Festen

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Festen
The Celebration poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byThomas Vinterberg
Written byThomas Vinterberg
Mogens Rukov
Produced byBirgitte Hald
Morten Kaufmann
StarringUlrich Thomsen
Henning Moritzen
Thomas Bo Larsen
Paprika Steen
Birthe Neumann
Trine Dyrholm
CinematographyAnthony Dod Mantle
Edited byValdís Óskarsdóttir
Music byLars Bo Jensen
Production
company
Distributed byScanbox Danmark
Release dates
  • May 1998 (1998-05) (Cannes)
  • 19 June 1998 (1998-06-19) (Denmark)
Running time
105 minutes
CountryDenmark
LanguagesDanish
English
BudgetUS$1.3 million

Festen (also known as The Celebration) is a 1998 Danish drama film directed by Thomas Vinterberg and produced by Nimbus Film.

With a budget of US$1.3 million, the film tells the story of a family gathering to celebrate their father's 60th birthday. It is a dark comedy juggling subjects of death, trauma and family. Vinterberg was inspired to write it with Mogens Rukov, based on a hoax broadcast by a Danish radio station.[1]

Skjoldenæsholm Castle was the filming location of Festen.

It was the first Dogme 95 film, an artistic movement created by Danish directors Vinterberg and Lars von Trier. The movement preferred simple and analog production values to allow for the highlighting of plot and performance. Festen was selected as the Danish entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.[2] In addition, it won the Jury Prize at Cannes Film Festival in 1998.

Plot[edit]

Helge (Henning Moritzen), a respected businessman and family patriarch, is celebrating his 60th birthday at the family-run hotel. Gathered together amongst a large party of family and friends are his wife Else (Birthe Neumann), his sullen eldest son Christian (Ulrich Thomsen), his boorish younger son Michael (Thomas Bo Larsen), and his well-traveled daughter Helene (Paprika Steen). Another sibling, Linda, has recently taken her life at the hotel. Helene finds Linda's suicide note, but hides it in a medicine bottle after becoming upset by the undisclosed contents. Michael fights with his wife, whom he had earlier abandoned on the roadside with their three children, and then has sex with her. He later beats Michelle, a waitress of the hotel, after she pulls him aside to discuss that he had impregnated her in an affair.

At Helge's birthday dinner, Christian makes a toast to his father. During the toast, he publicly accuses Helge of sexually abusing both him and his twin sister Linda as children. After an initial shocked silence, the party goes on as usual as guests decide to move past the moment in denial. Helge pulls Christian aside to engage in a baffled conversation about his accusations. He questions his motivations for slandering him, and Christian appears to recant his accusation. However, Christian is spurred to further action by hotel chef Kim (Bjarne Henriksen), a childhood friend who knows about the abuse. Christian then continues his toast by accusing Helge of causing Linda's death through the trauma caused from the abuse. Helge speaks to Christian alone and makes threatening offers to bring up his troubled personal history, including his impotence with women and Christian's perhaps-incestuous relationship with Linda.

Further exacerbating the tensions of the day, Helene's black boyfriend Gbatokai (Gbatokai Dakinah) shows up, causing the racist Michael to lead most of the partygoers in singing the racist Danish song "Jeg har set en rigtig negermand" to offend him. Else later makes a toast where she makes insulting comments towards her children, and accuses Christian of having an overactive imagination. With this, she asks him to apologize for his earlier statements and accusations. Christian then accuses Else of knowing about the abuse yet not intervening. Michael and two other guests eject Christian from the hotel. When Christian walks back in, they beat him and tie him to a tree in the woods outside of the hotel. Christian unties himself and returns. Pia finds Linda's suicide note and gives it to Christian.

Christian gives the note to Helene and she reads it aloud in front of the party guests. In the note, Linda states that she is overwhelmed by trauma from Helge's abuse. Helge admits to his misdeeds and leaves the dining room. Christian has a hallucination of Linda, causing him to faint. As he awakes, he learns from Helene that Michael is missing. Michael, also drunk, calls Helge outside and beats him severely. The following morning, the family and guests eat breakfast when Helge comes in and speaks to the group. He admits to his wrongdoing and declares his love for his children. Michael tells his father to leave the table.

Cast[edit]

Style[edit]

Dogme 95 certificate of authenticity.

Festen is best known for being the first Dogme 95 film (its full title in Denmark is Dogme #1 – Festen). Dogme films are governed by a manifesto that insists on specific production and narrative limitations (such as banning any post-production sound editing), in part as a protest against the expensive Hollywood-style film-making. The movie is a low budget film and was shot on a Sony DCR-PC3 Handycam on standard Mini-DV cassettes.[3]

Some years after making the film, Vinterberg talked about its inspiration: a young man told the story on a radio show of the host Kjeld Koplev [da]. Vinterberg was told about it by the friend of a psychiatric nurse who claimed to have treated the young man. He listened to the radio programme and asked the scriptwriter Mogens Rukov to write a screenplay on the events,[4] as if it were the young man's own story. It was later revealed that the story was completely made up by the patient receiving mental care.[5]

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

Festen has earned positive reviews. Based on 45 reviews collected by the film review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, 91% of critics gave the film a positive review.[6] On Metacritic the film has a weighted average score of 82 out of 100, based on 7 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[7] Roger Ebert gave the film three out of four stars, writing that the film:

mixes farce and tragedy so completely that it challenges us to respond at all. ... Vinterberg handles his material so cannily that we must always look for clues to the intended tone.[8]

Psychologist Richard Gartner,[9] who specializes in counseling men who were sexually abused as children, writes that Festen is a praiseworthy film that accurately depicts the consequences of sexual abuse:

The extent of the father's transgressions is revealed bit by bit in successive revelations. We see that the son has been severely damaged by his boyhood abuse, and has been incapable of intimate relatedness throughout his life. His sister, who has committed suicide, was also deeply damaged. The father denies the incest through most of the movie, and this denial is conveyed and reinforced in the reactions of those who hear the accusations. The partygoers are momentarily shocked by each disclosure, but then continue to celebrate the birthday in a nearly surrealistic manner that serves as a dramatic enactment of the chronic denial often seen in incestuous families.

Accolades[edit]

Festen won the following awards:

Stage adaptations[edit]

Festen has frequently been adapted for the stage.

The English-language adaptation was written by David Eldridge. It premiered at the Almeida Theatre in 2004 in a production directed by Rufus Norris, before transferring to a successful West End run at the Lyric Theatre, London until April 2005. It commenced a UK tour in February 2006, before transferring to Broadway. Despite its great success in London, it closed after only 49 performances on Broadway, ending on 20 May 2006. It opened in Melbourne, Australia in July 2006 starring Jason Donovan. An Irish production ran in the Gate Theatre, Dublin, from September to November 2006.[13]

In 2006, a Mexican adaptation opened, starring Mexican actor Diego Luna. In September 2007 a Peruvian production opened starring Paul Vega and Hernan Romero under the direction of Chela de Ferrari.[citation needed]

The Company Theatre mounted the Canadian premiere of Festen in November 2008 at the Berkeley Street Theatre in Toronto. This production was directed by Jason Byrne and starred Eric Peterson, Rosemary Dunsmore, Nicholas Campbell, Philip Riccio, Allan Hawco, Tara Rosling, Caroline Cave, Richard Clarkin, Earl Pastko, Milton Barnes, Gray Powell and Alex Paxton-Beesley.[citation needed]

The Shadwell Dramatic Society's production of FESTEN opened at the ADC Theatre, Cambridge on 6 March 2012.[citation needed]

In July 2018 Play Dead Theatre's production of FESTEN opened at the Rippon Lea Estate in Melbourne. It was directed by Jennifer Sarah Dean and starred Adrian Mulvany.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christensen, Claus (18 May 2003). "Der var engang en fest". Ekko. Archived from the original on 15 June 2009. Retrieved 19 August 2009.
  2. ^ "45 Countries Submit Films for Oscar Consideration". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 19 November 1998. Archived from the original on 19 February 1999. Retrieved 20 October 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  3. ^ "IMDB Technical Specs: The Celebration (1998)". IMDb.
  4. ^ Christensen, Claus (18 May 2003). "Der var engang en fest". Ekko. Archived from the original on 15 June 2009. Retrieved 19 August 2009.
  5. ^ Der var engang en fest
  6. ^ "The Celebration (1998)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  7. ^ "The Celebration". Metacritic. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  8. ^ Ebert, Roger (13 November 1998). "The Celebration Review". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2009.
  9. ^ Gartner, Richard. "Cinematic Depictions of Boyhood Sexual Victimization". Gender and Psychoanalysis (1999) Volume 4, pp. 253-289.
  10. ^ a b "Festen: Awards". Swedish Film Database. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  11. ^ a b Piil, Morten (2008). Gyldendals danske filmguide (in Danish). Copenhagen, Denmark: Gyldendal. pp. 162–. ISBN 978-87-02-06669-2. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  12. ^ "Festival de Cannes: The Celebration". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  13. ^ Crawley, Peter (5 October 2006). "Reviews". Irish Times. Retrieved 26 September 2022.

External links[edit]