. ^ "Clean Energy Report 2011". Clean Energy Council Australia. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
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  34. ^ "Vindkraft–Produksjonsstatistikk-2011" (PDF). Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  35. ^ "Current Status". Alternate Energy Development Board, Pakistan. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  36. ^ World Wind Energy Association (also wwindea.org or WWEA). See the periodical "Wind Energy International" or WWEA press releases for additional data.
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  38. ^ "World Wind Energy Report 2011". World Wind Energy Association. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)
  39. ^ "World Wind Energy Report 2012". World Wind Energy Association. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)
  40. ^ Stefan, Gsanger (21 March 2013). "World Wind Energy Report 2013". www.wwindea.org. World Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 23 September 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  41. ^ "Wind power generation". Our World in Data. Retrieved 19 August 2022.