Oeyo

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Oeyo

Oeyo (於江与), (), Ogō (小督) or Satoko (達子) : 1573 – September 15, 1626) was a prominently-placed female figure in late-Sengoku period. She married three times, first to Saji Kazunari, her cousin, then to Toyotomi Hideyoshi's nephew, Toyotomi Hidekatsu. She had a daughter with Hidekatsu named Toyotomi Sadako later married Kujō Yukiie. Her third and last husband Tokugawa Hidetada became the second Tokugawa shogun. She was also the mother of his successor Iemitsu, the third shogun. She had Senhime, Tamahime, Katsuhime, Hatsuhime, Takechiyo (Iemitsu), and Tadanaga. Hatsuhime was adopted by Oeyo's sister Ohatsu, who is the wife of Kyōgoku Takatsugu.

Hidetada's changing fortunes affected Oeyo's life as well. Surviving record books from merchants of luxury goods provide insight into patterns of patronage and taste amongst the privileged class of women like Oeyo and her sisters.[1]

Genealogy[edit]

Oeyo, also known as Ogō, was the third and youngest daughter of the Sengoku-period daimyō Azai Nagamasa. Her mother, Oichi was the younger sister of Oda Nobunaga.[2] Toyotomi Hideyoshi became the adoptive father and protector of Oeyo in the period before her marriage.[3]

Oeyo's oldest sister, styled Yodo-dono, Cha-Cha in birth name, was a prominent concubine of Hideyoshi who gave birth to his heir, Toyotomi Hideyori.[2]

Oeyo's middle sister, Ohatsu was the wife of Kyōgoku Takatsugu and the mother of Kyōgoku Tadataka.[2]

Family[edit]

by Hidekatsu[edit]

by Hidetada[edit]

Timeline[edit]

Burial[edit]

After Hidetada resigned the government to his eldest son in 1623, Oeyo took a Buddhist name, Sūgen'in (崇源院) or Sogenin. Her mausoleum can be found at Zōjō-ji in the Shiba neighborhood of Tokyo.[4]

Mausoleum of Sugenin taken in Meiji Era

Honours[edit]

Taiga drama[edit]

NHK's 2011 Taiga drama, Gō: Himetachi no Sengoku, is based on the life of Oeyo who is played by the actress Juri Ueno.[5][6]

Notable Descendants[edit]

Toyotomi Sadako

Tokugawa Masako, married Emperor Go-Mizunoo
  • Empress Meishō
  • Imperial Prince Takahito Shinno (1626-1628)
  • Imperial Princess On'nani no Miya Naishinno (1625-1651)
  • Wakamiya
  • Kikumiya
  • Imperial Princess Akiko no Miya Naishinno (1629-1675)
  • Imperial Princess Noriko no Miya Naishinno (1632-1696)

Katsuhime, married Matsudaira Tadanao


Senhime – Daughter, married Toyotomi Hideyori and later married Honda Tadatoki


Tama-hime (ja) married Maeda Toshitsune


Tokugawa Iemitsu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hickman, Money L. et al. (2002). Japan's Golden Age: Momoyama, p. 283.
  2. ^ a b c "The silk coloured portrait of wife of Takatsugu Kyogoku," Digital Cultural Properties of Wakasa Obama; Oichinokata, Gifu prefecture website.
  3. ^ a b Wilson, Richard L. (1985). Ogata Kenzan (1663–1743), p. 40.
  4. ^ Tanabe Yasushi. "On the Sogenin's Mansoleum at Zojoji Temple" (崇源院靈牌所造營考). Transaction of the Institute of Japanese Architects (建築学会論文集). No. 19360331, pp.317-323.
  5. ^ 大河ドラマ 第50作 江(ごう) 姫たちの戦国; "Atsuhime"-Autorin für NHKs 2011er Taiga-Drama gewählt (citing Tokyograph),
  6. ^ J-Dorama.

References[edit]