Wind power by country

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Global growth of installed capacity[1]

The worldwide total cumulative installed electricity generation capacity from wind power has increased rapidly since the start of the third millennium, and as of the end of 2018, it amounts to 591 GW. Since 2010 more than half of all new wind power was added outside the traditional markets of Europe and North America, mainly driven by the continuing boom in China and India. At the end of 2015, China had 145 GW of wind power installed.[2] In 2015, China installed close to half the world's added wind power capacity. However, as of 2019, wind provided only 5% of China's power.[3]

Wind power is used on a commercial basis in more than half of all the countries of the world.[4] Several countries have achieved high levels of wind power penetration, such as 41% of stationary electricity production in Denmark, 28% in Ireland, 24% in Portugal, 21% in Germany in 2018 and 19% in Spain.[5] In November 2018 wind power generation in Scotland was higher than the country's electricity consumption during the month.[6] Wind power's share of worldwide electricity usage at the end of 2018 was 4.8%,[7] up from 3.1% four years earlier.[8] In Europe, its share of power generation capacity was 18.8% in 2018.[4]

Global deployment figures[edit]

This section provides end-of-year figures of worldwide installed wind power capacity by country, including both onshore and offshore. The data is sourced from Global Wind Energy Council.[9] In 2018, global wind power capacity increased by 51 GW to 591 GW, an increase of 9.6% compared to the end of 2017.[10]

Top 10 countries by added wind capacity in 2018[11][12]
ChinaUnited StatesGermanyIndiaBrazilUnited KingdomFranceMexicoSwedenUnited KingdomWind power by countryCircle frame.svg
  •   China: 23,000 MW (44.8%)
  •   United States: 7,588 MW (14.8%)
  •   Germany: 3,371 MW (6.6%)
  •   India: 2,191 MW (4.3%)
  •   Brazil: 1,939 MW (3.8%)
  •   United Kingdom: 1,901 MW (3.7%)
  •   France: 1,565 MW (3.0%)
  •   Mexico: 929 MW (1.8%)
  •   Sweden: 720 MW (1.4%)
  •   Canada: 566 MW (1.1%)
  •   Rest of the world: 7,546 MW (14.7%)
Top 10 countries by cumulative wind capacity in 2018[11][12]
ChinaUnited StatesGermanyIndiaSpainUnited KingdomFranceBrazilCanadaItalyWind power by countryCircle frame.svg
  •   China: 211,392 MW (35.7%)
  •   United States: 96,665 MW (16.3%)
  •   Germany: 59,311 MW (10.0%)
  •   India: 35,129 MW (5.9%)
  •   Spain: 23,494 MW (4.0%)
  •   United Kingdom: 20,970 MW (3.5%)
  •   France: 15,309 MW (2.6%)
  •   Brazil: 14,707 MW (2.5%)
  •   Canada: 12,816 MW (2.2%)
  •   Italy: 9,958 MW (1.7%)
  •   Rest of the world: 91,798 MW (15.5%)
Number of countries with wind capacities in the gigawatt-scale
10
20
30
40
2005
2010
2015
2019
Growing number of wind gigawatt-markets
Installed wind power capacity (MW) [13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20]
# Country or territory 2006 2007 2008[21] 2009[22] 2010[23] 2011[24] 2012[25] 2013[26] 2014[27] 2015[2] 2016[28] 2017[29] 2018[30] 2019[31]
1 China China 2,599 5,912 12,210 25,104 44,733 62,733 75,564 91,412 114,763 145,104 168,690 188,232 211,392 236,402
European Union European Union 48,122 56,614 65,255 74,919 84,278 93,957 106,454 117,384 128,752 141,579 153,730 169,319 178,826
2 United States United States 11,603 16,819 25,170 35,159 40,200 46,919 60,007 61,110 65,879 74,472 82,183 89,077 96,665 105,466
3 Germany Germany 20,622 22,247 23,903 25,777 27,214 29,060 31,332 34,250 39,165 44,947 50,019 56,132 59,311
4 India India 6,270 7,850 9,587 10,925 13,064 16,084 18,421 20,150 22,465 27,151 28,665 32,848 35,129 37,506
5 Spain Spain 11,630 15,145 16,740 19,149 20,676 21,674 22,796 22,959 22,987 23,025 23,075 23,170 23,494
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,963 2,389 3,288 4,070 5,203 6,540 8,445 10,711 12,440 13,603 15,030 18,872 20,970
7 France France 1,589 2,477 3,426 4,410 5,660 6,800 7,196 8,243 9,285 10,358 12,065 13,759 15,309 16,643
8 Brazil Brazil 237 247 339 606 932 1,509 2,508 3,466 5,939 8,715 10,740 12,763 14,707 15,452
9 Canada Canada[32] 1,460 1,846 2,369 3,319 4,008 5,265 6,200 7,823 9,694 11,205 11,898 12,239 12,816 13,413
10 Italy Italy 2,123 2,726 3,537 4,850 5,797 6,747 8,144 8,558 8,663 8,958 9,257 9,479 9,958
11 Sweden Sweden 571 831 1,067 1,560 2,163 2,970 3,745 4,382 5,425 6,025 6,519 6,691 7,407 8804
12 Turkey Turkey[33] 65 207 433 801 1,329 1,799 2,312 2,958 3,763 4,718 6,101 6,516 7,369 8056
13 Poland Poland 153 276 472 725 1,107 1,616 2,497 3,390 3,834 5,100 5,782 6,397 5,864
14 Denmark Denmark 3,140 3,129 3,164 3,465 3,752 3,871 4,162 4,807 4,845 5,063 5,227 5,476 5,758
15 Portugal Portugal 1,716 2,130 2,862 3,535 3,702 4,083 4,525 4,730 4,914 5,079 5,316 5,316 5,380
16 Australia Australia[34] 651 824 1,306 1,712 1,991 2,176 2,584 3,239 3,806 4,187 4,327 4,557 5,362 6199
17 Mexico Mexico 84 85 85 520 733 873 1,370 1,859 2,551 3,073 3,527 4,005 4,935 6215
18 Netherlands Netherlands 1,571 1,759 2,237 2,223 2,237 2,328 2,391 2,671 2,805 3,431 4,328 4,341 4,471
19 Japan Japan 1,309 1,528 1,880 2,056 2,304 2,501 2,614 2,669 2,789 3,038 3,234 3,400 3,661
20 Republic of Ireland Ireland 746 805 1,245 1,260 1,379 1,614 1,738 2,049 2,272 2,486 2,830 3,127 3,564
21 Belgium Belgium 194 287 384 563 911 1,078 1,375 1,651 1,959 2,229 2,386 2,843 3,360
22 Austria Austria 965 982 995 995 1,011 1,084 1,378 1,684 2,095 2,412 2,632 2,828 3,045
23 Romania Romania 2 7 10 14.1 462 982 1,905 2,599 2,953 2,976 3,028 3,029 3,029
24 Greece Greece 758 873 990 1,087 1,208 1,629 1,749 1,866 1,980 2,152 2,374 2,651 2,844
25 South Africa South Africa 10 570 1,053 1,471 2,094 2,085
26 Finland Finland 86 110 143 147 197 199 288 447 627 1,005 1,539 2,113 2,041
27 Taiwan Taiwan 188 280 358 436 519 564 564 787 1,026 1,493 1,501 1,525 1,723
28 Norway Norway[35][36][37] 325 333 428 431 441 512 704 811 819 838 838 1,162 1,675
29 Chile Chile 20 168 172 205 331 836 933 1,424 1,540 1,621
30 Uruguay Uruguay 43 56 59 701 845 1,210 1,505 1,516
31 South Korea South Korea 176 192 278 348 379 407 483 561 609 852 1,089 1,136 1,302
32 Morocco Morocco 64 125 125 253 286 291 291 487 787 787 787 787 1,207
33 Egypt Egypt 230 310 390 430 550 550 550 550 610 610 810 810 1,190
34 Pakistan Pakistan[38] 255 591 792 1,189
35 Ethiopia Ethiopia 23 81 171 171 324 356 526 782
36 Thailand Thailand 7 112 223 223 223 430 648 778
37 Argentina Argentina 113 167 204 204 204 204 228 722
38 Bulgaria Bulgaria 36 70 120 177 500 612 674 681 691 691 691 691 691
39 New Zealand New Zealand 171 322 325 497 530 623 623 623 623 623 623 623 689
40 Croatia Croatia n/a n/a 69.4 104 152 187.4 207.1 302 347 387 422 613 583
41 Ukraine Ukraine 86 89 90 94 87 151 302 371 498 514 526 593 533
42 Panama Panama 35 270 270 419 491
43 Tunisia Tunisia 54 104 245 245 245 358 248 449
44 Lithuania Lithuania 56 50 54 91 163 203 263 279 279 315 493 493 439
45 Philippines Philippines 66 216 216 427 427 427
46 Costa Rica Costa Rica 74 123 119 132 147 148 198 268 319 378 408
47 Peru Peru 146 148 148 243 243 375
48 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 63 63 272 343 345 367
49 Hungary Hungary 61 65 127 201 295 329 329 329 329 329 329 329 329
50 Czech Republic Czech Republic 57 116 150 192 215 217 260 269 281 281 281 308 317
51 Estonia Estonia 31.8 59 78 142 149 184 269 280 302 303 310 310 310
52 Honduras Honduras 102 102 126 176 180 225 578
53 Nicaragua Nicaragua 62 102 146 186 186 186 562 635
54 Cyprus Cyprus 147 158 158 158 158
55 Iran Iran 47 67 82 91 91 91 91 91 n.a. 129 134 191 282
56 Luxembourg Luxembourg 58 58 100 120 120
57 Jordan Jordan 2 119 119 119 285
58 Mongolia Mongolia 50 50 50 50 100 155
59 Cape Verde Cape Verde 24 24 24 24 76 76 76
60 Latvia Latvia 62 62 66 66 66
61 Venezuela Venezuela 30 50 50 50 50 50
Caribbean 191 250 250 250 200 218 n.a.
Pacific Islands 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 n.a.
Rest of Europe 3,815 4,956 5,715 6,543
Rest of Latin America & Caribbean 54 54 250 250 285
Rest of Africa & Middle East 1,165 1,255 129 151 159 159
Rest of Asia 71 87 167 70 70 n.a.
World total capacity (MW) 74,151 93,927 121,188 157,899 197,637 238,035 282,482 318,596 369,553 432,419 487,657 539,581 591,549

Historical wind power capacity[edit]

Electricity generation by wind 2017[edit]

Top wind power producing countries in 2017[43]
Country Wind-power
Production (TWh)
China 305
United States 257
Germany 106
United Kingdom 50.0
Spain 49.1
India 47.7
Brazil 42.3
Canada 28.8
France 24.7
Turkey 17.9

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GWEC, Global Wind Report Annual Market Update". Gwec.net. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Global Wind Report 2015" (PDF). report. GWEC. 22 April 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  3. ^ "Renewable energy". BP. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Countries - Online Access - The wind power - Wind energy market intelligence". The Wind Power. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Wind energy in Europe in 2018" (PDF). WindEurope.org. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  6. ^ "'Historic' month as wind power meets 109% of energy demands". STV. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  7. ^ https://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/energy-economics/statistical-review-of-world-energy/renewable-energy.html.html#wind-energy BP Global: Wind Energy
  8. ^ http://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/REN12-GSR2015_Onlinebook_low1.pdf pg31
  9. ^ "Global Wind Report 2018". Global Wind Energy Council. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  10. ^ "51.3 GW of global wind capacity installed in 2018". Global Wind Energy Council. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  11. ^ a b "GWEC Global Wind Report 2018" (PDF). Global Wind Energy Council. April 2019. pp. 25, 28.
  12. ^ a b "Wind energy in Europe in 2018" (PDF). WindEurope. 21 February 2019. p. 10.
  13. ^ "Wind in numbers". Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Brazil Wind Energy Report 2011". Report. Global Wind Energy Council. September 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
  15. ^ a b "World Wind Energy Report 2010" (PDF). Report. World Wind Energy Association. February 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  16. ^ a b "World Wind Energy Report 2009" (PDF). Report. World Winiation. February 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
  17. ^ (in Hungarian) 25 MW teljesítményű szélerőműparkot helyzetek üzembe Bőnyben, 10 January 2010
  18. ^ "Global installed wind power capacity 2008/2009 (MW)" (PDF) (Press release). Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  19. ^ "Irish Wind Energy Association – Wind Energy in Ireland". Iwea.com. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
  20. ^ http://panchabuta.com/2011/08/07/14-55-gw-of-wind-installed-in-india-627-monitoring-stations-established-to-harness-potential/
  21. ^ a b c d e "World Wind Energy Report 2008" (PDF). Report. World Wind Energy Association. February 2009. Retrieved 19 March 2009.
  22. ^ "EWEA.org" (PDF). Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  23. ^ "EWEA.org" (PDF). Retrieved 28 March 2011.
  24. ^ "Wind Energy Report 2011" (PDF). Report. Global Wind Energy Council. February 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
  25. ^ "Wind Energy Report 2012" (PDF). Report. Global Wind Energy Council. February 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
  26. ^ "Wind Energy Report 2013" (PDF). Report. Global Wind Energy Council. February 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  27. ^ "GWEC Global Wind Statistics 2014" (PDF). report. GWEC. 10 February 2015.
  28. ^ "AWEA 2016 Fourth Quarter Market Report". AWEA. American Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  29. ^ "Global Wind Statistics 2017" (PDF).
  30. ^ "Global Wind Report 2018" (PDF).
  31. ^ "Global Wind Report 2019". Global Wind Energy Council. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  32. ^ "Installed Capacity - Canadian Wind Energy Association". Canadian Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  33. ^ "TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK SİSTEMİ KURULUŞ ve KAYNAKLARA GÖRE KURULU GÜÇ" (PDF). Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  34. ^ "Clean Energy Report 2011". Clean Energy Council Australia. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  35. ^ "Vindkraftproduksjon 2013". Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  36. ^ "Vindkraft – produksjon i 2012" (PDF). Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  37. ^ "Vindkraft–Produksjonsstatistikk-2011" (PDF). Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  38. ^ "Current Status". Alternate Energy Development Board, Pakistan. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  39. ^ World Wind Energy Association (also wwindea.org or WWEA). See the periodical "Wind Energy International" or WWEA press releases for additional data.
  40. ^ "World Wind Energy Report 2011". World Wind Energy Association. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  41. ^ "World Wind Energy Report 2012". World Wind Energy Association. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  42. ^ "World Wind Energy Report 2013". World Wind Energy Association. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  43. ^ http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/dashboard/?topic=4&subTopic=18