No. 108 Squadron RAF

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
No. 108 Squadron RAF
Active November 1917 – July 1919
January 1937 – March 1945
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Motto(s) Latin: Viribus contractis
("With gathered strength")[1]
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry An oak leaf. The unit was formed at Stonehenge and it adopted an oak leaf as a badge being symbolic of strength and age.[1]
Squadron Codes 108 (Jan 1937 - Oct 1938)
MF (Oct 1938 - Apr 1939)
LD (Sep 1939 - Apr 1940)[2]

No. 108 Squadron RAF was originally a squadron of the Royal Flying Corps during World War I which continued to serve with the Royal Air Force in World War II.

World War I[edit]

The unit was formed at Stonehenge in November 1917, and was equipped with Airco DH.9 bombers.[1]

In July 1918, the squadron went to Capelle, Dunkirk, equipped with DH.9s for day-bombing operations against targets in North-West Belgium. In October 1918, it moved to Bisseghem, Belgium, and remained based there until the Armistice. During its service overseas the squadron made 59 successful bombing raids, 40 reconnaissance flights, two photographic flights, dropped approximately 70 tons of bombs, and shot down nine enemy aircraft (a further 20 were reported shot down, but were not confirmed).[1][3]

Between the wars[edit]

Disbanded in July 1919, the squadron did not reappear in the order of battle until January 1937, when it was re-formed as No. 108 (Bomber) Squadron at RAF Upper Heyford.[1]

World War II[edit]

Wing Commander R. J. Wells (far left), Commanding Officer of No. 108 Squadron, addresses his crews in front of a Vickers Wellington Mark IC, before taking off from RAF Fayid, Egypt, on an operation.
No. 108 Squadron Liberator crew in Egypt.

On the day before the outbreak of World War II it became a No. 6 Group training squadron and in April 1940, was absorbed into No. 13 OTU.[1]

On 1 August 1941, No. 108 reformed at RAF Kabrit, Egypt, as a night bomber squadron. Its Wellingtons began bombing raids on 22 September, targets being ports on the Libyan coast and in Greece. In November it began to receive Liberators and these supplemented the Wellingtons until June 1942. On 18 December 1942 the squadron was reduced to a cadre which was disbanded on 25 December 1942. On 15 March 1943 No. 108 reformed at Shandur as a night fighter squadron. Its Beaufighters flew night patrols over Egypt, Libya and Malta and were supplemented by Mosquitoes in February 1944. The latter were used for intruder missions until withdrawn in July while the Beaufighters moved back to Libya for intruder operations over Greece and the Aegean. In October 1944 the squadron moved to Greece and became involved in the attempted Communist take-over of the country in December. After taking part in attacks on rebel positions until the uprising was quelled, the squadron gave up its aircraft and sailed for Italy in March 1945, disbanding on 28 March 1945.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "History of 108 Squadron". Royal Air Force. 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Barrass, M. B. (2015). "No. 106–110 Squadron Histories". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "Bomber Command No. 108 Squadron". Royal Air Force. 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 

External links[edit]