Margaret of Castello

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Blessed
Margaret of Castello
T.O.S.D.
Saint Patrick Catholic Church (Columbus, Ohio) - Blessed Margaret of Castello statue.jpg
Statue at her shrine in Saint Patrick's Church in Ohio.
Religious
Born 1287
Mercatello sul Metauro, Città di Castello, Papal States
Died 12 April 1320 (aged 32–33)
Città di Castello, Papal States
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 19 October 1609, Saint Peter's Basilica, Papal States by Pope Paul V
Major shrine Chiesa di San Domenico, Città di Castello, Perugia, Italy
Feast 13 April
Patronage

Blessed Margaret of Città di Castello (1287 – 12 April 1320) was an Italian Roman Catholic and professed member from the Third Order of Saint Dominic.[1] Margaret was disabled and became known for her deep faith and holiness. Her parents abandoned her in a local church due to her disabilities and the town's poor took her in and assumed care for her.[3] Nuns later offered her a home at their convent but soon came to detest her presence and cast her out prompting the town's poor to once again take her in and care for her.[2][4] But she met with Dominican friars and was accepted as a secular member in their third order; she started a school for children to teach them in the faith and often took care of children while their parents were out at work.[5][1][6]

Margaret's holiness was apparent to all in her life that people lobbied for her to be buried in the local church which was an honor reserved for few - this was a clear demonstration people believed in her holiness. Her beatification received approval from Pope Paul V on 19 October 1609.[1]

Life[edit]

Margaret della Metola was born in Perugia in 1287 to the nobles Parisio and Emilia in the Metola Castle near Mercatello sul Metauro. Her father served at the garrison at the castle.[3]

Margaret was born blind with a severe curvature of the spine had difficulties in walking; she was also a dwarf. Though her parents (who were embarrassed of her and their pride hurt) hid her from all a kind maid found her and gave her the name Margaret meaning "Pearl".[3][5] On one occasion when she was almost discovered aged six her parents imprisoned her for about a decade in a room attached to their residence's chapel so no one would see her though she could attend Mass and receive the sacraments. Her parent's chaplain taught her in the faith.[6] Once she was locked up her father ordered a mason to seal the door since it was his intention to keep her there until she died.

But soon there was an imminent threat of invasion at the castle so Parisio ordered his wife to place a dark veil upon their daughter so the two could flee to his other castle at Mercatello. There she was again imprisoned in a vault-like cubicle with nothing more than a small old bench. There were some who knew of Margherita and were furious at her treatment though never dared broach the subject with the sometimes temper-prone Parisio.[3] Her mother soon suggested taking her to a church where miracles were said to occur. Emilia was timid asking her husband but was surprised to see that he showed a keen interest.

In 1303 her parents took her one morning to a shrine in the Franciscan church in Castello - where miracles were said to be being wrought - to come hoping for a cure for her birth defects. When no such miracle happened her parents abandoned her there. But she never came to resent or be bitter over her parent's decision.[5][4] Some women came to the church to notice her there. The town's poor took her in as one of their own and she being passed to several poor families living to help prisoners and other poor people. Margaret was soon granted safe haven in a local convent. Their lax manner of life soon conflicted with her intense faith and she was expelled from the convent since her fervor was a tacit reproach to the nuns who came to detest her presence.[1] It was after this that she took up residence in the town where the townsfolk resumed caring for her. To thank them for their kindness she opened a small school for the children of the town where she instructed them in the faith and the psalms which she had learnt during her time with the nuns. Margaret also looked after the town's children when their parents went to work.[4][6]

In 1303 she came to know the friars from the Dominicans who had become established in the town not long before. Margaret came under their spiritual guidance and was admitted to the local chapter of the Third Order of Saint Dominic; she received the religious habit of the order. Margaret wore this habit for the rest of her life.

Margaret died on 12 April 1320 and the crowds at her funeral demanded that she be buried inside the church against the resistance of the parish priest. But after a disabled girl was cured at the funeral he allowed for Margaret's burial inside.[1]

Relic at Saint Patrick's Church - a parish which houses a shrine to her.

Beatification[edit]

On 9 June 1558 her remains were transferred because her coffin was rotten. Her clothes were also rotten but her remains were preserved. The local bishop ordered for a new casket to be made to house her remains though decided to inspect her remains for the beatification cause which had been started.[1] Margaret measured four feet long and her head was rather large in proportion to her thin figure. Her forehead was broad with a face tapering to the chin with a quite prominent nose. Her teeth were small and even and were serrated at the edges. Her hands and feet were small with her right leg an inch and a half smaller than the left (the cause for her limp).[6]

Her "cultus" (or longstanding veneration) was recognized allowing Pope Paul V to confer equivalent beatification for her on 19 October 1609.[1] Pope Clement X extended the privilege of a Mass and Divine Office in her name to the entire Dominican order on 6 April 1675 rather than for the Perugian branch as Paul V had done at her beatification. In 1988 the Urbino archbishop Ugo Donato Bianchi named her as a patron for the blind.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Blessed Margaret of Castello". CatholicSaints.Info. 13 April 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Beata Margherita da Città di Castello Domenicana". Santi e Beati. Retrieved 14 October 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d Sr. Mary Perpetua, M.I.C.M. Tert. (7 May 2008). "Blessed Margaret of Castello". Catholicism.org. Retrieved 14 October 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "Bl. Margaret of Castello". Catholic Online. Retrieved 14 October 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c "The history of Little Margaret of Castello". Blessed Margaret of Castello Guild and Shrine. Retrieved 14 October 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Blessed Margaret of Castello". Roman Catholic Saints. Retrieved 14 October 2017. 

External links[edit]