List of telecom companies in India

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This is a list of mobile, DTH, ISP, wireless and wireline operators in India.

Wireless operators[edit]

As of 31 July 2022, there are 114.80 crore (1.14 billion) wireless subscribers including inactive users in India according to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1]

Mobile operators[edit]

Market share of mobile telecom operators in India as of 31 JuLY 2022 according to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1]

  Jio (36.23%)
  Airtel (31.66%)
  Vi (22.22%)
  BSNL (9.88%)
Operator Logo Subscribers[1] (crores) Active Users(crores) Technology Ownership
1

Jio

Reliance Jio Logo (October 2015).svg 41.596[1] 38.217

Jio Platforms

2

Airtel

Airtel Africa logo.svg
36.348[1] 35.617[1]

Bharti Airtel Limited

3

Vi

Vodafone Idea logo.svg 25.510[1] 21.692[1]


Government of India (35.8%)
Vodafone Group (28.5%)
Aditya Birla Group (17.80%)
Private equity (17.90%)

4

BSNL

11.070[1] 5.727
  • GSM – 900/1800 (EDGE), GPRS
  • 3G 2100 Mhz (PAN India), 3G+ HSPA, HSDPA
  • 850(B5)/2100(B1)/2500(B41) LTE, TD-LTE, FD-LTE, LTE-A
  • VoLTE[7]
  • 5G NR, 600 MHz band; 40 MHz in the 3600-3670 MHz band, and 400 MHz in 24 GHz band
  • WiMAX, WiFi,
  • VoNR (Tested in IIT Madras)

Government of india

Defunct operators[edit]

Operator Started Operations Ceased Operations Fate
Telstra 1990 2000 Merged into Axiata Spice Communications[8]
Escotel 1996 2004 Merged into Idea Cellular[9]
Hutch Essar 1999 2007 Made by Vodafone Group and Essar Group
Axiata Spice Communications 1992 2008 Merged into Idea Cellular[10]
S Tel 2008 2012 Licence cancelled by the Supreme Court of India
Etisalat 2010[11] 2012 Licence cancelled by the Supreme Court of India[12]
BPL Mobile (Loop Mobile) 1995 2014 Ceased operations after expiration of licence[13]
Virgin Mobile India, T24 Mobile 2009[14] 2015 Merged into Tata Docomo [15]
Videocon Telecom 2010[16] 2016 Shut down following sale of spectrum to Bharti Airtel[17][18]
MTS India 2009 2017 Acquired by Reliance Communications[19]
Idea Cellular 2002 2018 Merged with Vodafone India to form Vi[20][21]
Vodafone India 2011 2018 Merged with Idea Cellular to form Vi[20][21]
Aircel 1999 2018 Bankrupt[22]
Telenor India 2009 2018 Acquired by Bharti Airtel[23]
Tata Docomo 2009 2019 Acquired by Bharti Airtel[24]
Reliance Communications 2004 2019 Bankrupt[25]
Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited 1986 2020 Subsidiary of BSNL until merger is complete[26][27]

Direct-to-home (DTH) operators[edit]

There are 4 pay DTH service providers and one free-to-air service provider (DD Free Dish) in India.[28]

As of 31 December 2021, there are 7.099 crore (70.99 million) active paying DTH subscribers, in addition to the subscribers of state-owned DD Free Dish, in the country according to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[28] DD Free Dish has over 4 crore (40 million) subscribers.[28]

List of pay DTH service providers[edit]

Market share of pay DTH operators in India as of 31 March 2022 according to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).

  Tata Play (33.23%)
  Airtel digital TV (26.24%)
  Dish TV & d2h (22.10%)
  Sun Direct (18.43%)
Rank Operator Logo Market Share Ownership
1 Tata Play
Tata Play 2022 logo.svg
33.23%[29] Tata Sons (60%)
Walt Disney (30%)
Temasek (10%)[30]
2 Airtel digital TV 26.24%[29] Bharti Airtel (100%)
3

Dish TV & d2h

DishTV India Logo - New.svg
22.10%[29] Essel Group (55%)
Videocon (45%)
4 Sun Direct
SD-HD-Logo.svg
18.43%[29] Sun Network (80%)
Astro Group (20%)
5 DD Free Dish Government of India
Notes
  • DD free dish is Free To air Service hence their subscriber data is not shown in TRAI performance report.[29]
  • On 22 March 2018, Dish TV merged with d2h, creating the then largest DTH provider in India.[31]

Wireline operators[edit]

Fixed-line operators[edit]

As of 31 July 2022, there are 2.563 crore (25.63 million) wireline subscribers in India according to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1]

Market share of fixed-line telecom operators in India as of 31 july 2022 according to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1]

  BSNL (27.89%)
  Jio (27.67%)
  Airtel (23.72%)
  MTNL (10.21%)
  Tata Teleservices (6.14%)
  Vi (2.56%)
  Quadrant (1.16%)
  RCom (0.66%)
Operator Subscribers (lakh) Ownership
1 BSNL[32] 71.48 Department of Telecommunications
2 Jio 70.90 Jio Platforms
3 Airtel 60.77 Bharti Airtel
4 MTNL 26.15 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
5 Tata Teleservices 15.74 Tata Group
6 Vi 6.55 Government of India & Vodafone Idea Limited
7 Quadrant 2.9 Quadrant Televentures Ltd.
8 Reliance Communications 1.68 Reliance ADAG

Multiple-system operators (MSOs)[edit]

As of 31 December 2021, there are 1753 MSOs (some also have an ISP license).[28]

List of top MSOs by subscribers

Operator Total Active Subscriber Base[28]

(in lakhs)

1 GTPL Hathway Ltd 79.06
2 Siti Networks Ltd 74.44
3 Hathway Digital Ltd 54.8
4 Den Networks Ltd 46.00
5 Thamizhaga Cable TV Communication Pvt

Ltd

38.65
6 Kerala Communicators Cable Ltd 30.11
7 Tamil Nadu Arasu Cable TV Corporation

Ltd

27.47
8 NXT Digital Ltd (HITS) 22.45
9 KAL Cables Pvt. Ltd 20.99
10 Fastway Transmissions Pvt Ltd 20.74
11 V K Digital Network Pvt. Ltd 19.14
12 NXT Digital Ltd (Cable TV) 12.54
13 Asianet Digital Network Pvt. Ltd 11.79

Internet service providers (ISPs)[edit]

As of 31 july 2022, there were 694 internet service providers (ISPs) offering broadband (wired + wireless) services; the top 5 services constituted 98.42% market share of the total broadband subscribers according to TRAI.[1] These service providers were :

Market share of broadband (wired + wireless) services in India as of 31 July 2022 according to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1]

  Jio (52.29%)
  Airtel (27.51%)
  Vi (15.23%)
  BSNL (3.13%)
  ACT (0.26%)
  Others (1.58%)
Operator Subscribers (crores) Ownership
1 Jio 42.223 Jio Platforms
2 Airtel 22.212 Bharti Airtel
3 Vi 12.298 Government of India Vodafone Idea Limited
4 BSNL 2.525 Government of India
5 ACT 0.213 Atria Convergence

The following table shows the top 5 wired broadband service providers in India by total subscriber base as of 31 july 2022.

Rank Provider Subscribers

(lakh)

Ownership
1 Reliance Jio 62.7 Jio Platforms
2 Airtel 49.9 Bharti Airtel Limited
3 BSNL 38.5 Government of India
4 ACT 21.3 Atria Convergence
5 Hathway 11.3 Reliance Industries Limited

The following table shows the top 5 wireless broadband service providers in India by total subscriber base as of 31 july 2022.

Rank Provider Subscribers

(crores)

Ownership
1 Reliance Jio 41.596 Jio Platforms
2 Airtel 21.713 Bharti Airtel Limited
3 Vi[Note2 1][33][34] 12.297[Note2 1] Government of India Vodafone Idea Limited
4 BSNL[Note1 1][32] 2.139

[Note2 2][32]

Government of India
5 Intech Online Pvt Ltd 0.022

Notes

  • Broadband: Internet access with a minimum capacity of greater or equal 512 Kbit/s in one or both directions.
  • Narrowband: Internet access with a capacity of less than 512 Kbit/s in one or both directions.

Other notable ISPs[edit]

Provider Ownership
Alliance Broadband
APSFL Government of Andhra Pradesh
Asianet Broadband Rajan Raheja Group
DEN Networks Reliance Industries
Kerala Vision KCCL
Muft Internet Muft Internet
RailTel Corporation of India Government of India
Sify Sify Group
Spectranet Shyam Telecom Limited
Tata Communications Tata Group
Tata Play Tata Sons (60%)
Walt Disney Company (30%)
Temasek Holdings (10%)

For enterprise/wholesale only[edit]

Provider Ownership
CtrlS Datacenters Ltd CtrlS Labs Limited
ERNET Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
GAILTEL Government of India
National Knowledge Network
(for educational institutions only)
Government of India
PowerGrid Government of India
Tulip Telecom Tulip Enterprises
Muft Internet Muft Internet
Notes
  1. On 28 February 2018 Aircel filed for bankruptcy with NCLT and a substantial number of customers have migrated to other service providers due to closing down of most of the consumer services.[35][36]
  2. The services of Telenor India have been merged with Airtel on 14 May 2018.[37]
  3. On 31 August 2018, Vodafone India has been merged with Idea Cellular to form Vi.
  4. The consumer mobile businesses of Tata Docomo, Tata Teleservices (TTSL) and Tata Teleservices Maharashtra Limited (TTML) have been merged into Bharti Airtel from 1 July 2019.

Telecom R&D firms[edit]

Name Headquarters Type
Beetel Gurgaon private
C-DOT New Delhi Government Organisation
EXICOM Gurgaon private
HTL Ltd. Chennai partially state-owned
HFCL New Delhi private
Nexge Technologies Chennai private
MYMO Wireless Bangalore private
Sasken Technologies Bangalore private
Tejas Networks Bangalore private
United Telecoms Limited Bangalore Government of India entreprise
Vihaan Networks Gurgaon private
WiSig Networks Hyderabad private
Sterlite Technologies Pune private

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ BSNL and MTNL merger approved by Government of India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Telecom Subscription Data as on 31 May 2022" (PDF). Telecom Regulatory Authority of India.
  2. ^ www.Jio.com. "Reliance Jio VoWiFi is Live". jio.com. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  3. ^ www.airtel.in. "Airtel VoWiFi is Live". airtel.in. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  4. ^ "Vi (Vodafone Idea) covers All 22 telecom circles with its world class 4G LTE services". myvi.in. Archived from the original on 22 December 2020. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  5. ^ www.myvi.in. "Vi VoWiFi is Live". myvi.in. Archived from the original on 3 March 2021. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  6. ^ www.myvi.in. "VI WiFi Hotpsot Service Live in Mumbai, Pune & Bangalore". myvi.in. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  7. ^ www.telecomtalk.info. "BSNL 4G VoLTE Service Live in Certain Circles". telecomtalk.info. Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  8. ^ "Modi To Merge With Telstra And Spice". TelecomPaper. 22 June 2000. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Idea acquires Escotel, largest deal in Indian telecom sector". Zee News. 15 January 2004. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  10. ^ Parbat, Kalyan (2 November 2009). "Idea-Spice merger may ring in gains for Malaysian ally". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 9 September 2020. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  11. ^ Ramesh, Niranjana; Venkataraman, Hemamalini (24 June 2009). "Etisalat enters India, sets up back office at Ambattur in North Chennai". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  12. ^ "Etisalat to shut India operations". The Times of India. 23 February 2012. Archived from the original on 4 April 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  13. ^ "TRAI Directs Loop Mobile To Inform Subscribers of Its Closure". TelecomTalk. 2 October 2020. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  14. ^ "VIRGIN MOBILE READY TO LAUNCH GSM SERVICE IN INDIA". TelecomTalk. 15 April 2009. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  15. ^ "Exclusive: Virgin Mobile will be merged into the parent operator Tata Docomo with effect from March 27". TelecomTalk. 26 March 2015. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  16. ^ Bafna, Sanjay (7 March 2010). "Videocon To Launch GSM Mobile Services in 100 Cities in 100 Days". TelecomTalk. Archived from the original on 3 May 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  17. ^ Varma (4 May 2016). "Videocon Telecom to shut down Mobile Services on 11th May 2016". DataReign. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  18. ^ Bafna, Sanjay (3 January 2013). "Videocon To Shut Down GSM Operations in 11 Circles Including Mumbai, Asks Customers To Port Out Before 18 January". TelecomTalk. Archived from the original on 7 June 2019. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  19. ^ "Reliance Communication gets Bombay HC approval for Sistema acquisition". The Economic Times. 8 October 2016. Archived from the original on 20 August 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  20. ^ a b Parbat, Kalyan; Sengupta, Devina (31 August 2018). "NCLT gives go-ahead to Idea-Vodafone merger". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 24 April 2019. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  21. ^ a b Pandey, Navadha (12 January 2018). "NCLT approves Idea-Vodafone merger". LiveMint. Archived from the original on 21 June 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  22. ^ Pandey, Piyush (28 February 2018). "Aircel files for bankruptcy". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  23. ^ Philipose, Mobis (13 October 2017). "Tata Tele deal: How Airtel is getting a billion-dollar business for free". LiveMint. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  24. ^ "Airtel completes Tata merger". Business Line. 5 June 2019. Archived from the original on 9 September 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  25. ^ "Tribunal Admits Anil Ambani's Reliance Communications For Bankruptcy". NDTV.com. 10 May 2019. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  26. ^ "MTNL to be subsidiary of BSNL, government okays". The New Indian Express. 2 November 2019. Archived from the original on 9 September 2020. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  27. ^ Rathee, Kiran (5 July 2020). "BSNL-MTNL merger may get delayed as govt-appointed panel wants spectrum first". The Financial Express. Archived from the original on 9 September 2020. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  28. ^ a b c d e "Yearly Performance Indicators of Indian Telecom Sector - 2021" (PDF).
  29. ^ a b c d e "Performance Indicator Report April- June 2021" (PDF).
  30. ^ Ravikumar, R. "Tata Sky to invest Rs 1,000 cr for tech upgrade". @businessline.
  31. ^ "Dish TV India, Videocon d2h merger completed". The Economic Times. 22 March 2018. Archived from the original on 12 April 2018. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  32. ^ a b c "MTNL to be act as BSNL subsidiary Till Merger Complete". The Hindu. 29 June 2019.
  33. ^ "About us". You Broadband Limited. 29 June 2019.
  34. ^ "Home Broadband". Digital Network Associates Pvt. Ltd. 26 November 2021.
  35. ^ Sengupta, Devina (28 February 2018). "Aircel, country's last small mobile phone operator, files for bankruptcy". The Economic Times. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  36. ^ "Aircel's bankruptcy note on Facebook".
  37. ^ Gulveen Aulakh. "DoT approves Bharti Airtel and Telenor India merger". The Economic Times.

External links[edit]

  1. ^ a b After adding subscribers of You Broadband Because it is subsidiary of Vi.
  2. ^ After adding subscribers of MTNL to BSNL, because MTNL will merge with BSNL.