List of telecom companies in India

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The total number of telephone subscribers in India reached 1.18 billion as of 29 February 2020. The number of wireless subscribers is over 1.16 billion and the number of wireline subscribers are 20.26 million. The country's telecom regulator is Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1]

Wireless operators[edit]

As of 29 February 2020, there are 1160.59 million wireless subscribers in India according to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1].

Mobile operators[edit]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers[1] (millions) Market Share[1] Ownership
1

Jio

850 (B5)/ 1800 (B3)/ 2300(B40) LTE, TD-LTE, FD-LTE, LTE-A
382.89 [1] [3] 32.99%

Jio Platforms

2

Airtel

GSM-900/1800 (EDGE), GPRS
900 (B8)/ 1800 (B3)/ 2100 (B1)/ 2300(B40) LTE, TD-LTE, FD-LTE, LTE-A
329.02 [1] [5] 28.35%

Bharti Airtel Limited

3

Vodafone Idea

GSM-900/1800 (EDGE), GPRS
2100 MHz HSPA, UMTS, HSPA+
900(B8)/ 1800 (B3)/ 2100(B1)/ 2300(B40)/ 2500(B41) LTE, TD-LTE, FD-LTE, LTE-A[6]
325.54 [10] 28.05%

Vodafone Group (45.1%)
Aditya Birla Group (26%)
Axiata Group Berhad (8.17%)
Private Equity (20.73%)

4

BSNL
[11][12][13]

GSM-900/1800 (EDGE), GPRS
2100 MHz HSPA, UMTS, HSDPA, TD-HSDPA, HSPA+
2100 (B1) / 2500(B41) LTE, TD-LTE, FD-LTE, LTE-A, VoLTE[14]
123.13 [1] [Note2 1] [11] 10.61%

Government of India

Market Share
Operators Share
Jio
32.99%
Airtel
28.35%
Vodafone Idea
28.05%
BSNL
10.61%
Market share of mobile telecom operators in India as of February 2020 according to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1]


Defunct operators[edit]

Operator Ceased Operations Fate Citation
Modi Telstra 2000 Merged into Axiata Spice Communications [15]
Hutch 2007 Bought by Vodafone Group [16]
Axiata Spice Communications 2008 Merged into Idea Cellular [17]
S-Tel 2012 Licence cancelled by the Supreme Court of India [18]
Etisalat 2012 Licence cancelled by the Supreme Court of India [19]
Loop Mobile 2014 Ceased operations after expiration of licence [20][21]
Virgin Mobile India 2015 Merged into Tata Docomo [22]
T24 Mobile 2015 Merged into Tata Docomo [23]
Videocon 2016 Shut down following sale of spectrum to Bharti Airtel [24]
MTS India 2017 Merged into Reliance Communications [25][26]
Vodafone India 2018 Merged with Idea Cellular to form Vodafone Idea [27]
Idea Cellular 2018 Merged with Vodafone India to form Vodafone Idea [27][28]
Aircel 2018 Bankrupt [29]
Telenor India 2018 Merged into Bharti Airtel [30][31][32]
Tata Docomo 2019 Merged into Bharti Airtel [33][34]
Reliance Communications 2019 Bankrupt [35]


Direct-to-home (DTH) operators[edit]

As of 30 September 2019, there are 69.30  million active pay DTH subscribers in addition to free to air state owned Dth(dd free dish) in the country according to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[36]


Rank Operator Subscribers
(Millions)
Market Share Ownership
1 DD Free Dish 35.00[37][38] No Prasar Bharati
2 Tata Sky 21.90[36][39] 31.61% Tata Sons (60%)
The Walt Disney Company (30%)
Temasek Holdings (10%)[40]
3

Dish TV
(Zing Digital)
(d2h)[41]

21.64 [42][43]

[36][42]

31.23% Zee Entertainment Enterprises (100%)
4 Airtel digital TV 16.20[36][44] 23.39% Bharti Airtel Limited (100%)
5 Sun Direct 9.54[36] 13.78% Sun Network (80%)
Astro Group (20%)
Market Share
Operators Share
Tata Sky
31.61%
Dish TV (Zing Digital & d2h Combined)
31.23%
Airtel Digital TV
23.39%
Sun Direct
13.78%
DD Free Dish (N/A - Free To Air)
%
Market share of DTH operators in India as of September 2019 according to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[45]
Notes
  • DD free dish is Free To air Service hence their subscriber data is not shown in trai performance report.[36]
  • On 22 March 2018, Dish TV merged with d2h, creating the largest DTH provider in India.[41]

Wireline operators[edit]

Fixedline operators[edit]

As of 29 February 2020, there are 20.26 million wireline subscribers in India according to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1]

Rank Operator Subscribers (millions) Market share Ownership
1 BSNL[Note1 1] [11] 11.92 [Note2 2] [11] 58.88% Government of India
2 Airtel 4.34 21.43% Bharti Airtel
3 Tata Teleservices 1.78 8.79% Tata Group
4 Jio 1.05 5.23% Jio Platforms
5 Reliance Communications 0.51 2.56% Reliance ADAG
6 Vodafone Idea 0.44 2.18% Vodafone Group (45.1%) Aditya Birla Group (26%) Axiata Group Berhad (8.17%)
7 Quadrant 0.18 0.93% Quadrant Infotech India Pvt. Ltd

Multiple-system operators (MSOs)[edit]

As of 1 January 2016, there are 415 MSOs (some also have an ISP license).[46]

  • A.Ptv Network
  • Advanced Multisystem Broadband Communication Pvt. Ltd
  • RCCNetwork Cable & Broadband services
  • Arasu Cable
  • Arkays Digital Media Cable
  • Asianet Satellite Communications Limited
  • Atria Convergence Technologies
  • Barasat Cable TV Network Pvt. Ltd
  • CableComm Services Pvt. Ltd
  • ChandparaCable TV Network Ltd
  • Channel 3
  • Darshan Pooja Cable TV Network
  • DEN Networks
  • Dew Shree Network
  • Digi Maharaja Cable Network
  • DIGICON
  • DL GTPL Cabnet Pvt. Ltd
  • Dolly Cable Network
  • DWL - Digital Space Link
  • Fastway Transmissions Pvt. Ltd.[47]
  • Gujarat Telelink P Limited (GTPL)
  • Hathway
  • Home Cable Network Pvt Limited
  • ICE TV Pvt
  • IndusInd Media & Communication Ltd (IMCL)
  • JAK Communications
  • JPR Channel
  • Kailash Cable Network P Ltd
  • Kal Cables Pvt. Ltd
  • Kerala Communicators Cable Ltd
  • Kolkata Cable & Broadband Pariseva Ltd
  • Link Entertainment (Howrah Cable)
  • Live Satellite
  • Mahalakshmi Digital Cable (MLC Communications)
  • Manthan Digital/Manthan Broadband Services Pvt Ltd
  • Marine BizTV
  • Mohit Cable Vision
  • NXT Digital (Hinduja-HITS network)
  • Ortel Communications
  • Prem Channels Pvt Ltd
  • Ravi Cable Network
  • Ramtek City Cable Network
  • Rupnarayan Cable & Broadband Services Pvt Ltd
  • Reliance Digicom (ex Digicable)
  • RVR Infra
  • Sanjay Cable Network Pvt Ltd
  • Satellite Vision Cable TV & Broadband Services
  • Satellite Vision Pvt Limited
  • SCV
  • Seven Star Dot Com Pvt Ltd
  • Silver Line Broadband Services P Ltd
  • Siti Cable (Siti Network Limited)
  • Siti Vision Digital Media
  • Spectra Net Ltd
  • Star Broadband Services (India) P Ltd
  • STV Network
  • TACTV
  • UCN Cable Network Pvt. Ltd
  • Universal Communication System
  • You Telecom
  • Viom Networks

Internet service providers (ISPs)[edit]

This is a list of internet service providers in India. There were 341 internet service providers (ISPs) offering broadband and narrow band internet services in India as of 30 September 2019.[36]

The following table shows the top 7 ISPs in India by total subscriber base as of 30 September 2019. Broadband is defined as "an always-on Internet connection with download speed of 512 kbit/s or above." The number of internet users are 687.62 million, out of which 62.20 million are narrow band subscribers and 625.42 million are broadband subscribers.[36]

Rank Provider Subscribers (Narrowband) Subscribers (Broadband) Subscribers (Total) Ownership
1 Reliance Jio 0 355926487 355926487 Jio Platforms
2 Airtel 27054156 127826269 154880425 Bharti Airtel Limited
3 Vodafone Idea Limited [Note2 3] [48] 28167503 [Note2 4] 111266247 [Note2 5] 139433750 [Note2 6] Vodafone Group (45.1%) Aditya Birla Group (26.0%) Axiata Group Berhad (8.17%)
4 BSNL [Note1 2] [11] 6933306 [Note2 7] [11] 22884825 [Note2 8] [11] 29818131 [Note2 9] [11] Government of India
5 ACT Fibernet 0 1479233 1479233 TA Associates
6 Hathway 0 861946 861946 Reliance Industries Limited
7 GTPL Broadband Pvt. Ltd. 0 301750 301750 GTPL

Other notable ISPs[edit]

Provider Ownership
APSFL Government of Andhra Pradesh
Asianet Broadband Rajan Raheja Group
DEN Networks Reliance Industries
Kerala Vision KCCL
RailTel Corporation of India Government of India
Sify Sify Group
Spectranet Shyam Telecom Limited
Tata Communications Tata Group (45%)
Government of India (35%)
Tata Sky Tata Sons (60%)
Walt Disney Company (30%)
Temasek Holdings (10%)
Tikona Infinet Limited Goldman Sachs (40.1%)

For enterprise/wholesale only[edit]

Provider Ownership
CtrlS Datacenters Ltd CtrlS Labs Limited
ERNET Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
GAILTEL Government of India
National Knowledge Network
(for educational institutions only)
Government of India
PowerGrid Government of India
Tulip Telecom Tulip Enterprises
Notes
  1. On 28 February 2018 Aircel filed for bankruptcy with NCLT and a substantial number of customers have migrated to other service providers due to closing down of most of the consumer services.[49][50]
  2. The services of Telenor India have been merged with Airtel on 14 May 2018.[51]
  3. On 31 August 2018, Vodafone India has been merged with Idea Cellular to form Vodafone Idea Limited.
  4. The consumer mobile businesses of Tata Docomo, Tata Teleservices (TTSL) and Tata Teleservices Maharashtra Limited (TTML) have been merged into Bharti Airtel from 1 July 2019.

Telecom R&D firms[edit]

Name Headquarters
MYMO Wireless Bangalore
Sasken Technologies Bangalore
Tejas Networks Bangalore
Sterlite Technologies Pune

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ BSNL and MTNL merger approved by Government of India.
  2. ^ BSNL and MTNL merger approved by Government of India.
  1. ^ After adding subscribers of MTNL to BSNL, because MTNL will merge with BSNL.
  2. ^ After adding subscribers of MTNL to BSNL, because MTNL will merge with BSNL.
  3. ^ After adding subscribers of You Broadband Because it is subsidiary of Vodafone Idea Limited.
  4. ^ After adding subscribers of You Broadband Because it is subsidiary of Vodafone Idea Limited.
  5. ^ After adding subscribers of You Broadband Because it is subsidiary of Vodafone Idea Limited.
  6. ^ After adding subscribers of You Broadband Because it is subsidiary of Vodafone Idea Limited.
  7. ^ After adding subscribers of MTNL to BSNL, because MTNL will merge with BSNL.
  8. ^ After adding subscribers of MTNL to BSNL, because MTNL will merge with BSNL.
  9. ^ After adding subscribers of MTNL to BSNL, because MTNL will merge with BSNL.

References[edit]

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  2. ^ www.Jio.com. "Reliance Jio VoWiFi is Live". jio.com. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  3. ^ "RIL Q4 2019 Reports". Reliance industries. 17 January 2020.
  4. ^ www.airtel.in. "Airtel VoWiFi is Live". www.airtel.in. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Q4 Results Bharti airtel limited" (PDF). bharti airtel. 30 May 2019. p. 3. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Idea covers 10 telecom circles with its world class 4G LTE services". Idea Cellular. Archived from the original on 30 May 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  7. ^ Vodafone Idea Limited. "Vodafone SuperVoLte". www.vodafone.in. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  8. ^ Vodafone Idea Limited. "Idea VoLte Service". www.ideacellular.com. Archived from the original on 4 September 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  9. ^ www.vodafone.in. "Vodafone WiFi Hotpsot Service Live in Mumbai, Pune & Bangalore". vodafone.in. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Q3-Report-FY20 By Vodafone Idea Limited" (PDF). Vodafone idea Limited. 13 February 2020. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h "MTNL to be act as BSNL subsidiary Till Merger Complete". The Hindu. 29 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Government approves Revival package for BSNL, MTNL". Economic Times. 23 October 2019.
  13. ^ "BSNL, MTNL to be merged, along with special package". India Today. 23 October 2019.
  14. ^ www.telecomtalk.info. "BSNL 4G VoLTE Service Live in Certain Circles". telecomtalk.info. Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
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  32. ^ Philipose, Mobis (13 October 2017). "Tata Tele deal: How Airtel is getting a billion-dollar business for free". livemint.com. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  33. ^ jio-tata-tele-merger-completed/article28251509.ece "Airtel completes Tata merger" Check |url= value (help). The Hindu. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  34. ^ "Tata DoCoMo". tatadocomo.com. Archived from the original on 3 May 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
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  38. ^ Laghate, Gaurav (23 June 2019). "DD India to be available in Bangladesh, South Korea, which has nearly 35 million subscribers across the country". thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
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  40. ^ Ravikumar, R. "Tata Sky to invest Rs 1,000 cr for tech upgrade". @businessline.
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  42. ^ a b "Dish TV India, Videocon d2h merger completed". 22 March 2018. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2018 – via The Economic Times.
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  44. ^ "Airtel Digital TV's Q1 net subs adds highest in 4 years, EBITDA up 9.5% QoQ | TelevisionPost.com". www.televisionpost.com. Archived from the original on 3 October 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
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  47. ^ "MSO in India". Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  48. ^ "About us". You Broadband Limited. 29 June 2019.
  49. ^ Sengupta, Devina (28 February 2018). "Aircel, country's last small mobile phone operator, files for bankruptcy". The Economic Times. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  50. ^ "Aircel's bankruptcy note on Facebook".
  51. ^ Gulveen Aulakh. "DoT approves Bharti Airtel and Telenor India merger". The Economic Times.

External links[edit]