Music of Liverpool
Liverpool has a lengthy tradition of music both classical and pop. It is well known for The Beatles (who recorded 17 UK and 20 US number-one singles). Its pop and rock music scene has also been important in the development of a number of other bands and artists since the 1950s.
In 2001 the Guinness Book of Records declared Liverpool "City of Pop" due to the many number one records to have emerged from the city. The most famous band to have come from Liverpool is The Beatles who played many of their early gigs at the Cavern Club.
In the 1960s, the city was home to the development of the Merseybeat style of pop music, popularised by artists including Gerry & The Pacemakers. However, even before Merseybeat Liverpool had successful acts such as Frankie Vaughan, Lita Roza and Billy Fury. In the late 1970s/early 1980s, Echo & the Bunnymen, A Flock of Seagulls, Teardrop Explodes, the Mighty Wah!, OMD, China Crisis, Frankie Goes to Hollywood and Dead or Alive emerged.
1990s bands that enjoyed success were The Boo Radleys, The La's, The Real People, The Farm and Cast. Since 2000 bands such as The Zutons, The Wombats and The Coral have become popular. As a backlash to this regular guitar pop music, another scene far more influenced by post punk and experimental music has emerged more recently spearheaded by bands such as Ladytron, Clinic, a.P.A.t.T., Hot Club de Paris, Kling Klang, and Police Squad. Meanwhile Anathema has made its own way from the early 90s era of doom metal to its current sound with a mixture of psychedelic, alternative and progressive rock.
In 2008 World Museum Liverpool (in partnership the Institute of Popular Music at University of Liverpool) created "The Beat Goes On" exhibition charting the history of music in Liverpool in depth, from 1945 to the present day.
The Liverpool International Music Festival (LIMF) evolved from the Mathew Street Music Festival, which was the largest annual free music festival in Liverpool attracting over 200,000 visitors to the City.
Liverpool International Music Festival is an annual music festival, which takes place during August throughout Liverpool. In 2013, its first year, it took place over 5 weeks and encompassed a number of smaller festivals and events including Summer Camp Festival, International Beatles Week & Liverpool Fringe Festival. Over the festival period there were over 1000 live performances including Vasily Petrenko & The Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, The Charlatans, Soul II Soul, Damian Marley, Texas, Rebecca Ferguson, The Saturdays,The Christians, Deaf School and The Farm. The festival also offered an Youth Music Academy, supported by Virgin Trains, a music related Pop Up Art Gallery and a number of showcases and events.
In 2011 the GIT Award - formed through influential Liverpool music blog Getintothis - was founded. Dubbed the 'Scouse Mercury Prize' by NME, the GIT Award celebrated and championed Merseyside's revitalised music scene. Garnering backing from over 90 businesses and with a judging panel including the Guardian, NME, 6 Music and founder Peter Guy from the Liverpool Echo, the GIT Award nominated 12 artists representing the best artists from that calendar year.
The 12 shortlisted GIT Award 2012 artists were: Bang On, Ex-Easter Island-Head, Forest Swords, Miss Stylie, Mugstar, Ninetails, Outfit, Bill Ryder-Jones, Stealing Sheep, Tea Street Band and Esco Williams with Loved Ones unveiled as winner.
From over 480 entries, the 12 shortlisted GIT Award 2013 artists were Baltic Fleet, Barberos, By The Sea, Nadine Carina, Clinic, Conan, Dan Croll, John Heckle, Jetta, Tyler Mensah, Stealing Sheep and Wave Machines. The nominees performed at a special showcase night at Leaf on Bold Street in April 2013 before Baltic Fleet was unveiled as the eventual winner. A special Inspiration Award, recognising services to Liverpool's music industry was won by The Justice Collective and Tyler Mensah claimed the People's Choice Award.
The GIT Award 2014 shortlist was All We Are, Evian Christ, Circa Waves, Dan Croll, Ex-Easter Island Head, Mad Brains, Ninetails, Outfit, Bill Ryder-Jones, The Tea Street Band, VEYU and winner Forest Swords who accepted his prize via legendary reggae star Lee Scratch Perry.
Liverpool hosts several music festivals each year which celebrate and represent the different cultures within the city. Africa Oye is the UK's largest free festival of African music.
Each year the Liverpool Irish Festival is held featuring mostly folk music celebrating the cultural links between Liverpool and Ireland. Liverpool contains a very large Irish population.
The 1960s saw the emergence of Merseybeat and the Cavern Club, the late 1970s and early 1980s a punk scene centered on another club, Eric's also on Mathew Street, while 1990s dance clubs included Quadrant Park, Cream and more recently Chibuku. The majority of the city's largest and most popular music venues and clubs are located at Concert Square, Mathew Street, Hardman Street and Hope Street, though the Baltic Triangle region of the city has seen a growth in popularity, with a number of venues appearing in previously disused warehouses. Current venues include the Echo Arena Liverpool, East Village Arts Club, Kazimier, Zanzibar, O2 Academy, The Magnet, Camp & Furnace and Leaf on Bold Street.
Recent notable bands
- 28 Costumes
- Alexis Blue
- The Bandits
- Candie Payne
- The Coral
- The Crescent
- Dead 60s
- Flamingo 50
- Hot Club de Paris
- Kling Klang
- Pop Levi
- The Rascals
- The Real People
- Short Sharp Shock
- The Little Flames
- The Stands
- To My Boy
- Tokyo Adventures
- Tramp Attack
- The Wombats
- The Zutons
A number of independent record labels are currently active in the Liverpool scene:
- Probe Plus Records Home of a diverse mix of local and not so local music, including most notably Birkenhead's post-punk surrealists Half Man Half Biscuit.
- Regular Beat Recording Co.
- Apple Records
- The Viper Label
- Deltasonic, now a division of Sony Music, is based in Liverpool and has released music by a number of Liverpool bands.
- Lost at Sea Records
- Felch Records
Below is a list of songs by artists from Liverpool that attained the number one position in the UK Singles Chart.
- 14 March 1953 : Lita Roza - "(How Much Is) That Doggie in the Window?"
- 25 January 1957 : Frankie Vaughan - "The Garden of Eden"
- 14 February 1958 : Michael Holliday - "The Story of My Life"
- 11 April : Gerry and the Pacemakers - "How Do You Do It?"
- 2 May : The Beatles - "From Me to You"
- 20 June : Gerry and the Pacemakers - "I Like It"
- 8 August : The Searchers - "Sweets for My Sweet"
- 22 August : Billy J. Kramer and The Dakotas - "Bad to Me"
- 12 September : The Beatles - "She Loves You"
- 31 October : Gerry and the Pacemakers - "You'll Never Walk Alone"
- 28 November : The Beatles - "She Loves You"
- 12 December : The Beatles - "I Want to Hold Your Hand"
- 30 January : The Searchers - "Needles and Pins"
- 27 February : Cilla Black - "Anyone Who Had a Heart"
- 19 March : Billy J. Kramer and The Dakotas - "Little Children"
- 2 April : The Beatles - "Can't Buy Me Love"
- 7 May : The Searchers - "Don't Throw Your Love Away"
- 28 May : Cilla Black - "You're My World"
- 23 July : The Beatles - "A Hard Day's Night"
- 10 December : The Beatles - "I Feel Fine"
- 22 April : The Beatles - "Ticket to Ride"
- 5 August : The Beatles - "Help!"
- 30 September : Ken Dodd - "Tears"
- 16 December : The Beatles - "Day Tripper"/"We Can Work It Out"
- 23 June : The Beatles - "Paperback Writer"
- 18 August : The Beatles - "Yellow Submarine"/"Eleanor Rigby"
- 27 March : The Beatles - "Lady Madonna"
- 11 September : The Beatles - "Hey Jude"
- 11 December : The Scaffold - "Lily the Pink"
- 8 January : The Scaffold - "Lily the Pink" (second peak at #1)
- 23 April : The Beatles with Billy Preston - "Get Back"
- 11 June : The Beatles - "The Ballad of John and Yoko"
- 14 January : Paul McCartney - "Pipes of Peace"
- 28 January : Frankie Goes to Hollywood - "Relax"
- 16 June : Frankie Goes to Hollywood - "Two Tribes"
- 8 December : Frankie Goes to Hollywood - "The Power of Love"
- 9 March : Dead or Alive - "You Spin Me Round (Like a Record)"
- 15 June : The Crowd - "You'll Never Walk Alone"
- 20 May : Various artists - "Ferry Cross the Mersey"
- 22 July : Sonia - "You'll Never Stop Me Loving You"
- 14 June : Baddiel, Skinner & The Lightning Seeds : "Three Lions '98"
- Clinic (band) - Internal Wrangler - Label Domino Recording Company
- March 26 : Melanie C featuring Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes - "Never Be the Same Again"
- August 13 : Melanie C - "I Turn to You"
- January 20 : George Harrison - "My Sweet Lord"
- April 28 : Sugababes - "Freak Like Me"
- August 18 : Sugababes - "Round Round"
- September 1 : Atomic Kitten - "The Tide Is High (Get the Feeling)"
- October 19 : Sugababes - "Hole in the Head"
- September 30 : Sugababes - "About You Now"
- "The Beat Goes On". liverpoolmuseums.org.uk.
- "Liverpool International Music Festival 2015 - limfestival". LIMF.
- "Getintothis". Getintothis.
- "Africa Oyé". africaoye.com.
- "Liverpool Irish Festival". Liverpool Irish Festival.
- "Venues". LivInTheLimelight. Retrieved 2010-01-16.
- The Christians, Holly Johnson, Paul McCartney, Gerry Marsden, Stock Aitken Waterman
- charity record for the Hillsborough Disaster
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