The Wages of Fear
|The Wages of Fear|
original film poster
|Directed by||Henri-Georges Clouzot|
|Produced by||Raymond Borderie|
|Screenplay by||Henri-Georges Clouzot
|Based on||Le salaire de la eur
by Georges Arnaud
Peter Van Eyck
|Music by||Georges Auric|
|Edited by||Madeleine Gug
|Distributed by||Distributors Corporation of America (US)
Criterion Collection (1999 DVD release)
|Language||French, Spanish, English, German, Italian, Russian|
The Wages of Fear (French: Le salaire de la peur) is a 1953 French-Italian drama film directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot, starring Yves Montand, and based on the 1950 French novel Le salaire de la peur (lit. "The Salary of Fear") by Georges Arnaud. When a Mexican oil well owned by an American company catches fire, the company hires four European men, down on their luck, to drive two trucks over mountain dirt roads, loaded with nitroglycerine needed to extinguish the flames. The film brought Clouzot international fame, and allowed him to direct Les Diaboliques. In France the film was the 4th highest grossing film of the year with a total of 6,944,306 admissions.
Frenchmen Mario and Jo, Dutchman Bimba and Italian Luigi are stuck in the isolated Southern Mexican town of Las Piedras. Surrounded by desert, the town is linked to the outside world only by a small airport, but the airfare is beyond the means of the men. There is little opportunity for employment aside from the American corporation that dominates the town, Southern Oil Company (SOC), which operates the nearby oil fields and owns a walled compound within the town. SOC is suspected of unethical practices such as exploiting local workers and taking the law into its own hands, but the townspeople's dependence upon it is such that they suffer in silence.
Mario is a sarcastic Corsican playboy, who treats his devoted lover, Linda, with disdain. Jo is an aging ex-gangster who just recently found himself stranded in the town. Bimba is an intense, quiet individual whose father was murdered by the Nazis, and who himself worked for three years in a salt mine. Luigi, Mario's roommate, is a jovial, hardworking individual, who has just learned that he is dying from cement dust in his lungs. Mario befriends Jo due to their common background of having lived in Paris, but a rift develops between Jo and the other cantina regulars because of his combative, arrogant personality.
A massive fire erupts at one of the SOC oil fields. The only way to extinguish the flames and cap the well is an explosion caused by nitroglycerine. With short notice and lack of proper equipment, it must be transported within jerrycans placed in two large trucks from the SOC headquarters, 300 miles away. Due to the poor condition of the roads and the highly volatile nature of nitroglycerine, the job is considered too dangerous for the unionized SOC employees.
The company foreman, Bill O'Brien, recruits truck drivers from the local community. Despite the dangers, many of the locals volunteer, lured by the high pay: US$2,000 per driver. This is a fortune to them, and the money is seen by some as the only way out of their dead-end lives. The pool of applicants is narrowed down to four handpicked drivers: Mario, Bimba and Luigi are chosen, along with a German named Smerloff. Smerloff fails to appear on the appointed day, so Jo, who knows O' Brien from his bootlegging days, is substituted in his place. The other drivers suspect that Jo murdered Smerloff in order to facilitate his own hiring.
Jo and Mario transport the nitroglycerin in one vehicle; Luigi and Bimba in the other, with thirty minutes separating them in order to limit potential casualties. The drivers are forced to deal with a series of physical and mental obstacles, including a stretch of extremely rough road called "the washboard", a construction barricade that forces them to teeter around a rotten platform above a precipice, and a boulder blocking the road. Jo finds that his nerves are not what they used to be, and the others confront Jo about his increasing cowardice. Finally, Luigi and Bimba's truck explodes without warning, killing them both.
Mario and Jo arrive at the scene of the explosion only to find a large crater rapidly filling with oil from a pipeline ruptured in the blast. Jo exits the vehicle to help Mario navigate through the oil-filled crater. The truck, however, is in danger of becoming bogged down and during their frantic attempts to prevent it from getting stuck, Mario runs over Jo. Although the vehicle is ultimately freed from the muck, Jo is mortally wounded. On their arrival at the oil field, Mario and Jo are hailed as heroes, but Jo is dead and Mario collapses from exhaustion. Upon his recovery, Mario heads home in the same truck, now freed of its dangerous cargo. He collects double the wages following his friends' deaths, and refuses the appointed chauffeur offered by SOC. Mario jubilantly drives down a mountain road, while a party is being held at the cantina back in town where Mario's friends eagerly await his arrival. Mario swerves recklessly and intentionally, having cheated death so many times on the same road. He takes one corner too fast and plunges through the guardrail to his death. Linda, dancing in the cantina, appears to faint.
- Yves Montand as Mario
- Charles Vanel as Jo
- Folco Lulli as Luigi
- Peter van Eyck as Bimba
- Véra Clouzot as Linda
- William Tubbs as Bill O'Brien
- Darío Moreno as Hernandez
- Jo Dest as Smerloff
- Luis De Lima as Bernardo
- Antonio Centa as Camp Chief
- Darling Légitimus as Rosa
The Wages of Fear was critically hailed upon its original release. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times wrote "The excitement derives entirely from the awareness of nitroglycerine and the gingerly, breathless handling of it. You sit there waiting for the theatre to explode." The film was also a hit with the public gaining 6,944,306 Admissions in France where it was the 4th highest earning film of the year.
In 1982, Pauline Kael called it "an existential thriller - the most original and shocking French melodrama of the 50s. ... When you can be blown up at any moment only a fool believes that character determines fate. ... If this isn't a parable of man's position in the modern world, it's at least an illustration of it. ... The violence ... is used to force a vision of human existence." In 1992, Roger Ebert stated that "The film's extended suspense sequences deserve a place among the great stretches of cinema." In 2010, the film was ranked #9 in Empire magazines "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema." It currently holds a very rare 100% rating on the website Rotten Tomatoes aggregated from 41 reviews.
Due to the negative portrayal of the American oil company SOC, the film was accused of anti-Americanism and several scenes were cut for the U.S. release. In 1999, the Criterion Collection released a DVD which included 21 minutes of film which had been removed for the U.S. version. As a matter of fact, what the film really portrays in a highly negative (and racist) way is the Latin American town "Las Piedras".
- 1953 Berlin Film Festival: Golden Bear
- 1953 Cannes Film Festival: Grand Prix du Festival International du Film (Palme d'Or)
- BAFTA: BAFTA Award for Best Film from any Source
Violent Road (aka Hell's Highway), directed by Howard W. Koch in 1958, and Sorcerer, directed by William Friedkin in 1977, are American remakes. The first is not credited as such, whilst the second is often described as a fresh adaptation of the original novel.
- "Le Salaire de la Peur". British Film Institute. London. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
- "Le Salaire de la peur (1953)". jpbox-office.com. 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- Rotten Tomatoes
- "Le Salaire de la peur (1953)". jpbox-office.com. 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- Kael, Pauline (1991). 5001 Nights at the Movies. New York: Holt Paperbacks. p. 821. ISBN 978-0-8050-1367-2.
- Ebert, Roger (6 March 1992). "The Wages of Fear Movie Review (1955)". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema: 9. The Wages of Fear". Empire. 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- "The Wages of Fear". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- "3rd Berlin International Film Festival: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- "Festival de Cannes: The Wages of Fear". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- The Wages of Fear at the Internet Movie Database
- The Wages of Fear at AllMovie
- The Wages of Fear at Rotten Tomatoes
- Criterion Collection essay by Dennis Lehane