Miracle in Milan

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Miracle in Milan
Miracle in Milan movie poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byVittorio De Sica
Produced byVittorio De Sica
Screenplay byCesare Zavattini
Vittorio De Sica
Suso Cecchi d'Amico
Mario Chiari
Adolfo Franci
Story byCesare Zavattini
StarringEmma Gramatica
Francesco Golisano
Music byAlessandro Cicognini
CinematographyAldo Graziati
Edited byEraldo Da Roma
Distributed byJoseph Burstyn Inc. (US)
Criterion Collection (DVD)
Release date
  • February 8, 1951 (1951-02-08) (Italy)
Running time
100 minutes

Miracle in Milan (Italian: Miracolo a Milano) is a 1951 Italian fantasy film directed by Vittorio De Sica.[1] The screenplay was co-written by Cesare Zavattini, based on his novel Totò il Buono. The picture stars Francesco Golisano, Emma Gramatica, Paolo Stoppa, and Guglielmo Barnabò.[2][3]

The film, told as a neo-realist fable, explains the lives of a poverty-stricken group in post-war Milan, Italy.


This fantasy tale tells of Totò who, found in a cabbage patch, is adopted by Lolotta, a wise and kind old woman. When Lolotta dies he moves to an orphanage. At eighteen Totò (Francesco Golisano) leaves the orphanage and ends up in a shantytown squatter colony on the outskirts of Milan.[4]

Totò's organizational ability learned at the orphanage and his simple kindness and optimistic outlook acquired from Lolotta bring structure to the colony and a sense of happiness and well-being among the dispossessed who live there.

Totò is given a magic dove by the ghost of Lolotta and he uses its powers to grant wishes to those who ask. Eventually the dove is taken back by two angels who object to a mortal using its magic powers.

When oil is found in the shantytown, businessmen acquire it and the squatters are taken away ostensibly to prison. On the way, however, the dove is returned to Totò and his wish for the freedom of his friends is granted. They fly away on broomsticks borrowed from the street sweepers in Milan's central square and circle around the Cathedral and then away, "towards a land where good morning really means good morning."



Vittorio De Sica wrote that he made the film in order to show how the "common man" can exist given the realities of life: "It is true that my people have already attained happiness after their own fashion; precisely because they are destitute, these people still feel - as the majority of ordinary men perhaps no longer do - the living warmth of a ray of winter sunshine, the simple poetry of the wind. They greet water with the same pure joy as Saint Francis did."[5]

The Milan Cathedral serves as a focal location in the film, and can also be viewed as symbolic of the miracle to which the film's title refers.[6]

American special effects specialist Ned Mann was hired for the film. The picture would be Mann's final project.[7] Vittorio De Sica, in neo-realist fashion, used both professional and non-professional actors.[8]


Critical response[edit]

The film premiered in Italy on 8 February 1951. Later it was presented at the Cannes Film Festival in April 1951. In the United States it opened wide on December 17, 1951.

Bosley Crowther, film critic for The New York Times, liked the film and wrote, "The rich vein of sly, compassionate humor that Charlie Chaplin and René Clair used to mine with unparalleled genius when they were turning out their best satiric films, has been tapped by Vittorio De Sica in his Miracle in Milan, the widely proclaimed Italian picture that arrived at the World yesterday. And although this uncommon vein of fancy is away from De Sica's previous line, the great director has brought up from his digging a liberal return of purest gold."[9]

The staff at Variety magazine gave the film a positive review and wrote, "The sharp satire on the oil-greedy industrialist is handled in a broader, perhaps exaggerated manner, and pic is liberally sprinkled with intelligent humor, much of it ironic. Performances by pros and tyros alike are flawless."[10]

Review website Rotten Tomatoes reports the film has a rare 100% "Fresh" rating. In April 2019, a restored version of the film was selected to be shown in the Cannes Classics section at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival.[11]





  1. ^ "Everyday miracles". Alternate Ending. 13 September 2016.
  2. ^ Miracle in Milan on IMDb.
  3. ^ "Overview". TCM. 2005.
  4. ^ "Miracolo a Milano (Miracle In Milan) (1951)". Vernonjohns. 2017.
  5. ^ De Sica, Vittorio Miracle in Milan, 1968, Baltimore, Maryland: Pelican Books, p11
  6. ^ Schneider, Rolf (2004). Manfred Leier (ed.). 100 most beautiful cathedrals of the world: A journey through five continents. trans. from German by Susan Ghanouni and Rae Walter. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 11.
  7. ^ Ned Mann at the Internet Movie Database.
  8. ^ Miracle in Milan Archived 2007-04-18 at the Wayback Machine at in black and white.
  9. ^ Crowther, Bosley. The New York Times, film review, December 18, 1951. Last accessed: January 26, 2008.
  10. ^ Variety. Film review, 1951. Last accessed: May 30, 2013.
  11. ^ "Cannes Classics 2019". Festival de Cannes. 26 April 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  12. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Miracle in Milan". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-01-13.

External links[edit]